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Minimum Wages and Employment: Literature Review and Background on Minimum Wages in Botswana

"This paper gives a brief literature review on minimum wages and their possible effects on employment, with particular focus on the likely effects of minimum wage introduction in the two excluded sectors, namely the Domestic and Agricultural sectors…

Unfriendly Neighbours: Contemporary Migration from Zimbabwe to Botswana

"This report focuses on understanding the nature and implications of the most recent phase of movement from Zimbabwe to Botswana. The first section of the report examines the evidence for the number of Zimbabweans in Botswana. As in South Africa, th…

Investigating the Feasibility of a National Minimum Wage for South Africa

Currently in South Africa, minimum wages are organized through two main structures: Bargaining Councils (BC) and Sectoral Determinations (SD). Together, these cover close to 70 percent of low-wage workers in the country. More recently, however, th…

Plantation, Outgrower and Medium-scale Commercial Farming in Ghana: Which Model Provides Better Prospects for Local Development?

"The three models have different implications for rural agrarian change. The plantation and commercial farming models show more similar features and outcomes compared to the outgrower model. The outgrower model generally has more positive effects …

A Synthesis of Current Issues in the Labour Regulatory Environment

During 2006 and 2007, a selection of research papers, in the main written by labour law experts, have provided critical input and guidance on the nature of the debate around the efficiency of the labour regulatory environment in South Africa. In Nov…

A Fresh Look at Unemployment: A conversation among experts

"Late in 2010, CDE convened a workshop of leading economists on South Africa’s persistent and extremely high levels of unemployment. What, we asked, is preventing us from creating more jobs? Given the large and diverse body of theoretical work and …

Job Destruction in the South African Clothing Industry How an Alliance of Organised Labour, the State and Some Firms is Undermining Labour-Intensive Growth

"Successive government plans emphasise the need for job creation in South Africa, yet industrial and labour market policies are biased against labour-intensive growth. Nowhere is this more evident than in the clothing industry, where employment has …

Do Industrial Disputes Reduce Employment? Evidence from South Africa

"This article makes two contributions. The first is to exploit an unusual dispute resolution database to provide a more nuanced and empirically based measure of industrial disputes for the labor market in South Africa. This was done by suggesting th…

Kenya's Crackdown on the South Sudanese

South Sudanese in Kenya were shocked when the Kenyan police started storming their residences, arresting and detaining many of them in police center in Nairobi, Nakuru, Lodwar, Eldoret, and Nyeri, among others. This came following a strongly worded …

Minimum Wages and Labor Supply in an Emerging Market: the Case of Mauritius

This paper investigates the effect of multiple minimum wages, known as Remuneration Orders, on employment and working hours in Mauritius. Using data between 2004 and 2014, the analysis indicates that a 10 percent increase in the minimum wages brings…

The Growth Agenda: Making South Africa More Labour Intensive

On 13 June 2018 CDE hosted a roundtable discussion on the critical questions of why economic activity in South Africa is not more labour-intensive given the vast number of jobless adults. What prevents employers from making use of the energies of mo…

Labour Regulation and the Economy: The Case of the Food Value Chain

Contrary to popular narrative which seeks to attribute to the country's economic ills to labour legislation, this paper argues that the role of law in relation to the economy is constitutive, and that labour can also not be considered in isolation f…

Measuring Multidimensional Labour Law Violation with an Application to South Africa

The rights of workers contained in labour law are multidimensional, yet analysts tend to concentrate on compliance one dimension at a time. How should we conceptualise and measure compliance with labour law in its totality? This paper draws on the…

Strengthening Rwandan Administrative Justice: Private Labor Regulation and Administrative Justice

This section provides a general description of the practice of administrative justice related to private labor complaints. It was informed by the Phase I Legal and Policy Framework Analysis conducted by the SRAJ project, as well as the Phase II fiel…

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