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Challenges of Transitional Justice in Rwanda

"Two systems of retributive justice were set up by the international community and the Rwandan government to try suspects of the 1994 genocide: the Tanzania-based International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the local grassroots gacaca courts in …

The International Crimes Division of the High Court of Kenya : A Real Option for Justice ?

As part of the enduring search for justice for victims of post-election violence, the recommendation was welcomed in principle, to establish an International Crimes Division of the High Court of Kenya. However the Judicial Service Commission report …

Addressing the Imbalance of Power between the Arms of Government - a Search for Countervailing Authority

"In Ghana, the political terrain is patently underscored by executive dominance resulting in an acrimonious battle to capture this ultimate prize. Hence, a cry against "winner take all", a quest for "power sharing" or proportional representation to …

Justice and Peacebuilding in Post-Conflict Situations: An argument for including Gender Analysis in a new Post-Conflict Model

"After the 1991–2001 civil war, Sierra Leone employed a new model of transitional justice, concurrently utilising a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and a Special Court. Encouragingly, this process incorporated special gender considerations…

Reconciling Kenya Opportunities for Constructing a Peaceful and Socially Cohesive Nation

"The violence that erupted in Kenya in late December 2007 and January 2008 following the disputed 2007 presidential election results was one of the most violent and destructive periods in the country’s history. It is estimated that 1,300 lives were …

Enhancing Security and Justice in Liberia: The Regional Hub Model

“Justice and security are core components of healthy and functional societies. The security sector comprises government structures with authority to execute force, detain and arrest to protect the state, its citizens and those civil bodies responsib…

Reconciliation and Transitional Justice: The Case of Rwanda's Gacaca Courts

"This paper has a two-fold objective:firstly to conceptualise reconciliation as an outcome of transitional justice, and secondly to analyse critically the implications and consequences of the Rwandan transitional justice programmes (specifically the…

Moving Forward Traditional Justice and Victim Participation in Northern Uganda

"Traditional justice practices are increasingly considered as a potential mechanism for conflict resolution and transitional justice. Northern Uganda is a case in point: traditional justice practices such as Mato Oput are about to be used for resolv…

Transitional Justice Options for Zimbabwe: A Guide to Key Concepts

"Post-conflict justice involves a delicate balance between peace, justice and reconciliation. Managing these issues is difficult and may take a very long time, especially within a highly divisive political context such as that of Zimbabwe. The situa…

Zimbabwe's Constitutional Reform Process: Challenges and Prospects

"This paper examines Zimbabwe’s constitutional-reform process. The first section traces the background to constitutional reform in Zimbabwe. A brief discussion of the Constitutional Commission’s draft of 1999/2000 is followed by a description of the…

“Building Fair and Inclusive Societies after Conflict: A Focus on Civil Society”

"Civil society initiatives are being undertaken in a number of countries in transition to contribute to the building of sustainable peace processes. Recognising that governments may face challenges in terms of implementing capacity and political wil…

National Healing and Reconciliation in Zimbabwe: Challenges and Opportunities

"The purpose of this paper is to critically examine issues concerning transitional justice in Zimbabwe after a decade of politically motivated intra-conflicts. The Zimbabwean case highlights the importance of critically examining the relevance of in…

The ICC and Community-Level Reconciliation: In-Country Perspectives Regional Consultation Report

"The discussions at the Regional Consultation focused on three themes: peace and justice; cooperation and complementarity; as well as the rights of victims. The theme on peace and justice examined the evident tension between peace initiatives in t…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 13, no. 1, 2013

‘The reintegrating role that can be played by a traditional conflict resolving mechanism in the eastern Hararghe zone of Oromiya regional state, Ethiopia’ presents qualitative data on the reintegrating role that can be played by a traditional conflict…

Falling between the Cracks? Prospects for Environmental Litigation Arising from Oil Production in Southern Sudan

"Oil production in Southern Sudan has degraded agricultural lands and caused mass displacement and suffering of local pastoralist and agriculturalist communities. This paper seeks to identify the legal system governing the adjudication of environme…

The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Fostering the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Situations: The Case of Burundi

"Burundi, a tiny country in Central Africa, is slowly emerging from more than forty years of cyclical violence. The worst episodes, widely recognised as genocide, took place in 1972 with the massacre of tens of thousands of the Hutu ethnic group by …

Stateless Justice in Somalia: Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives

"This report examines the traditional justice systems in Somalia, including xeer and shari'a, with a view to providing the international community with recommendations on how best to engage with those systems to assist the justice sector in that cou…

Negotiating peace in Liberia: Preserving the possibility for Justice

"A case study which provides in-depth examination on how specific justice issues came to be included and potentially excluded in the Accra peace accord, which was the foundation of the current peace process."

Negotiating peace in Sierra Leone: Confronting the justice challenge

"How specific justice issues came to be included in and potentially excluded from the 1999 Lomé Peace Accord. In addition to closely studying the negotiations dynamics and influences that led to the final agreement, this case study examines how just…

Rule of Law through imperfect bodies? The informal justice systems of Burundi and Somalia

"This paper provides an overview of the central findings emerging from the two studies, Stateless Justice in Somalia – Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives and The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Reconstructing the Rule of Law in Post-Con…

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