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Dr. Banda - Prophet of pragmatism?

To understand the foreign policy of Malawi one must look at the national power of Malawi and the personality of Dr. Banda. This document analyses the human and natural potential of Malawi and describes her foreign policy in practice. It attempts t...

Intertwined Paths: Portugal and Rising Angola

"Since independence, Portuguese–Angolan relations have been constrained by their historical past and by Angola’s own internal vicissitudes. However, the end of Angola’s civil war in 2002, and the stability and national reconciliation process that...

Reconstructing the implications of liberation struggle history on SADC Mediation in Zimbabwe

"Former liberation movements are at the helm of government in Zimbabwe, Namibia, Mozambique, Angola, South Africa and Tanzania. They have maintained close ties rooted in common liberation histories and personal connections, and during times of ...

Interdependence in Southern Africa

"All around us are the signs of the technological revolution - in communications, transport, industry, weapons and much else. But there have also been vast changes in the international political and economic order, especially since the Second Wor...

Zambia: Changing of the Guard

This report looks at the political situation in Zambia after the defeat of President Kenneth Kaunda. Although political stability was provided by Kaunda, economic decline and social disintegration accompanied this. President Chiluba however is co...

The Outlook for American Policies towards South Africa in 1985

The beginning of the year has seen South African relations with the U. S at the top of the foreign policy agenda. Developments in five inter-related areas namely protests, legislation in the US congress as well as states and cities, the Sullivan c...

Australian-South African Relations

This Background briefing is a revised version of an address given by Dr T B Millar at Jan Smuts house. The relationship between South Africa and Australia is the focus point of the briefing and looks at relations with regard to travel, sports, ci...

South Africa and the Commonwealth: Return of the Prodigal?

Peter Henshaw takes a critical look at the reasons for South Africa’s return to the Commonwealth. South Africa was excluded from the Commonwealth in 1961 and treated with hostility since then. He also continues to describe the expansion of the Com...

The Namibian Dilemma: Factors Preventing a Settlement

This paper is on the course of the SWA/Nambian situation on wanting internationally recognised independence. It reports that the issue has reached a turning point away from the wanted independence. Such a collapse is said to be a setback for the W...

The Political Outlook in Southern Africa: some current considerations

This paper looks at how the Portuguese collapse in April 1974 dramtically changed the situation and critically affected the outlook for Southern Africa in four major ways. It removed not only the physical, but also the psychological, barriers whic...

Germany, Europe and Southern Africa - Partnership for the Future

This update is based on a speech given by Dr Klaus Kinkel on the changes that took place in South Africa and how regional integration can increase stability. The cooperation between the European Union and Southern Africa are discussed and what thi...

Angola/Namibia: Prospects for a peaceful settlement

This article reports the announcement on 20 July 1988 that the Angolan, Cuban and South African governments had agreed on ‘a set of essential principles to establish the basis for peace in the South-western region of Africa.’ The principles also s...

American Helicopters for Rhodesia

In the brief report, SABC TV news reports suggested that American-made helicopters were sold to Rhodesia through an Israeli connection. These caused some speculation and various conflicting reports. Despite all this, the fact remains that the arms...

Response to International Pressure: Realistic Options for the Future

In this brief report, Dr RW Bethlehem says that it is neither possible to talk about international pressure without dealing with domestic issues, nor possible to talk, in present circumstances, about economics without also getting involved in poli...

The 14th OAU Summit Conference at Libreville, Gabon June/July 1977

This conference summary provides a Charter for the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and then states some actual and potential conflict issues such as containing disputes between its member states and preventing them from splitting the organizat...

The 1979 Commonwealth conference: The Triumph of Quiet Diplomacy

The Commonwealth has, in the past two decades, faced several major upheavals which threatened its very existence. The paper gives the groundwork of the major split at the Lusaka Conference. The British conservative Government wanted to lift sancti...

Nigeria and the Global powers: Continuity and change in the 21st Century

"The paper examines Nigeria’s foreign policy from 2000 to 2011. It focuses largely on the country’s relations with traditional global powers such as the US, Britain, France and Russia; and emerging global powers such as China, India and Brazil. ...

Political Opportunities and Constraints in Inter-State Relations in Southern Africa

This paper deals with some of the political factors which should be borne in mind when discussing the development of resources regionally and on an inter-state level in sub-continent of Africa. In the author’s view, a regional approach to the deve...

The Sicomines Agreement: Change and Continuity in the Democratic Republic of Congo's International Relations

The Sicomines multibillion minerals-for-infrastructure deal was struck in 2007 between the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and China. The paper investigates the drivers behind the original conception of the agreement, outlines the structure of ...

Understanding China's Agricultural Investments in Africa

"Although agricultural growth has increased in Africa in recent years, food security remains a severe challenge. International organisations and programmes, such as the UN millennium development goals, have called for greater investment in Afric...

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