68

68

results

Filter your results

Apply filters

Improving the Supply Chains for the Health Sector: What Role for Locally Manufactured and Imported Medicines and Medical Supplies in Kenya

"This Issue Paper presents some findings on research on supply within Kenya from local manufacturers to the health system. It compares the sourcing of local supplies and competing imports within the public, private and faith-based sectors of health …

Local Supply Chains for Medicines and Medical Supplies in Kenya: Understanding the Challenges

"The project aimed to identify opportunities for improved local industrial supply of medical products to strengthen Kenyan and Tanzanian health system performance. This working paper briefly outlines project methods and key concepts. It then summari…

Value-added Tax in the Pharmaceutical Industry: What does it really mean for Kenya's Industralisation/

"A key issue for many countries is how to manage trade taxation policy in such a way that necessary public revenue can be acquired but not at the cost of long term industrialisation. An important area here is that of VAT and how best to levy it with…

Spotlight on Pharmaceutical Pricing Regulation in Kenya: How Much does it Really Contribute to Access?

"Ensuring access to essential medicines by low income consumers is a challenge to many countries. Pharmaceutical expenditure is rising in Kenya, as is the health expenditure. However, our research found that on average, public sector facilities inte…

Southern African Development Community Health Policy: Under Construction

Regional health policy in Southern Africa is still under construction. The SADC Protocol on Health, signed in 1999, lays the cornerstone for health development in the region. A pressing issue in the SADC region is a lack of coordinated access to hea…

HIV/AIDS and Militaries in Africa

A range of military experts, civil society representatives, academics and policymakers from 28 African governments, Regional Economic Communities, the African Union and the United Nations contributed to the findings covered in this report. It addre…

HIV/Aids and Human Security: An Agenda for Africa

The objective of the seminar was to consider the links between human security and the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Africa, and the potential role of African leadership in addressing this crisis. The seminar also sought to devise policy recommendations on t…

Getting Treatment and Care to the Last Mile:Analyzing the Health Surveillance Assistance Cadre in Malawi

"As low- and middle-income countries face continued shortages of human resources for health and the double burden of infectious and chronic diseases, there is renewed international interest in the potential for community health workers (CHWs) to ta…

The Effects of Socioeconomic Status and Health Insurance on the Demand for Prenatal and Postnatal Health Care in Ghana

"Ghana is committed to achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5, which aim to reduce child and maternal deaths by 2015. This commitment is manifested in the way prenatal and postnatal health care services are being made accessible to wo…

Cost Effectiveness of Malaria Control Programmes in Uganda: The Case Study of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs) and Indoor Residual Spraying

"Malaria is still highly prevalent in Uganda. The Ministry of Health in Uganda estimates that in a given year, at least 12.3 million cases of malaria are reported across the country. The disease is most prevalent among children aged 5 years and belo…

Indigenous Approaches to the HIV/AIDS Scourge in Uganda

"The management of HIV/AIDS-related illnesses using existing drugs is very costly especially for poor households. This study has focused on the role of traditional herbalists in the management and prevention of HIV/AIDS-related illnesses in Uganda.…

Social Welfare and Demand for Health Care in the Urban Areas of Côte d'Ivoire

"This paper analyses the relationship between the demand for health care and that for health insurance by the population of Côte d’Ivoire. A Poisson model is used to estimate the demand for health care and a multinomial logit model for estimating th…

Patience and Care: Rebuilding nursing and midwifery, in Somaliland

"Somaliland's maternal, infant, and child mortality rates are among the highest in the world. A rudimentary health system already beset by under-investment and neglect collapsed completely during the final years of a civil war which ended in 1991. H…

Gaps and Shortages in South Africa's Health Workforce

"Human resources for health play a critical role in the effective delivery of health services, especially in high disease-burdened countries like South Africa. Constraints in the health workforce have emerged as a key obstacle to scaling-up access t…

Reproductive Health Issues and Women in Ghana: Has Global Attention Made a Difference

"Women in developing countries face persistent problems in achieving this type of holistic reproductive health pushing it to become a key focus of many international efforts, most notably in the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). …

Reproductive Health Issues and Women in Ghana: The 'Double Burden' of Undernutrition and Overnutrition Disease in Ghana

"A change in Ghanaian lifestyles and consumption patterns is contributing to rising levels of obesity and chronic non-communicable diseases. Ghana now suffers from both undernutrition and overnutrition. Although the government of Ghana has made som…

Increasing the Uptake of HIV Testing in Maternal Health in Malawi

"This study has explored why some women presenting in labour wards with unknown HIV status do not receive HTC at an ANC or do not accept HTC either during or after labour. Several contributing factors were found. The main system-related barriers to …

Increasing the Uptake of HIV Testing in Maternal Health in Malawi

"Improving the uptake of HIV testing among women who have an unknown HIV status is essential to reducing the rates of MTCT. This study highlights a number of key issues that can be addressed through targeted programs and policies. The lack of avail…

Patients Without Borders : Medical Tourism and Medical Migration in Southern Africa

"Medical tourism has become a major focus of research and policy interest in the Global South in recent years. Much of the discussion focuses on the motives and impact of Europeans and North Americans who travel to developing countries for lower cos…

Socio Economic Factors of Early Childhood Mortality in Ethiopia : Evidence from Demographic and Health Survey

The rates of childhood mortality are important summary indicators of social development, quality of life, overall health, maternal health and welfare. Childhood deaths are primarily caused by preventable and communicable diseases and poor coverage o…

Showing page 1 of 4

Next page