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Combattants Terroristes étrangers: Le Temps des Retours / Foreign Terrorist Fighters: Time to Return

The defeat of terrorist organizations in the Middle East is expected even if it will take some time, as Daesh and Jabhat Fath Al Sham show resistance. The first because of its equipment and its guerrilla tactics, the second because it is no longer…

Fleeing Terror, Fighting Terror: The Truth about Refugees and Violent Extremism

Refugees are increasingly subjected to harsh policies that violate the spirit of refugee laws, and that are often justified by claiming the refugees pose security risks. This study examines the effects of violent extremism among South Sudanese and S…

Séminaire Régional pour la Prévention de l’Extrémisme Violent en Afrique Centrale et dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad / Regional Seminar for the Prevention of Violent Extremism in Central Africa and the Lake Chad Basin

This seminar, presented as a continuation of the efforts undertaken during the Dakar and N'Djamena Regional Conversations, made it possible to establish a real consensus on the importance of the approach to the prevention of violent extremism. Overa…

Frontière Niger-Mali: Mettre l’outil Militaire au Service d’une Approche Politique / The Niger-Mali Border: Subordinating Military Action to a Political Strategy

Clashes along the Niger-Mali border have claimed dozens of lives over the past few months. For years, the circulation of weapons and increasing inter communal tensions have contributed to the region’s mounting insecurity. Since Mali’s 2012 crisis, j…

Cameroon’s Far North: A New Chapter in the Fight Against Boko Haram

This report is one in a series of Crisis Group publications on the threat posed by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad basin. It is based on documentary research and some 150 interviews conducted from August 2017 to March 2018 in the Cameroonian capital Y…

ECOWAS Counter-Terrorism Strategy Tracker

In response to the challenges of terrorism West Africa is facing, ECOWAS developed the Counter terrorism Strategy and Implementation Plan as a means of countering terrorist activities in the region as well as putting in place large scale measures ag…

After Boko Haram: Prospects for Transitional Justice in North East Nigeria

New research undertaken by the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) indicates that the level of violence in northeastern Nigeria has declined substantially in many areas since the height of the Boko Haram insurgency in 2015. In a survey encomp…

Preventing Extremism in West and Central Africa: Lessons from Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria

Efforts to prevent and counter violent extremism have emerged rapidly onto the global stage and attracted substantial financial investment. This study investigated selected projects to understand their objectives, target groups, activities, theori…

Inter-Security Agency Rivalry as an Impediment to National Counter Terrorism Strategy (NACTEST)

The emergence of Boko Haram as a terrorist group in Nigeria considerably changed the country’s security milieu. From a quiet religious group in the early 2000s, the group had risen in 2015 to become the deadliest terrorist group. As a security chal…

Strategies of Boko Haram and IPOB in Nigeria’s Postcolonial Context: A Critique

The main objective of the study is to examine how the post-colonial character of the Nigerian state engendered the emergence and strategies of IPOB and Boko Haram in the state. The study is anchored on the postcolonial state theory. Qualitative (d…

The Challenges of Nationhood and State-building in Nigeria’s “Fourth” Republic

Nigeria’s eighteen years of civilian rule has been dotted with incessant ethno-nationalist agitations which have often threatened the peace and tranquillity of the Nigerian state and the orderly conduct of public and private businesses. The Nigeri…

Repositioning the AU’s role in Counter-Terrorism Operations

One of the ways that the African Union (AU) addresses threats to Africa’s security is by authorising or deploying counter-terrorism operations. Such operations are related to, but distinct from peace support operations, which are an AU statutory too…

Oslo Forum 2018: The End of the Big Peace? Opportunities for Mediation

This year’s overarching theme was The end of the Big Peace? Opportunities for mediation. Given increasingly atomised and internationalised conflicts in places such as Syria, Yemen and Libya, participants reflected on whether we are seeing the end o…

Counter-Terrorism, Human Rights and the Rule of Law in West Africa

International law and global policy place counter-terrorism firmly within a rule of law and human rights framework. By focussing on securitised responses to terrorism, countries in West Africa risk undermining the rule of law, compromising human rig…

Returning from the Land of Jihad: The Fate of Women Associated with Boko Haram

This report focuses exclusively on women associated with Boko Haram who have returned, voluntarily or through military operations, to civilian areas and camps for the internally displaced in Maiduguri state, as well as other local government areas. …

How Viable is Dialogue with Al-Shabaab and Boko Haram?

The campaign against terror groups in the Lake Chad Basin and Horn of Africa relies heavily on the use of force as a strategy. However, this approach is yet to deliver a sustainable solution. Although dialogue with terror groups is a sensitive and c…

Facing the Challenge of the Islamic State in West Africa Province

The Islamic State in West Africa Province (ISWAP), a splinter of Boko Haram, is growing in power and influence. From its territorial base on the banks and islands of Lake Chad, this jihadist group is waging a guerrilla war across north-eastern Niger…

Competition, Cooperation and Security in the Red Sea

The Red Sea and its environs, which includes several countries in the Horn of Africa, are lately receiving increased global attention. Several geopolitical dynamics make it a unique space, often marked by division rather than unity. There are concer…

Preventing Violent Extremism in East Africa: Lessons from Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania and Uganda

Initiatives to prevent and counter violent extremism in East Africa are being implemented by numerous organisations and are receiving significant funding to address the drivers behind violent extremism in the region. This report examined such projec…

Preventing Violent Extremism: Lessons from Africa

Many efforts to prevent and counter violent extremism in Africa are being carried out by local and international organisations. Despite this work and considerable amounts of funding for these initiatives, practitioners still struggle to determine wh…

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