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Policies and Regulations Affecting Biofuel Development in Kenya

The growing increase in international oil prices and the push towards cleaner energy sources has created an urgent need to shift from high cost fossil oil to cost-effective biofuel.Though there are some initiatives being undertaken by the government…

A Promise Betrayed: Policies and Practice Renew the Rural Dispossession of Land, Rights and Prospects

"South Africans assumed on 27 April 1994 that their vote for freedom would erase the ethnic enclaves known as ‘Bantustans’ or ‘homelands’ and guarantee a common citizenship with equal rights under one law. Officially, the 10 homelands were dismantle…

Kenya's Urban Development in the 21st Century: The Call for Innovative Initiatives from Local Authorities

In municipal councils in Kenya, urban environment development plans are drawn up but not followed through. In rural councils, environment development plans are not made at all and therefore development comes about in a haphazard manner. Community de…

Climate Change and Green Economy: Law as Driver of Change and Engine of Sustainability

This presentation on Climate Change starts off with an evolutionary perspective of how life on earth developed over millennia. The four main ecological phases are then described, followed by a definition of climate change. Greenhouse gases are discu…

Capacity Building Workshop For Parliamentary Support Staff Of States And National Assembly (Water and Sanitation Group) Developing Legislative Agenda And Programmes For Waste Management And Water Development At The Federal, State And Local Level

Situated on the west coast of Africa, Nigeria has a population of about 167 million people. The country has been ranked as one of the twenty-five dirtiest countries in the world. Today most Nigerians still lack access to portable water, regardless o…

National Legislation, Policies, Strategies and Programmes to Ensure Appropriate Protection and Benefit-sharing of Traditional Herbal Medicinal Knowledge with and by Traditional Herbalists in Uganda

"Today, the importance of Traditional Knowledge (TK) in Uganda cannot be overemphasized given the country’s widespread cultural wealth in knowledge, creativity and innovation. To-date, however, there is a limited number of established laws, policies…

National Policies and Legal Frameworks Governing Traditional Knowledge and Effective Intellectual Property Systems in Southern and Eastern Africa: The Case of Traditional Healers in Tanzania

"The study has explored the existing policy and legal frameworks and the community protection mechanisms of traditional knowledge in Tanzania. The major objective of the study was to build a body of knowledge in the area of protection of traditio…

To Cap or Not to Cap: The Supreme Court of Ghana

"There are fears that our present Constitutional provision leaves room for the eventuality that a determined President of the Republic may or can deliberately use his appointive power to increase, unduly, the number of Supreme Court Justices with t…

The Panel System at the Supreme Court: Merits and Demerits

"The panel system at the Supreme Court means that all the Justices of the Supreme Court do not sit on all cases argued before and decided by the Supreme Court. On each occasion the Chief Justice selects Justices of the Court who should decide the ca…

Implementing The Presidential (Transition) Act: Lessons, Challenges And The Way Forward

"The post-2012 election period presented the first test for implementing major aspects of the Presidential (Transition) Act, 2012 (Act 845). This paper undertakes a preliminary assessment of how the law has been implemented. The approach taken invol…

Righting The Ills Of Budget Preparation, Implementation And Oversight In Ghana

"Perennial budget overruns and their adverse effects on the economy have attracted widespread concerns. Motivated by these concerns, this paper assesses institutional processes, arrangements and the legal framework for budget preparation, implementa…

The Unconstitutionality Of The Serious Fraud Office Bill

"In almost all countries, the world over, it has been the experience of the various inhabitants that, for most of their problems, a trial and error approach with appropriate correction has been the significant hallmark that stamps them all as progre…

The Protected Public Interest Disclosure Bill, 2001

"The purpose of this Bill is to provide for the manner in which individuals may in the public interest disclose information that relates to unlawful, corrupt or other illegal conduct or practices of others in the society and to ensure that the perso…

Mapping Local Gender-based Violence Prevention and Response Strategies in South Africa

"This report has covered a range of gender violence prevention initiatives implemented by the state and various NGOs. These interventions demonstrate that a lot is being done to address the problem of GBV in the country and show promising results i…

Torture in South Africa: The Act and the Facts

"Torture is a specific crime, which can only be committed by a closed group of people, namely public officials in their official capacity or by anyone else with consent of a public official acting in their official capacity. A public official who wi…

A Tale of Two Countries: A Comparison of Botswana and Zimbabwe's Diamond Industries

In 2012 SADC produced 56.1% of the rough diamonds globally, but was still one of the poorest regions. This report compares the development, constraints and stages of the diamond supply chain in Zimbabwe and Botswana. The mining legislation and barga…

2015 Report on Human Rights Violations: Based on Real or Perceived Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Nigeria

Violence and discrimination against LGBTI persons continues in Nigeria. The promulgation and continued implementation of the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Act, 2013 and other laws has had a negative effect on the already dire circumstances of LGB…

Botswana after Diamonds: A study into the Consequences and Responses to the Depletion of Botswana's Diamonds

"This book explores Botswana’s economic situation post the diamond era. The authors have through their research, established that within the foreseeable future the profitability of diamond mining will begin to decline and Botswana will face serious …

The Foreign Policy of Senegal Since 2000

"After President Abdoulaye Wade became president of Senegal in 2000 some apparent changes in Senegalese foreign policy could be discerned. This paper considers the extent to which that policy changed under his administration. It examines significa…

Hashtags and Spectacles: Zimbabwe's Feminist Activists Find Online Avenues to Tackle Government's COVID-19 Clampdown

Feminist critiques, activism and the feminist movement have long played a key role at significant political junctures in Zimbabwe, challenging the male domination of political and public spaces, as well as entrenched masculine orientations of democr…

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