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Prospects for Change in Zimbabwe

"These notes are offered to Members ahead of the Commons debate on July 19th 2007. They argue that in developing a practical response to the crisis in Zimbabwe, British policy-makers must recognise the realistic prospect of continued deterioration...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 9, No. 3, 2009

The first article in this issue 'Disruptive colonial boundaries and attempts to resolve land/boundary disputes in the Grasslands of Bamenda, Cameroon' looks at an unprecedented wave of violent land/boundary disputes between village-groups in the G...

Elite Land Grabbing in Namibian Communal Areas and its Impact on Subsistence Farmers' Livelihoods

"Large scale land acquisitions by foreign investors in Africa for agricultural purposes continue to capture attention worldwide. In recent years Namibia has received some proposals from multi-national agricultural corporations to develop large sca...

Reconciling Living Customary Law and Democratic Decentralisation to Ensure Women's Land Rights Security

"The recent Constitutional Court judgment rendering the Communal Land Rights Act (CLARA) unconstitutional must not be allowed to throw decentralisation policy making into disarray. Decentralisation holds much potential for lively, participatory de...

Tribal Land Administration in Botswana

"Decentralising the administration of communally-owned land to a local system in Botswana was a sound objective and could be pursued elsewhere in the region. Yet, despite Botswana having grappled relatively successfully with many of the land cha...

Gender Implications of Decentralised Land Reform: The Case of Zimbabwe

"A bolder policy approach and more vigorous implementation are needed to support women’s empowerment, transfer of land rights to women, and to ensure their productive utilisation of land. The land reform programme focussed on racial imbalances of ...

A Fresh Start for Rural Development and Agrarian Reform?

"This brief shows how existing policies are bifurcated between BEE models for the better off and welfare for the poor. There is now a danger that the two ministries will replicate the dualism of the so-called ‘first’ and ‘second’ economies – an ap...

Policy Options for Land Reform in South Africa: New Institutional Mechanisms?

"Since the 2005 Land Summit, new approaches to land reform have been on the agenda, yet there remains little clarity on the way forward. The main focus has been on means of accelerating the redistribution of land through new modes of acquiring lan...

From 'Willing Seller, Willing Buyer' to a People-Driven Land Reform

"The concept of ‘willing seller, willing buyer’ has dominated the discourse on land reform in South Africa since 1994. Now, following the national Land Summit of July 2005, it appears that government is willing to abandon this approach, but there...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 34

This record contains extracts from statements made by ministers, letters, speeches, addresses, press briefings, reports, documents, proclamations, press statements, resolutions and declarations. These articles cover issues on foreign policy, apart...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 24

At the opening of the first Parliament of Zimbabwe, President Canaan Banana delivered a ‘Presidential Directive’ for the development of Zimbabwe. In an address to the UN General Assembly the Zimbabwean Prime Minister urged the Zimbabwean governmen...

Budgeting for Land Reform

"The primary purpose of land reform in South Africa is to redistribute agricultural and other land in order to address the racially skewed pattern of landholding and promote development. Slow progress in land reform over the past decade underscor...

Civil Society and Social Movements: Advocacy for Land and Resource Rights in Africa

"Civil society formations in Africa have historically played an important part in the establishment of organising people in the pursuit of common goals. The majority of Africa’s people reside in rural areas where they derive their livelihoods from...

The Context of Land and Resource Rights Struggles in Africa

"Africa’s poor are heavily dependent on land and natural resources for livelihood, but some governments continue to resist transferring full resource management rights to them. This risks the loss or degradation of these resources, or their trans...

Gifted by Nature, Disposessed by Parliament: The Plight of Mpungu Community in Kanungu District

"The purpose of this briefing paper is three fold: First, the paper provides information to the policy makers and particularly Parliament on the illegality of its resolution that formally alienated and gazetted the six villages of Mpungu Parish i...

Joint Ventures

"South Africa's land reform programme is based on the state providing grants to landless people who negotiate with white landowners to purchase land. The high price of land, among other factors, has led to the emergence of joint ventures. In thes...

Rural Settlement

"The focus of South Africa's land reform programme is the acquisition of land and securing tenure rights. Land reform has provided many people with land. However, access to land is only one component of settlement. Settlement includes the acquisit...

Municipal Commonage

"The Municipal Commonage Programme of the Department of Land Affairs (DLA) aims to enable poor residents to access commonage lands in order to supplement incomes and enhance food security. New commonage accounted for 31% of all land transferred ...

Land Use and Rural Livelihoods: Have they been Enhanced through Land Reform?

"It is often assumed that transferring land to rural households will provide people with valuable assets that can be productively used to enhance their livelihoods. Unfortunately, few rural people or land reform beneficiaries are perceived to be ...

TRANCRAA and Communcal Land Rights: Lessons from Namaqualand

"The Transformation of Certain Rural Areas Act, Act 94 of 1998 (TRANCRAA) is the first comprehensive legislation to reform communal land tenure in South Africa. It aims to transfer land in 23 former coloured rural areas to residents or accountabl...

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