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Building on Progress? Chinese Engagement in Ethiopia1

"A majority of the growing literature on Sino–African relations focus on China’s relations with resource-rich/economically robust countries or unsavoury regimes. Limited attention has been paid to the rest of Africa’s states, but it is in these ‘l...

China and Africa's Natural Resources: The Challenges and Implications for Development and Governance

"This paper proposes to analyse China’s growing engagement in Africa’s mineral sector and assess its impact on local governance. China’s energy concerns have been playing an increasingly crucial role in its foreign policymaking in the new centur...

Elephants, Ants and Superpowers: Nigeria’s Relations with China

"This paper considers economic and political relations between China and Nigeria.The paper first sketches the post-independence history of their bilateral relations, charting a progression from indifference and even hostility in the early years, t...

China’s Role in Infrastructure Development in Botswana

"Botswana, a landlocked country in Southern Africa, is often characterised as a major success story on the continent. Consistent economic growth, effective democratic institutions and strong forward planning contribute to the country’s overall rep...

Whither Human Rights in African International Relations?

"Strict observance of state sovereignty, once a mainstay of international relations, has given way to a global concern to protect human rights wherever they are threatened. On paper, at least, Africa shares this international commitment in its est...

Human Rights in Foreign Policy and Practice: The South African Case Considered

"This paper opens with a look at the questions posed by Peter Baehr, an authority on the relationship between human rights and foreign policy, such as whether countries should attempt to promote human rights through foreign policy and how they can...

Aid to Africa: What can the EU and China Learn from Each Other?

"With China’s increasing role in Africa, the issue of aid to Africa has been high on the China–EU agenda and the subject of considerable debate. This occasional paper focuses on one area of potential co-operation, i.e. China’s and the EU’s aid po...

Chinese Provinces as Foreign Policy Actors in Africa

"China's engagement in Africa is becoming increasingly multilayered, as provinces are stepping up efforts to expand their presence in Africa. This paper provides a general picture of how Chinese provinces feature in the overall Chinese foreign pol...

China in Mozambique: A Cautious Approach

"China's engagement with Africa has taken a different form in its relations with Mozambique, which are characterised by caution and compromise. China's engagement with Africa has taken a different form in its relations with Mozambique, which are c...

South Africa and the United States in a Post-Bush Era

As South Africa faced its own transition of national leadership, its leaders were tasked with dealing with a new administration in Washington, DC, following the United States' national elections due in November 2008.

Development Aid for Infrastructure Investment in Africa: Malian relations with China, the European Commission and the World Bank

"This paper compares the terms of a selection of infrastructure aid contracts entered into by the government of Mali with both ‘traditional’ and ‘non-traditional’ donors. It asks whether these forms of aid, conventionally considered to be dichotom...

The Myth and Reality of Chinese Investors: A Case Study of Chinese Investment in Zambia's Copper Industry

"In any attempt to analyse the implications of Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI) for African countries, Zambia is the example par excellence, its historical relationship with China and its ever-increasing economic ties with the emerging powe...

Banking in Nigeria and Chinese Economic Diplomacy in Africa

"While Sino–Nigerian relations have grown significantly since the 1970s, several aspects of the relationship have been controversial and difficult. However, the special attraction the two countries hold for each other has made the relationship per...

Brazil as an Regional Power in Latin America or South America?

This briefing, part history of ideas, part history of international relations, provides historical background to Brazil’s emergence as a regional power. It argues that Brazil never considered itself an integral part of Latin America which, for Bra...

US-South Africa relations and the "Pariah" states

"The storm of controversy that followed the announcement of South African arms sales to Syria in January 1997 raised a number of questions about South Africa's foreign policy and, specifically, its relations with the United States (US) and so-call...

The foreign relations of South Africa's provinces

"South Africa's democratic Constitution has given birth to nine provinces, all of which from the outset began entering into various kinds of foreign relations. This essay examines the international activities of the provinces. The report includes...

Non-aligned against what? South Africa and the future of the Non-Aligned Movement

"This report is addressing the problems and developments around the NAM during the 1990s. The discussion covers six basic topics namely the achievements of NAM, revitalisation, the NAM agenda, the relationship to other movements and what NAM can a...

The United States and South Africa in the 1990s

"This report rethinks the relationship between South Africa and the United States after apartheid. It describes the normalisation period for the relationship and what President Clinton's visit achieved and meant for South Africa"

A constructive approach to constructive engagement

"This paper discusses the constructive engagement policy of America towards South Africa during the Carter administration and beyond. The influence that this policy had on South Africa as well as the reaction of the South African Government on its...

Policy Effectiveness and China’s Investment in the Zambian Mining Sector

"Despite the financial crisis of 2008–2009, the pace of China’s investment into Africa has quickened. This is re-configuring state–firm relations in Africa’s resource-rich countries. However, Chinese and Western investors have different approaches...

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