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Egypt: The Political Process Between ‘Opening Up’ and ‘Control’

"This Situation Report looked at the political situation in Egypt over the last few years with the 8 April 2008 municipal and local council elections as the entry point. The report reveals that while there have been some positive developments and t…

Mozambique's 2004 General Elections

"The period around the turn of the millennium, in particular, indicated that democracy was not yet consolidated in Mozambique. FRELIMO benefited from the disbursement of state funds and other resources for its campaign, as well as from biased rep…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 47 and 48

“Southern Africa Record contains the original texts of or extracts from, important statements by political leaders, government representatives and international organisations, concerning international relations in the southern region of Africa. In a…

Elections, Politics and External Involvement in Djibouti

"The first part of this situation report provides a brief overview of the political and electoral history of Djibouti. The second gives the legal framework for the conduct of elections and then examines the preparations for the April 2011 presidenti…

Africa in 2004

"This paper comprises a summary of significant milestones in Africa and also viewing new events that lies ahead. Some of the subjects covered in brief are as follows: Elections in Algeria,Mozambique and Malawi, A decade of democracy in South Africa…

An Emerging South African Foreign Policy Identity?

"This paper attempts to provide a broad framework for reviewing South Africa’s emerging foreign policy identity on the eve of the second elections in June 1999, and amidst the turmoil that has come to characterise much of Africa in recent years. In …

Congo: The Electoral Dilemma

"After four years of electoral inertia and in a stalled democratic process, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is preparing its second set of democratic elections in a hurry and on a rolling calendar. Opposition parties are trying to unite, th…

Egypt's Muslim Brothers: Confrontation or Integration?

Excerpt: "The Society of Muslim Brothers’ success in the November-December 2005 elections for the People’s Assembly sent shockwaves through Egypt’s political system. In response, the regime cracked down on the movement, harassed other potential riva…

Money and Politics in Nigeria

"This book is a product of two seminars on the theme of ‘money and politics' held by IFES at the University of Jos and the University of Ibadan in May 2006. It addresses the dimensions of political corruption in Nigeria that has begun to attract the…

Zambia's Constitution Making Process Addressing the Impasse and Future Challenges

"The report is divided into five sections. The first provides a brief historical background to Zambia’s constitution making phases. The second is a discussion on the triggers of constitution-making in Zambia since independence in 1964. In the third…

Effective Budget Oversight in Botswana: Role of the Legislature and the Office of the Auditor General

"The paper discusses the effectiveness of public budget oversight in Botswana. It assesses the roles of Parliament and the Office of the Auditor General in budget oversight and makes recommendations on how to improve the effectiveness of oversight o…

Public Participation in Decentralised Governments in Africa: Making Ambitious Constitutional Guarantees More Responsive

Following the example of South Africa, recently Kenya, Tunisia and Zimbabwe have adopted constitutions that contain bills of rights, embrace the ideals of decentralization and profess a commitment to participatory democracy. Different forms of lo…

Parliament of Kenya Parliamentary Service Commission Eleventh Parliament Concept Note - Formation of a Parliamentary Caucus on Evidence-Informed Oversight and Decision-making

In this concept note the formation of the Parliamentary Caucus on Evidence-Informed Oversight and Decision-making is proposed. The membership of this informal network will comprise of both the members of National Assembly as well as Senate who are c…

Dakar’s Municipal Bond Issue: A Tale of Two Cities

Currently the rapid growth of Africa's cities overwhelms their central and municipal governments. Strategic planning has been insufficient and the provision of basic services to residents is worsening. Widespread devolution, since the 1990's has s…

South African Scenarios 2024 : Politics, Violence and Growth in the Rainbow Nation

Three different political, economic and social scenarios is presented in this paper for South Africa until the year 2024. This is one of three publications on the future of South Africa released simultaneously by the Institute for Security Studies …

Kenya’s Coast: Devolution Disappointed

The enormous public expectations which was raised by the devolved government on Kenya’s coast have turned into disappointment. Patronage politics that marked the former centralized system has been replicated in the new counties, making government ev…

l’Émission de l’Obligation Municipale à Dakar : Le Conte de Deux Cités / Dakar’s Municipal Bond Issue: A Tale of Two Cities

Municipal and central governments are being overwhelmed by the rapid growth of Africa’s cities. The provision of basic services to residents is worsening and strategic planning has been insufficient. Since the 1990s, widespread devolution has substa…

Election 2004 and the Policy Challenge of the NPP Government

"Election 2004 has come and gone. The conduct was transparent and the outcome peaceful. The euphoria and the celebrations have ended and the furor over results subsided. The process of forming the new Government is now seriously under way. The time …

Ghana's Presidential Transition Bill: A Timely Opportunity for Institutional Reform

"The Presidential Transition Bill provides a framework for managing the political transfer of power from an out-going democratically elected President to an incoming President. This article evaluates key attributes of the proposed legislation. First…

To Cap or Not to Cap: The Supreme Court of Ghana

"There are fears that our present Constitutional provision leaves room for the eventuality that a determined President of the Republic may or can deliberately use his appointive power to increase, unduly, the number of Supreme Court Justices with t…

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