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South West Africa and the United Nations: South African letter addressed to the U. N Secretary-General on 27 January 1976

"This paper contains the full text of a letter, dated 27 January, 1976 addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations' by the Permanent Representative of South Africa to the United Nations, Ambassador R.F. Botha. There can be no doubt th...

When there is a Gap in Law: Bridging Gaps Through Implementation of the Prevention and Combating of Torture of Persons Act 13 of 2013

After 16 years of delays, South Africa finally enacted the Prevention and Combating of Torture of Persons Act (“the Act”) in July 2013. The Act domesticates the United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatm...

The Need for a Comprehensive Legal Framework for Social Protection in Kenya

Globally, social protection (SP) is recognised as one of the approaches for tackling poverty and promoting inclusive growth. In Africa, social protection has become a mainstay in poverty reduction strategies with many African countries developing ...

Toward an Effective Indigenous Knowledge Protection Regime: Case Study of South Africa

South Africa has a rich tradition of Indigenous knowledge covering uses of the country’s abundant natural resources. South Africa’s development of a multi-faceted framework for cultural and genetic resource protection in relation to Indigenous kno...

Botswana after Diamonds: A study into the Consequences and Responses to the Depletion of Botswana's Diamonds

"This book explores Botswana’s economic situation post the diamond era. The authors have through their research, established that within the foreseeable future the profitability of diamond mining will begin to decline and Botswana will face seriou...

Climate Change and Green Economy: Law as Driver of Change and Engine of Sustainability

This presentation on Climate Change starts off with an evolutionary perspective of how life on earth developed over millennia. The four main ecological phases are then described, followed by a definition of climate change. Greenhouse gases are dis...

Capacity Building Workshop For Parliamentary Support Staff Of States And National Assembly (Water and Sanitation Group) Developing Legislative Agenda And Programmes For Waste Management And Water Development At The Federal, State And Local Level

Situated on the west coast of Africa, Nigeria has a population of about 167 million people. The country has been ranked as one of the twenty-five dirtiest countries in the world. Today most Nigerians still lack access to portable water, regardless...

National Legislation, Policies, Strategies and Programmes to Ensure Appropriate Protection and Benefit-sharing of Traditional Herbal Medicinal Knowledge with and by Traditional Herbalists in Uganda

"Today, the importance of Traditional Knowledge (TK) in Uganda cannot be overemphasized given the country’s widespread cultural wealth in knowledge, creativity and innovation. To-date, however, there is a limited number of established laws, polici...

National Policies and Legal Frameworks Governing Traditional Knowledge and Effective Intellectual Property Systems in Southern and Eastern Africa: The Case of Traditional Healers in Tanzania

"The study has explored the existing policy and legal frameworks and the community protection mechanisms of traditional knowledge in Tanzania. The major objective of the study was to build a body of knowledge in the area of protection of tradit...

To Cap or Not to Cap: The Supreme Court of Ghana

"There are fears that our present Constitutional provision leaves room for the eventuality that a determined President of the Republic may or can deliberately use his appointive power to increase, unduly, the number of Supreme Court Justices with...

The Panel System at the Supreme Court: Merits and Demerits

"The panel system at the Supreme Court means that all the Justices of the Supreme Court do not sit on all cases argued before and decided by the Supreme Court. On each occasion the Chief Justice selects Justices of the Court who should decide the ...

Elite Land Grabbing in Namibian Communal Areas and its Impact on Subsistence Farmers' Livelihoods

"Large scale land acquisitions by foreign investors in Africa for agricultural purposes continue to capture attention worldwide. In recent years Namibia has received some proposals from multi-national agricultural corporations to develop large sca...

Land and Resources in a Transfrontier Setting: The Case of the Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project

"Amongst the many initiatives in legislative and policy change affecting land and common property resource management in southern Africa today, transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs) seem particularly prominent because of their massive scale, hu...

The Right to Own Property: Towards a just and fair Compensation in Uganda's Oil Sector

"As Uganda prepares for the construction of an oil refinery, there is a need to acquire land both for the building of the refinery and for associated supporting infrastructure like roads. Alongside this lies the Constitutional right not to be depr...

Exclusion through Defined Membership in People-Centred Natural Resources Management: Who defines?

"This paper investigates how community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) has determined membership to rights over forestry and wildlife resources in Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The legal frameworks in these countries emphasise geograp...

The Foreign Policy of Senegal Since 2000

"After President Abdoulaye Wade became president of Senegal in 2000 some apparent changes in Senegalese foreign policy could be discerned. This paper considers the extent to which that policy changed under his administration. It examines signifi...

Challenges of Transitional Justice in Rwanda

"Two systems of retributive justice were set up by the international community and the Rwandan government to try suspects of the 1994 genocide: the Tanzania-based International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the local grassroots gacaca courts i...

South African Immigration Law: A Gender Analysis

"One of the last pieces of apartheid-era legislation to disappear from the South African statute books was the Aliens Control Act of 1991. Although amended in 1995, this Act was finally consigned to history only in March 2003, when the draft regu...

The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Fostering the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Situations: The Case of Burundi

"Burundi, a tiny country in Central Africa, is slowly emerging from more than forty years of cyclical violence. The worst episodes, widely recognised as genocide, took place in 1972 with the massacre of tens of thousands of the Hutu ethnic group b...

Stateless Justice in Somalia: Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives

"This report examines the traditional justice systems in Somalia, including xeer and shari'a, with a view to providing the international community with recommendations on how best to engage with those systems to assist the justice sector in that c...

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