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The Impact of the Asian Drivers on Governance in Africa

This paper starts by defining the concept of governance and human security, then goes on to highlight the weaknesses of African states, which perhaps militate against the optimum application of processes, aggregation of interests, operation of insti…

The Meaning of Morocco’s Return to the African Union

Morocco’s 2017 return to the African Union (AU) has created a rift between its supporters, mostly from Francophone West Africa, and those who oppose Morocco because of its claim over the Western Sahara. If Morocco wants to have a say in decisions on…

Electoral Poker in DR Congo

Elections this year in the DRC are now a real possibility. While scepticism as to the government’s intentions is certainly warranted, a critical but constructive approach by international actors stands the greatest chance of nudging President Kabila…

Ramaphosa at the Helm of the ANC: A Cloaked Cohabitation

Cyril Ramaphosa outpassed Dlamini Zuma in the elections for replacing Jacob Zuma at the head of the ANC. Yet, his victory does not allow him to enjoy a huge success given the short gap he has recorded against the Dlamini Zuma but also given the bala…

Ramaphosa à la Tête de l’ANC: Une Cohabitation qui ne Dit pas son Nom / Ramaphosa at the helm of the ANC: A cloaked cohabitation

Cyril Ramaphosa outpassed Dlamini Zuma in the elections for replacing Jacob Zuma at the head of the ANC. Yet, his victory does not allow him to enjoy a huge success given the short gap he has recorded against the Dlamini Zuma but also given the bala…

Libya Conflict Insight

Libya achieved independence from United Nations (UN) trusteeship in 1951 as an amalgamation of three former Ottoman provinces, Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fezzan under the rule of King Mohammed Idris. In 1969, King Idris was deposed in a coup stag…

The African Leadership Forum 2015: "Moving Towards an Integrated Africa"

On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the African Union (AU)—the Heads of State and Government expressed their commitment to the enduring Pan-African vision of an ‘integrated, prosperous, and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and…

China in the Era of 'Xi Jinping Thought': Five Key Trends for Africa

This policy briefing identifies five trends that could affect Africa, emerging from China’s 19th Communist Party Congress, held in Beijing in October 2017. The congress saw the institutionalisation of several of President Xi Jinping’s key initiative…

Political Instability and the Challenge of Democratization in Africa: A Conceptual Analysis

This essay seeks to explain the seeming persistence of political instability in Africa, in spite of the rapid spread of liberal democracy in the 1980s and 1990s. It examines the causes of political instability, its impact on democracy, and the prosp…

Morocco Joins the AU: Motives and Meanings

Morocco left the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in 1984 when the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR, also known as Western Sahara), which the Moroccan monarchy considered to be part of its territory, was granted membership of the organisati…

Central African Republic (CAR) Conflict Insight

The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and recommendations to assist the African Union (AU), Regional Economic Communities (RECs), Member States and Development Partners in decision-making and in the implementation of peace and security r…

Security and Development in the Horn of Africa: Emerging Powers, and Competing Regionalisms

Emerging powers are becoming centers for varieties of conflict as well as development. With a focus on the complexities of the Horn of Africa, we highlight non-traditional security (NTS) – transnational challenges including ‘fragile states’, terrori…

Israel's ties with Africa: A Focus on Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa

Despite close ties in the 1950s and 1960s, an almost complete rupture in relations between Israel and African states occurred around the oil crisis and Yom Kippur War in 1973, over Israel’s captured land and the Palestinian issue. Relations had grad…

Sahara, Migrations, CEDEAO: une Rentrée chargée pour la Diplomatie Marocaine / Sahara, Migrations, ECOWAS: a busy start for Moroccan diplomacy

At the conclusion of the Royal Speech of 20 August, which focused mainly on the education, training and jobs of young people, HM King Mohammed VI emphasized the importance of the Kingdom's recent diplomatic victories, noting with satisfaction a conc…

The Gulf Crisis: Why Somalia Should Take a Critical Distance

The governments of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt cut ties with Qatar in the worst diplomatic crisis to hit Gulf Arab states in decades in June 2017. The four countries accused Qatar of supporting terrorism and destabilizing…

Argentina’s G20 Presidency: Implications for the G20-Africa Partnership

Argentina’s hosting of the G20 summit in 2018 presents a significant opportunity for it to represent the needs and expectations of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) as a whole, as well as advancing a cohesive regional strategy of the Latin Ameri…

China’s Foreign Policy Experiment in South Sudan

China’s longstanding principle of non-interference in other states’ internal affairs is evolving with its growing global footprint. As Chinese overseas investment and business links grow in scope and depth, Beijing faces increasing threats to its ci…

In the Driver's Seat? African Agency and Chinese Power at FOCAC, the AU and the BRI

While Africa’s partnership with China has undeniably led to a jump in trade and investment, especially over the past two decades, many on the continent remain concerned about the relationship’s lack of equality. This issue is particularly striking d…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 30 Issue 3 July-August 2018

The HAB issue on Ethio-Eritrea rapprochement finally saw the light of day and is a testimony to the profound nature of the changes in Ethiopia unleashed since Prime Minister Abiy ascended to the helm of power, and, the rapidity of the rapprochement …

Regional Integration in the Horn of Africa: Is Prime Minister Abiy's Initiative an Institution ahead of its Time?

The Horn of Africa has long suffered a plethora of authoritarian regimes, social and political unrest, civil and interstate wars and catastrophic famine. The selection of Mr Abiy Ahmed as the new Prime Minister of Ethiopia ushered in a new era that…

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