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The Labour Market Chapter 2

"This paper has tried to demonstrate that COSATU remains extremely powerful and influential in South African society, particularly because of its close relationship with the ruling party, the ANC. This power and influence would be the envy of many…

Have Labour Market Outcomes Affected Household Structure in South Africa: A Descriptive Analysis of Households

This paper seeks to investigate how the demography of households relates to individual labour market outcomes. We comprehensively examine household size and structures in the October Household Surveys 1995, 1997, 1999 and the Labour Force Surveys …

Internal Migration to the Gauteng Province

Gauteng, South Africa’s economic powerhouse, has long been dependent on immigration to supply its labour requirements, a phenomenon deeply rooted in the province’s early economic history and the development of mining and heavy industry. Although m…

Poverty and Well-being in Post-Apartheid South Africa: An Overview of Data, Outcomes and Policy

This is an overview of poverty and well-being in the first decade of post-apartheid South Africa. It is an introduction to a volume that brings together some of the most prominent academic research done on this topic for the 10-year review process i…

The Effect of Minimum Wages on the Employment and Earnings of South Africa's Domestic Service Workers

Minimum wages have been in place for South Africa’s one million domestic service workers since November of 2002. Using data from seven waves of the Labour Force Survey, this paper documents that the real hourly wages, average monthly earnings, and…

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

This paper, while broadly located within reforming the labour market policy debate, is specifically focused on one aspect of the labour regulatory regime, namely the dispute resolution system. Hence, we attempt to understand the efficiency and effec…

Do Industrial Disputes Reduce Employment? Evidence from South Africa

A unique administrative database is utilized to provide a more nuanced and empirically based measure of employment protection for the labour market in South Africa. It is proposed to measure employment protection as a function of the quantity and e…

Labour Unions and Wage Inequality among African Men in South Africa

The growing intra-racial income inequality, particularly among Africans is one Achilles' heel of post Apartheid South Africa. This paper examines the role of labour unions in explaining this phenomenon among African men given that labour markets are…

Releasing the Prisoners from their dilemma: How to Resolve Labour Tensions in South Africa's Mining Sector

"The policy briefing examines the institutional factors that contributed to this tragedy and that remain in urgent need of reform. It argues that current institutional arrangements – especially labour legislation – create strong incentives for riva…

Marikana as a Tipping Point? The Political Economy of Labour Tensions in South Africa's Mining Industry and How Best to Resolve Them

"Before 16 August 2012, the platinum-mining South African town of Marikana was still largely unknown outside the mining sector. On that fateful day, everything changed. A toxic cocktail of a brutal police force and grievance-mobilised workers resu…

The Role of Unions in Improving Working Conditions in Ghana

The results of this study indicate that formalization policies could improve employment quality among informal sector workers. Awareness of statutory benefits (which leads to improved access) is higher among unionized workers, it is therefore impo…

Labour Regulation and the Economy: The Case of the Food Value Chain

Contrary to popular narrative which seeks to attribute to the country's economic ills to labour legislation, this paper argues that the role of law in relation to the economy is constitutive, and that labour can also not be considered in isolation f…

Union and Business Efforts to Increase Productivity in the Mining Sector: A Critical Reflection

The aim of this paper is to examine the practicality of how mineworkers, organised under a trade union, can participate in employers’ productivity-increasing initiatives in a mutually beneficial way in South Africa. A critical analysis of the concep…

The Concept of a Just Transition is as Relevant to the Fourth Industrial Revolution as it is for the Move towards a Low Carbon Economy

Two parallel developments are taking place in Africa that are of key significance to workers. The first one is the concerted effort to move the national economies from depending on fossil-based energy to a clean low-carbon energy. The second is the …

Labour wary of Mnangagwa's 'Zimbabwe is open for business' mantra

Zimbabwe’s elections have come and gone with the incumbent, Emmerson Mnangagwa, declared winner of the contested vote. The MDC Alliance led by Nelson Chamisa is, however, contesting the presidential election results and has since filed an applicatio…

Trade Unionism and Enterprise Performance in Senegal

In line with efficiency wage theory, a high rate of trade unionism can be a source of higher production costs for enterprises, but also a source of enhanced efficiency. The aim of this study is to quantify the net effect of unionism on enterprise pe…

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