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Labor Export as Government Policy: An Assessment of Uganda’s Potential for Export of Labor in the Framework of Regional and Multilateral Agreements

"Export of labor through temporary migration is increasingly recognized worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts especially in the poorest countries of the world. Because of the tremendous economic benefits from e…

Diversité et Dynamique des Agricultures Ouest-Africaines: Illustrations Concrètes des Mutations en Course/ Diversity and Dynamics of West African Agriculture: Concrete Illustrations of the Ongoing Changes

This paper develops five case studies to illustrate the diversity of West African agriculture and the changes they undergo, or cause: The first three cases are centered on the department of Dagana Senegal. They show how, in a relatively small geogra…

Minefield of Marikana: Prospects for Forging a New Social Compact

"The South African platinum belt provides a microcosm through which to explore a number of fault lines in the country’s political economy two decades into its democratic dispensation. After the Marikana tragedy of August 2012, the need to forge a …

Occasional Papers Series No 1

"The results of this study show that labour scarcity is a constraint to women farmers as there is a lot of work to be done and with the absence of children in school and absentee husbands in wage employments, the women need to hire labour, if they h…

David V. Goliath: Mauritius facing up to China

"This study draws on several data sources to provide a comprehensive analysis of China’s effects on the Mauritian economy through trade, FDI and aid. Moreover, also addressed is an issue that has not been of much concern for SSA so far but that does…

The Fate of Settler Farmers in Contemporary Ghana

"Land shortages, declining soil fertility, and environmental degradation are exacerbating the ability of settler farmers in Ghana to create sustainable livelihoods. Institutional weaknesses in the land tenure and governance systems have contributed …

Complex Movements, Confused Responses: Labour Migration in South Africa

"The first section of this paper briefly reviews the post-apartheid decline in permanent immigration and legal temporary labour migration to South Africa. The next section examines some of the new migration trends that have become increasingly impor…

Dependency Theory in Southern Africa: Some Aspects of Migrant Labour

“This paper is not an exhaustive discussion of dependency theory as applied to Southern Africa. It is intended to be mainly illustrative of certain theoretical principles and their application in concrete situations and to complement the more purely…

Educational Background, Training and their Influence on Female Operated Informal Sector Enterprises

"Women form the majority of people who have non-formal or low-formal education and have limited access to formal sector employment. Sustaining informal sector enterprises often requires organisational skills in which women have little or no trainin…

International Migration and Good Governance in the Southern African Region

"Southern Africa has a long history of intra-regional migration, dating back to the mid-nineteenth century. Migration was probably the single most important factor tying together all of the various colonies and countries of the sub-continent into …

Migration of Skills in South Africa: Patterns, Trends and Challenges

"It is a human inclination to want to position oneself where conditions are best for personal fulfillment, growth and success. People migrate because they perceive their environment as inadequate in terms of what they desire or deserve. The more des…

Labour Migration Trends and Policies in Southern Africa

"Since 1990, there have been major changes to longstanding patterns of intra-regional labour migration within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). At the same time, new channels of migration to and from the region have opened. Labour m…

Swaziland Moves: Perceptions and Patterns of Modern Migration

"Swaziland has an unusually rich migration history. Swazi men and women have been migrating across colonial and international borders for decades for a multiplicity of reasons. Within the country, post-independence economic development was accompani…

Northern Gateway: Cross-Border Migration Between Namibia and Angola

"Namibia shares its borders with five other SADC countries: South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Angola. Communities in southern Angola and northern Namibia share deep cultural roots and people along the border have similar cultural practic…

Migration and Domestic Work in South Africa: Worlds of Work, Health and Mobility in Johannesburg

"South Africa is in the middle of a well-documented HIV/AIDS epidemic. Infection rates were calculated to be 22% of the adult population in 2003. A number of different reasons have been advanced to explain the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa. Th…

Growth and Development in South Africa's heartland: Silence, exit and voice in the Free State

"This report is about how places that used to be nationally important can easily lose this status, and about how being ‘halfway to everywhere’ is no help at all if most influential people are leaving, fewer are passing through, and fewer still are c…

South Africa's Door Knockers: Young people and unemployment in Metropolitan South Africa

"Principal among the carefully focused goals was that of surveying and assessing job creation ventures for young people in South Africa’s major metropolitan areas. As we have seen, this proved to be a far from simple task, and we found it difficult…

The Lesotho/Free State Border

"The subject of this paper is the 450km international border between the South African province of the Free State and the sovereign state of Lesotho. The aim is twofold: First, to examine the role of existing South African borderline control in shap…

Migration-Induced HIV and AIDS in Rural Mozambique and Swaziland

"South Africa's gold mining workforce has the highest prevalence rates of tuberculosis and HIV infection of any industrial sector in the country. The contract migrant labour system, which has long outlived apartheid, is responsible for this unaccep…

Migrant labour, brain drain and brain gain in SA

"Alarmist reactions which approach xenophobia do little to solve South Africa's immigration problem, or to flesh out the differences between legal and illegal immigration. Indeed, South Africa's commitment to the liberalisation of capital, trade a…

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