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Indigenous Approaches to the HIV/AIDS Scourge in Uganda

"The management of HIV/AIDS-related illnesses using existing drugs is very costly especially for poor households. This study has focused on the role of traditional herbalists in the management and prevention of HIV/AIDS-related illnesses in Uganda.…

Social Welfare and Demand for Health Care in the Urban Areas of Côte d'Ivoire

"This paper analyses the relationship between the demand for health care and that for health insurance by the population of Côte d’Ivoire. A Poisson model is used to estimate the demand for health care and a multinomial logit model for estimating th…

Patience and Care: Rebuilding nursing and midwifery, in Somaliland

"Somaliland's maternal, infant, and child mortality rates are among the highest in the world. A rudimentary health system already beset by under-investment and neglect collapsed completely during the final years of a civil war which ended in 1991. H…

Gaps and Shortages in South Africa's Health Workforce

"Human resources for health play a critical role in the effective delivery of health services, especially in high disease-burdened countries like South Africa. Constraints in the health workforce have emerged as a key obstacle to scaling-up access t…

Reproductive Health Issues and Women in Ghana: Has Global Attention Made a Difference

"Women in developing countries face persistent problems in achieving this type of holistic reproductive health pushing it to become a key focus of many international efforts, most notably in the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). …

Reproductive Health Issues and Women in Ghana: The 'Double Burden' of Undernutrition and Overnutrition Disease in Ghana

"A change in Ghanaian lifestyles and consumption patterns is contributing to rising levels of obesity and chronic non-communicable diseases. Ghana now suffers from both undernutrition and overnutrition. Although the government of Ghana has made som…

Increasing the Uptake of HIV Testing in Maternal Health in Malawi

"This study has explored why some women presenting in labour wards with unknown HIV status do not receive HTC at an ANC or do not accept HTC either during or after labour. Several contributing factors were found. The main system-related barriers to …

Increasing the Uptake of HIV Testing in Maternal Health in Malawi

"Improving the uptake of HIV testing among women who have an unknown HIV status is essential to reducing the rates of MTCT. This study highlights a number of key issues that can be addressed through targeted programs and policies. The lack of avail…

Patients Without Borders : Medical Tourism and Medical Migration in Southern Africa

"Medical tourism has become a major focus of research and policy interest in the Global South in recent years. Much of the discussion focuses on the motives and impact of Europeans and North Americans who travel to developing countries for lower cos…

Medical Leave: The Exodus of Health Professionals from Zimbabwe

"Zimbabwe is faced with a growing problem of the emigration of its skilled labour. Health professionals in particular are migrating in search of greener pastures outside the country’s borders. This has negatively affected the quality of health care…

Medical Recruits: The Temptation of South African Health Care Professionals

"Health workers are one of the categories of skilled professionals most affected by globalization. Over the past decade, there has emerged a substantial body of research that tracks patterns of international migration of health personnel, assesses c…

The Haemorrhage of Health Professionals from South Africa: Medical Opinions

"The health sector has been especially hard hit by the brain drain from South Africa. Unless the push factors are successfully addressed, intense interest in emigration will continue to translate into departure for as long as demand exists abroad (…

Medical Xenophobia: Zimbabwean Access to Health Services in South Africa

"Hostility towards migrants and refugees makes South Africa one of the most migrant-unfriendly countries in the world. In May 2008, the country was rocked by violent attacks on the lives and property of Africans from other parts of the continent. Ov…

The Engagement of the Zimbabwean Medical Diaspora

"Despite the well-documented negative impacts on the 'brain drain' of health professionals from Africa, there is an argument that their departure is not an absolute loss and that transnationally-oriented medical migrants (or diasporas) can act as de…

Getting Treatment and Care to the Last Mile:Analyzing the Health Surveillance Assistance Cadre in Malawi

"As low- and middle-income countries face continued shortages of human resources for health and the double burden of infectious and chronic diseases, there is renewed international interest in the potential for community health workers (CHWs) to ta…

The Effects of Socioeconomic Status and Health Insurance on the Demand for Prenatal and Postnatal Health Care in Ghana

"Ghana is committed to achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5, which aim to reduce child and maternal deaths by 2015. This commitment is manifested in the way prenatal and postnatal health care services are being made accessible to wo…

Cost Effectiveness of Malaria Control Programmes in Uganda: The Case Study of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs) and Indoor Residual Spraying

"Malaria is still highly prevalent in Uganda. The Ministry of Health in Uganda estimates that in a given year, at least 12.3 million cases of malaria are reported across the country. The disease is most prevalent among children aged 5 years and belo…

Improving the Supply Chains for the Health Sector: What Role for Locally Manufactured and Imported Medicines and Medical Supplies in Kenya

"This Issue Paper presents some findings on research on supply within Kenya from local manufacturers to the health system. It compares the sourcing of local supplies and competing imports within the public, private and faith-based sectors of health …

Local Supply Chains for Medicines and Medical Supplies in Kenya: Understanding the Challenges

"The project aimed to identify opportunities for improved local industrial supply of medical products to strengthen Kenyan and Tanzanian health system performance. This working paper briefly outlines project methods and key concepts. It then summari…

Value-added Tax in the Pharmaceutical Industry: What does it really mean for Kenya's Industralisation/

"A key issue for many countries is how to manage trade taxation policy in such a way that necessary public revenue can be acquired but not at the cost of long term industrialisation. An important area here is that of VAT and how best to levy it with…

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