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The Price of Peace: Securing UN Financing for AU Peace Operations

A proposal to use UN assessed contributions as a means of providing sustainable and predictable financing for African Union (AU) peace support operations is perhaps the most contentious issue facing the two institutions. The Security Council’s attem…

Peace and Security Council Report No.123: Special Focus: COVID-19 in Africa

The first article in this report on pages 2 to 4 is titled: The African Union’s structures and mechanisms put to the test - Since the outbreak of the coronavirus at the beginning of the year, the African Union (AU) has been active in coordinating re…

Algeria: Conflict Insight

Algeria is a constitutional presidential system based on a bicameral legislation. Political power is dominated by the army and intelligence services, and centralized in the hands of opaque circles of unelected rulers commonly referred to as “Le Pouv…

Mainstreaming Youth into AU’s Peace and Security Agenda

The African Union, keen to mainstream the continent’s youth into the peace and security arena, inaugurated its Youth for Peace Africa Program in September 2018. This policy brief interrogates some of the consequent developments in Africa’s youth, pe…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 125

On page 2 of this report, this article is titled: 'Regional coordination against COVID-19: what role for the RECs? ' As African Union (AU) member states prepare for the scheduled mid-year coordination meeting between the AU Bureau and regional econo…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 124

This report consists of several small articles. On page 2 the article is titled: "The African Union can do better for the Sahel". The situation in the Sahel continues to preoccupy Africa. Despite the arrival of COVID-19, terrorist attacks have not …

Relations between Africa and Europe: Mapping Africa’s Priorities

Negotiations around a new Africa-European Union (EU) strategy are expected to culminate in its adoption at a summit in October 2020. African negotiators should ensure that the continent’s priorities are integrated into the strategy. These include …

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 111

The Peace and Security Council Report analyses developments and decisions at the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC). The monthly publication is the only one of its kind dedicated to providing current analysis of the PSC’s work. In this e…

African Union’s Securitization of Youth: A Milestone for Regional Coordination of Youth Programmes in Peace and Security

African youth make up a third of the continent‟s population, however, they are vulnerable to human security issues that range from ethno-religious crises, political violence, piracy and maritime insecurity to an upsurge of religious fundamentalis…

The ICC and the African Union: “Engaging African Youth in International Justice”

This policy brief outlines the debate surrounding the ICC’s focus on (sub-Saharan) Africa, describing how the Court has become the de facto court of transitional justice in Africa, and arguing that a realist theoretical framework can best explain it…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 113

This report analyses, using concrete examples, the potential challenges facing six of the RECs and the resultant implications for the division of labour between them and the AU, looking at peace and security, governance, elections, economic integrat…

African Union Stance on the Sahara Issue: Incipient Change

Morocco’s return to its “institutional family" by joining the African Union (AU) two years ago heralds renewed hope for positive progress in terms of the Organization's stance on the Sahara issue. This comeback, however, also raises fears and appreh…

La Position de l’Union Africaine sur la Question du Sahara : le Début d’un Changement / African Union Stance on the Sahara Issue: Incipient Change

Morocco’s return to its “institutional family" by joining the African Union (AU) two years ago heralds renewed hope for positive progress in terms of the Organization's stance on the Sahara issue. This comeback, however, also raises fears and appreh…

Image Dégradante de la France la Situe Loin Derrière d’autres Puissances Mondiales Comme Modèle de Développement au Togo / The Deteriorating Profile of France Places it far behind other World Powers as a Model of Development in Togo

Despite centuries of systematic exploitation and colonial domination, 'anti-white' sentiment is relatively low in Africa. Even pan-African movements remain anti-racist and not very revanchist towards Europeans. Pan-Africanism is more about defending…

WTO Trade Facilitation Measures and the Extensive Margin of Exports in the Tripartite: COMESA – EAC – SADC

This study uses a gravity model for the year 2015 to analyze the impact of the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) on extensive margin of exports (export diversification proxied by the number of products exported) by …

A Wind of Change? The Institutional Reform of the African Union and Africa's Security Provision

This collection of policy briefs seeks to contribute to achieving a homogeneous understanding and to influence ongoing dialogue on the AU’s institutional reforms. Despite the relatively recent decision to reform, its ongoing implementation, varied…

Is the African Union’s Aspiration Towards Financial Autonomy Achievable?

The African Union (AU) is witnessing a potentially transformative era, through its decision on financial autonomy and broader reform agenda. Even though the discourse on financing of the Union is hardly new, this policy brief explains why the July…

Peace and Security Council Report: Issue 104

This issue explores Africa’s new free trade area and violence in Cameroon. The 31st African Union (AU) summit in Nouakchott for the first time saw a vigorous interrogation of the organisation’s proposed budget. Issues of corruption and mismanageme…

South Sudan Conflict Insight

The area that is today’s South Sudan was once a marginalized region in the Republic of Sudan administered by tribal chiefs during the British colonial period (1899-1955). In the 1950s, marginalization gave rise to the Anyanya I rebellion, spearheade…

Preventing Conflict: How to make the AU's Policy Work

Despite being a clear priority for the African Union (AU), conflict prevention faces many challenges in terms of both its institutionalization and political effectiveness. This report analyses the coherence of the AU’s conflict prevention instrumen…

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