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Migration of Skills in South Africa: Patterns, Trends and Challenges

"It is a human inclination to want to position oneself where conditions are best for personal fulfillment, growth and success. People migrate because they perceive their environment as inadequate in terms of what they desire or deserve. The more des…

Labour Migration Trends and Policies in Southern Africa

"Since 1990, there have been major changes to longstanding patterns of intra-regional labour migration within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). At the same time, new channels of migration to and from the region have opened. Labour m…

Migration and Domestic Work in South Africa: Worlds of Work, Health and Mobility in Johannesburg

"South Africa is in the middle of a well-documented HIV/AIDS epidemic. Infection rates were calculated to be 22% of the adult population in 2003. A number of different reasons have been advanced to explain the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa. Th…

Migration and Development in Mozambique: Poverty, Inequality and Survival

"Despite Mozambique’s economic growth rate being one of the highest in Africa over the past few years, much of the growth is linked to the development of highly capital intensive “mega” projects with limited absorption of unskilled workers. The urba…

Growth, Employment and Economic Policy in South Africa: A Critical Review

"The paper starts with an overview of South Africa's job crisis. It then moves on to consider whether the country's economic policies are conducive to labour-demanding growth. In so doing, it examines trade policies, labour market policies and macro…

The Engagement of the Zimbabwean Medical Diaspora

"Despite the well-documented negative impacts on the 'brain drain' of health professionals from Africa, there is an argument that their departure is not an absolute loss and that transnationally-oriented medical migrants (or diasporas) can act as de…

Export Diversification and the Labour Market: Key Issues in Botswana

"This paper reviews a range of issues that affect the availability of and demand for competitively priced and appropriately trained labour for export businesses in Botswana. On the supply side, the focus is on the availability and costs of labour. T…

Has Trade Liberalization in South Africa Affected Men and Women Differently?

"Trade liberalization is a central part of South Africa’s post-Apartheid development strategy. However, despite considerable reforms, the country has failed to generate pro-poor growth, with both unemployment and inequality worsening over the last …

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

This paper, while broadly located within reforming the labour market policy debate, is specifically focused on one aspect of the labour regulatory regime, namely the dispute resolution system. Hence, we attempt to understand the efficiency and effec…

A Synthesis of Current Issues in the Labour Regulatory Environment

During 2006 and 2007, a selection of research papers, in the main written by labour law experts, have provided critical input and guidance on the nature of the debate around the efficiency of the labour regulatory environment in South Africa. In Nov…

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

"Dispute resolution has shown itself to be the most important section of the labour debate as it revolves directly around mistreatment of workers and a possibility to influence job creation in the future. With employment grievances coming to the CCM…

Affirmative action in Malaysia - Costs and benefits

"Malaysia was shocked into taking affirmative action seriously by race riots in 1969. Their three-pronged approach to affirmative action in ownership, employment and poverty alleviation has been successful in reducing ethnic inequalities while achie…

Employment Status of Zambians: Official Definitions vs Citizen Perceptions

The relationship between unemployment, economic growth and poverty is clear. High levels of unemployment mean that the labour resources are underutilized and growth potential can not be attained. Zambians will not move out of poverty if the growth p…

Estimating Returns to Education in Zambia

"For a long time, Zambia has had no studies estimating returns to education despite this being a critical factor in knowing what is driving the demand to education, particularly different levels of education. This paper has estimated the returns to …

The Costs and Pricing of Tourism in Zambia: The Case of Livingstone

"Tourism is potentially one of Zambia’s best prospects for economic diversification and growth. The tourism sector has the potential to play an increasingly important role in stimulating economic growth by contributing to job creation, foreign excha…

The High-Level Panel Report on a Post-2015 Development Framework: Does it Address Inclusive Growth in a Comprehensive Manner?

A strong call for inclusive growth is being harbored at the centre of this report. The conceptual foundation and headline idea is five transformational shifts. One of this is to transform economies for jobs and inclusive growth. There should be a co…

Creating Youth Employment Through Entrepreneurship Financing : The Uganda Youth Venture Capital Fund

This study reports the results of an analysis conducted on the operations of the Uganda Youth Venture Capital Fund. The objectives of the study included: First, profiling the UYVCF beneficiaries as of January 2013, by social economic characteristics…

Raising the Community Voice in the Extractive Sector: Government Laxity over the Deteriorating State of Affairs in the Diamond Mining Manicaland Province Raises Eyebrows

The level of deterioration of the diamond industry of Manicaland Province deeply concerns the Centre for Research and Development. The government has been an active partner since commencement of formal mining operations in 2009. Events in the last 7…

The Gender Division of Labour in Ethiopian Agriculture: A Study of Time Allocation among People in Private and Co-operative Farms in Two Villages

"In this study, different but complementary approaches were employed to investigate three types of variations (inter-regional, intra-household, and inter-farm organization) in the household time allocation and access to resources with a view to mak…

Globalization, Trade and Poverty in Ghana

"This volume is one response to the challenge posed by the paucity of recent empirical evidence on the poverty and distributional impacts of trade policy reform in Ghana. The main objective of this volume is to contribute to our understanding of the…

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