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Labor Export as Government Policy: An Assessment of Uganda’s Potential for Export of Labor in the Framework of Regional and Multilateral Agreements

"Export of labor through temporary migration is increasingly recognized worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts especially in the poorest countries of the world. Because of the tremendous economic benefits from e…

Diversité et Dynamique des Agricultures Ouest-Africaines: Illustrations Concrètes des Mutations en Course/ Diversity and Dynamics of West African Agriculture: Concrete Illustrations of the Ongoing Changes

This paper develops five case studies to illustrate the diversity of West African agriculture and the changes they undergo, or cause: The first three cases are centered on the department of Dagana Senegal. They show how, in a relatively small geogra…

Minefield of Marikana: Prospects for Forging a New Social Compact

"The South African platinum belt provides a microcosm through which to explore a number of fault lines in the country’s political economy two decades into its democratic dispensation. After the Marikana tragedy of August 2012, the need to forge a …

Occasional Papers Series No 1

"The results of this study show that labour scarcity is a constraint to women farmers as there is a lot of work to be done and with the absence of children in school and absentee husbands in wage employments, the women need to hire labour, if they h…

David V. Goliath: Mauritius facing up to China

"This study draws on several data sources to provide a comprehensive analysis of China’s effects on the Mauritian economy through trade, FDI and aid. Moreover, also addressed is an issue that has not been of much concern for SSA so far but that does…

The Fate of Settler Farmers in Contemporary Ghana

"Land shortages, declining soil fertility, and environmental degradation are exacerbating the ability of settler farmers in Ghana to create sustainable livelihoods. Institutional weaknesses in the land tenure and governance systems have contributed …

Complex Movements, Confused Responses: Labour Migration in South Africa

"The first section of this paper briefly reviews the post-apartheid decline in permanent immigration and legal temporary labour migration to South Africa. The next section examines some of the new migration trends that have become increasingly impor…

Dependency Theory in Southern Africa: Some Aspects of Migrant Labour

“This paper is not an exhaustive discussion of dependency theory as applied to Southern Africa. It is intended to be mainly illustrative of certain theoretical principles and their application in concrete situations and to complement the more purely…

Educational Background, Training and their Influence on Female Operated Informal Sector Enterprises

"Women form the majority of people who have non-formal or low-formal education and have limited access to formal sector employment. Sustaining informal sector enterprises often requires organisational skills in which women have little or no trainin…

Past trends and future prospects for labour migration to South Africa

"Foreign migrants to South Africa have always been part of the labour force in South Africa. The income of these migrants is of considerable importance to their governments and families. This paper will look at the trends in migration and try to est…

Summary - Dominance, Dependence and Modernisation, with Specific Reference to Southern Africa

"In this paper an attempt will be made to distinguish among various usages and conceptualisation of the concepts 'dominance', 'dependency' and 'modernisation' as they occur in social science literature. Briefly the paper sets out to trace the origin…

Labour Migration in Southern Africa

"This monograph will briefly outline the origins of the migratory labour system. The trends in labour movement are of particular significance and these are examined at length. Three parties are involved in any migration: the governments of the supp…

The Kayelekera Uranium Mine and Economic Development in Malawi

"Malawi’s role as a labour supplying country to South African mines was halted by the HIV scare in 1987 and as a result, the Government of Malawi has ventured into its own mineral exploration, including the Kayelekera uranium project. Thus far, rev…

What is a 'Smallholder'?: Class-analytical Perspectives on Small-Scale Farming and Agrarian Reform in South Africa

"This paper argue that a class-analytic perspective centred on the key concepts of ‘petty commodity production’ and ‘accumulation from below’ is essential for understanding the differentiated character and diverse trajectories of small-scale agricu…

Zimbabwe's Return Migrants - Before & After Challenges

"Various countries in the developing world have implemented policies and incentives to encourage the participation of their respective diasporas in development. The ‘best case’ countries include the Philippines, India, Mexico, Bangladesh, Nigeria, M…

Public Dialogue; Cross Border Migration and the Portability of Social Security Benefits

The purpose of the dialogue was to discuss the critical issues from the increased movement of people in the region in general and South Africa in particular and how these affect their entitlement and access to social protection.

Crossing the Threshold of Regionalism Can We Meet the Social Cost of Integration in Southern Africa?

Access to long-term social security such as pension and health care benefits are of particular concern to migrant workers. They generally lose any benefits that may have been accrued in a host country if they move back to their country of origin aft…

Portability and Access of Social Security Benefits for Mine Workers in Southern Africa

"Ex-miners still face a lot of challenges when trying to access their benefits. A large number of these problems are brought about by failure to have adequate documentation and lack of knowledge on how to access those benefits. Logistical issues, su…

Portability of Social Security Benefits in Mining Sector: Challenges Experienced by Former Mineworkers in Accessing Social Security Benefits in Selected Southern African Countries

South Africa has always attracted and continues to attract a vast majority of migrants from different countries and throughout the SADC region. Historically, the largest number of labour migrants has been concentrated in the mining industry. A large…

After the Exodus: The Challenges of Return Migration in Zimbabwe

"Since the early 1990s, political and economic unrest in Zimbabwe have caused large numbers of Zimbabweans to emigrate in search of foreign employment. Zimbabweans living abroad remain reliable remitters of both money and goods during their home nat…

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