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Conflict in Ugadan's Land Tenure

"Uganda’s dualist land tenure system is a root cause of conflict over land use and ownership. The current land tenure laws facilitate land alienation, threaten livelihoods and contribute to food insecurity.Given the nature of land disputes in Ugan...

The Interaction between the Land Redistribution Programme and the Land Market in South Africa: A Perspective on the Willing-Buyer/ Willing-Seller Approach

"In South Africa, the willing-buyer/willing-seller approach is frequently blamed for the fact that the government's redistribution programme has thus far fallen well short of expectations. To what extent is this judgement justified? Moreover, if ...

The Tragic African Commons: A Century of Expropriation, Suppresion and Subversion

"This paper examines the nature of the African commons as a property system; analyses the extent of damage which was inflicted upon it during one hundred years of exploitation, suppression and subversion; explains why, in spite of that damage, th...

Contested Land Tenure Reform in South Africa: The Namaqualand Experience

"The legacy of apartheid land policy in South Africa remains one of the most conspicuous manifestations of past injustices. To correct this legacy, diverse land reform efforts have centred on the constitutional mandate for land restitution, redis...

The Communal Land Rights Act and Women: Does the Act Remedy or Entrench Discrimination and the Distortion of the Customary?

"This paper discusses the likely impact of the Communal Land Rights Act (CLRA) of 2004 on the land rights of rural women. It asks whether the Act is likely to enhance or undermine tenure security, not only for women, but for rural people in genera...

Waking up from the Dream: The Pitfalls of 'Fast-Track' Development on the Wild Coast of South Africa

"The main aim of this study was to explore the issues involved in reconciling the policy objectives of land reform, environmental conservation and the private sector profit-oriented rural development initiative in post apartheid South Africa. Rat...

Civil Society and Social Movements: Advocacy for Land and Resource Rights in Africa

"Civil society formations in Africa have historically played an important part in the establishment of organising people in the pursuit of common goals. The majority of Africa’s people reside in rural areas where they derive their livelihoods from...

A Fresh Start for Rural Development and Agrarian Reform?

"This brief shows how existing policies are bifurcated between BEE models for the better off and welfare for the poor. There is now a danger that the two ministries will replicate the dualism of the so-called ‘first’ and ‘second’ economies – an ap...

Management of some Commons in Southern Africa: Implications for Policy

"Profound transformations in communal land tenure systems are taking place in parts of southern Africa that have resulted from decades of interventions, particularly the shrinking of the commonage through capture of extensive tracts of lands by ...

Land Grabbing and Land Reform: Diamonds, Rubber and Forests in the New Liberia

"This report, co-published by PAC and Green Advocates in Monrovia, describes Liberia’s timber, rubber and diamond sectors. It lays out what must be done by the Liberian government and civil society, as well as the donor agencies, companies and NGO...

Labour Reform in South Africa: Measuring Regulation and a Synthesis of Policy Suggestions

"Even though the South African economy is formally categorised as an upper-middle income country, it has one of the highest unemployment rates in the world. The economy’s unemployment rate stands officially at 26.7 per cent and 38.8 per cent. This...

Nigeria: Seizing the Moment in the Niger Delta

Excerpt: "The report of the government-constituted Technical Committee on the Niger Delta, submitted to Nigeria’s President Umaru Musa Yar’Adua on 1 December 2008, offers an opportunity to reduce violent conflict significantly and begin longer-ter...

Zimbabwe: At The Crossroads

Zimbabwe's 24-25 June 2000 parliamentary election resulted in President Robert Mugabe's ruling ZANU (PF) party retaining power. However, the nine month old opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), made an impressive showing, win...

Do Limitations in Land Rights Transferability Influence Mobility Rates in Ethiopia?

"Migration is considered a pathway out of poverty for many rural households in developing countries. National policies can discourage households from exploiting external employment opportunities through the distortion of capital markets. Studies ...

Cost Implications of Agricultural Land Degradation in Ghana: An Economywide, Multimarket Model Assessment

"An economywide, multimarket model is constructed for Ghana and the effects of agricultural soil erosion on crop yields are explicitly modeled at the subnational regional level for eight main staple crops. The model is used to evaluate the aggreg...

Determinants of Technical Efficiency Differentials Amongst Small- and Medium-Scale Farmers in Uganda: A Case of Tobacco Growers

"The principal objective of this study,using tobacco farmers as a case study, is to identify factors that influence their technical efficiencies. The specific objectives are twofold: First, the study seeks to estimate farmer-specific technical ef...

National and International Actors in the Orchestration of Large-scale Land Deals in Zimbabwe: What's in it for Smallholder Farmers?

"Little research has been done on the possible benefits of large-scale land deals for local communities. This work builds on a recent study that seeks to outline the potential benefits of land deals in terms of infrastructural, human and social d...

1) Nature and Magnitude of Land Acquisitions in Tanzania: Analyzing Role of Different Actors Key Trends and Drivers in Land Acquisitions and 2) Land Leasing for Large-Scale Agricultural Investment in Tanzania: Processes, Opportunities and Challenges

"In the past decade, Tanzania, in an effort to achieving higher economic growth and poverty reduction, has been leasing large tracts of land to foreign investors for large-scale agricultural investment. The premise behind this trend is that large-...

Commercialisation of Land in Namibia's Communal Land Areas: A Critical Look at Potential Irrigation Projects in Kavango East and Zambezi Regions

Large-scale land acquisitions by both foreign and local investors for agriculture, forestry and wildlife purposes, among others, remain a major challenge for African governments. The Namibian government through various ministries received proposal...

Large-scale Land Acquisitions in Zambia: Evidence to Inform Policy

Land in Zambia plays a vital role in sustaining livelihoods, ensuring food security and reducing poverty. If people are not able to access land (including communal interests, such as lands for grazing or access to water resources), they will be u...

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