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Accountability in Africa's Land Rush: What Role for Legal Empowerment

"This report assesses the state of evidence on pathways to accountability in the global land rush, with a focus on Africa, and identifies areas for a new research agenda that places accountability at its centre. The report takes a twin-track approac…

Household Perception and Demand for Better Protection of Land Rights in Ehtiopia

"The study assesses factors that explain households’ perceived tenure insecurity and the demand for new formalization of land rights in Ethiopia. We use data from the 2013 Agricultural Growth Program (AGP) survey of 7,500 households from high agricu…

Large-Scale Land Deals in Southern Africa: Voices of the People

"The dramatic growth in big land deals over the past decade is a phenomenon not specific to Southern Africa. It is part of what has been termed a ‘global land rush’ following food price spikes, financial crisis and fuel price volatility (and growin…

The Contested Status of 'Communal Land Tenure' in South Africa

"This paper focuses on communal tenure reform developments (or lack thereof), referring to law, policy and practice in rural areas in South Africa. It shows that communal land tenure is not in a healthy state and discusses the following recent laws…

State and Land Legislation in Botswana

"This paper is structured as follows: The first section describes the terrain and context. This is followed by a section on the legal evolution of Botswana with the intention of tying it up with a premise of continuity between the colonial and post-…

Land, Law and Traditional Leadership in South Africa

With over two decades after the end of apartheid, land remains an emotive fault line in South Africa. In rural communities, many have lost patience with the paternalistic approach of traditional leaders, commercial farmers and mining corporations. T…

Elite Land Grabbing in Namibian Communal Areas and its Impact on Subsistence Farmers' Livelihoods

"Large scale land acquisitions by foreign investors in Africa for agricultural purposes continue to capture attention worldwide. In recent years Namibia has received some proposals from multi-national agricultural corporations to develop large scale…

Reconciling Living Customary Law and Democratic Decentralisation to Ensure Women's Land Rights Security

"The recent Constitutional Court judgment rendering the Communal Land Rights Act (CLARA) unconstitutional must not be allowed to throw decentralisation policy making into disarray. Decentralisation holds much potential for lively, participatory demo…

Tribal Land Administration in Botswana

"Decentralising the administration of communally-owned land to a local system in Botswana was a sound objective and could be pursued elsewhere in the region. Yet, despite Botswana having grappled relatively successfully with many of the land chall…

Gender Implications of Decentralised Land Reform: The Case of Zimbabwe

"A bolder policy approach and more vigorous implementation are needed to support women’s empowerment, transfer of land rights to women, and to ensure their productive utilisation of land. The land reform programme focussed on racial imbalances of hi…

A Fresh Start for Rural Development and Agrarian Reform?

"This brief shows how existing policies are bifurcated between BEE models for the better off and welfare for the poor. There is now a danger that the two ministries will replicate the dualism of the so-called ‘first’ and ‘second’ economies – an appr…

Policy Options for Land Reform in South Africa: New Institutional Mechanisms?

"Since the 2005 Land Summit, new approaches to land reform have been on the agenda, yet there remains little clarity on the way forward. The main focus has been on means of accelerating the redistribution of land through new modes of acquiring land.…

From 'Willing Seller, Willing Buyer' to a People-Driven Land Reform

"The concept of ‘willing seller, willing buyer’ has dominated the discourse on land reform in South Africa since 1994. Now, following the national Land Summit of July 2005, it appears that government is willing to abandon this approach, but there …

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 34

This record contains extracts from statements made by ministers, letters, speeches, addresses, press briefings, reports, documents, proclamations, press statements, resolutions and declarations. These articles cover issues on foreign policy, aparthe…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 24

At the opening of the first Parliament of Zimbabwe, President Canaan Banana delivered a ‘Presidential Directive’ for the development of Zimbabwe. In an address to the UN General Assembly the Zimbabwean Prime Minister urged the Zimbabwean government …

Budgeting for Land Reform

"The primary purpose of land reform in South Africa is to redistribute agricultural and other land in order to address the racially skewed pattern of landholding and promote development. Slow progress in land reform over the past decade underscores…

Civil Society and Social Movements: Advocacy for Land and Resource Rights in Africa

"Civil society formations in Africa have historically played an important part in the establishment of organising people in the pursuit of common goals. The majority of Africa’s people reside in rural areas where they derive their livelihoods from l…

The Context of Land and Resource Rights Struggles in Africa

"Africa’s poor are heavily dependent on land and natural resources for livelihood, but some governments continue to resist transferring full resource management rights to them. This risks the loss or degradation of these resources, or their transfe…

Gifted by Nature, Disposessed by Parliament: The Plight of Mpungu Community in Kanungu District

"The purpose of this briefing paper is three fold: First, the paper provides information to the policy makers and particularly Parliament on the illegality of its resolution that formally alienated and gazetted the six villages of Mpungu Parish in …

Joint Ventures

"South Africa's land reform programme is based on the state providing grants to landless people who negotiate with white landowners to purchase land. The high price of land, among other factors, has led to the emergence of joint ventures. In these …

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