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Decentralization and Service Delivery : A Framework

"Most governments have both centralized and decentralized levels of decisionmaking in which choices made at each level regarding the provision of public services are influenced by the demands for those services by persons living in such jurisdi...

Local Government Fiscal Operations in Nigeria

"The paper describes and analyses fiscal operations at the local level in order to improve understanding of fiscal federalism in Nigeria. The paper also tries to ascertain whether fiscal imbalances observed at both federal and state arms of govern...

Governance and Socio Economic Development after the 2001 Elections : Problems and Prospects

"Seventeen papers were presented by thirteen lecturers from the University of Zambia, Copperbelt University and from the Zambia Insurance Business College Trust. The first three papers focused on issues of democracy and governance in Zambia. The f...

Uganda: Analysis of and Reflection on the 2011 Elections

"This situation report provides an overview of the elections. It reflects on the major concerns of the people of Uganda before, during and after the 2011 elections. It also compares the performance of opposition parties in earlier and the recent ...

The 2011 Elections in Nigeria: a New Dawn?

"This situation report follows a three-week visit by the author to Nigeria – principally Abuja (the federal capital) and Lagos (the commercial capital) – in March 2011. 'The 2011 presidential, National Assembly, gubernatorial, and State Assembly e...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2007

"This Issue highlights the significant role that national, regional and continental parliamentary bodies – as well as supporting international organisations and international cooperating partners – can, and must, play in resolving Africa’s confli...

Government Wage Review Policy and Public-Private Sector Wage Differential in Nigeria

"The study investigated the impact Nigeria’s government wage review of 1998 had on the differential in pay for public and private sector workers of the same educational qualifications and ages. Empirical analysis based on the Mincerian human capit...

Managing Election-related Violence: Elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo

"This Policy & Practice Brief provides an overview of election related violence in the DRC while examining its electoral landscape. Furthermore, it analyses underlying and proximate threats as possible triggers for election-related violence. It al...

Implementing Financial Disclosure in Local Government Public Access to Information

"This policy brief addresses the issue of public access to financial disclosure information, and discusses why public access is critical to monitoring and oversight of potential conflicts of interests in South Africa. It also outlines the key leg...

Implementing Financial Disclosure in Local Government Content, Scope and Standardisation

"This policy brief addresses the scope, content and standardisation of financial disclosure records. Its objective is to provide guidelines to ensure that councillors are able to comply with requirements by providing full and accurate informa...

Problem Territories of Southern Africa: Basutoland, Bechuanaland Protectorate, Swaziland

The book gives a historical and political background of the three South African territories from the period before European settlement, during the settlement and the British intervention. It then describes the European, Coloured and African popula...

Guinea: The Main Challenges of the New President

"The aim of this policy brief is to draw attention to some of the main challenges that the newly elected president of Guinea will face, and to formulate policy recommendations in view of addressing these challenges. For the first time since it...

Uganda: No Resolution to Growing Tensions

"This background report provides the context for growing tensions and analyses the unresolved issues of national integration that plagued Ugandan governments long before independence. It examines the effect of the decision to reestablish the tradi...

Report on the SADC HIV/AIDS and Governance Case Studies: Botswana

"The report examines the local governments activities, policies, structures and strategies of responding to the HIV/AIDS challenge as well as capacity constraints therein. The aims of the study are to assess (i)the impact of HIV/AIDS on the local ...

The Progress of Good Governance in Botswana 2008

"The overall objective of this project is to measure and monitor the progress of African States toward good governance. According to the UNECA, good governance encompasses a range of actions aimed at creating more open, participatory societies, an...

The Impact of Local Government Reforms in Tanzania 1998-2008

"In recent decades, Tanzania has undergone enormous political, social and economic changes. It has moved from being a centrally planned, one party socialist state to a modern, multi party democracy with an open, liberal economy. Tanzania's Local G...

Outsourcing Revenue Collection to Private Agents: Experiences from Local Authorities in Tanzania

"Many local government authorities in Tanzania have reformed their tax collection systems in recent years in order to increase their revenue. This paper examines experiences with outsourced revenue collection of some local authorities in Tanzania....

Local Government Finances and Financial Management in Tanzania Empirical Evidence of Trends 2000-2007

"The main objective of this paper is to document and analyse the impacts of the Tanzanian local government reforms on the third theme, 'local finances and financial management'. The report analysed data and trends on finances and financial manage...

Local Autonomy and Citizen Participation in Tanzania: From a Local Government Reform Perspective

"This report analyses data on local autonomy and citizen participation from six councils for the period 2000-2004. The following themes are discussed in this report: (a) good governance (b) accountability and transparency of local leaders to the c...

Local Governance in Tanzania: Observations from Six Councils 2002-2003

"In this study several political and administrative dimensions of governance are discussed. First is the issue of local government autonomy. Here, an attempt was made to answer the question : to what extent are the local authorities free to make p...

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