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Liberia: Uneven Progress in Security Sector Reform

Excerpt: "Since independence and for fourteen years of war, Liberia’s army, police and other security agencies have mostly been sources of insecurity and misery for a destitute people. The internationally driven attempt to radically reform the sec...

Nigeria: The Colonial Legacy and Transitional Justice

This report provides an overview of the legacies of colonisation and demonstrates its impact on transitional justice in Nigeria. It argues that the current injustices in Nigeria are strongly connected to the country’s colonial history. Colonial ...

Re-integration of Ex-offenders: Opportunities for the Community Work Programme to Assist in the Community Re-integration of Ex-offenders

The Community Work Programme (CWP) has recruited ex-offenders as participants in some of their sites across the country. Because CWP provides income opportunities, engages participants in community upliftment, and builds new relationships among ...

Uganda’s Slow Slide into Crisis

Major violence is unlikely for now, but Uganda nonetheless faces the gradual fraying of order, security and governance. Discontent is growing, particularly among youth, against what many Ugandans see as perpetual rule by President Museveni and his...

Koglweogos: The Risk of Community Ownership of Security

In Burkina Faso, community run security forces known as Koglweogo have been working at a local level to prevent and punish crime, from theft to armed attack. However, recent violations of human rights and abuse of the rule of law by members of th...

The Sound of Gunfire: the Police Shootings at Marikana Scene 2, 16 August 2012

This report focuses on a part of the Marikana massacre, an incident on Thursday 16 August 2012 in which 34 striking mineworkers were killed by members of the South African Police Service. It relies on information made available in the public dom...

'I Fought the Law, and the Law won': Community Policing in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia

This paper examines the introduction of community policing in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, and the relationships in the district between formal policing structures and non-state security actors. It draws on fieldwork (spring, 2017) to show that these rela...

Should the Police be assessed using Crime Statistics?

Using crime statistics as an indicator of police performance is problematic. Many variables influence increases and decreases in crime rates that cannot necessarily be attributed to police performance. This policy brief argues that crime statisti...

Assessment Study on Female Police Officers in Police Forces in Somalia

This study endeavoured-, among others, to identify progress made by the milestones set in the Somali Compact and the Rule of Law Joint Program with its goals of Peace and State building through the federal government of Somalia and the member sta...

Police in Zimbabwe: Helping Hand or Iron Fist?

In response to public protests against a drastic increase in fuel prices in January 2019, the Zimbabwe Republic Police (ZRP) were joined by the army in a brutal crackdown that resulted in at least 15 deaths, 340 injured, and more than 1,000 arre...

Police-citizen Interaction in Africa: An Exploration of Factors that Influence Victim's Reporting of Crimes

While personal insecurity in Africa is typically associated with civil wars, crime is actually a far more common threat to the continent’s citizens. Rates of homicide, sexual assault, and property crime in Africa are often far higher than global...

A Scoping Study of Nigeria’s Tobacco Market and Policy Space

This study examined the market structure and recent developments in the tobacco control policy space in Nigeria. Smoking prevalence is growing in Nigeria and this poses significant health, public finance and productivity risks, requiring adequate ...

The Center Can Hold: Towards a Regional Approach to Combating West Africa’s Terrorists

This brief, examines challenges and prospects of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Counter-Terrorism Strategy and Implementation Plan. This resulted in the ECOWAS Counterterrorism Strategy and Implementation Plan. In this brie...

Police Corruption In Africa Undermines Trust, but Support for Law Enforcement Remains Strong

"According to the 2013 Global Corruption Report by Transparency International (TI), the police are perceived as the most corrupt institution in Africa. Of 36 countries worldwide where police are seen as the most corrupt institution, 20 are in Afri...

Call the Police? Across Africa, Citizens Point to Police and Government Performance Issues on Crime

"Crime and insecurity are major challenges in African countries, threats to both national development and individual quality of life. According to the Legatum Prosperity Index, which assesses countries’ safety and security as part of national weal...

An Assessment of Police Pre-Deployment Training: Ghana Study

The relevance of the KAIPTC Pre Deployment Training and its contribution to effective peace operations in Africa was assessed in this study. The study focused on Ghanaian police officers who were former participants of the PDT. Based on extensive ...

Manufacturing Torture? South Africa’s Trade in Electric Shock Equipment

The trade in certain kinds of firearms and military equipment in South Africa, is controlled for reasons of safety and security. However, a perceived gap in legislation exists when it comes to the control of law enforcement equipment that can fac...

Compliance through Pain Electric Shock Equipment in South African Prisons

The authorization of various kinds of electric shock devices for use in South African prisons, are designed to enforce compliance through pain, incapacitation or fear of activation. However, their use has been associated with acts of torture and ...

Tools of torture? Use of Electric Shock Equipment among African Police

Torture occurs in many contexts and it is not an act that happens in isolation. There are several techniques and means by which pain and suffering are inflicted on suspects, convicted inmates and others deprived of their liberty. This policy brief...

UNAMID Police and the Protection of Civilians in Darfur

This Policy Brief reflects on the strategies for the protection of Civilians (PoC) of the UNAMID Police, as well as some of the challenges hindering their effective implementation in Darfur. It argues that for PoC to be successful, UNAMID Police ...

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