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The South African Township Economy and Informal Micro - Enterprises : What are the Prospects for Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship?

Most youth will need to find employment in the informal sector, if they want to be employed. Yet data on labour force participation indicates that youth are not widely active in self-employed activities or informally employed in micro-enterprises....

Ethiopia — an Agrarian Economy in Transition

Rapid economic growth was experienced in Ethiopia since 2005. Real gross domestic product (GDP) grew at an average rate of 10.5 per cent per annum for the period between 2004–05 and 2013–14. Important contributions to GDP growth were made with pub...

Rural-Urban Migration and Poverty in Ethiopia

The focus in this policy brief is on rural-urban migration in Ethiopia. Research shows that poverty and lack of opportunity are drivers of young people’s rural-urban migration. Migration to the cities nonetheless, has not led to a flow of remitt...

Demographic Employment and Wage Trends in South Africa

Over the past two decades, the economic growth in South Africa has been driven primarily by the services sector; namely the financial and business services sector, construction, and to some extent wholesale and retail trade. The drivers for employ...

The Labour Market Chapter 2

"This paper has tried to demonstrate that COSATU remains extremely powerful and influential in South African society, particularly because of its close relationship with the ruling party, the ANC. This power and influence would be the envy of ma...

The African Lions: Kenya Country Case Study

The drivers of economic growth in Kenya and the linkages to the labour market dynamics, are mainly analyzed in this paper, with a focus on population growth, its structure, and the prospects of reaping a demographic dividend. This is in recognitio...

Improving the Relevance of University Training to Labour Market Demands in Africa

"This policy brief aims to inform policymakers, universities and the productive sector in African countries best policy practices and reforms that would strengthen the relationship between universities and the productive sector, while re-echoing...

Understanding the African Lions - Growth Traps and Opportunities in Six Dominant African Economies Understanding Ghana's Growth Success Story and Job Creation Challenges

Ghana has a status as one of the Lions of the African continent. This which is linked to the country’s remarkable growth performance, which culminated in the attainment of lower middle-income status. However, employment response to growth has bee...

Investigating the Feasibility of a National Minimum Wage for South Africa

Currently in South Africa, minimum wages are organized through two main structures: Bargaining Councils (BC) and Sectoral Determinations (SD). Together, these cover close to 70 percent of low-wage workers in the country. More recently, however, ...

The Growth Agenda Priorities for Mass Employment and Inclusion: Jobs

"No-one disputes that South Africa needs millions of new jobs. However, the current labour market regime and the policy model underpinning it is illsuited to achieving significant employment growth. It is not possible to create millions of jobs...

Evidence from Three Models of Land and Agricultural Commercialisation: Impacts on Local Livelihoods in Zambia

"This policy brief summarises the findings of a research project that focused on three agricultural models in Zambia by comparing three case studies: Zambeef, (large-scale plantation model) in Kafue district in Lusaka province; Mkushi farm block (...

In the eye of a storm: "The impact of the economic slowdown on the labour market in promoting job-rich urbanisation in Zambia"

"At that point, with the Zambian economy having experienced impressive growth rates over a long period of time, the central question was how to ensure job rich growth. Soon after the project’s launch however, the Zambian economy took a turn for th...

Unexploited potential: A critical review of policies supporting the self-employed in Zambia

"The employment challenge – creating more jobs and improving the quality of existing jobs – is one of Zambia’s biggest. Over the past decade Zambia has recorded unprecedented economic growth rates, but this has not translated into significant job ...

Mining Sector

"This Investment Brief presents a profile of the Mining sector in Zambia which is defined as mining activities covering all minerals in Zambia. The objective of the brief is to provide quick insights on the mining sector, the existing investment o...

Zambia’s Employment Challenge

"Employment is the red thread throughout this issue in particular the ZIPAR Flagship project on “More and Better Jobs”. The issue highlights Zambia’s jobs’ challenge, how ZIPAR will help the Government respond to the scale of the challenge by draw...

Promoting and Supporting Informal Sector Activities in Nigeria during the Period of Economic Crisis

Nigeria has the largest, and arguably the most dynamic, informal sector in sub-Saharan Africa. Informal activities are estimated to have increased from approximately 50 per cent of the urban workforce in the late 1970s to 65 per cent by the late ...

Understanding Mozambique’s Growth Experience Through an Employment Lens

Remarkable progress was achieved in Mozambique, over the last 20 years in promoting macroeconomic growth and stability. Nonetheless, poverty rates remain high and labour market activity is dominated by smallholder farming. We use recent household...

Understanding youth labour demand constraints in Zambia: The mining, manufacturing and construction sectors

"Zambia is among many developing countries struggling to create adequate employment opportunities for its people, especially in the formal economy. There is high youth unemployment, especially in urban areas where it has surged to 40.4% for female...

Brain Drain: Painting a Picture for Africa

"The problem of brain drain has recently been a cause for concern for most African governments and organisations because of the apparent affects on health care service delivery, among other negative effects. Many possible causes of brain drain ha...

Smallholder Farming: a Panacea for Employment Creation and Enterprise Development in South Africa? Lessons from the Pro-Poor Value Chain Governance Project in Limpopo Province

"Recent government efforts point to the smallholder sub-sector as a potential source for employment creation and enterprise development. This paper presents an analysis of smallholder farmers’ market participation and the potential links to rural...

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