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The Social Security And National Insurance Trust: Is There The Need For Reforms

"This paper provides an assessment of the long-term financial viability of SSNIT based on the Auditor-General's reports for 1994 and 1997. It discusses some of the factors that adversely affect the long-term viability of the Trust as well as the iss…

Labor Adaptation to Climate Variability in Eastern Africa

"As countries design climate change adaptation policies, it is important to understand how workers alter behavior in response to changes in temperature. Nonetheless, the impact of temperature on labor markets is poorly documented, especially in Afr…

Unemployment Policy as an Agenda for Elections 2017

The labour force in Kenya experiences structural unemployment, which is long term, as well as chronic unemployment which resulted due to a of lack of skills, language barriers, discrimination in the labour market, economic changes that cause the ris…

The Seychelles Labor Market

This report, produced as a background paper to the World Bank Systematic Country Diagnostic (SCD), provides a detailed overview of the Seychelles labor market. It emphasizes the relationship between changes to the overall structure of the economy a…

The Impact of Trade Reforms on Employment and Welfare in ECOWAS Countries: The Case of Senegal

Disponible en français: L’impact des réformes commerciales sur l’emploi et le bien-être dans les pays de la CEDEAO Le cas du Sénégal. This study evaluates the impact of the ECOWAS-CET and the EPA on youth employment and on welfare in Senegal. The …

Non-farm Employment, Agricultural Intensification and Productivity Change: Empirical Findings from Uganda

African researchers assess synergies and tradeoffs for agricultural intensification and productivity when farm households diversify into non-farm employment in Uganda. In this study, a team of local researchers finds that non-farm income can protect…

Beyond the "Proper Job:" Political-economic Analysis after the Century of Labouring Man

This programmatic article proposes an approach to global political-economic inquiry in the wake of the failure of long-established transition narratives, notably the narrative centred on a universal trajectory from farm-based and “traditional” livel…

Spillovers from Off-farm Self-employment Opportunities in Rural Niger

Agricultural households in Niger face constraints that may hinder agricultural production and threaten food security. A rural exodus is also resulting from a lack of formal and decent wage employment. The way to enhance agricultural production and…

Impact of Fiscal and Employment Policies on the Informal Sector in Cameroon /Impact des politiques fiscales et d’emploi sur le secteur informel et la pauvreté au Cameroun

This study examines the relationship between the informal economy and the formal economy by undertaking to answer the following question: what is the impact of tax and employment policies on the informal economy and poverty in Cameroon? To achieve…

The 5th Africa Think Tank Summit: Tackling Africa's Youth Unemployment Challenge: Innovative Solutions from Think Tanks

The 5th Africa Think Tank Summit opened in Accra, Ghana, on 5 April with a call on African leaders to provide “a visionary and transformative leadership” if African countries want to successfully tackle the youth unemployment issues on the continen…

The Future of Manufacturing Employment

In March 2018, CDE invited Robert Lawrence to speak to a number of audiences of policy-makers and business leaders about the evolution of manufacturing activities globally, the extent to which digitisation and robotisation are undermining the prospe…

Spillovers from Off-farm Self-employment Opportunities in Rural Niger

The agricultural sector is the main economic activity in peri-urban and rural Niger. Yet, farm households still face constraints related to climate change and agricultural factors that may hinder agricultural production and threaten food security. …

The Potential of Agriculture and Land Reform to Generate Jobs

Extremely high levels of unemployment contribute to poverty and inequality, and are one of South Africa’s most intractable problems. Can the agricultural sector help to address the problem? And how can land reform be undertaken in a manner that crea…

Employment Creation in Non-Agricultural Sectors

The existence of employment-creating non-agricultural sectors is one of the five conditions common to cases of successful agricultural transformation . During the later stages of a successful agricultural transformation, two stylized facts are: (1)…

Can Off-farm Participation Improve Agricultural Production and Farmer Welfare in Tanzania and Uganda?

The findings suggest that, rather than being a complement to agricultural production, off-farm participation acts as a substitute. Although it competes with and diminishes agricultural production, it can improve household welfare. Over time, the cha…

Working while Studying: Employment Premium or Penalty for Youth in Benin?

Most youth in developing countries leave school with only a general academic education level, slowing down their transition to the labor market. We analyze whether work experience during school can help youth transition more easily to a first job in…

Les Cycles économiques ont-ils un Effet Asymétrique sur le Chômage et la Pauvreté ? Cas du Maroc / Do Economic Cycles have an Asymmetrical Effect on Unemployment and Poverty ? The Case of Morocco.

Title translated in English: Do economic Cycles have an asymmetrical effect on unemployment and poverty ? Case of Morocco. This paper evaluates the asymmetric effects of economic cycles on unemployment and poverty in Morocco, through a VAR model est…

Flagship Project: More and Better Jobs

"Despite high levels of economic growth Zambia is at risk of a jobs crisis. Economic growth averaged 7.9% between 2007 and 2013, but formal sector jobs have only increased by 3.4%. Responding to this challenge is perhaps the country’s biggest priori…

Botswana after Diamonds: A study into the Consequences and Responses to the Depletion of Botswana's Diamonds

"This book explores Botswana’s economic situation post the diamond era. The authors have through their research, established that within the foreseeable future the profitability of diamond mining will begin to decline and Botswana will face serious …

Informal Migrant Entrepreneurship and Inclusive Growth in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique

"While increasing attention is being paid to the drivers and forms of entrepreneurship in informal economies, much less of this policy and research focus is directed at understanding the links between mobility and informality. This report examines t…

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