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Unemployment Policy as an Agenda for Elections 2017

The labour force in Kenya experiences structural unemployment, which is long term, as well as chronic unemployment which resulted due to a of lack of skills, language barriers, discrimination in the labour market, economic changes that cause the r...

The Seychelles Labor Market

This report, produced as a background paper to the World Bank Systematic Country Diagnostic (SCD), provides a detailed overview of the Seychelles labor market. It emphasizes the relationship between changes to the overall structure of the economy...

The Impact of Trade Reforms on Employment and Welfare in ECOWAS Countries: The Case of Senegal

Disponible en français: L’impact des réformes commerciales sur l’emploi et le bien-être dans les pays de la CEDEAO Le cas du Sénégal. This study evaluates the impact of the ECOWAS-CET and the EPA on youth employment and on welfare in Senegal. Th...

Non-farm Employment, Agricultural Intensification and Productivity Change: Empirical Findings from Uganda

African researchers assess synergies and tradeoffs for agricultural intensification and productivity when farm households diversify into non-farm employment in Uganda. In this study, a team of local researchers finds that non-farm income can prote...

Beyond the "Proper Job:" Political-economic Analysis after the Century of Labouring Man

This programmatic article proposes an approach to global political-economic inquiry in the wake of the failure of long-established transition narratives, notably the narrative centred on a universal trajectory from farm-based and “traditional” liv...

Spillovers from Off-farm Self-employment Opportunities in Rural Niger

Agricultural households in Niger face constraints that may hinder agricultural production and threaten food security. A rural exodus is also resulting from a lack of formal and decent wage employment. The way to enhance agricultural production a...

Impact of Fiscal and Employment Policies on the Informal Sector in Cameroon /Impact des politiques fiscales et d’emploi sur le secteur informel et la pauvreté au Cameroun

This study examines the relationship between the informal economy and the formal economy by undertaking to answer the following question: what is the impact of tax and employment policies on the informal economy and poverty in Cameroon? To achie...

The 5th Africa Think Tank Summit: Tackling Africa's Youth Unemployment Challenge: Innovative Solutions from Think Tanks

The 5th Africa Think Tank Summit opened in Accra, Ghana, on 5 April with a call on African leaders to provide “a visionary and transformative leadership” if African countries want to successfully tackle the youth unemployment issues on the contin...

The Future of Manufacturing Employment

In March 2018, CDE invited Robert Lawrence to speak to a number of audiences of policy-makers and business leaders about the evolution of manufacturing activities globally, the extent to which digitisation and robotisation are undermining the pros...

Spillovers from Off-farm Self-employment Opportunities in Rural Niger

The agricultural sector is the main economic activity in peri-urban and rural Niger. Yet, farm households still face constraints related to climate change and agricultural factors that may hinder agricultural production and threaten food security...

The Potential of Agriculture and Land Reform to Generate Jobs

Extremely high levels of unemployment contribute to poverty and inequality, and are one of South Africa’s most intractable problems. Can the agricultural sector help to address the problem? And how can land reform be undertaken in a manner that cr...

Employment Creation in Non-Agricultural Sectors

The existence of employment-creating non-agricultural sectors is one of the five conditions common to cases of successful agricultural transformation . During the later stages of a successful agricultural transformation, two stylized facts are: (...

Can Off-farm Participation Improve Agricultural Production and Farmer Welfare in Tanzania and Uganda?

The findings suggest that, rather than being a complement to agricultural production, off-farm participation acts as a substitute. Although it competes with and diminishes agricultural production, it can improve household welfare. Over time, the c...

Working while Studying: Employment Premium or Penalty for Youth in Benin?

Most youth in developing countries leave school with only a general academic education level, slowing down their transition to the labor market. We analyze whether work experience during school can help youth transition more easily to a first job ...

Les Cycles économiques ont-ils un Effet Asymétrique sur le Chômage et la Pauvreté ? Cas du Maroc / Do Economic Cycles have an Asymmetrical Effect on Unemployment and Poverty ? The Case of Morocco.

Title translated in English: Do economic Cycles have an asymmetrical effect on unemployment and poverty ? Case of Morocco. This paper evaluates the asymmetric effects of economic cycles on unemployment and poverty in Morocco, through a VAR model e...

The Gender Division of Labour in Ethiopian Agriculture: A Study of Time Allocation among People in Private and Co-operative Farms in Two Villages

"In this study, different but complementary approaches were employed to investigate three types of variations (inter-regional, intra-household, and inter-farm organization) in the household time allocation and access to resources with a view to m...

Globalization, Trade and Poverty in Ghana

"This volume is one response to the challenge posed by the paucity of recent empirical evidence on the poverty and distributional impacts of trade policy reform in Ghana. The main objective of this volume is to contribute to our understanding of t...

Economic Profiling of the Creative Industries: A Desk Review

"The UN’s Creative Economy Report 2010 notes the increasing acceptance of the role of the creative economy as a leading sector in generating economic growth, employment and trade, and that creative industries are among the most dynamic sectors o...

Employment Status of Zambians: Official Definitions vs Citizen Perceptions

The relationship between unemployment, economic growth and poverty is clear. High levels of unemployment mean that the labour resources are underutilized and growth potential can not be attained. Zambians will not move out of poverty if the growth...

Estimating Returns to Education in Zambia

"For a long time, Zambia has had no studies estimating returns to education despite this being a critical factor in knowing what is driving the demand to education, particularly different levels of education. This paper has estimated the returns t...

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