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Inequalities in the Context of Structural Transformation: Senegal Country Case Study

Since the late 1990s it has become a priority of Senegal to reduce inequality and poverty. The catalysts are the structural adjustment policies, which have had disastrous consequences on the living conditions of populations. The policies undertaken…

Improving the Growth and Transition of Small and Medium Enterprises in the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area

In the face of rising population numbers, urban areas in Uganda are increasingly facing competition for their resources. More than one out of every five Ugandans are residing in urban areas and the urban population is expected to triple in the next …

Digging a Future? Citizens see Positive Impact of Mining in Madagascar

"Madagascar is blessed with some of the world’s largest known natural-resource reserves, especially high-grade iron ore and precious stones such as alluvial sapphires. At the same time, its people are among the world’s poorest. Given the wealth of n…

Unemployment Policy as an Agenda for Elections 2017

The labour force in Kenya experiences structural unemployment, which is long term, as well as chronic unemployment which resulted due to a of lack of skills, language barriers, discrimination in the labour market, economic changes that cause the ris…

The Seychelles Labor Market

This report, produced as a background paper to the World Bank Systematic Country Diagnostic (SCD), provides a detailed overview of the Seychelles labor market. It emphasizes the relationship between changes to the overall structure of the economy a…

Education, Marriage, Fertility and Work Choices of Young Women in Uganda

Despite the existence of several policies and laws aimed at empowering women to participate as equal partners in development, a number of challenges remain in Uganda. Low female education attainment, early marriages, teenage pregnancies and poor fem…

Does Growth Create Jobs in the G-20 Economies?

There is a striking variation among the G-20 countries in the extent to which employment and unemployment respond to growth over the course of a year. In some countries (for example, Australia, Korea and South Africa), labor markets are quite respon…

Les Trajectoires d’Emplois des Jeunes au Sénégal: entre "Emplois faute de Mieux" et Projet Professionnel / The Career Path of Youth Employment in Senegal: between "Jobs for lack of better" and Professional Projects

The trajectories of youth employments in Senegal: Between jobs for lack of anything better and professional project Senegal, Following the example of many countries of the South where the demographic transition has not occur yet, is known to face …

War and Peace in the Great Lakes Region

The seminar, discussed in this paper, brought together about 30 prominent African and Western policymakers, scholars, and civil society activists to assess the major obstacles to peace and security in the Great Lakes, and considered seven broad them…

The Effects of Minimum Wages on the Labor Market and Income Distribution in Kenya: A CGE Analysis

In Kenya, there has been increased debate on the impact of minimum wage increases and pay disparities between sectors. Long-term differences in earnings across sectors and different regions (urban and rural) are reflected through higher poverty ra…

Peer Effects and Risk-taking among Entrepreneurs: Lab-in-the-Field Evidence

We study how social interactions influence entrepreneurs' attitudes toward risk. We conduct two risk-taking experiments with young Ugandan entrepreneurs. Between the two experiments, the entrepreneurs participate in a networking activity where the…

Is South Africa's Affirmative Action Policy Efficient?

This article presents a dynamic computable general equilibrium model which measures the impacts of the affirmative action policy set up in South Africa. In order to reduce inequalities inherited from the former regime on the labour market, the gover…

The Major Bottlenecks of Micro and Small Scale Enterprises' Growth in Ethiopia: An Econometric Analysis

Development of Micro and Small enterprises (MSEs) is one mechanism for alleviating unemployment, especially for women. Ethiopia has developed policy as part of the Growth Transformation and Plan (GTP) to develop MSEs to generate employment at the …

Calming the Copperbelt Economic Storm

During the last five years, the Zambian economy has been slapped by a series of turbulent macroeconomic challenges. The most notable shocks were the steep drop in the global price of copper, Zambia’s main foreign exchange earner, severe electricity …

Labour Market Regulations and Labour Market Outcomes in Zambia: A Firms’ Perspective

This report has provided a comprehensive review of key labour laws and regulations in Zambia drawing from various pieces of legislation. The report has also revealed the perception of firms on current labour laws and regulations and how these laws…

The Role of Micro and Small Scale Enterprises in the Ethiopian Economy, Government Intervention and Alternative Strategies: A CGE Analysis

Given the fact that Micro and Small scale enterprises (MSEs) are high on the Ethiopian government’s agenda for mid-term growth and transformation plan (GTP), this study aims to investigate the major contributions and the potential of this sector t…

An Empirical Assessment of the Union 'Facilitation Effect' in the Ghanaian Labor Market

Workers effective access to mandatory non-wage benefits is key to achieving decent working conditions in the Ghanaian labor market. Thus, this paper investigates the effects of union presence on workers’ reported access to non-wage benefits. The s…

Female Education, Labour Force Participation and Fertility: Evidence from Uganda

We use the Demographic and Health Survey 2006 to examine the relationship between female education and labour force participation and fertility rates for Uganda. Our results confirm the hypotheses that female education, especially at the secondary…

No Country for Young People: The Crisis of Youth Unemployment and What to Do About It

This report seeks to do three things. In the first section, we try to provide a clear account of the scale of the crisis of youth unemployment, making the point that the sheer number of unemployed young people means that South Africa needs to thin…

Business, Growth and Inclusion: Tackling Youth Unemployment in Cities, Towns and Townships

In this research report, CDE focuses on the 20 municipal regions with the highest number of unemployed young people and considers possible solutions that will have a significant impact in these, sometimes very different, locations. Youth unemploy…

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