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The Logic of the B(R)ICSAM Model for G8 Reform

The BRICs model developed by Goldman Sachs in its publication, Dreaming With BRICs: The Path to 2050, has attracted some considerable attention.1 From an economic perspective, it has enormous attractions in lending attention to four countries (Bra...

Burundi: Democracy and Peace at Risk

Since the new, democratically elected government came to power in September 2005, the first since 1993, there has been marked deterioration in Burundi’s political climate. Led by the National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Def...

The G20 and the Restructuring of the International Economic Order: An Egypt Perspective

More than 50 years ago, the world community set about devising the institutional building blocks of an orderly social and economic world, largely in response to crises and problems of the first half of the twentieth century which had witnessed two...

Decision Time in Zimbabwe

Change is in the air in Zimbabwe. Its citizens no longer talk about whether it will come, but rather when. All acknowledge, however, that the road will be dangerous, possibly violent. South Africa is the single country with ability to help its nei...

Zimbabwe: In Search of a New Strategy

For all the sound and fury of international condemnation and domestic opposition, octogenarian President Robert Mugabe maintains the upper hand in Zimbabwe. He has bludgeoned opposition parties and neutralised mass action strategies, minimised Afr...

Zimbabwe: The Politics of National Liberation and International Division

Despite the rising humanitarian costs of the crisis in Zimbabwe, the international community remains deeply divided about its response, allowing President Mugabe to believe that he can exploit the policy fissure between - broadly - the West and Af...

Zimbabwe: Three Months after the Elections

In the immediate aftermath of Zimbabwe's 24-25 June 2000 Parliamentary elections, many Zimbabweans optimistically expected that their country would begin to return to normal-leaving behind the six months of violence, intimidation, farm invasions, ...

Burundi: Democracy and Peace at Risk

Since the new, democratically elected government came to power in September 2005, the first since 1993, there has been marked deterioration in Burundi’s political climate. Led by the National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Def...

G-8 Preview: Bush and Allies to Discuss Repairing Their Rift and Rebuilding Iraq

The annual economic summit of eight industrialized nations, which begins June 1 in Evian, France, will provide an opportunity for President Bush to repair relations with major European countries that opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq, particularly...

The BRICSAM Countries and Changing World Economic Power: Scenarios to 2050

Rapid economic growth in the large developing countries collectively known as BRICSAM (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa and Mexico) has the potential to change the balance of economic power in the world. This paper analyzes this potentia...

China's Growing Economic Presence in Africa

African economic interdependence with China, though proportionately smaller than is the case with most other geographical areas, is growing apace. China now accounts for around nine percent of Africa's oil and gas exports, and comparable amounts o...

Policy Brief: The Dynamics of Diamond Pricing and Marketing in Sierra Leone

"This Policy Brief summarizes a report entitled ‘The Dynamics of Diamond Pricing and Marketing in Sierra Leone’. It also describes some of the policy implications for government, donor agencies and development organizations arising from the ...

Africa's Challenges in International Trade and Regional Integration: What Role for Europe?

"The challenges that Africa faces in trade and regional integration are legion, and well documented. In this brief we attempt to summarise them against the backdrop of Africa’s broad development priorities. We then explore the ‘demand’ and ‘supply...

Paddles for Kimberley: An Agenda for Reform

"The Kimberley Process was designed to halt the phenomenon of conflict diamonds and to ensure that it would not recur. In many ways the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme was a remarkable initiative in terms of its originality and scope, and...

The Quest for Affordable Food: Prospects in the Doha Round for Net Food-importing Developing Countries

"In the past few years, a sharp rise in the price of food commodities has caused a critical global food crisis, increasing the food bill of consumers in a way that deeply affects the food security of low-income societies, whose members spend more ...

The Oil Factor in Sino–Angolan Relations at the Start of the 21st Century

"Even though trade figures are the most impressive feature of Sino–Angolan bilateral relations after 2002, the main reason why China’s engagement in Angola has been attracting so much attention from scholars, the media and politicians is the fact ...

Aid to Africa: What can the EU and China Learn from Each Other?

"With China’s increasing role in Africa, the issue of aid to Africa has been high on the China–EU agenda and the subject of considerable debate. This occasional paper focuses on one area of potential co-operation, i.e. China’s and the EU’s aid po...

From Isolation to Integration? A Study of Chinese Retailers in Dakar

"Starting from the late 1990s, more and more Chinese have migrated to Senegal, concentrating and opening small shops along the Boulevard Général de Gaulle, one of the major roads in Dakar. Le Centenaire, the wider area around this major road, is ...

Whither the Multilateral Trading System? Implications for (South) Africa

"So far the World Trade Organisation (WTO) has acted as a constraint on the worst protectionist pressures building in the global trading system following the 2008–10 global financial crisis, which is a testament to the system’s constraining power...

Revisiting South-South co-operation: an agenda for the 1990s

"The terms 'North' and 'South' have become part of political and economic discourse, at least since the 1970s. But the terminology may be as misleading as it is erroneous. Not only do all the states of the South not actually fall within that hemis...

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