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Land Reform in South Africa: Is it Meeting the Challenge?

"Land and landlessness remain critical issues in post-apartheid South Africa. This paper presents a brief overview of the key challenges facing land reform in the country today and suggests a number of ways in which the current reform programme can …

Land Reform in Namaqualand: Poverty Alleviation,Stepping Stones and 'Economic Units'

"This paper examines the consequences of land reform for communal livestock farmers in Namaqualand. It investigates the likely outcomes of recent commonage acquisitions and tenure reform in the former 'Coloured Reserves' using case study material d…

Leaping the Fissures: Bridging the Gap between Paper and Real Practice in Setting up Common Property Institutions in Land Reform in South Africa

"This paper takes a look at the claim that the new common property institutions are failing and argues that there are no meaningful indicators against which assessments of success or failure can be made. It asserts that the tenure security of the gr…

The Interaction between the Land Redistribution Programme and the Land Market in South Africa: A Perspective on the Willing-Buyer/ Willing-Seller Approach

"In South Africa, the willing-buyer/willing-seller approach is frequently blamed for the fact that the government's redistribution programme has thus far fallen well short of expectations. To what extent is this judgement justified? Moreover, if th…

Land Reform and Biodiversity Conservation in South Africa: Complementary or in Conflict

"A major challenge for government is to reconcile land reform and biodiversity conservation policies in contested geographical areas.This paper aims to improve understanding of the conflicts that have arisen between land reform and conservation, an…

Contested Land Tenure Reform in South Africa: The Namaqualand Experience

"The legacy of apartheid land policy in South Africa remains one of the most conspicuous manifestations of past injustices. To correct this legacy, diverse land reform efforts have centred on the constitutional mandate for land restitution, redistr…

Land Politics, Trust Relations in Government and Land Reform in South Africa: Experiences from the Western and Northern Cape Provinces

"The land question, as it is posed academically in South Africa, is at the cutting edge of the development debate. Should land held by poor peasants, often under some kind of communal tenure, be reorganised as private property and absorbed into the…

State, Market or the Worst of Both? Experimenting with Market-based Land Reform in South Africa

"The concept of ‘market-based land reform’ has been central to policy debates in southern Africa for the past twenty-five years. During that time meanings and values ascribed to the concept have evolved considerably, with significant differences bet…

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Final Report

"This research has been organised mainly within the categories of the official land reform policy. Detailed information is presented in the first nine reports of this series. This final report presents, in Section 3, summary information on progress …

Rights without Illusions: The Potential and Limits of Rights-based Approaches to Securing Land Tenure in Rural South Africa

"This paper focuses only on tenure reform and its aims to secure the land rights of: farm workers and farm dwellers living on privately-owned land, and residents of the former 'reserves' or Bantustans, now known as communal areas. Summarising the t…

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Land use and Livelihoods

"This paper addresses how land reform can contribute to enhancing land-based livelihoods. The challenge for South Africa’s land and agrarian reform programme is to alleviate the constraints to production and, in so doing, to enhance land-based live…

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Joint Ventures

"Joint ventures (JVs) are an increasingly common feature of the process of land and agrarian reform in South Africa. They involve black people who currently have land rights or who are land reform beneficiaries and will be receiving a government sub…

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Rural Settlement

"This report considers the issue of rural settlement in South Africa and examines what settlement support rural households have access to and how effective this support is in creating sustainable settlements.The focus of this report is 'rural' in t…

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Support for Agricultural Development

"In South Africa, land reform has to be more than securing land rights and transferring a certain number of hectares to black people. Broadly speaking, it has to take into account the uneven spatial development patterns created under colonial and a…

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Farm Tenure

"This report investigates to what extent these policies have succeeded in securing the existing tenure of farm dwellers or providing them with long-term secure rights to alternative land. The report describes the intentions of these policies, the me…

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Rural Restitution

"While acknowledging the real achievements made in settling claims, particularly urban claims, this report poses the question of what the restitution programme has contributed to the broader objectives of land reform and agrarian change – hence the…

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Land Redistribution

"The land reform programme of the South African government is conventionally described as having three legs: restitution, tenure reform and redistribution. While restitution deals specifically with historical rights in land, and tenure reform with f…

The Complexities of Climate Change Adaptation in South African Agriculture

"Agriculture is a complex and politically contentious industry in South Africa, given its connection to food security, water, health and land reform, and the historic resource imbalances between black and white farmers. As a large country with many …

Social Reproduction, Accumulation and Class Differentiation: Small-scale Sugarcane Growers in Mtubatuba, Kwazulu Natal, South Africa

"This paper argues that the rise and decline of small-scale sugarcane grower (SSG) production in KwaZulu-Natal must be historically located within a changing structural relationship with miller-processors, in turn conditioned by shifts in regulatory…

The Changing Nature of Large-Scale Commercial Farming and Implications for Agrarian Reform: Evidence from Limpopo, Western Cape and Northern Cape

"The privileged position of white commercial farmers in South Africa came to an end by the early 1990s, when political and policy changes removed the certainty provided by controlled marketing, protective tariffs and weak legislation regulating res…

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