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Are Trade Unions and NGOs Leveraging Social Codes to Improve Working Conditions? A Study of two Locally Developed Codes in the South African Fruit and Wine Farming Sectors

The paper explores one aspect of the food security question, namely the livelihoods of farmworkers, which ultimately speaks to the sustainability of farms and the provision of food. It focuses on the emergence of locally made private social code...

Youth Unemployment in Africa: Capacity Building and Innovative Strategies from Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland

Worldwide, as well as in every African country, jobs and opportunity for the youth are consistently at the top of development agendas. By 2050, 29 percent of the total world youth population will live in Africa. For African countries, youth repres...

Jobless Economic Growth: Lessons from Africa

Following the 2008-2009 global financial crisis, economic growth has eluded many countries. Africa, on the other hand, is projected to host seven of the ten fastest growing economies in the period from 2011-2012. It has long been understood that h...

Minimum Wage Raises Contribute to Rural-Urban Inequality in Kenya

The results of this study indicate that minimum wage changes can have a significant effect of inequality. Applying a uniform minimum wage in urban and rural areas would not only be impractical due to the diversity of employment sectors in the two ...

Beyond Technical Skills Training: The Impact of Credit Counselling on Entrepreneurial Behavior of Ugandan Youth

There is a low financial credit take among youth in Uganda because potential beneficiaries perceive the associated risk as high. This study assesses the determinants of entrepreneurial risk tolerance among Ugandan youth using experimental data f...

High and Persistent Skilled Unemployment In Morocco: Explaining it by Skills Mismatch

This paper sheds light on the increasing and persistent skilled unemployment in Morocco over the past decade – oscillating around 20% of total unemployment. It identifies and estimates the role and significance of a skill mismatch between Morocco’...

Overcoming the Reproductive Health Challenges to Young Women’s Employment Prospects in Uganda

Despite the existence of a fairly strong legal framework, young women in Uganda continue to face a number of challenges as they make the crucial transition into adulthood. In particular, girls are pushed into early marriages and pregnancies and ar...

Chute du Cours de L'or, recettes fiscales et emplois: quelle stratégie d'adaptation pour le Burkina Faso? / Decline in Gold Prices, Tax Receipts and Employment: Which Adaptation Strategy for Burkina Faso?

This working Paper is also available in English. Since 2007, Burkina Faso’s mining sector has been growing quickly, with gold replacing cotton as its biggest export. However, the decline in gold prices since 2012 has hit the Burkinabe economy ...

Decline in Gold Prices, Tax Receipts and Employment: Which Adaptation Strategy for Burkina Faso?

Since 2007, Burkina Faso’s mining sector has been growing quickly, with gold replacing cotton as its biggest export. However, the decline in gold prices since 2012 has hit the Burkinabe economy hard. Using a static calculable general equilibrium...

Africa's Untapped Resource: Analyzing Youth in the APRM

Africa is the next frontier – a continent full of possibility, a market of untapped and underutilised natural and human resources. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the youth populations of African states. Africa in 2015 exists in a context i...

A Re-examination of the Determinants of Child Labour in Côte d'Ivoire

Despite the political fight against child labour in recent years, this phenomenon remains a concern in Côte d’Ivoire. Several factors explain this social scourge. This research therefore aims to identify the determinants of child labour in Côte d’...

Inclusive Economic Growth

In a series of op-eds in Business Day, Ann Bernstein has called for a new approach to making South Africa’s economy more inclusive. With ultra-high levels of unemployment, the current approach is to compensate people for their exclusion rather tha...

Challenges and Prospects of Entrepreneurship Development and Job Creation for Unemployed Youth: Evidence from Addis Ababa and DireDawa City Administrations, Ethiopia

Almost 90 percent of the world’s youth are residents in countries where they can hardly access adequate education, capital, paid employment and health services. As the size of the younger population in Africa steadily swells to account to being th...

Determinants of Informal Sector Business Success in Botswana

The informal sector plays a critical role in many countries as it provides alternative sources of employment and economic diversification. This paper investigates the determinants of the success of the informal sector in Botswana, using a logit re...

Migration, Remittances, Labour Market and Human Development in Senegal

Ce titre est également disponible en français: Migration, transferts d’argent, marché du travail et capital humain au Sénégal. The objective of this study is therefore to understand how migration and remittances may affect labour market particip...

Evaluation de l'Efficacité des Politiques en Matiere de l'emploi des Jeunes au Togo / Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Youth Employment Policies in Togo

The results of the last general census regarding the population and housing (2010) indicate that the Togolese population of 6,191,155 inhabitants is very young, as it has 60% under 25s and 42% under 15s. The number of unemployed is estimated at ...

Guide Methodologiques de Suivi et Evaluation des Politiques Sectorielles /Methodological Guide for Monitoring and Evaluation of Sectoral Policies

The implementation of the strategy of accelerated growth and promotion of employment through the program of priority actions, currently requires a system of effective monitoring and evaluation that can measure the efforts to achieve the objective...

Structural Change and Patterns of Inequality in the South African Labour Market

In the post-apartheid era South Africa has found itself in a long run growth trap with growth in Agriculture and Manufacturing notably absent from the economy, resulting in an inability of the economy to absorb excess labour supply. To understand ...

Closing the Gap: Attaining Work Force Diversity and Pluralism in Kenya’s Private Sector

The objective of the study on Diversity Management and Pluralism in Kenya’s Major Private Sector is to establish the status of pluralism in the private sector in Kenya by examining: efforts by players in the sector aimed at promoting pluralism; ...

Job Creation in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in South Africa: An Analysis of Employment Trends, Opportunities and Constraints in Forestry and Wood Products Industries

This report is one of five studies of opportunities and constraints related to employment creation in rural South Africa, with a view towards informing policy. South African forestry and wood products industries are well established, international...

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