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Algeria's Economy: The Vicious Circle of Oil and Violence

The crisis in Algeria, now a decade old, is not merely a consequence of the interruption of the December 1991 elections by an army-backed coup to keep the Front Islamique du Salut (FIS: Islamic Salvation Front) from power. It is also an economic c...

A Synthesis of Current Issues in the Labour Regulatory Environment

During 2006 and 2007, a selection of research papers, in the main written by labour law experts, have provided critical input and guidance on the nature of the debate around the efficiency of the labour regulatory environment in South Africa. In N...

Analysing Wage Formation in the South African Labour Market: The Role of Bargaining Councils

The role of bargaining councils, the central pillar of collective bargaining in South Africa, in the formation of wages is important in the context of high unemployment rates in South Africa. In this study we find that while institutionalised coll...

An Analysis of Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration Awards

This paper reports on research that involved the analysis of 873 Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) arbitration awards sampled from unfair dismissal and unfair labour practice cases for the years 2003 to 2005. The sample ...

Structural Adjustment, the Psychological Contract and Discretionary Cooperation of Labour

"The study proposes a model of understanding and ensuring commitment and discretionary cooperation by suggesting that on-going economic activities such as formal employment are essentially social exchange activities whose outcome are never comple...

Occasional Papers Series No 1

"The results of this study show that labour scarcity is a constraint to women farmers as there is a lot of work to be done and with the absence of children in school and absentee husbands in wage employments, the women need to hire labour, if they...

Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania. Report of Tanzania National Workshop

"The purpose of the paper is to assess the relevance and limitation of economic measures and indicators in gauging poverty alleviation. Regarding CPIs, which make use of prices and quantities of selected commodities, the paper stresses that their ...

The Perceived Nature and Extent of Gender Discrimination in the Teaching Profession in Botswana

"This study is designed with three objectives. First, it provides micro-level data that would facilitate a more complete understanding of the nature and extent of gender inequalities and the processes producing them in the modern (formal) workpla...

The Impact of Retrenched Returnees on gender relations in rural Lesotho

"The overall objective of this study is to investigate the nature of the gender division of labour in Lesotho’s rural households and how migration tends to transform this division of labour over time. Drawing from the broad objective above, the ...

Women Entrepreneurship in Tanzania: Entry and Performance Barriers

"The overall objective of this study was to identify social, cultural and economic factors that hinder or limit women’s entry into entrepreneurship in Tanzania and those that adversely affect their performance. "

Women Employees in the Informal Sector Kampala, Uganda

"The general purpose of the study is to assess the working conditions of the women employees in the informal sector. Specific: 1. To explore the nature of the employee-employer relationship and identify factors responsible for the various relati...

Female Workers in Agribusiness in Zimbabwe

"The objective of this study was to investigate the working conditions of female workers in agribusiness in Zimbabwe. It intended to focus on the position of female workers in the plantation labour process and female labour utilization in the smal...

Determinants of Women's Participation in Industry and Service Sectors

"This study analyses factors influencing women's participation in industrial services. Women face various constraints that affects their intersectional mobility in the labour market. These constraints include, discrimination in the labour market i...

The Dynamics of Rural Change in Dry Agriculture in Sudan: Case Study from Southern Kordofan

"This study briefly reviews previous studies to establish the general terms of reference and to suggest a simple household model, based on household theory, for tracing the production- consumption nexus at the subsistence household level. The stud...

The state of rural poverty, income distribution and rural development in SSA

"In the first section of this paper a detailed rural profile of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is derived on the basis of a new and highly disaggregated data set based on a large number of recent country household surveys. The profile that results from...

Agricultural Credit under Economic Liberalization and Islamization in Sudan

"This study uses survey data to examine the operations of the agrarian credit market, formal and informal, in Sudan under conditions of recent economic liberalization and Islamization; the latter does not allow interest rate fixing. In addition t...

Adjustment, Income Distribution and Poverty in Africa: A Research Guide

"This paper has three objectives: to provide a brief guide to the methodological pitfalls in the way of country-specific research into the distributional effects of economy-wide adjustment packages, which is undertaken in Section 2 of the paper; t...

Determinants of Child Labour and Schooling in the Native Cocoa Households of Côte d'Ivoire

"Child labour is a widespread and growing phenomenon in the developing world. This paper looks at the determinants of child labour participation in the cocoa farming sector of Côte d’Ivoire, an issue of special interest because the country accoun...

Determinants of Employment in the Formal and Informal Sectors of the Urban Areas of Kenya

"By applying a multinomial logit model and economic theory to labour force survey data, this study examines the determinants of formal and informal sector employment in the urban areas of Kenya. The findings show that the determinants of employmen...

Earnings and Employment Sector Choice in Kenya

"The level of participation in employment and wages paid in the labour market can be assessed by comparing relative sectoral labour compensation amounts, participation rates and skill distribution of the workforce. In addition, the level of part...

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