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Occasional Papers Series No 1

"The results of this study show that labour scarcity is a constraint to women farmers as there is a lot of work to be done and with the absence of children in school and absentee husbands in wage employments, the women need to hire labour, if they...

The Impact of Commercial Forest Areas on Nearby Rural Communities in the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe

"This research project helps to clarify and understand the interactions between sawmills/ forest estates and the system of rights (ownership, control and access) over resources, and their impacts on the environment and local community livelihoods....

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2009

This issue comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1)Resolving Land Disputes in Burundi 2)Effectively Confronting a Regional Threat: Somali Piracy 3)The Challenges of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Africa 4)Explaining the December 2008 Mi...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 13, no. 1, 1989

"The articles in this edition of the Bulletin raise a number of interesting questions about some of today's most important issues. Perestroika and post-apartheid – lessons for South Africa from the centrally planned economies is concerned not wit...

Zimbabwe: In Search of a New Strategy

For all the sound and fury of international condemnation and domestic opposition, octogenarian President Robert Mugabe maintains the upper hand in Zimbabwe. He has bludgeoned opposition parties and neutralised mass action strategies, minimised Afr...

Zimbabwe: Danger and Opportunity

The economic meltdown, government-created food crisis, and deepening state-sponsored violence that have plagued Zimbabwe in the year since President Robert Mugabe's ruling party rigged the presidential election continue to point in one ominous dir...

Zimbabwe: The Politics of National Liberation and International Division

Despite the rising humanitarian costs of the crisis in Zimbabwe, the international community remains deeply divided about its response, allowing President Mugabe to believe that he can exploit the policy fissure between - broadly - the West and Af...

Zimbabwe: What Next?

In the aftermath of the deeply flawed March 2002 presidential election, Zimbabwe has dropped off the radar screen of most policy-makers and media but its crisis is deepening: * the ruling ZANU-PF party and the government are systematically us...

Zimbabwe: Time for International Action

The International Crisis Group (ICG) published a detailed report in summer 2001 that found Zimbabwe to be in a severe political and economic crisis, characterised by state-directed violence aimed at crushing political opposition and by growing pot...

Zimbabwe's Election: The Stakes for Southern Africa

Since the intensification of Zimbabwe's political, economic and humanitarian crisis following defeat of a government-sponsored constitution in a national referendum nearly two years ago, the International Crisis Group (ICG) has documented the esca...

Zimbabwe: Three Months after the Elections

In the immediate aftermath of Zimbabwe's 24-25 June 2000 Parliamentary elections, many Zimbabweans optimistically expected that their country would begin to return to normal-leaving behind the six months of violence, intimidation, farm invasions, ...

Labour Reform in South Africa: Measuring Regulation and a Synthesis of Policy Suggestions

"Even though the South African economy is formally categorised as an upper-middle income country, it has one of the highest unemployment rates in the world. The economy’s unemployment rate stands officially at 26.7 per cent and 38.8 per cent. This...

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

"Dispute resolution has shown itself to be the most important section of the labour debate as it revolves directly around mistreatment of workers and a possibility to influence job creation in the future. With employment grievances coming to the C...

Blame the rulers, not the rain: Democracy and food security in Zambia and Zimbabwe

The Southern African region is threatened by a famine and 5 of the 6 affected countries are democracies. However the current crisis raises serious questions about the strength of their democratic institutions and their ability to provide a basic l...

Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa

"In order to achieve these objectives, the first step is a report on the current state of land and agrarian reform in the respective countries taking part in the study. In the case of South Africa, as with many of the other countries, the task is ...

Do regional initiatives integrate land reform and rural development? A case of New Partnership for Africa Development (NEPAD), Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) and the East African Community (EAC)

"This paper will briefly discuss the origins and objectives of SADC and EAC, and more specifically, their approach towards land and agrarian reform and rural development. The analysis will centre on whether or not these regional groupings incorpor...

Agrarian reform, rural development and governance in Africa: A case of eastern and Southern Africa

"This paper broadly explores common themes that underpin the formulation and implementation of land and agrarian policies in four select countries, namely South Africa, Namibia, Kenya, and Zimbabwe. Economic, egalitarian, and political motives are...

Land Reform in South Africa Getting Back on Track

"The analysis presented in this document is based on a more focused approach to land issues. South Africa must reject the unattractive and extremely worrying trajectories we are on, and get back on track towards a land reform process that improve...

The trajectory of human rights violations in Zimbabwe

"This paper discusses the course of human rights violations in Zimbabwe through a historical approach that focuses on the immediate pre-independence (Ian Smith’s regime) and the postindependence (Robert Mugabe) eras. The argument is that the con...

Militianisation of Resource Conflicts The Case of Land-Based Conflict in the Mount Elgon Region of Western Kenya

"In the following pages, the author trace the trajectory of the conflict, unravel its rootcauses and other contributory factors, discuss the various responses by the state, and make proposals on what could be done to attain sustainable peace in t...

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