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Terrorism as a factor in international relations

This document defines ‘international relations’ to mean ‘relations between states’ and attempts to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable terrorism, with the ‘balance of terror’ of the Cold War described as the ultimate form of the latter. …

Beyond the 'War on Terror' A Study of Criminal Justice Responses to Terrorism in the Maghreb

"This study, although preliminary and exploratory in nature, considers the criminal justice measures taken by the governments of Algeria,Morocco and Tunisia to meet their international counter-terrorism obligations. These Maghreb countries have more…

A Critical Assessment of Security Challenges in West Africa

"This paper aims to appraise and map the security challenges that have faced West African countries since independence with a special focus on the period after 1990. It also assesses the efforts made by various national, regional, continental and e…

Confronting the Proceeds of Crime in Southern Africa An Introspection

"Prevention is intricately connected to the enforcement of the law against money laundering itself. Included under the structure of law enforcement is the requirement to define and criminalise money laundering connected to as wide a range of economi…

Negotiating in Practice What is a Non Negotiable Policy and Armed Non-State Actors

"The importance of non-state armed groups (NSAGs) has been increasingly recognized by academic and political observers concerned with violent conflict. The forces of paramount relevance in conflict situations include not only state actors but NSAGs…

The Kremlin, The world revolutionary process and African "National Liberation Movements"

The world revolutionary process has gathered momentum over the last few years and with that also the national liberation movements based on the Marxist-Leninist ideologies. The motive of the Communist party was to forge a unity of the revolutionary …

Rhodesia

This paper is a follow up on a previous talk by Professor Cockram. He addresses the four problems that was discussed ten months earlier but in a different order. The sequence represents the order of importance. The problems are sanctions imposed on …

Nigeria’s Boko Haram: Beyond the Rhetoric

"As the world remains focused on the fate of more than 200 Nigerian schoolgirls kidnapped by members of the militant Islamist group Boko Haram from the town of Chibok, Borno State in mid-April, it is clear that this terrorist organisation is rapidly…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record No 37

The contents of this Record includes background on the Cahora Bassa project as well as statements from Mozambique and South Africa on the project. It also contains messages and proposals on the Namibian problems and a testimony on US policy towards …

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2012

This issue looks at ACCORD at Twenty Years’ and how it has evolved into an organisation that successfully promotes reflection, education and intervention in African conflicts. ‘Bridging the Gap: Conflict Resolution Practice and Research at ACCORD’ e…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2004

"As a result of the 9/11 events and how it changed the world, it appears that a dividing line has been drawn between those who support a call to root out terrorism wherever it might appear in order to achieve global peace, and those who still think …

Political and Strategic Origin of Security Threats to South Africa

Particular acts occur which can affect the security of each of us and therefore demand vigilance and effective counter-measures. The concept of national security includes the survival of society as a whole, maintenance of the sovereignty of the stat…

The Central Sahel: A Perfect Sandstorm

The Sahel, often seen as a haven for armed radical groups, this area is the latest new frontier in the West’s counter-terrorism campaign. This report concentrates on a vertical axis between southern Libya and Northern Nigeria, with a relatively stab…

Radicalisation in Kenya Recruitment to al-Shabaab and the Mombasa Republican Council

"Despite a history of extremism and unconventional political developments in Kenya, relatively little empirical research has been done to determine why and how individuals join al-Shabaab and the Mombasa Republican Council (MRC). This paper is based…

The Islamic State : Why Africa Should be Worried

The Islamic State's emergence is the most significant development in Islamist extremism since the 9/11 attacks. Currently it controls significant portions of Iraq and Syria and has divided the global jihadist movement into two, offering a credible –…

Combattants Terroristes étrangers: Le Temps des Retours / Foreign Terrorist Fighters: Time to Return

The defeat of terrorist organizations in the Middle East is expected even if it will take some time, as Daesh and Jabhat Fath Al Sham show resistance. The first because of its equipment and its guerrilla tactics, the second because it is no longer…

Fleeing Terror, Fighting Terror: The Truth about Refugees and Violent Extremism

Refugees are increasingly subjected to harsh policies that violate the spirit of refugee laws, and that are often justified by claiming the refugees pose security risks. This study examines the effects of violent extremism among South Sudanese and S…

Séminaire Régional pour la Prévention de l’Extrémisme Violent en Afrique Centrale et dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad / Regional Seminar for the Prevention of Violent Extremism in Central Africa and the Lake Chad Basin

This seminar, presented as a continuation of the efforts undertaken during the Dakar and N'Djamena Regional Conversations, made it possible to establish a real consensus on the importance of the approach to the prevention of violent extremism. Overa…

Frontière Niger-Mali: Mettre l’outil Militaire au Service d’une Approche Politique / The Niger-Mali Border: Subordinating Military Action to a Political Strategy

Clashes along the Niger-Mali border have claimed dozens of lives over the past few months. For years, the circulation of weapons and increasing inter communal tensions have contributed to the region’s mounting insecurity. Since Mali’s 2012 crisis, j…

Cameroon’s Far North: A New Chapter in the Fight Against Boko Haram

This report is one in a series of Crisis Group publications on the threat posed by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad basin. It is based on documentary research and some 150 interviews conducted from August 2017 to March 2018 in the Cameroonian capital Y…

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