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Manufacturing Torture? South Africa’s Trade in Electric Shock Equipment

The trade in certain kinds of firearms and military equipment in South Africa, is controlled for reasons of safety and security. However, a perceived gap in legislation exists when it comes to the control of law enforcement equipment that can facil…

Compliance through Pain Electric Shock Equipment in South African Prisons

The authorization of various kinds of electric shock devices for use in South African prisons, are designed to enforce compliance through pain, incapacitation or fear of activation. However, their use has been associated with acts of torture and ot…

Tools of torture? Use of Electric Shock Equipment among African Police

Torture occurs in many contexts and it is not an act that happens in isolation. There are several techniques and means by which pain and suffering are inflicted on suspects, convicted inmates and others deprived of their liberty. This policy brief h…

UNAMID Police and the Protection of Civilians in Darfur

This Policy Brief reflects on the strategies for the protection of Civilians (PoC) of the UNAMID Police, as well as some of the challenges hindering their effective implementation in Darfur. It argues that for PoC to be successful, UNAMID Police sh…

African Standby Force Police Roster System

"This paper specifies the features and functions of the ASF police roster system with the aim of helping to create a clear, shared understanding of what it entails. It also proposes the relevant standards, procedures and tools of the roster data ope…

Failure to Tap the Service Potential of South African police reservists

"Reservists have worked in the South African Police Service (SAPS) for over fifty years, yet little is known about them, and no research has been conducted into how they can be utilised to help in the fight against not only South Africa’s high level…

On the Margins The City of Cape Town and Organised Crime

In this policy brief the following theme is explored: how the design of the city has affected the way criminal networks impact on governance in Cape Town. It does not purport to be comprehensive, though serves as an initial starting point for furthe…

The Drug Trade and Governance in Cape Town

"The Western Cape continues to be plagued by the drug trade and accompanying development of organised crime networks. The paper discusses the racial, economic and geographic variations in the drug trade and drug use, and the trade’s growth during th…

Crime Networks and Governance in Cape Town The Quest for Enlightened Responses

The enduring nature of organised crime in Cape Town is explained in this paper. It explores the impact of crime networks on systems and formal structures of governance. It confirms the findings of earlier research that crime networks may be more…

A Network of Violence Mapping a Criminal Gang Network in Cape Town

The study examined the characteristics of the structure, actors involved and types of interactions of a criminal network formed by a gang operating in Cape Town, South Africa. The analysis is based on data gathered from a case judgement in the Weste…

Building the Capacity of the Malian Police: Why MINUSMA needs to think outside the box

The policy brief aims to outline how the capacity-building aspect of the police component of MINUSMA can be strengthened to achieve the mission goal of assisting the re-establishment of state authority and the rebuilding of the security sector. The …

On the Margins The City of Cape Town and Organised Crime

How has the design of the city affected the way criminal networks impact on governance in Cape Town? this policy brief does not purport to be comprehensive, but serves as an initial starting point for further study by highlighting some of the additi…

Providing Peace, Security and Justice in Ghana: The Role of Non-State Actors

Those “non-state” actors that deals with peace, security and justice are local non-statutory forms of security and justice providers that exist in most African communities. With their existence a fundamental element of security and justice for peop…

Counting the Covert Using Data to Understand Corruption in South Africa

Concern about corruption in South Africa has increased in recent years. There is often a lack of specificity when it is widely discussed. To address this problem a greater degree of precision is needed as to when corruption is reported on or analys…

African Perspectives on Challenges of Police Command in Peace Support Operations

In this paper it was aimed to identify African perspectives specific to the police component and its role in the African Peace and Security Architecture. Challenges for police command at strategic, operational and tactical levels are then reviewed. …

Private Military and Security Companies : Security Actors without Accountability

In this paper, the relationship between the use of private military and security services will be examined, as well as the effectiveness of government as a prerequisite for a functioning state. It was argued that a lack of accountability for privat…

The International Crimes Division of the High Court of Kenya : A Real Option for Justice ?

As part of the enduring search for justice for victims of post-election violence, the recommendation was welcomed in principle, to establish an International Crimes Division of the High Court of Kenya. However the Judicial Service Commission report …

A Stitch in Time Would have Saved Nine: Operationalising the African Standby Force

"The African Standby Force(ASF)was envisaged as a tool for timely response and intervention in post-cold war conflicts that were ravaging the continent. Initial attempts in 1995 and 1997 to bring the force into operation stalled, but renewed eff…

Labour Migration in Southern Africa

"This monograph will briefly outline the origins of the migratory labour system. The trends in labour movement are of particular significance and these are examined at length. Three parties are involved in any migration: the governments of the supp…

Lost in Transition: The World According to Egypt’s SCAF

"As this report goes to press, the political situation is experiencing dizzying developments – from the collapse of the process designed to draft a new constitution, to the apparent disquali-fication of three of the most significant presidential can…

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