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The United Nations and Africa: Peace, Development and Human Security

When the UN was created in 1945, its aim was “to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war”. As a result, its structures were primarily devoted to preventing conflict between states at a time when most of the world’s nations were still und…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 111

The Peace and Security Council Report analyses developments and decisions at the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC). The monthly publication is the only one of its kind dedicated to providing current analysis of the PSC’s work. In this e…

African Union’s Securitization of Youth: A Milestone for Regional Coordination of Youth Programmes in Peace and Security

African youth make up a third of the continent‟s population, however, they are vulnerable to human security issues that range from ethno-religious crises, political violence, piracy and maritime insecurity to an upsurge of religious fundamentalis…

The ICC and the African Union: “Engaging African Youth in International Justice”

This policy brief outlines the debate surrounding the ICC’s focus on (sub-Saharan) Africa, describing how the Court has become the de facto court of transitional justice in Africa, and arguing that a realist theoretical framework can best explain it…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 113

This report analyses, using concrete examples, the potential challenges facing six of the RECs and the resultant implications for the division of labour between them and the AU, looking at peace and security, governance, elections, economic integrat…

African Union Stance on the Sahara Issue: Incipient Change

Morocco’s return to its “institutional family" by joining the African Union (AU) two years ago heralds renewed hope for positive progress in terms of the Organization's stance on the Sahara issue. This comeback, however, also raises fears and appreh…

La Position de l’Union Africaine sur la Question du Sahara : le Début d’un Changement / African Union Stance on the Sahara Issue: Incipient Change

Morocco’s return to its “institutional family" by joining the African Union (AU) two years ago heralds renewed hope for positive progress in terms of the Organization's stance on the Sahara issue. This comeback, however, also raises fears and appreh…

Peace and Security Council Report No.123: Special Focus: COVID-19 in Africa

The first article in this report on pages 2 to 4 is titled: The African Union’s structures and mechanisms put to the test - Since the outbreak of the coronavirus at the beginning of the year, the African Union (AU) has been active in coordinating re…

Algeria: Conflict Insight

Algeria is a constitutional presidential system based on a bicameral legislation. Political power is dominated by the army and intelligence services, and centralized in the hands of opaque circles of unelected rulers commonly referred to as “Le Pouv…

Mainstreaming Youth into AU’s Peace and Security Agenda

The African Union, keen to mainstream the continent’s youth into the peace and security arena, inaugurated its Youth for Peace Africa Program in September 2018. This policy brief interrogates some of the consequent developments in Africa’s youth, pe…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 125

On page 2 of this report, this article is titled: 'Regional coordination against COVID-19: what role for the RECs? ' As African Union (AU) member states prepare for the scheduled mid-year coordination meeting between the AU Bureau and regional econo…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 124

This report consists of several small articles. On page 2 the article is titled: "The African Union can do better for the Sahel". The situation in the Sahel continues to preoccupy Africa. Despite the arrival of COVID-19, terrorist attacks have not …

Relations between Africa and Europe: Mapping Africa’s Priorities

Negotiations around a new Africa-European Union (EU) strategy are expected to culminate in its adoption at a summit in October 2020. African negotiators should ensure that the continent’s priorities are integrated into the strategy. These include …

Peace and Security Council Report No 115

The Peace and Security Council Report analyses developments and decisions at the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC). The first article titled “Defining AU–REC relations is still a work in progress” discusses The African Union (AU) and th…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 116

The issue of popular uprisings and their impact on peace and security is the topic of the discussion in "From popular uprisings to regime change" The discussion in "Questions over foreign military presence in Africa" centers around foreign military…

The 1969 OAU Refugee Convention at 50

This report aims to contribute to the African Union’s (AU) Year of Refugees, Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons, which in part marks the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the 1969 Organization of African Unity (OAU) Convention Governing th…

Leading through Consensus: South Africa Chairs the AU

South Africa will chair the African Union (AU) in 2020 while also serving as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. This will be an opportunity for South Africa to improve AU-UN relations and drive its priorities for the co…

Peace and Security Council Report Issue 120

The first article is titled: Election of new members: is the PSC at a crossroads? The African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council (PSC) will elect 10 new members for a two-year term in February 2020. This could reconfigure the PSC in a way that …

Eight Priorities for the African Union in 2020

African leaders will meet in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, this week for the annual African Union (AU) summit. This year’s theme is “Silencing the Guns”, reviving an aspiration set out by African leaders in 2013 to end war and prevent genocide on the conti…

The Price of Peace: Securing UN Financing for AU Peace Operations

A proposal to use UN assessed contributions as a means of providing sustainable and predictable financing for African Union (AU) peace support operations is perhaps the most contentious issue facing the two institutions. The Security Council’s attem…

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