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Implementing The Presidential (Transition) Act: Lessons, Challenges And The Way Forward

"The post-2012 election period presented the first test for implementing major aspects of the Presidential (Transition) Act, 2012 (Act 845). This paper undertakes a preliminary assessment of how the law has been implemented. The approach taken invol…

The Unconstitutionality Of The Serious Fraud Office Bill

"In almost all countries, the world over, it has been the experience of the various inhabitants that, for most of their problems, a trial and error approach with appropriate correction has been the significant hallmark that stamps them all as progre…

Enhancing The Decentralisation Programme: District Assemblies And Sub-Structures As Partners In Governance

"Ten years ago, Ghana embarked on a major programme of local government reform and decentralisation. Ten years ago in 1989, the phased programme of District Assembly elections was concluded and the Assemblies inaugurated. Ten years ago, the then PND…

Constitution-Making in Côte d’Ivoire

Ivorians will vote on 30 October 2016, regarding the adoption of a new draft constitution unveiled only 25 days earlier. Few citizens have read the text, which was drawn up by a committee of experts and which parliament rapidly endorsed. The governm…

Horizontal Accountability of the Executive to the Legislature in Africa: A Case Study of Kenya

"This paper assesses the legislative, representative, financial control and oversight roles played by parliaments in Africa, with Kenya as the main case study in a context of accountability. The regional focus includes all the countries of East Af…

Les Changements de la Gouvernance d’Entreprise : Une Lecture de la Dynamique du Conseil d’Administration à partir de la Théorie Sociologique du Champ / Changes in Corporate Governance: A Reading of the Dynamics of the Board of Directors from the Sociologi

This document aims at explaining the changes of the board of directors with the aid of the sociological field theory. The said changes depend on the modifications operated on the various forms of capital distribution between the directors which mod…

Civic Engagement: Activating the Potentials of Local Governance in Uganda

In this seventh Local Government Councils’ Scorecard Assessment Report, we present evidence-based performance results of the elected political leaders in 35 districts around the country during the FY 2016/2017. The assessment focuses on the role pol…

Zambia's Constitution Making Process Addressing the Impasse and Future Challenges

"The report is divided into five sections. The first provides a brief historical background to Zambia’s constitution making phases. The second is a discussion on the triggers of constitution-making in Zambia since independence in 1964. In the third…

Effective Budget Oversight in Botswana: Role of the Legislature and the Office of the Auditor General

"The paper discusses the effectiveness of public budget oversight in Botswana. It assesses the roles of Parliament and the Office of the Auditor General in budget oversight and makes recommendations on how to improve the effectiveness of oversight o…

Public Participation in Decentralised Governments in Africa: Making Ambitious Constitutional Guarantees More Responsive

Following the example of South Africa, recently Kenya, Tunisia and Zimbabwe have adopted constitutions that contain bills of rights, embrace the ideals of decentralization and profess a commitment to participatory democracy. Different forms of lo…

Money and Politics in Nigeria

"This book is a product of two seminars on the theme of ‘money and politics' held by IFES at the University of Jos and the University of Ibadan in May 2006. It addresses the dimensions of political corruption in Nigeria that has begun to attract the…

Elections, Politics and External Involvement in Djibouti

"The first part of this situation report provides a brief overview of the political and electoral history of Djibouti. The second gives the legal framework for the conduct of elections and then examines the preparations for the April 2011 presidenti…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 47 and 48

“Southern Africa Record contains the original texts of or extracts from, important statements by political leaders, government representatives and international organisations, concerning international relations in the southern region of Africa. In a…

Transformation of the Pan-African Parliament A path to a legislative body?

"The inauguration of the Pan-African Parliament reflects a commitment towards enhancing and deepening democratic values and principles on the continent. The PAP forms part of the ambitious process of deepening the institutional framework for achiev…

Another Crossroad for Burundi: From the FNL to Peaceful Elections in 2010

"Following a brief background to place the current state of play in Burundi into context, an overview will be provided of the steps taken in the first half of 2009 to finalise the peace process with the Palipehutu-FNL. This will be followed by an a…

Unpacking the Zimbabwe Crisis

"This situation report focuses on the progress of the IG in fulfilling the terms of the power-sharing agreement signed September 2008, as this is the benchmark by which progress should ultimately be measured. It begins by outlining the political c…

Kenya – A Year After The Crisis: The Quest for Electoral Reform and Transitional Justice

"This Situation Report assessess the key issues raised by the Kriegler and Waki Commissions. In specific, it seeks to evaluate the challenges of implementing the recommendations pertaining to electoral reform and transitional justice. There is a p…

Angolan Legislative Elections: Analysing the MPLA’s Triumph

"Despite the cloak of legitimacy provided by reforms to improve the country’s international image, including measures concerning fiscal transparency and the rapid rehabilitation of infrastructure,the control and heavy-handedness with which the Angol…

Egypt: The Political Process Between ‘Opening Up’ and ‘Control’

"This Situation Report looked at the political situation in Egypt over the last few years with the 8 April 2008 municipal and local council elections as the entry point. The report reveals that while there have been some positive developments and t…

Mozambique's 2004 General Elections

"The period around the turn of the millennium, in particular, indicated that democracy was not yet consolidated in Mozambique. FRELIMO benefited from the disbursement of state funds and other resources for its campaign, as well as from biased rep…

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