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Zambia's Constitution Making Process Addressing the Impasse and Future Challenges

"The report is divided into five sections. The first provides a brief historical background to Zambia’s constitution making phases. The second is a discussion on the triggers of constitution-making in Zambia since independence in 1964. In the third…

Effective Budget Oversight in Botswana: Role of the Legislature and the Office of the Auditor General

"The paper discusses the effectiveness of public budget oversight in Botswana. It assesses the roles of Parliament and the Office of the Auditor General in budget oversight and makes recommendations on how to improve the effectiveness of oversight o…

Public Participation in Decentralised Governments in Africa: Making Ambitious Constitutional Guarantees More Responsive

Following the example of South Africa, recently Kenya, Tunisia and Zimbabwe have adopted constitutions that contain bills of rights, embrace the ideals of decentralization and profess a commitment to participatory democracy. Different forms of lo…

South Africans Increasingly Dissatisfied with their Elected Leaders' Performance

"Public approval of the performance of the president, members of Parliament (MPs), and local government councillors has declined. The president’s approval rating is at its lowest level since 2000, well below the regional average for presidents. Unsu…

Parliament of Kenya Parliamentary Service Commission Eleventh Parliament Concept Note - Formation of a Parliamentary Caucus on Evidence-Informed Oversight and Decision-making

In this concept note the formation of the Parliamentary Caucus on Evidence-Informed Oversight and Decision-making is proposed. The membership of this informal network will comprise of both the members of National Assembly as well as Senate who are c…

Dakar’s Municipal Bond Issue: A Tale of Two Cities

Currently the rapid growth of Africa's cities overwhelms their central and municipal governments. Strategic planning has been insufficient and the provision of basic services to residents is worsening. Widespread devolution, since the 1990's has s…

South African Scenarios 2024 : Politics, Violence and Growth in the Rainbow Nation

Three different political, economic and social scenarios is presented in this paper for South Africa until the year 2024. This is one of three publications on the future of South Africa released simultaneously by the Institute for Security Studies …

Kenya’s Coast: Devolution Disappointed

The enormous public expectations which was raised by the devolved government on Kenya’s coast have turned into disappointment. Patronage politics that marked the former centralized system has been replicated in the new counties, making government ev…

l’Émission de l’Obligation Municipale à Dakar : Le Conte de Deux Cités / Dakar’s Municipal Bond Issue: A Tale of Two Cities

Municipal and central governments are being overwhelmed by the rapid growth of Africa’s cities. The provision of basic services to residents is worsening and strategic planning has been insufficient. Since the 1990s, widespread devolution has substa…

Election 2004 and the Policy Challenge of the NPP Government

"Election 2004 has come and gone. The conduct was transparent and the outcome peaceful. The euphoria and the celebrations have ended and the furor over results subsided. The process of forming the new Government is now seriously under way. The time …

Ghana's Presidential Transition Bill: A Timely Opportunity for Institutional Reform

"The Presidential Transition Bill provides a framework for managing the political transfer of power from an out-going democratically elected President to an incoming President. This article evaluates key attributes of the proposed legislation. First…

To Cap or Not to Cap: The Supreme Court of Ghana

"There are fears that our present Constitutional provision leaves room for the eventuality that a determined President of the Republic may or can deliberately use his appointive power to increase, unduly, the number of Supreme Court Justices with t…

Chiefs And Traditional Authorities And Their Role In The Democratic Order And Governance

"The paper makes a strong defense for the relevance of the chieftaincy institution in modern democratic Ghana, and argues the need to integrate our cultural and traditional values into modern government and society. The forced acquisition of stool a…

Money and Politics in Nigeria

"This book is a product of two seminars on the theme of ‘money and politics' held by IFES at the University of Jos and the University of Ibadan in May 2006. It addresses the dimensions of political corruption in Nigeria that has begun to attract the…

Elections, Politics and External Involvement in Djibouti

"The first part of this situation report provides a brief overview of the political and electoral history of Djibouti. The second gives the legal framework for the conduct of elections and then examines the preparations for the April 2011 presidenti…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 47 and 48

“Southern Africa Record contains the original texts of or extracts from, important statements by political leaders, government representatives and international organisations, concerning international relations in the southern region of Africa. In a…

Transformation of the Pan-African Parliament A path to a legislative body?

"The inauguration of the Pan-African Parliament reflects a commitment towards enhancing and deepening democratic values and principles on the continent. The PAP forms part of the ambitious process of deepening the institutional framework for achiev…

Another Crossroad for Burundi: From the FNL to Peaceful Elections in 2010

"Following a brief background to place the current state of play in Burundi into context, an overview will be provided of the steps taken in the first half of 2009 to finalise the peace process with the Palipehutu-FNL. This will be followed by an a…

Unpacking the Zimbabwe Crisis

"This situation report focuses on the progress of the IG in fulfilling the terms of the power-sharing agreement signed September 2008, as this is the benchmark by which progress should ultimately be measured. It begins by outlining the political c…

Kenya – A Year After The Crisis: The Quest for Electoral Reform and Transitional Justice

"This Situation Report assessess the key issues raised by the Kriegler and Waki Commissions. In specific, it seeks to evaluate the challenges of implementing the recommendations pertaining to electoral reform and transitional justice. There is a p…

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