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Special Economic Zones: Lessons for South Africa from International Evidence and Local Experience

"Special economic zones are defined as specially-demarcated geographic areas in which some aspect of the business environment, whether the quality of the infrastructure or the regulatory regime, differs from the norms prevailing in the rest of th...

Jobs for Young People Is a Wage Subsidy a Good Idea?

"The issues involved are complex, and sometimes quite technical. The workshop sought to address them as systematically as possible by addressing, first, the central importance of employment growth in shaping South Africa’s long-term developmental ...

Botswana's Enabling Environment for Economic Diversification: Plugging the Holes

"Botswana’s enabling environment for investment was assessed in a Report prepared by BIDPA and World Bank entitled “Diversifying Botswana’s Exports: An Overview” (2005). This Policy Brief presents the main findings of that assessment. It focuses o...

Evaluation of Rwanda's Youth and Employment Policies

"The broad aim of this research project is to generate innovative approaches and coherent policy messages with which youth employment and poverty reduction can be generated from economic growth at a faster pace in Rwanda. The first part of this st...

Land Reform in South Africa: Is it Meeting the Challenge?

"Land and landlessness remain critical issues in post-apartheid South Africa. This paper presents a brief overview of the key challenges facing land reform in the country today and suggests a number of ways in which the current reform programme ca...

The Post-Apartheid South African Labour Market

"This paper provides an analysis of some of the important changes that have occurred in the South African labour market since 1994. The paper presents the broad changes in employment, unemployment and labour force participation, finding substantia...

Costing, Comparing and Competing Developing an Approach to the Benchmarking of Labour Market Regulation

"The World Bank’s ‘Doing Business’ survey seeks to measure and compare the costs to business of various types of regulation, including labour regulation. As such it is an important driver of labour market ‘reform’ globally and in South Africa. It ...

Sticking to the Facts: Official and Unofficial Stories about Poverty and Unemployment in South Africa

"Poverty’s major cause is unemployment. In the unlikely event that unemployment is halved by 2014, there will still be millions of people in South Africa in workerless households. The only way to address this is to develop a truly comprehensive ...

Trends in Poverty and Inequality Since the Political Transition

"Using a constructed data series and another data series based on the All Media and Products surveys (AMPS), this paper explores trends in poverty and income distribution over the post-transition period. To steer clear of an unduly optimistic co...

The Post-Apartheid Labour Market: 1995 -2004

"This paper’s chief objective is the analysis of some of the changes in the South African labour market in the post-apartheid era and the challenges the labour market presents in the successful attainment of shared growth. Section 2 looks at the l...

Second Best? Trends and Linkages in the Informal Economy in South Africa

"The idea of a ‘second economy’ has become a feature of recent government economic policy. In this paper we focus on one important element of the second economy – the informal economy. We analyse the nature of the informal economy in South Africa...

Competition and Trade Policy: The case of the Botswana poultry industry

"The poultry sector is the most successful example of import substitution in Botswana with the country having achieved national self sufficiency. This paper describes the value chain in the industry and shows how, given the small size of the marke...

Job Destruction in the South African Clothing Industry How an Alliance of Organised Labour, the State and Some Firms is Undermining Labour-Intensive Growth

"Successive government plans emphasise the need for job creation in South Africa, yet industrial and labour market policies are biased against labour-intensive growth. Nowhere is this more evident than in the clothing industry, where employment ha...

Estimating the Impact of Minimum Wages on Employment, Wages and Non-Wage Benefits: The Case of Agriculture in South Africa

"Assessments of the impact of minimum wages on labour market outcomes in Africa are relatively rare. In part this is because the data available do not permit adequate treatment of econometric issues that arise in such an assessment. This paper att...

Labour Reform in South Africa: Measuring Regulation and a Synthesis of Policy Suggestions

"Even though the South African economy is formally categorised as an upper-middle income country, it has one of the highest unemployment rates in the world. The economy’s unemployment rate stands officially at 26.7 per cent and 38.8 per cent. This...

Household Incomes, Poverty and Inequality in a Multivariate Framework

"The existing work on household poverty and inequality in South Africa has shown that poverty and inequality differ markedly by race, location, education, gender of the head, household demographics and household labour market participation. Howeve...

What has been Happening to Internal Labour Migration in South Africa, 1993-1999?

"The data that are available in nationally representative household surveys for the period 1993 to 1999 were explored. Three questions are being posed. First, what is the extent of temporary labour migration within South Africa and what trends em...

The Labour Market in Post-Apartheid South Africa:A Brief Overview

"The aggregate data suggests that while employment expansion has been recorded since the first majority government, we need to be mindful that in terms of the economically active population and its growth over time, this job performance has been ...

Poverty and Labour Market Markers of HIV+ Households: An Exploratory Methodological Analysis

"There are a number of causal studies that have been done on the relationship between poverty and HIV/Aids infection. Let us consider poverty not as a contributing cause of HIV/Aids infection, but rather as a reality of the infected individual. Mo...

Textiles and Clothing in SADC: Key Issues and Policy Perspectives

"Industrial sectors across the SADC region differ from one another in terms of size, structure and competitiveness. The shifting of market boundaries and the improvement of market access is going to have a significant impact on the size, structur...

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