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Business and democracy: Cohabitation or contradiction?

"In summary, the technical keys to improving the public service are appropriate and specific goals, accurate monitoring, and effective accountability. Attending to business processes and human resources play vital roles in achieving these three goa…

Local government in South Africa: Priorities for action

"The Round Table indicates that there is a high level of consensus among government officials, local councillors, members of parliament, and private sector figures about the nature of the challenges facing local government. However, this consensus…

Local Government Reforms: What's happening and who is in charge?

"The discussion was designed to stimulate debate and encourage a frank exchange of views. Senior government officials spoke on three major elements of local government reform: the demarcation process; who is in charge of reforming local government;…

Post Apartheid Local Government reforms: A small town perspective

"This CDE Focus confirms many of the shortcomings in South Africa’s small towns. There is a lack of crucial municipal staff, management capacity, and resources necessary to sustain new infrastructure projects. Substantial unresolved issues have aris…

Malawi's Referendum on Multi-Party Politics: Banda's Battle of Hastings?

"This paper discusses the 1992 referendum held under the regime of President Banda, the demands made by the opposition as well as UN election monitoring and concludes that Pres Banda will not be the power behind the throne indefinitely. Especially …

The Coup d'etat in Liberia

Liberia achieved independence in 1847, and the coup d’etat of 12 April 1980 which deposed President William Tolbert upset a tradition of political stability. However, the coup was not unexpected. Disaffection with the regime had led to confrontation…

Burundi: Overview of the 2010 Elections and Observations on the Way Forward

"This situation report provides an overview of the main developments in Burundi’s 2010 electoral process. Following a short section to provide the context in which the 2010 elections took place,the report will briefly discuss the pre-electoral clima…

Lesotho's troubled road

This brief reports describes the reasons and consequences of the coup d’etat in Lesotho on 20 January this year. The government of Prime Minister Leabua Jonathan and his ruling party faced two interrelated problems before the coup: waning domestic s…

The implications for Southern Africa of a conservative government in the United Kingdom

This report assumes that the Conservative Party will win the British general election of 3 May 1979. Recent Tory pronouncements on Rhodesia, South West Africa/Namibia and South Africa have created hopes of a more sympathetic British attitude toward…

Madagascar: Stumbling at the First Hurdle?

"Events in Madagascar after the disputed first round of the presidential election held on 16 December 2001 have taken many by surprise. This paper gives a detailed account of the order of events and explains their significance. The role played by th…

The Role of Local Government in Crime Prevention in South Africa

"This paper aims to provide a broad overview of the emerging policy framework in relation to local government crime prevention, as well as the reasons for this approach. In addition, some attempt is made to outline areas where intervention can occur…

Local Government Finances and Financial Management in Tanzania Empirical Evidence of Trends 2000 - 2007

"The main objective of this paper is to document and analyse the impacts of Tanzanian local government reforms. This paper examines the capacity of local government authorities in Tanzania with respect to financial management and revenue enhancement…

Strengthening parliamentary democracy in SADC countries: DRC Country report

"This study attempts to understand the nature and functioning of parliamentary democracy during the Democratic Republic of Congo's (DRC) political transition.The first section of this country report provides background to parliamentary democracy in…

Strengthening parliamentary democracy in SADC countries: Zimbabwe country report

"Zimbabwe possesses one of the most impressive and well-organised legislatures in the Southern African region. On the surface, it would appear that the Zimbabwe's parliament is a competent institution that effectively carries out its multifaceted…

Strengthening parliamentary democracy in SADC countries: Mauritius country report

"This report begins with a short historic background on Mauritius highlighting the development of democracy and parliament as an institution. This is followed by an examination of the main features of the regime type, which is a Westminster-style…

Strengthening parliamentary democracy in SADC countries: Zambia country report

"This study interrogates the past, attempts a brief analysis of the historical background, and then relates that historical background to the current debate regarding the Zambian parliament and its role in the democratisation process. The role of…

BIDPA Briefing Public Sector Reforms

"Public sector reforms in Botswana are broadly perceived to mean structural and procedural changes aimed at obtaining a more efficient and effective public service. Amongst the above-listed components of public sector reforms, Botswana has given…

Governance and Socio Economic Development after the 2001 Elections : Problems and Prospects

"Seventeen papers were presented by thirteen lecturers from the University of Zambia, Copperbelt University and from the Zambia Insurance Business College Trust. The first three papers focused on issues of democracy and governance in Zambia. The fir…

Uganda: Analysis of and Reflection on the 2011 Elections

"This situation report provides an overview of the elections. It reflects on the major concerns of the people of Uganda before, during and after the 2011 elections. It also compares the performance of opposition parties in earlier and the recent el…

The 2011 Elections in Nigeria: a New Dawn?

"This situation report follows a three-week visit by the author to Nigeria – principally Abuja (the federal capital) and Lagos (the commercial capital) – in March 2011. 'The 2011 presidential, National Assembly, gubernatorial, and State Assembly ele…

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