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South African Immigration Law: A Gender Analysis

"One of the last pieces of apartheid-era legislation to disappear from the South African statute books was the Aliens Control Act of 1991. Although amended in 1995, this Act was finally consigned to history only in March 2003, when the draft regu...

The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Fostering the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Situations: The Case of Burundi

"Burundi, a tiny country in Central Africa, is slowly emerging from more than forty years of cyclical violence. The worst episodes, widely recognised as genocide, took place in 1972 with the massacre of tens of thousands of the Hutu ethnic group b...

Stateless Justice in Somalia: Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives

"This report examines the traditional justice systems in Somalia, including xeer and shari'a, with a view to providing the international community with recommendations on how best to engage with those systems to assist the justice sector in that c...

Negotiating peace in Liberia: Preserving the possibility for Justice

"A case study which provides in-depth examination on how specific justice issues came to be included and potentially excluded in the Accra peace accord, which was the foundation of the current peace process."

Negotiating peace in Sierra Leone: Confronting the justice challenge

"How specific justice issues came to be included in and potentially excluded from the 1999 Lomé Peace Accord. In addition to closely studying the negotiations dynamics and influences that led to the final agreement, this case study examines how ju...

Rule of Law through imperfect bodies? The informal justice systems of Burundi and Somalia

"This paper provides an overview of the central findings emerging from the two studies, Stateless Justice in Somalia – Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives and The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Reconstructing the Rule of Law in Post-C...

Immigration Bill: Growing with the flow

"A new immigration bill is before the South African parliament. One of its key professed aims is to enable South African industry to acquire the foreign skills it needs to grow, while training South Africans. Up to now immigration in South Afric...

Security Sector Transformation in North Africa and the Middle East

"As the Arab Spring continues to take root across the Middle East bringing unprecedented democratic change and also a high level of instability, debate has emerged on the role of security sector reform (SSR) in the fledgling transitions. From Jun...

South West Africa and the United Nations: South African letter addressed to the U. N Secretary-General on 27 January 1976

"This paper contains the full text of a letter, dated 27 January, 1976 addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations' by the Permanent Representative of South Africa to the United Nations, Ambassador R.F. Botha. There can be no doubt th...

Challenges of Transitional Justice in Rwanda

"Two systems of retributive justice were set up by the international community and the Rwandan government to try suspects of the 1994 genocide: the Tanzania-based International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the local grassroots gacaca courts i...

Assessing Competitive Resource Tenders as an Option for Mining Rights Allocation in South Africa

"This paper aims to inform the current debate, focusing in particular on competitive resource allocation systems (also referred to as mineral rights auction or tender systems), which certain stakeholders have proposed as an alternative to the exi...

Corporate Governance of State-owned Extractive Companies: What Uganda can Learn from Norway.

"The Petroleum Bills of 2012 provide for the creation of a national oil company (NOC) in Uganda. However, it is arguable whether the corporate governance framework will protect the proposed company from the governance challenges that have charact...

A Fine Balance: Assessing the Quality of Governance in Botswana

"This is the inaugural Democracy Index for Botswana and is intended to set a benchmark for democracy to be measured against in the future. It has several aims, the first of which is to set out evidence affirming Botswana’s credentials as a democra...

Policies and Regulations Affecting Biofuel Development in Kenya

The growing increase in international oil prices and the push towards cleaner energy sources has created an urgent need to shift from high cost fossil oil to cost-effective biofuel.Though there are some initiatives being undertaken by the governme...

A Promise Betrayed: Policies and Practice Renew the Rural Dispossession of Land, Rights and Prospects

"South Africans assumed on 27 April 1994 that their vote for freedom would erase the ethnic enclaves known as ‘Bantustans’ or ‘homelands’ and guarantee a common citizenship with equal rights under one law. Officially, the 10 homelands were dismant...

Kenya's Urban Development in the 21st Century: The Call for Innovative Initiatives from Local Authorities

In municipal councils in Kenya, urban environment development plans are drawn up but not followed through. In rural councils, environment development plans are not made at all and therefore development comes about in a haphazard manner. Community ...

Toward an Effective Indigenous Knowledge Protection Regime: Case Study of South Africa

South Africa has a rich tradition of Indigenous knowledge covering uses of the country’s abundant natural resources. South Africa’s development of a multi-faceted framework for cultural and genetic resource protection in relation to Indigenous kno...

Implementing The Presidential (Transition) Act: Lessons, Challenges And The Way Forward

"The post-2012 election period presented the first test for implementing major aspects of the Presidential (Transition) Act, 2012 (Act 845). This paper undertakes a preliminary assessment of how the law has been implemented. The approach taken inv...

Righting The Ills Of Budget Preparation, Implementation And Oversight In Ghana

"Perennial budget overruns and their adverse effects on the economy have attracted widespread concerns. Motivated by these concerns, this paper assesses institutional processes, arrangements and the legal framework for budget preparation, implemen...

The Unconstitutionality Of The Serious Fraud Office Bill

"In almost all countries, the world over, it has been the experience of the various inhabitants that, for most of their problems, a trial and error approach with appropriate correction has been the significant hallmark that stamps them all as prog...

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