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A Fresh Start for Rural Development and Agrarian Reform?

"This brief shows how existing policies are bifurcated between BEE models for the better off and welfare for the poor. There is now a danger that the two ministries will replicate the dualism of the so-called ‘first’ and ‘second’ economies – an appr…

Management of some Commons in Southern Africa: Implications for Policy

"Profound transformations in communal land tenure systems are taking place in parts of southern Africa that have resulted from decades of interventions, particularly the shrinking of the commonage through capture of extensive tracts of lands by pr…

Civil Society and Social Movements: Advocacy for Land and Resource Rights in Africa

"Civil society formations in Africa have historically played an important part in the establishment of organising people in the pursuit of common goals. The majority of Africa’s people reside in rural areas where they derive their livelihoods from l…

The Interaction between the Land Redistribution Programme and the Land Market in South Africa: A Perspective on the Willing-Buyer/ Willing-Seller Approach

"In South Africa, the willing-buyer/willing-seller approach is frequently blamed for the fact that the government's redistribution programme has thus far fallen well short of expectations. To what extent is this judgement justified? Moreover, if th…

The Tragic African Commons: A Century of Expropriation, Suppresion and Subversion

"This paper examines the nature of the African commons as a property system; analyses the extent of damage which was inflicted upon it during one hundred years of exploitation, suppression and subversion; explains why, in spite of that damage, the …

Contested Land Tenure Reform in South Africa: The Namaqualand Experience

"The legacy of apartheid land policy in South Africa remains one of the most conspicuous manifestations of past injustices. To correct this legacy, diverse land reform efforts have centred on the constitutional mandate for land restitution, redistr…

The Communal Land Rights Act and Women: Does the Act Remedy or Entrench Discrimination and the Distortion of the Customary?

"This paper discusses the likely impact of the Communal Land Rights Act (CLRA) of 2004 on the land rights of rural women. It asks whether the Act is likely to enhance or undermine tenure security, not only for women, but for rural people in general.…

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Land use and Livelihoods

"This paper addresses how land reform can contribute to enhancing land-based livelihoods. The challenge for South Africa’s land and agrarian reform programme is to alleviate the constraints to production and, in so doing, to enhance land-based live…

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Joint Ventures

"Joint ventures (JVs) are an increasingly common feature of the process of land and agrarian reform in South Africa. They involve black people who currently have land rights or who are land reform beneficiaries and will be receiving a government sub…

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Municipal Commonage

"This paper compares the performance of the Municipal Commonage Programme of the Department of Land Affairs (DLA) with the objectives stated in the White Paper on South African Land Policy (DLA 1997). This paper will review the extent to which the…

Waking up from the Dream: The Pitfalls of 'Fast-Track' Development on the Wild Coast of South Africa

"The main aim of this study was to explore the issues involved in reconciling the policy objectives of land reform, environmental conservation and the private sector profit-oriented rural development initiative in post apartheid South Africa. Rathe…

Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: A Status Report, 2004

"The report reviews the achievements and shortcomings of land and agrarian reform in South Africa in the first decade of democracy and provides a description of the status of these initiatives as at 2004. Chapter 1 presents a brief historical backgr…

Intricacies of Land Restitution in Africa The Case of the Mkambati Community, South Africa

"This study illustrates the benefit of distinguishing between bonding and bridging social capital. It also shows that collective action reinforces bonding social capital, but that to attain large-scale goals commonly requires both bonding and bridg…

Trans-boundary Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa: Local, Historical and Livelihood Realities within the Great Limpopo Trans-frontier Conservation Area

"The end of apartheid rule in South Africa, together with the termination of the civil war in Mozambique and the occupation of Namibia by South Africa in the early 1990s, seemed to herald profound changes in international relations within the southe…

Mediating Land Conflict in Burundi : A Documentation and Analysis Project

"Part I of this report highlights the multiple challenges that Burundi experiences in terms of the repatriation and reintegration of refugees, as well as reconciliation between different societal groups. It underlines the importance of land tenure f…

Conflict in Ugadan's Land Tenure

"Uganda’s dualist land tenure system is a root cause of conflict over land use and ownership. The current land tenure laws facilitate land alienation, threaten livelihoods and contribute to food insecurity.Given the nature of land disputes in Uganda…

Cost Implications of Agricultural Land Degradation in Ghana: An Economywide, Multimarket Model Assessment

"An economywide, multimarket model is constructed for Ghana and the effects of agricultural soil erosion on crop yields are explicitly modeled at the subnational regional level for eight main staple crops. The model is used to evaluate the aggregat…

Determinants of Technical Efficiency Differentials Amongst Small- and Medium-Scale Farmers in Uganda: A Case of Tobacco Growers

"The principal objective of this study,using tobacco farmers as a case study, is to identify factors that influence their technical efficiencies. The specific objectives are twofold: First, the study seeks to estimate farmer-specific technical effi…

Report on the Review of the Remote Area Development Programme (RADP)

"This assessment of the Remote Area Development Programme (RADP)identified problems of implementation and suggested ways of solving them.It attempted to clarify the issues that bear upon the attainment of programme goals; with particular emphasis o…

Trends and Drivers of Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria

"Agriculture is the economic mainstay of the majority of households in Nigeria and is a significant sector in Nigeria’s economy. The important benefits of the agricultural sector to Nigeria’s economy include: the provision of food, contribution to t…

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