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The Kremlin, The world revolutionary process and African "National Liberation Movements"

The world revolutionary process has gathered momentum over the last few years and with that also the national liberation movements based on the Marxist-Leninist ideologies. The motive of the Communist party was to forge a unity of the revolutionar...

Rhodesia

This paper is a follow up on a previous talk by Professor Cockram. He addresses the four problems that was discussed ten months earlier but in a different order. The sequence represents the order of importance. The problems are sanctions imposed o...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record No 37

The contents of this Record includes background on the Cahora Bassa project as well as statements from Mozambique and South Africa on the project. It also contains messages and proposals on the Namibian problems and a testimony on US policy toward...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2012

This issue looks at ACCORD at Twenty Years’ and how it has evolved into an organisation that successfully promotes reflection, education and intervention in African conflicts. ‘Bridging the Gap: Conflict Resolution Practice and Research at ACCORD’...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2004

"As a result of the 9/11 events and how it changed the world, it appears that a dividing line has been drawn between those who support a call to root out terrorism wherever it might appear in order to achieve global peace, and those who still thin...

Political and Strategic Origin of Security Threats to South Africa

Particular acts occur which can affect the security of each of us and therefore demand vigilance and effective counter-measures. The concept of national security includes the survival of society as a whole, maintenance of the sovereignty of the st...

Terrorism as a factor in international relations

This document defines ‘international relations’ to mean ‘relations between states’ and attempts to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable terrorism, with the ‘balance of terror’ of the Cold War described as the ultimate form of the latter...

Beyond the 'War on Terror' A Study of Criminal Justice Responses to Terrorism in the Maghreb

"This study, although preliminary and exploratory in nature, considers the criminal justice measures taken by the governments of Algeria,Morocco and Tunisia to meet their international counter-terrorism obligations. These Maghreb countries have mo...

A Critical Assessment of Security Challenges in West Africa

"This paper aims to appraise and map the security challenges that have faced West African countries since independence with a special focus on the period after 1990. It also assesses the efforts made by various national, regional, continental and...

Confronting the Proceeds of Crime in Southern Africa An Introspection

"Prevention is intricately connected to the enforcement of the law against money laundering itself. Included under the structure of law enforcement is the requirement to define and criminalise money laundering connected to as wide a range of econo...

Negotiating in Practice What is a Non Negotiable Policy and Armed Non-State Actors

"The importance of non-state armed groups (NSAGs) has been increasingly recognized by academic and political observers concerned with violent conflict. The forces of paramount relevance in conflict situations include not only state actors but NSA...

Assessing Policy Responses of African and International Actors on the Threats of Transnational Terrorism to Africa’s Security and Stability

The global war on terror and transnational terrorism have come to define the current political climate in the world. Transnational terrorism is everywhere from the United States of America to Australia, from Kenya to France, from Indonesia to Turk...

Community Perceptions of Violent Extremism in Kenya

A range of political, security and developmental responses has been elicited by the emergence of various armed ‘extremist’ groups in the Greater Horn of Africa. Countering Violent Extremism (CVE), a developmental approach to counterterrorism, seek...

Preventing Violent Extremism: South Africa’s Place in the World

The prevention of violent extremism (PVE) has become a priority for the global community. This policy brief examines the global environment in terms of policy and implementation frameworks, and explores South Africa’s position in this prevention c...

Al Qaeda vs. Daech in the Sahel : What to Expect?

The terrorist landscape in the Sahel is characterized by multiple players that destabilize the countries in the region. Despite the fact that each terrorist group has particular areas of action and zones of influence, nevertheless two main ideolog...

The "Islamic State" Organization: a Continuation of al Qaeda or an Emerging Rift? / L'organisation "Etat Islamique" : Continuation d'Al Qaeda ou émergence en rupture

The establishment of the Mujahideen contingent in 1980, in Afghanistan to fight against the Soviet occupation, opened the door to the globalization of jihadism, which until then had been confined to local and national dimensions. This globaliza...

China faced with the Proliferation of the Terrorist Phenomenon in Africa

"The expansion of the terrorist phenomenon in Africa puts China in a dilemma: to remain true to its non-interference policy in the internal affairs of other States, even if Chinese citizens and interests are threatened or; adopt a more intervent...

Violent Extremism in South Africa: Assessing the Current Threat

This report presented an overview of South Africa’s post-apartheid experience of violent extremism and assesses the threat that violent extremism currently poses to the country. A brief overview is also provided of government's responses to this ...

Combattants Terroristes étrangers : Le Temps des Retours

The defeat of the terrorist organizations in the Middle East is expected even though it will take some time, thus Daech and Jabhat Fath Al Sham show resistance. The first was due to its amenities and guerrilla tactics, the second because since it ...

Cameroon’s Forceful Repatriation of Nigerian Refugees

Since Boko Haram launched its violent campaign in 2009, its reign of terror has spread well beyond Nigeria. It has asserted itself as a regional threat through a growing number of attacks and displaced people throughout the Lake Chad Basin (which ...

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