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Challenges of Transitional Justice in Rwanda

"Two systems of retributive justice were set up by the international community and the Rwandan government to try suspects of the 1994 genocide: the Tanzania-based International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the local grassroots gacaca courts i...

Justice and Peacebuilding in Post-Conflict Situations: An argument for including Gender Analysis in a new Post-Conflict Model

"After the 1991–2001 civil war, Sierra Leone employed a new model of transitional justice, concurrently utilising a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and a Special Court. Encouragingly, this process incorporated special gender consideratio...

In Quest of a Sustainable Justice Transitional Justice and Human Security in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

"The paper inquires into the possibilities of achieving accountability through prosecutorial process in domestic courts as well as in the fora of international justice; it examines the work of the CVR around truth recovery and reconciliation; fin...

Beyond the 'War on Terror' A Study of Criminal Justice Responses to Terrorism in the Maghreb

"This study, although preliminary and exploratory in nature, considers the criminal justice measures taken by the governments of Algeria,Morocco and Tunisia to meet their international counter-terrorism obligations. These Maghreb countries have mo...

At the Margins of SSR: Gender and Informal Justice

"The joint CIGI and North-South Institute conference, 'At the Margins of SSR: Gender and Informal Justice', aimed to increase awareness of gender and informal justice, two areas of security sector reform (SSR) that have often been overlooked. The ...

A Handbook on the International Criminal Court For Defence Lawyers in Africa

"The handbook interrogates the popular myths and prejudices that are often levelled against the ICC with regard to its work in Africa, especially following the issuance of an arrest warrant against a serving head of state. Far from being an exclus...

The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Fostering the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Situations: The Case of Burundi

"Burundi, a tiny country in Central Africa, is slowly emerging from more than forty years of cyclical violence. The worst episodes, widely recognised as genocide, took place in 1972 with the massacre of tens of thousands of the Hutu ethnic group b...

Stateless Justice in Somalia: Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives

"This report examines the traditional justice systems in Somalia, including xeer and shari'a, with a view to providing the international community with recommendations on how best to engage with those systems to assist the justice sector in that c...

Negotiating peace in Liberia: Preserving the possibility for Justice

"A case study which provides in-depth examination on how specific justice issues came to be included and potentially excluded in the Accra peace accord, which was the foundation of the current peace process."

Negotiating peace in Sierra Leone: Confronting the justice challenge

"How specific justice issues came to be included in and potentially excluded from the 1999 Lomé Peace Accord. In addition to closely studying the negotiations dynamics and influences that led to the final agreement, this case study examines how ju...

Rule of Law through imperfect bodies? The informal justice systems of Burundi and Somalia

"This paper provides an overview of the central findings emerging from the two studies, Stateless Justice in Somalia – Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives and The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Reconstructing the Rule of Law in Post-C...

Judicial systems in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Some of the problems associated with the judiciary of the countries had their roots in ineffective and inappropriate police and prosecutorial practices. For example,delay in trials and case overload were often the result of police and prosecutori...

The Theory and Practice of Criminal Justice in Africa

"Reforms of African criminal justice systems need to focus on a number of key issues: first, they need to based on a commitment to develop a justice system that seeks to deliver an efficient and equitable form of justice rather than one which main...

A Pyrrhic Victory? Mandatory and Minimum Sentences in South Africa

"This paper examines some of the arguments that have been raised for and against the present sentencing regime, and highlights the need for comprehensive sentencing reform in South Africa. The paper also examines some key questions: Are mandatory...

Stock Theft and Human Security A Case Study of Lesotho

"Stock theft has become a national crisis in Lesotho. According to the National Livestock Development Study Phase 1 report of March 1999, stock theft has reached epidemic proportions throughout Lesotho and appears to be escalating. Stock theft pr...

Falling between the Cracks? Prospects for Environmental Litigation Arising from Oil Production in Southern Sudan

"Oil production in Southern Sudan has degraded agricultural lands and caused mass displacement and suffering of local pastoralist and agriculturalist communities. This paper seeks to identify the legal system governing the adjudication of environ...

Security Sector Transformation in North Africa and the Middle East

"As the Arab Spring continues to take root across the Middle East bringing unprecedented democratic change and also a high level of instability, debate has emerged on the role of security sector reform (SSR) in the fledgling transitions. From Jun...

Towards Global Justice in the 21st Century?

"The aim of this paper is to highlight the broader significance of these developments, with specific focus on the impetus given to the creation of three further specialised criminal tribunals to prosecute those who allegedly violated international...

Addressing the Imbalance of Power between the Arms of Government - a Search for Countervailing Authority

"In Ghana, the political terrain is patently underscored by executive dominance resulting in an acrimonious battle to capture this ultimate prize. Hence, a cry against "winner take all", a quest for "power sharing" or proportional representation t...

An Overview of the Situation of Women in Conflict and Post-Conflict Africa

"Conflict and post-conflict environments in Africa present unique chalenges for women. While violence and war periods have negative effects on women, it is suggested that 'peace time' has implications for women as well.For most women, the end of w...

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