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Togo's Maritime Challenges : Why Security Remains a Major Issue

The African Union’s Extraordinary Summit on Maritime Security, Safety and Development is scheduled to be held in Lomé in October 2016. Togo is confronting a range of maritime security concerns and issues. The West African country’s progress is asses…

Commissioners and Commanders Police Leadership and the Marikana Massacre

This monograph analyzed the functioning of the police system, with an emphasis on the leadership and command levels, in the build-up to the Marikana massacre on 16 August 2012, when police killed 34 miners who were striking at the Lonmin platinum mi…

Enhancing the Role of Courts in Promoting Forest Justice: Lessons from the Matiri Court Cases

Despite concerted efforts by government and non-government actors, Uganda continues to suffer from unprecedented rates of deforestation and forest degradation. Current statistics indicate that in the last 25 years, Uganda lost more than half of its …

Reducing Violence in South Africa: From Policing to Prevention

South Africa is one of the 10 most violent countries in the world, despite having achieved massive reductions in homicide levels since 1994. Murder has increased annually over the past four years (2012/13-2015/16). This raises the question of whet…

Promoting Restorative Justice in South Africa's Correctional Services

The themes in this report emanate from the presentations and discussions from the seminar and provide insight into the discourse on restorative justice, with particular focus on the complexities of implementing restorative justice in a post-senten…

The Center Can Hold: Towards a Regional Approach to Combating West Africa’s Terrorists

This brief, examines challenges and prospects of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Counter-Terrorism Strategy and Implementation Plan. This resulted in the ECOWAS Counterterrorism Strategy and Implementation Plan. In this brief …

Police Corruption In Africa Undermines Trust, but Support for Law Enforcement Remains Strong

"According to the 2013 Global Corruption Report by Transparency International (TI), the police are perceived as the most corrupt institution in Africa. Of 36 countries worldwide where police are seen as the most corrupt institution, 20 are in Africa…

Call the Police? Across Africa, Citizens Point to Police and Government Performance Issues on Crime

"Crime and insecurity are major challenges in African countries, threats to both national development and individual quality of life. According to the Legatum Prosperity Index, which assesses countries’ safety and security as part of national wealth…

An Assessment of Police Pre-Deployment Training: Ghana Study

The relevance of the KAIPTC Pre Deployment Training and its contribution to effective peace operations in Africa was assessed in this study. The study focused on Ghanaian police officers who were former participants of the PDT. Based on extensive fi…

Manufacturing Torture? South Africa’s Trade in Electric Shock Equipment

The trade in certain kinds of firearms and military equipment in South Africa, is controlled for reasons of safety and security. However, a perceived gap in legislation exists when it comes to the control of law enforcement equipment that can facil…

Compliance through Pain Electric Shock Equipment in South African Prisons

The authorization of various kinds of electric shock devices for use in South African prisons, are designed to enforce compliance through pain, incapacitation or fear of activation. However, their use has been associated with acts of torture and ot…

Tools of torture? Use of Electric Shock Equipment among African Police

Torture occurs in many contexts and it is not an act that happens in isolation. There are several techniques and means by which pain and suffering are inflicted on suspects, convicted inmates and others deprived of their liberty. This policy brief h…

UNAMID Police and the Protection of Civilians in Darfur

This Policy Brief reflects on the strategies for the protection of Civilians (PoC) of the UNAMID Police, as well as some of the challenges hindering their effective implementation in Darfur. It argues that for PoC to be successful, UNAMID Police sh…

A Stitch in Time Would have Saved Nine: Operationalising the African Standby Force

"The African Standby Force(ASF)was envisaged as a tool for timely response and intervention in post-cold war conflicts that were ravaging the continent. Initial attempts in 1995 and 1997 to bring the force into operation stalled, but renewed eff…

Labour Migration in Southern Africa

"This monograph will briefly outline the origins of the migratory labour system. The trends in labour movement are of particular significance and these are examined at length. Three parties are involved in any migration: the governments of the supp…

Lost in Transition: The World According to Egypt’s SCAF

"As this report goes to press, the political situation is experiencing dizzying developments – from the collapse of the process designed to draft a new constitution, to the apparent disquali-fication of three of the most significant presidential can…

The Preparedness of the Uganda Police to Ensure a Free, Fair and Violent-free Elections in 2011

"In recent years, Uganda has experienced violent riots and tensions surrounding elections. With violence reported in the most recent by-elections, the 2011 general elections have the unfortunate potential of erupting into serious violence, particula…

The Security Factor in Business Environment across Nigerian States

"This paper examines security as an important element of business environment across Nigerian states. Crime and Security are threats to social and economic life. It increases the cost of doing business, business risks and uncertainty. While official…

Reconciling Kenya Opportunities for Constructing a Peaceful and Socially Cohesive Nation

"The violence that erupted in Kenya in late December 2007 and January 2008 following the disputed 2007 presidential election results was one of the most violent and destructive periods in the country’s history. It is estimated that 1,300 lives were …

On Corruption in South Africa An Alternative Interpretation for the Case of the Police Service

"This paper seeks to shed some light on the complexities of the phenomenon of corruption and, by extension,institutional performance. It focuses on the SAPS to illustrate its assertions. As a key institution responsible for social order in a country…

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