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Labour Migration in Southern Africa

"This monograph will briefly outline the origins of the migratory labour system. The trends in labour movement are of particular significance and these are examined at length. Three parties are involved in any migration: the governments of the supp…

The Kayelekera Uranium Mine and Economic Development in Malawi

"Malawi’s role as a labour supplying country to South African mines was halted by the HIV scare in 1987 and as a result, the Government of Malawi has ventured into its own mineral exploration, including the Kayelekera uranium project. Thus far, rev…

What is a 'Smallholder'?: Class-analytical Perspectives on Small-Scale Farming and Agrarian Reform in South Africa

"This paper argue that a class-analytic perspective centred on the key concepts of ‘petty commodity production’ and ‘accumulation from below’ is essential for understanding the differentiated character and diverse trajectories of small-scale agricu…

Complex Movements, Confused Responses: Labour Migration in South Africa

"The first section of this paper briefly reviews the post-apartheid decline in permanent immigration and legal temporary labour migration to South Africa. The next section examines some of the new migration trends that have become increasingly impor…

Dependency Theory in Southern Africa: Some Aspects of Migrant Labour

“This paper is not an exhaustive discussion of dependency theory as applied to Southern Africa. It is intended to be mainly illustrative of certain theoretical principles and their application in concrete situations and to complement the more purely…

Educational Background, Training and their Influence on Female Operated Informal Sector Enterprises

"Women form the majority of people who have non-formal or low-formal education and have limited access to formal sector employment. Sustaining informal sector enterprises often requires organisational skills in which women have little or no trainin…

Child Migration in Ghana: Issues, Risks and Opportunities

"On May 13, 2011, media in Ghana reported that 116 children between the ages of four and 17 were rescued from communities along Lake Volta—which links the country’s northern savannah with the coast—after they had been trafficked from the country’s …

National Master Plan for the Arable Agriculture and Dairy Development (NAMPAADD) Implementation Guidelines

"The policy objectives for the agricultural sector, which guided the study are: Improvement in food security at both household and national levels, Diversification of the agricultural production base, Increased agricultural output and productivity, …

Zimbabwe's Return Migrants - Before & After Challenges

"Various countries in the developing world have implemented policies and incentives to encourage the participation of their respective diasporas in development. The ‘best case’ countries include the Philippines, India, Mexico, Bangladesh, Nigeria, M…

Public Dialogue; Cross Border Migration and the Portability of Social Security Benefits

The purpose of the dialogue was to discuss the critical issues from the increased movement of people in the region in general and South Africa in particular and how these affect their entitlement and access to social protection.

Crossing the Threshold of Regionalism Can We Meet the Social Cost of Integration in Southern Africa?

Access to long-term social security such as pension and health care benefits are of particular concern to migrant workers. They generally lose any benefits that may have been accrued in a host country if they move back to their country of origin aft…

Portability and Access of Social Security Benefits for Mine Workers in Southern Africa

"Ex-miners still face a lot of challenges when trying to access their benefits. A large number of these problems are brought about by failure to have adequate documentation and lack of knowledge on how to access those benefits. Logistical issues, su…

Portability of Social Security Benefits in Mining Sector: Challenges Experienced by Former Mineworkers in Accessing Social Security Benefits in Selected Southern African Countries

South Africa has always attracted and continues to attract a vast majority of migrants from different countries and throughout the SADC region. Historically, the largest number of labour migrants has been concentrated in the mining industry. A large…

Good Neighbours? African Express High Levels of Tolerance for Many but not for All

"Africans express high levels of tolerance for people of different ethnicities, religions, and nationalities. A large majority also express tolerance for people living with HIV/AIDS, though HIV-related stigma remains a reality in most countries. Afr…

Is Migration the Solution to Poverty Alleviation in Kenya? Rural-Urban Migration Experiences of Migrants from Western Kenya to Kisumu and Nairobi

The push and pull factors of migration from rural western Kenya to two urban destinations is investigated in this research. The focus is on linking migration to poverty at the origin and whether the migration process reduces or increases poverty at…

Most Swazis say Free Cross-border Movement Desirable but not yet a Reality

"Results of the Afrobarometer survey show that most Swazis support free movement across international borders for trade and work, but their experience suggests that in fact crossing borders is difficult. While a substantial proportion of the populat…

Citizens of Southern African Customs Union hold Mixed Views on Free Trade and Open Borders

The Southern African Customs Union (SACU) – the oldest organization of its kind in the world, with roots dating back to 1889 – unites Botswana, eSwatini, Lesotho, Namibia, and South Africa in promoting economic development through regional coordinat…

Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Employment Prospects for Uganda's Youth in the Middle East

The brief examines the likely effects of COVID-19 on Uganda’s semi-skilled youth searching for employment opportunities in the Middle East. Ugandans employed as either semi-skilled or manual labourers in the Middle East increased from over 9,900 in …

Human Trafficking in the Wake of Labour Externalisation: How Responsive is the Justice System?

The increased externalisation of labour in Uganda has come along with increased incidents of human trafficking. Indeed, transnational trafficking—a silent and often invisible activity—is by far the most frequent offence committed; primarily involvin…

Managing Economic Migration in South Africa

This paper provides a comprehensive overview of South Africa’s immigration regime and its impact on African economic migrants. The current migration policy is being amended as a result of South Africa’s desire to attract skilled migrants and d…

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