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Strategies of Boko Haram and IPOB in Nigeria’s Postcolonial Context: A Critique

The main objective of the study is to examine how the post-colonial character of the Nigerian state engendered the emergence and strategies of IPOB and Boko Haram in the state. The study is anchored on the postcolonial state theory. Qualitative (d…

The Challenges of Nationhood and State-building in Nigeria’s “Fourth” Republic

Nigeria’s eighteen years of civilian rule has been dotted with incessant ethno-nationalist agitations which have often threatened the peace and tranquillity of the Nigerian state and the orderly conduct of public and private businesses. The Nigeri…

Repositioning the AU’s role in Counter-Terrorism Operations

One of the ways that the African Union (AU) addresses threats to Africa’s security is by authorising or deploying counter-terrorism operations. Such operations are related to, but distinct from peace support operations, which are an AU statutory too…

Oslo Forum 2018: The End of the Big Peace? Opportunities for Mediation

This year’s overarching theme was The end of the Big Peace? Opportunities for mediation. Given increasingly atomised and internationalised conflicts in places such as Syria, Yemen and Libya, participants reflected on whether we are seeing the end o…

Counter-Terrorism, Human Rights and the Rule of Law in West Africa

International law and global policy place counter-terrorism firmly within a rule of law and human rights framework. By focussing on securitised responses to terrorism, countries in West Africa risk undermining the rule of law, compromising human rig…

Returning from the Land of Jihad: The Fate of Women Associated with Boko Haram

This report focuses exclusively on women associated with Boko Haram who have returned, voluntarily or through military operations, to civilian areas and camps for the internally displaced in Maiduguri state, as well as other local government areas. …

Nigeria’s Boko Haram: Beyond the Rhetoric

"As the world remains focused on the fate of more than 200 Nigerian schoolgirls kidnapped by members of the militant Islamist group Boko Haram from the town of Chibok, Borno State in mid-April, it is clear that this terrorist organisation is rapidly…

Radicalisation in Kenya Recruitment to al-Shabaab and the Mombasa Republican Council

"Despite a history of extremism and unconventional political developments in Kenya, relatively little empirical research has been done to determine why and how individuals join al-Shabaab and the Mombasa Republican Council (MRC). This paper is based…

The Islamic State : Why Africa Should be Worried

The Islamic State's emergence is the most significant development in Islamist extremism since the 9/11 attacks. Currently it controls significant portions of Iraq and Syria and has divided the global jihadist movement into two, offering a credible –…

The Central Sahel: A Perfect Sandstorm

The Sahel, often seen as a haven for armed radical groups, this area is the latest new frontier in the West’s counter-terrorism campaign. This report concentrates on a vertical axis between southern Libya and Northern Nigeria, with a relatively stab…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No.1 January-February 2016

In ‘Countering violent extremism: Challenges in policy and practice’ the Horn of Africa has witnessed its share of attacks by movements designated as terrorists. The rising incidence of these attacks, the endurance of the Al Shabaab in Somalia and t…

Armed Groups in Mali: Beyond the Labels

Armed groups in Mali have increased steadily since the 2012 crisis although, a large swathe of the northern part of the country still remains beyond the control of the national authorities. The armed groups were established either just ahead of or …

Boko Haram on the Back Foot ?

The Lake Chad states should not too quickly proclaim “mission accomplished”, though the military response to Boko Haram has become more cogent. Even if they are forced to abandon their guerrilla war, or are made to abandon all territorial pretension…

Addressing Terrorism Threats around the Globe What Africa could Learn from some of the Recent Terrorist Attacks around the World

The recent terrorist attacks in Africa is analyzed in this policy brief, and the measures Africa should take to prevent them. It equally examines global counter-terrorism measures and it's implications for Africa. The post 1990 era, however, has wit…

Assessing Policy Responses of African and International Actors on the Threats of Transnational Terrorism to Africa’s Security and Stability

The global war on terror and transnational terrorism have come to define the current political climate in the world. Transnational terrorism is everywhere from the United States of America to Australia, from Kenya to France, from Indonesia to Turkey…

Community Perceptions of Violent Extremism in Kenya

A range of political, security and developmental responses has been elicited by the emergence of various armed ‘extremist’ groups in the Greater Horn of Africa. Countering Violent Extremism (CVE), a developmental approach to counterterrorism, seekin…

Preventing Violent Extremism: South Africa’s Place in the World

The prevention of violent extremism (PVE) has become a priority for the global community. This policy brief examines the global environment in terms of policy and implementation frameworks, and explores South Africa’s position in this prevention con…

Al Qaeda vs. Daech in the Sahel : What to Expect?

The terrorist landscape in the Sahel is characterized by multiple players that destabilize the countries in the region. Despite the fact that each terrorist group has particular areas of action and zones of influence, nevertheless two main ideologic…

The "Islamic State" Organization: a Continuation of al Qaeda or an Emerging Rift? / L'organisation "Etat Islamique" : Continuation d'Al Qaeda ou émergence en rupture

The establishment of the Mujahideen contingent in 1980, in Afghanistan to fight against the Soviet occupation, opened the door to the globalization of jihadism, which until then had been confined to local and national dimensions. This globalizati…

China faced with the Proliferation of the Terrorist Phenomenon in Africa

"The expansion of the terrorist phenomenon in Africa puts China in a dilemma: to remain true to its non-interference policy in the internal affairs of other States, even if Chinese citizens and interests are threatened or; adopt a more interventio…

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