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Reviving the AU’s Maritime Strategy

The African Union (AU) is failing to implement several key maritime strategies which was drawn up, owing to lack of resources and expertise. The AU risks marginalizing maritime security work, therefore this inertia must change in 2017. This policy b…

Towards People Centered Security Sectors in Africa : A Tale Of Missed Opportunities?

The largest part of the international security agenda is determined in the loosely defined “Global North” and implemented in the “Global South.” This trend needs to be inverted with more voices from the “South” included in debates that shape interna…

L'Exécution Forcée des Obligations de faire Résultant des Pactes de Préférence dans les Cessions d’actions / The Enforcement of Bonds which Resulted from Agreements with sale of Shares

The power of constraint has evolved considerably since the Roman era. In ancient Roman law, the relationship was strictly personal, the creditor could, for reasons of non-performance, capture the debtor and according to the times, have him killed or…

Mapping Crime Networks in Southern Africa

The purpose of this policy brief is to support policies and measures against organised crime that are comprehensive, effective and sustainable. It specifically looks at the gathering, structuring, interpretation and use of data on crime networks and…

Confronting Crime Networks in Dakar

"Organised crime is increasing in Dakar, Senegal, involving drug trafficking, illicit pharmaceutical products and cybercrime. The implications for urban governance range from the risk of undermining the rule of law to state governance being weake…

Cape Town's Underworld Mapping a Protection Racket in the Central Business District

This paper discusses the characteristics of the structure, actors involved and the types of interactions and institutional effects of a criminal network. In this case study it is focused on security racketeering in Cape Town, South Africa. The ana…

Piracy in Africa : The Case of the Gulf of Guinea

Piracy in Africa’s Gulf of Guinea has long-range and potential long-term strategic implications for the economic, physical, and energy security concerns of the United States and its global allies. Unlike the situation off the coast of Somalia, pirac…

The AU’s Cybercrime Response: A Positive Start, but Substantial Challenges ahead

Increasingly the private sector, individuals and African governments rely on the Internet to conduct sensitive transactions and store important data. African states are lagging behind in strengthening cybersecurity and fighting cybercrime. Cyber …

Security and Transnational Organized Crime

Africa faces threats to governance and security from the increasing operations of transnational organized criminal networks. This briefing note seeks, first, to identify the dimensions of the problem; second, to indicate their significance at this t…

Why Africa must Resolve its Maritime Boundary Disputes

The maritime boundary disputes in Africa, unless resolved in a concerted and timely manner, will imperil both the short and long-term implementation of maritime policies and strategies. Stakeholders and states in Africa must prioritise boundary disp…

The Al Bashir Debacle

This article discusses the failure of states to comply with their obligation to execute the warrant issued by the International Criminal Court for the arrest of President Omar Hassan Ahmed Al Bashir of Sudan. There are serious charges against Presi…

The International Criminal Court’s cases in Kenya: origin and impact

"This paper examines the origins of the ICC’s work in Kenya and the impact thereof to date as Kenya awaits the April 2013 trial of four Kenyans in the two cases before the ICC. The paper re-traces the background to the post-elections violence and si…

Leadership Required: Drug Trafficking and the Crisis of Statehood in West Africa

"Beginning in the middle of the last decade, the international community was alerted to the fact that drug trafficking in West Africa was in danger of spawning a series of near ‘narco-­‐states’: countries whose economies, politics and social struc…

A Reflection on Uganda’s Foreign Policy and Role at the UN Security Council

"Uganda is a landlocked country that depends on foreign imports for most of its consumer goods and energy requirements. Thus, even before independence, maintaining an open trade route to the Indian Ocean was a primary foreign policy objective. Indee…

African Efforts to Close the Impunity Gap Lessons for Complementarity from National and Regional Actions

"The aim of this paper is to highlight some of the successes and challenges of domestic and regional international criminal justice processes in Africa. That discussion might be framed as one about ‘complementarity’ in a broad sense – the idea that…

Overview Report of the Research Project by the International Labour Organization and the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Constitutional and Legislative Protection of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in 24 African Countries

"This report provides the results of a research project by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the African Commission’s Working Group on Indigenous Communities/Populations in Africa (African Commission Working Group), with the Centre…

Reconciliation and Transitional Justice: The Case of Rwanda's Gacaca Courts

"This paper has a two-fold objective:firstly to conceptualise reconciliation as an outcome of transitional justice, and secondly to analyse critically the implications and consequences of the Rwandan transitional justice programmes (specifically the…

Protector or Predator? Tackling Police Corruption in South Africa

"This monograph reflects international and local research and findings about the causes of police corruption and applies them in explaining why police corruption is a persistent challenge in South Africa. This allows for an understanding of how and …

Policing Oversight Advances, Challenges and Prospects

"The workshop brought together the statutory police, civilian oversight institutions and civil society to consider police oversight in the region with a view to charting a way forward and recommending ways to share knowledge and expertise that will…

Implications of the AU Decision to Give the African Court Jurisdiction over International Crimes

"This paper considers the decision by the African Union (AU)to expand the jurisdiction of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights to act as an international criminal court with jurisdiction over the international crimes of genocide, war crimes…

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