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Zimbabwe's Return Migrants - Before & After Challenges

"Various countries in the developing world have implemented policies and incentives to encourage the participation of their respective diasporas in development. The ‘best case’ countries include the Philippines, India, Mexico, Bangladesh, Nigeria, M…

Public Dialogue; Cross Border Migration and the Portability of Social Security Benefits

The purpose of the dialogue was to discuss the critical issues from the increased movement of people in the region in general and South Africa in particular and how these affect their entitlement and access to social protection.

Crossing the Threshold of Regionalism Can We Meet the Social Cost of Integration in Southern Africa?

Access to long-term social security such as pension and health care benefits are of particular concern to migrant workers. They generally lose any benefits that may have been accrued in a host country if they move back to their country of origin aft…

Portability and Access of Social Security Benefits for Mine Workers in Southern Africa

"Ex-miners still face a lot of challenges when trying to access their benefits. A large number of these problems are brought about by failure to have adequate documentation and lack of knowledge on how to access those benefits. Logistical issues, su…

Portability of Social Security Benefits in Mining Sector: Challenges Experienced by Former Mineworkers in Accessing Social Security Benefits in Selected Southern African Countries

South Africa has always attracted and continues to attract a vast majority of migrants from different countries and throughout the SADC region. Historically, the largest number of labour migrants has been concentrated in the mining industry. A large…

Good Neighbours? African Express High Levels of Tolerance for Many but not for All

"Africans express high levels of tolerance for people of different ethnicities, religions, and nationalities. A large majority also express tolerance for people living with HIV/AIDS, though HIV-related stigma remains a reality in most countries. Afr…

Is Migration the Solution to Poverty Alleviation in Kenya? Rural-Urban Migration Experiences of Migrants from Western Kenya to Kisumu and Nairobi

The push and pull factors of migration from rural western Kenya to two urban destinations is investigated in this research. The focus is on linking migration to poverty at the origin and whether the migration process reduces or increases poverty at…

Most Swazis say Free Cross-border Movement Desirable but not yet a Reality

"Results of the Afrobarometer survey show that most Swazis support free movement across international borders for trade and work, but their experience suggests that in fact crossing borders is difficult. While a substantial proportion of the populat…

Labor Export as Government Policy: An Assessment of Uganda’s Potential for Export of Labor in the Framework of Regional and Multilateral Agreements

"Export of labor through temporary migration is increasingly recognized worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts especially in the poorest countries of the world. Because of the tremendous economic benefits from e…

Diversité et Dynamique des Agricultures Ouest-Africaines: Illustrations Concrètes des Mutations en Course/ Diversity and Dynamics of West African Agriculture: Concrete Illustrations of the Ongoing Changes

This paper develops five case studies to illustrate the diversity of West African agriculture and the changes they undergo, or cause: The first three cases are centered on the department of Dagana Senegal. They show how, in a relatively small geogra…

Minefield of Marikana: Prospects for Forging a New Social Compact

"The South African platinum belt provides a microcosm through which to explore a number of fault lines in the country’s political economy two decades into its democratic dispensation. After the Marikana tragedy of August 2012, the need to forge a …

Occasional Papers Series No 1

"The results of this study show that labour scarcity is a constraint to women farmers as there is a lot of work to be done and with the absence of children in school and absentee husbands in wage employments, the women need to hire labour, if they h…

David V. Goliath: Mauritius facing up to China

"This study draws on several data sources to provide a comprehensive analysis of China’s effects on the Mauritian economy through trade, FDI and aid. Moreover, also addressed is an issue that has not been of much concern for SSA so far but that does…

The Fate of Settler Farmers in Contemporary Ghana

"Land shortages, declining soil fertility, and environmental degradation are exacerbating the ability of settler farmers in Ghana to create sustainable livelihoods. Institutional weaknesses in the land tenure and governance systems have contributed …

Complex Movements, Confused Responses: Labour Migration in South Africa

"The first section of this paper briefly reviews the post-apartheid decline in permanent immigration and legal temporary labour migration to South Africa. The next section examines some of the new migration trends that have become increasingly impor…

Dependency Theory in Southern Africa: Some Aspects of Migrant Labour

“This paper is not an exhaustive discussion of dependency theory as applied to Southern Africa. It is intended to be mainly illustrative of certain theoretical principles and their application in concrete situations and to complement the more purely…

Educational Background, Training and their Influence on Female Operated Informal Sector Enterprises

"Women form the majority of people who have non-formal or low-formal education and have limited access to formal sector employment. Sustaining informal sector enterprises often requires organisational skills in which women have little or no trainin…

International Migration and Good Governance in the Southern African Region

"Southern Africa has a long history of intra-regional migration, dating back to the mid-nineteenth century. Migration was probably the single most important factor tying together all of the various colonies and countries of the sub-continent into …

Migration of Skills in South Africa: Patterns, Trends and Challenges

"It is a human inclination to want to position oneself where conditions are best for personal fulfillment, growth and success. People migrate because they perceive their environment as inadequate in terms of what they desire or deserve. The more des…

Labour Migration Trends and Policies in Southern Africa

"Since 1990, there have been major changes to longstanding patterns of intra-regional labour migration within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). At the same time, new channels of migration to and from the region have opened. Labour m…

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