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Labor Export as Government Policy: An Assessment of Uganda’s Potential for Export of Labor in the Framework of Regional and Multilateral Agreements

"Export of labor through temporary migration is increasingly recognized worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts especially in the poorest countries of the world. Because of the tremendous economic benefits from e…

Diversité et Dynamique des Agricultures Ouest-Africaines: Illustrations Concrètes des Mutations en Course/ Diversity and Dynamics of West African Agriculture: Concrete Illustrations of the Ongoing Changes

This paper develops five case studies to illustrate the diversity of West African agriculture and the changes they undergo, or cause: The first three cases are centered on the department of Dagana Senegal. They show how, in a relatively small geogra…

Minefield of Marikana: Prospects for Forging a New Social Compact

"The South African platinum belt provides a microcosm through which to explore a number of fault lines in the country’s political economy two decades into its democratic dispensation. After the Marikana tragedy of August 2012, the need to forge a …

Zimbabwe's Return Migrants - Before & After Challenges

"Various countries in the developing world have implemented policies and incentives to encourage the participation of their respective diasporas in development. The ‘best case’ countries include the Philippines, India, Mexico, Bangladesh, Nigeria, M…

Public Dialogue; Cross Border Migration and the Portability of Social Security Benefits

The purpose of the dialogue was to discuss the critical issues from the increased movement of people in the region in general and South Africa in particular and how these affect their entitlement and access to social protection.

Crossing the Threshold of Regionalism Can We Meet the Social Cost of Integration in Southern Africa?

Access to long-term social security such as pension and health care benefits are of particular concern to migrant workers. They generally lose any benefits that may have been accrued in a host country if they move back to their country of origin aft…

Portability and Access of Social Security Benefits for Mine Workers in Southern Africa

"Ex-miners still face a lot of challenges when trying to access their benefits. A large number of these problems are brought about by failure to have adequate documentation and lack of knowledge on how to access those benefits. Logistical issues, su…

Portability of Social Security Benefits in Mining Sector: Challenges Experienced by Former Mineworkers in Accessing Social Security Benefits in Selected Southern African Countries

South Africa has always attracted and continues to attract a vast majority of migrants from different countries and throughout the SADC region. Historically, the largest number of labour migrants has been concentrated in the mining industry. A large…

Good Neighbours? African Express High Levels of Tolerance for Many but not for All

"Africans express high levels of tolerance for people of different ethnicities, religions, and nationalities. A large majority also express tolerance for people living with HIV/AIDS, though HIV-related stigma remains a reality in most countries. Afr…

Is Migration the Solution to Poverty Alleviation in Kenya? Rural-Urban Migration Experiences of Migrants from Western Kenya to Kisumu and Nairobi

The push and pull factors of migration from rural western Kenya to two urban destinations is investigated in this research. The focus is on linking migration to poverty at the origin and whether the migration process reduces or increases poverty at…

Most Swazis say Free Cross-border Movement Desirable but not yet a Reality

"Results of the Afrobarometer survey show that most Swazis support free movement across international borders for trade and work, but their experience suggests that in fact crossing borders is difficult. While a substantial proportion of the populat…

International Migration and Good Governance in the Southern African Region

"Southern Africa has a long history of intra-regional migration, dating back to the mid-nineteenth century. Migration was probably the single most important factor tying together all of the various colonies and countries of the sub-continent into …

Migration of Skills in South Africa: Patterns, Trends and Challenges

"It is a human inclination to want to position oneself where conditions are best for personal fulfillment, growth and success. People migrate because they perceive their environment as inadequate in terms of what they desire or deserve. The more des…

Labour Migration Trends and Policies in Southern Africa

"Since 1990, there have been major changes to longstanding patterns of intra-regional labour migration within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). At the same time, new channels of migration to and from the region have opened. Labour m…

Swaziland Moves: Perceptions and Patterns of Modern Migration

"Swaziland has an unusually rich migration history. Swazi men and women have been migrating across colonial and international borders for decades for a multiplicity of reasons. Within the country, post-independence economic development was accompani…

Northern Gateway: Cross-Border Migration Between Namibia and Angola

"Namibia shares its borders with five other SADC countries: South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Angola. Communities in southern Angola and northern Namibia share deep cultural roots and people along the border have similar cultural practic…

Migration and Domestic Work in South Africa: Worlds of Work, Health and Mobility in Johannesburg

"South Africa is in the middle of a well-documented HIV/AIDS epidemic. Infection rates were calculated to be 22% of the adult population in 2003. A number of different reasons have been advanced to explain the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa. Th…

Growth and Development in South Africa's heartland: Silence, exit and voice in the Free State

"This report is about how places that used to be nationally important can easily lose this status, and about how being ‘halfway to everywhere’ is no help at all if most influential people are leaving, fewer are passing through, and fewer still are c…

South Africa's Door Knockers: Young people and unemployment in Metropolitan South Africa

"Principal among the carefully focused goals was that of surveying and assessing job creation ventures for young people in South Africa’s major metropolitan areas. As we have seen, this proved to be a far from simple task, and we found it difficult…

The Lesotho/Free State Border

"The subject of this paper is the 450km international border between the South African province of the Free State and the sovereign state of Lesotho. The aim is twofold: First, to examine the role of existing South African borderline control in shap…

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