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Elite Land Grabbing in Namibian Communal Areas and its Impact on Subsistence Farmers' Livelihoods

"Large scale land acquisitions by foreign investors in Africa for agricultural purposes continue to capture attention worldwide. In recent years Namibia has received some proposals from multi-national agricultural corporations to develop large sca...

Land and Resources in a Transfrontier Setting: The Case of the Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project

"Amongst the many initiatives in legislative and policy change affecting land and common property resource management in southern Africa today, transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs) seem particularly prominent because of their massive scale, hu...

The Right to Own Property: Towards a just and fair Compensation in Uganda's Oil Sector

"As Uganda prepares for the construction of an oil refinery, there is a need to acquire land both for the building of the refinery and for associated supporting infrastructure like roads. Alongside this lies the Constitutional right not to be depr...

Exclusion through Defined Membership in People-Centred Natural Resources Management: Who defines?

"This paper investigates how community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) has determined membership to rights over forestry and wildlife resources in Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The legal frameworks in these countries emphasise geograp...

The Foreign Policy of Senegal Since 2000

"After President Abdoulaye Wade became president of Senegal in 2000 some apparent changes in Senegalese foreign policy could be discerned. This paper considers the extent to which that policy changed under his administration. It examines signifi...

Challenges of Transitional Justice in Rwanda

"Two systems of retributive justice were set up by the international community and the Rwandan government to try suspects of the 1994 genocide: the Tanzania-based International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the local grassroots gacaca courts i...

South African Immigration Law: A Gender Analysis

"One of the last pieces of apartheid-era legislation to disappear from the South African statute books was the Aliens Control Act of 1991. Although amended in 1995, this Act was finally consigned to history only in March 2003, when the draft regu...

The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Fostering the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Situations: The Case of Burundi

"Burundi, a tiny country in Central Africa, is slowly emerging from more than forty years of cyclical violence. The worst episodes, widely recognised as genocide, took place in 1972 with the massacre of tens of thousands of the Hutu ethnic group b...

Stateless Justice in Somalia: Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives

"This report examines the traditional justice systems in Somalia, including xeer and shari'a, with a view to providing the international community with recommendations on how best to engage with those systems to assist the justice sector in that c...

Negotiating peace in Liberia: Preserving the possibility for Justice

"A case study which provides in-depth examination on how specific justice issues came to be included and potentially excluded in the Accra peace accord, which was the foundation of the current peace process."

Negotiating peace in Sierra Leone: Confronting the justice challenge

"How specific justice issues came to be included in and potentially excluded from the 1999 Lomé Peace Accord. In addition to closely studying the negotiations dynamics and influences that led to the final agreement, this case study examines how ju...

Rule of Law through imperfect bodies? The informal justice systems of Burundi and Somalia

"This paper provides an overview of the central findings emerging from the two studies, Stateless Justice in Somalia – Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives and The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Reconstructing the Rule of Law in Post-C...

Immigration Bill: Growing with the flow

"A new immigration bill is before the South African parliament. One of its key professed aims is to enable South African industry to acquire the foreign skills it needs to grow, while training South Africans. Up to now immigration in South Afric...

Security Sector Transformation in North Africa and the Middle East

"As the Arab Spring continues to take root across the Middle East bringing unprecedented democratic change and also a high level of instability, debate has emerged on the role of security sector reform (SSR) in the fledgling transitions. From Jun...

South West Africa and the United Nations: South African letter addressed to the U. N Secretary-General on 27 January 1976

"This paper contains the full text of a letter, dated 27 January, 1976 addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations' by the Permanent Representative of South Africa to the United Nations, Ambassador R.F. Botha. There can be no doubt th...

When there is a Gap in Law: Bridging Gaps Through Implementation of the Prevention and Combating of Torture of Persons Act 13 of 2013

After 16 years of delays, South Africa finally enacted the Prevention and Combating of Torture of Persons Act (“the Act”) in July 2013. The Act domesticates the United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatm...

The Need for a Comprehensive Legal Framework for Social Protection in Kenya

Globally, social protection (SP) is recognised as one of the approaches for tackling poverty and promoting inclusive growth. In Africa, social protection has become a mainstay in poverty reduction strategies with many African countries developing ...

Toward an Effective Indigenous Knowledge Protection Regime: Case Study of South Africa

South Africa has a rich tradition of Indigenous knowledge covering uses of the country’s abundant natural resources. South Africa’s development of a multi-faceted framework for cultural and genetic resource protection in relation to Indigenous kno...

Assessing Competitive Resource Tenders as an Option for Mining Rights Allocation in South Africa

"This paper aims to inform the current debate, focusing in particular on competitive resource allocation systems (also referred to as mineral rights auction or tender systems), which certain stakeholders have proposed as an alternative to the exi...

Corporate Governance of State-owned Extractive Companies: What Uganda can Learn from Norway.

"The Petroleum Bills of 2012 provide for the creation of a national oil company (NOC) in Uganda. However, it is arguable whether the corporate governance framework will protect the proposed company from the governance challenges that have charact...

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