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Migration of Skills in South Africa: Patterns, Trends and Challenges

"It is a human inclination to want to position oneself where conditions are best for personal fulfillment, growth and success. People migrate because they perceive their environment as inadequate in terms of what they desire or deserve. The more d...

Labour Migration Trends and Policies in Southern Africa

"Since 1990, there have been major changes to longstanding patterns of intra-regional labour migration within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). At the same time, new channels of migration to and from the region have opened. Labour...

Migration and Domestic Work in South Africa: Worlds of Work, Health and Mobility in Johannesburg

"South Africa is in the middle of a well-documented HIV/AIDS epidemic. Infection rates were calculated to be 22% of the adult population in 2003. A number of different reasons have been advanced to explain the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa. ...

Migration and Development in Mozambique: Poverty, Inequality and Survival

"Despite Mozambique’s economic growth rate being one of the highest in Africa over the past few years, much of the growth is linked to the development of highly capital intensive “mega” projects with limited absorption of unskilled workers. The ur...

Growth, Employment and Economic Policy in South Africa: A Critical Review

"The paper starts with an overview of South Africa's job crisis. It then moves on to consider whether the country's economic policies are conducive to labour-demanding growth. In so doing, it examines trade policies, labour market policies and mac...

The Engagement of the Zimbabwean Medical Diaspora

"Despite the well-documented negative impacts on the 'brain drain' of health professionals from Africa, there is an argument that their departure is not an absolute loss and that transnationally-oriented medical migrants (or diasporas) can act as ...

Export Diversification and the Labour Market: Key Issues in Botswana

"This paper reviews a range of issues that affect the availability of and demand for competitively priced and appropriately trained labour for export businesses in Botswana. On the supply side, the focus is on the availability and costs of labour....

Has Trade Liberalization in South Africa Affected Men and Women Differently?

"Trade liberalization is a central part of South Africa’s post-Apartheid development strategy. However, despite considerable reforms, the country has failed to generate pro-poor growth, with both unemployment and inequality worsening over the las...

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

This paper, while broadly located within reforming the labour market policy debate, is specifically focused on one aspect of the labour regulatory regime, namely the dispute resolution system. Hence, we attempt to understand the efficiency and eff...

A Synthesis of Current Issues in the Labour Regulatory Environment

During 2006 and 2007, a selection of research papers, in the main written by labour law experts, have provided critical input and guidance on the nature of the debate around the efficiency of the labour regulatory environment in South Africa. In N...

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

"Dispute resolution has shown itself to be the most important section of the labour debate as it revolves directly around mistreatment of workers and a possibility to influence job creation in the future. With employment grievances coming to the C...

Affirmative action in Malaysia - Costs and benefits

"Malaysia was shocked into taking affirmative action seriously by race riots in 1969. Their three-pronged approach to affirmative action in ownership, employment and poverty alleviation has been successful in reducing ethnic inequalities while ach...

The Fate of Settler Farmers in Contemporary Ghana

"Land shortages, declining soil fertility, and environmental degradation are exacerbating the ability of settler farmers in Ghana to create sustainable livelihoods. Institutional weaknesses in the land tenure and governance systems have contribute...

Leadership and Skills: Building Blocks of African Development

"This paper focuses on exactly this issue of leadership, and its related corollary of education, drawing on the various case studies of the project. Good governance, the mantra of this decade, requires committed political leadership, if it is goi...

Main Ingredients for a Public Private Sector Strategy for Private Sector Employment Creation in Botswana Prepared for the Fourth Sector Conference on Employment Creation, Francistown

"This paper deals with "a public private sector framework for employment creation". The paper sees a resumption of rapid economic growth through diversification and industrialisation as the most important contribution to the acceleration of employ...

Construction and Related Services in Botswana

"The purpose of this study is to analyze the performance of the construction sector. It has two specific objectives: to conduct an assessment of policy and performance in the construction sector and to identify reform needs of the sector. To achie...

Gaps and Shortages in South Africa's Health Workforce

"Human resources for health play a critical role in the effective delivery of health services, especially in high disease-burdened countries like South Africa. Constraints in the health workforce have emerged as a key obstacle to scaling-up access...

Chinese Economic and Trade Co-operation Zones in Africa: Facing the Challenges

"The idea of exporting Chinese special economic zones to Africa was adopted as an official policy within the Forum on China–Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) framework at the third meeting held in Beijing in 2006, when President Hu Jintao formally announ...

The Gender Division of Labour in Ethiopian Agriculture: A Study of Time Allocation among People in Private and Co-operative Farms in Two Villages

"In this study, different but complementary approaches were employed to investigate three types of variations (inter-regional, intra-household, and inter-farm organization) in the household time allocation and access to resources with a view to m...

Globalization, Trade and Poverty in Ghana

"This volume is one response to the challenge posed by the paucity of recent empirical evidence on the poverty and distributional impacts of trade policy reform in Ghana. The main objective of this volume is to contribute to our understanding of t...

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