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Conflict Trends Issue 3 2004

"As a result of the 9/11 events and how it changed the world, it appears that a dividing line has been drawn between those who support a call to root out terrorism wherever it might appear in order to achieve global peace, and those who still thin...

Political and Strategic Origin of Security Threats to South Africa

Particular acts occur which can affect the security of each of us and therefore demand vigilance and effective counter-measures. The concept of national security includes the survival of society as a whole, maintenance of the sovereignty of the st...

The Kremlin, The world revolutionary process and African "National Liberation Movements"

The world revolutionary process has gathered momentum over the last few years and with that also the national liberation movements based on the Marxist-Leninist ideologies. The motive of the Communist party was to forge a unity of the revolutionar...

Rhodesia

This paper is a follow up on a previous talk by Professor Cockram. He addresses the four problems that was discussed ten months earlier but in a different order. The sequence represents the order of importance. The problems are sanctions imposed o...

Terrorism as a factor in international relations

This document defines ‘international relations’ to mean ‘relations between states’ and attempts to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable terrorism, with the ‘balance of terror’ of the Cold War described as the ultimate form of the latter...

Beyond the 'War on Terror' A Study of Criminal Justice Responses to Terrorism in the Maghreb

"This study, although preliminary and exploratory in nature, considers the criminal justice measures taken by the governments of Algeria,Morocco and Tunisia to meet their international counter-terrorism obligations. These Maghreb countries have mo...

A Critical Assessment of Security Challenges in West Africa

"This paper aims to appraise and map the security challenges that have faced West African countries since independence with a special focus on the period after 1990. It also assesses the efforts made by various national, regional, continental and...

Confronting the Proceeds of Crime in Southern Africa An Introspection

"Prevention is intricately connected to the enforcement of the law against money laundering itself. Included under the structure of law enforcement is the requirement to define and criminalise money laundering connected to as wide a range of econo...

Negotiating in Practice What is a Non Negotiable Policy and Armed Non-State Actors

"The importance of non-state armed groups (NSAGs) has been increasingly recognized by academic and political observers concerned with violent conflict. The forces of paramount relevance in conflict situations include not only state actors but NSA...

Nigeria’s Boko Haram: Beyond the Rhetoric

"As the world remains focused on the fate of more than 200 Nigerian schoolgirls kidnapped by members of the militant Islamist group Boko Haram from the town of Chibok, Borno State in mid-April, it is clear that this terrorist organisation is rapid...

Radicalisation in Kenya Recruitment to al-Shabaab and the Mombasa Republican Council

"Despite a history of extremism and unconventional political developments in Kenya, relatively little empirical research has been done to determine why and how individuals join al-Shabaab and the Mombasa Republican Council (MRC). This paper is bas...

The Islamic State : Why Africa Should be Worried

The Islamic State's emergence is the most significant development in Islamist extremism since the 9/11 attacks. Currently it controls significant portions of Iraq and Syria and has divided the global jihadist movement into two, offering a credible...

The Central Sahel: A Perfect Sandstorm

The Sahel, often seen as a haven for armed radical groups, this area is the latest new frontier in the West’s counter-terrorism campaign. This report concentrates on a vertical axis between southern Libya and Northern Nigeria, with a relatively st...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record No 37

The contents of this Record includes background on the Cahora Bassa project as well as statements from Mozambique and South Africa on the project. It also contains messages and proposals on the Namibian problems and a testimony on US policy toward...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2012

This issue looks at ACCORD at Twenty Years’ and how it has evolved into an organisation that successfully promotes reflection, education and intervention in African conflicts. ‘Bridging the Gap: Conflict Resolution Practice and Research at ACCORD’...

Violent Islamist Extremism and Terror in Africa

An overview of large-scale violence by Islamist extremists in key African countries, is presented in this paper. The paper seeks an overview of the evolution of the associated terrorism through quantitative and contextual analysis using various l...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No.1 January-February 2016

In ‘Countering violent extremism: Challenges in policy and practice’ the Horn of Africa has witnessed its share of attacks by movements designated as terrorists. The rising incidence of these attacks, the endurance of the Al Shabaab in Somalia and...

Armed Groups in Mali: Beyond the Labels

Armed groups in Mali have increased steadily since the 2012 crisis although, a large swathe of the northern part of the country still remains beyond the control of the national authorities. The armed groups were established either just ahead of o...

Combattants Terroristes étrangers: Le Temps des Retours / Foreign Terrorist Fighters: Time to Return

The defeat of terrorist organizations in the Middle East is expected even if it will take some time, as Daesh and Jabhat Fath Al Sham show resistance. The first because of its equipment and its guerrilla tactics, the second because it is no long...

Fleeing Terror, Fighting Terror: The Truth about Refugees and Violent Extremism

Refugees are increasingly subjected to harsh policies that violate the spirit of refugee laws, and that are often justified by claiming the refugees pose security risks. This study examines the effects of violent extremism among South Sudanese and...

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