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Land Reform, Small Scale Farming and Poverty Eradication Lessons from Africa

"The importance of agriculture to development in Africa is underlined by the dependence of over 70% of the population’s livelihood mainly from farming and related activities, or through self employment on small farms; while only 20% of the farmers o…

L'implications des Organisations de Producteurs Senegalaises dans les Politiques Publiques - Livret Pedagogique / The Implications of Senegalese Producer Organizations in Public Policies - Instructional Booklet

"The document attempts to clarify in its first part a few elements of the definition on the terms employed, prior to concentrate on the general lessons learned from the analysis of the involvement of producers' organizations in the political process…

Public Policy Participation by Senegalese Producers' Organizations Lessons Learned from Capatilization on the Land Reform and EPA Negociation Process - Educational Booklet

"This document is based on two capitalization studies conducted in Senegal on the participation of producers’ organizations in land reform and economic partnership agreement negotiations. Based on these two experiences, it attempts to provide a few …

Gestion Fonciere au Senegal: Enjeux, Etat des Lieux et Debats - Actes / Senegal Land Management: Issues, State of Play and Debates - Acts

"Land in rural areas is currently primarily governed by the law on the national estate dating from 1964, in which more than 95% of the land has been paid for. As in many countries of West Africa, land issues in Senegal are paramount because of a mis…

L’Etat ne Peut plus Continuer à Contourner la Réforme Foncière / The State can no Longer Continue to Work Around the Land Reform

"In Senegal, only 65% of arable land are operated at the time when the country is facing a true puzzling food problem. Faced with this situation, the reform of the national domain law remains a pathway of hope if the land are not sold to agro-busine…

Gendered Dimensions of Land and Rural Livelihoods: The Case of New Settler Farmer Displacement at Nuanetsi Ranch, Mwenezi District, Zimbabwe

"Nuanetsi Ranch had been invaded by villagers from different parts of Mwenezi, Chiredzi and Chivi communal areas since 2000. In February 2010, the government announced that the settlers had to be removed and resettled in other ’uncontested lands’ in…

The Local Livelihood Implications of Biofuel Development and Land Acquisitions in Zimbabwe

"In recent years, proponents of “green and clean” fuel have argued that the socio-economic and environmental costs of over reliance on traditional fuel (oil) could be reduced by a global transition to biofuel. Such discourses propound that a transit…

Paradigms, Processes and Practicalities of Land Reform in Post-conflict Sub-Saharan Africa

"This chapter will examine the paradigms and processes involved in drafting or reforming land policies and laws in two very different African countries: Eritrea and Zimbabwe. Whereas Rwanda, Burundi and some parts of north-eastern DRC have very hig…

Biofuels Investment and Community Land Tenure in Tanzania: The Case of Bioshape, Kilwa District

"The main objective of this report is to examine the outcomes and impacts that arise from the withdrawal or bankruptcy of a large-scale, land-based investment in Tanzania, and to use this evidence to draw insights for policy and practice around loc…

Links Between Tenure Security and Food Security Evidence from Ethiopia

"While numerous studies exist that evaluate the impacts of land reform on household investment behavior, land productivity, and land rental market activities, the literature is thin in terms of showing the direct food securities impacts of land tenu…

Notre d'Orientation sur l'Importance de la Prise en Compte des Droits Fonciers Communautaires dans le Processus de Reforme Fonciere / Orientation and Guidance on the Importance of the Inclusion of Community Land Rights in the Land Reform Process

One cannot deny the existence of a land generalized malaise, born of a conflict of logic between modernized land rights (granted by the state) essentially of individual nature and traditional rights (often self granted by the farmer) essentially col…

A Promise Betrayed: Policies and Practice Renew the Rural Dispossession of Land, Rights and Prospects

"South Africans assumed on 27 April 1994 that their vote for freedom would erase the ethnic enclaves known as ‘Bantustans’ or ‘homelands’ and guarantee a common citizenship with equal rights under one law. Officially, the 10 homelands were dismantle…

International and Regional Guidelines on Land Governance and Land-based Investments: An Agenda for African States

"Global and regional guidelines have been developed in the period 2009–2014 to improve land governance in the context of large-scale land acquisitions in developing countries. These provide an opportunity for affected countries to make necessary r…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 2, 2014

‘Security regionalism and flaws of externally forged peace in Sudan: The IGAD peace process and its aftermath’ examines the IGAD peace process in Sudan, highlighting the dynamics and relative roles of the principal actors involved. It argues that al…

Women, Land and Resource Conflicts: Policy Implications and Interventions in Kenya

Environment and conflict research and policy interventions have focused primarily on the linkage between natural resources and acute violence but have paid less attention to the gender dimension of this correlation. Paradoxically women are more acti…

Roles and Responsibilities in Rural Local Governance in Zimbabwe: Parallels, Overlaps and Conflict

This research paper focuses on the parallels and overlaps in the responsibilities and power of the local authorities that govern rural Zimbabwean communities, where the majority of Zimbabweans live. The paper demonstrates how these parallels and ove…

Chisumbanje Large-scale Land Investment in Communal Areas: Is there a Land Crisis in Zimbabwe and what is the Dimension?

Zimbabwe’s investments in agriculture, after a contested Fast Track Land Reform Programme (FTLRP) underpinned by often violent land occupations (these were largely contained by the state by 2005), have triggered a debate on the meaning and import of…

Land Grabbing from within: Learning from Grazing Disputes in Western Kavango, Namibia

"A long-standing grazing dispute in Western Kavango Region in northern Namibia provides critical lessons on the challenges that people living in communal areas face to secure their land rights. In this case, several large livestock owners illegally …

De la Necessite d'Élaborer une Politique Fonciere: Points de Vue des Acteurs Non Gouvernementaux (Ang) Sur les Enjeux d'une Reforme Fonciere au Senegal / The Necessity to Formulate a Land Policy: Views of Non Governmental Actors on Issues of Land Reform i

The main objective of this study is to assess qualitatively and quantitatively, potential contributions of the diaspora in the overall strategy development of Cameroon and the legitimate expectations of the diaspora to create frameworks for dialogue…

Property and Prosperity: Reforming Landholding in Africa

"How Africans access – or ‘own’ – their landholdings is a matter of profound importance for the continent’s future. It touches on social welfare as well as prospects for economic development. This policy briefing provides an overview of the land que…

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