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A Wind of Change? The Institutional Reform of the African Union and Africa's Security Provision

This collection of policy briefs seeks to contribute to achieving a homogeneous understanding and to influence ongoing dialogue on the AU’s institutional reforms. Despite the relatively recent decision to reform, its ongoing implementation, varied…

Is the African Union’s Aspiration Towards Financial Autonomy Achievable?

The African Union (AU) is witnessing a potentially transformative era, through its decision on financial autonomy and broader reform agenda. Even though the discourse on financing of the Union is hardly new, this policy brief explains why the July…

Peace and Security Council Report: Issue 104

This issue explores Africa’s new free trade area and violence in Cameroon. The 31st African Union (AU) summit in Nouakchott for the first time saw a vigorous interrogation of the organisation’s proposed budget. Issues of corruption and mismanageme…

South Sudan Conflict Insight

The area that is today’s South Sudan was once a marginalized region in the Republic of Sudan administered by tribal chiefs during the British colonial period (1899-1955). In the 1950s, marginalization gave rise to the Anyanya I rebellion, spearheade…

Preventing Conflict: How to make the AU's Policy Work

Despite being a clear priority for the African Union (AU), conflict prevention faces many challenges in terms of both its institutionalization and political effectiveness. This report analyses the coherence of the AU’s conflict prevention instrumen…

The AU Reform Agenda: What areas of Reform are most Transformational and of the highest return for the Continent?

This policy brief argues that to be transformational (impact and extent of the delivery), the AU reform agenda needs to position poverty eradication and constitutional democratization as the new frontiers for the re-conceptualization of Pan-Africani…

Rejoining the High Table: South Africa and the UN Security Council

On 8 June 2018, South Africa was elected for the third time as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, for the period 2019 to 2020. The South African government now has the opportunity to develop a strategy that will guide the country’s…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 111

The Peace and Security Council Report analyses developments and decisions at the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC). The monthly publication is the only one of its kind dedicated to providing current analysis of the PSC’s work. In this e…

African Union’s Securitization of Youth: A Milestone for Regional Coordination of Youth Programmes in Peace and Security

African youth make up a third of the continent‟s population, however, they are vulnerable to human security issues that range from ethno-religious crises, political violence, piracy and maritime insecurity to an upsurge of religious fundamentalis…

The ICC and the African Union: “Engaging African Youth in International Justice”

This policy brief outlines the debate surrounding the ICC’s focus on (sub-Saharan) Africa, describing how the Court has become the de facto court of transitional justice in Africa, and arguing that a realist theoretical framework can best explain it…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 113

This report analyses, using concrete examples, the potential challenges facing six of the RECs and the resultant implications for the division of labour between them and the AU, looking at peace and security, governance, elections, economic integrat…

African Union Stance on the Sahara Issue: Incipient Change

Morocco’s return to its “institutional family" by joining the African Union (AU) two years ago heralds renewed hope for positive progress in terms of the Organization's stance on the Sahara issue. This comeback, however, also raises fears and appreh…

La Position de l’Union Africaine sur la Question du Sahara : le Début d’un Changement / African Union Stance on the Sahara Issue: Incipient Change

Morocco’s return to its “institutional family" by joining the African Union (AU) two years ago heralds renewed hope for positive progress in terms of the Organization's stance on the Sahara issue. This comeback, however, also raises fears and appreh…

Peace and Security Council Report No 115

The Peace and Security Council Report analyses developments and decisions at the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC). The first article titled “Defining AU–REC relations is still a work in progress” discusses The African Union (AU) and th…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 116

The issue of popular uprisings and their impact on peace and security is the topic of the discussion in "From popular uprisings to regime change" The discussion in "Questions over foreign military presence in Africa" centers around foreign military…

The 1969 OAU Refugee Convention at 50

This report aims to contribute to the African Union’s (AU) Year of Refugees, Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons, which in part marks the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the 1969 Organization of African Unity (OAU) Convention Governing th…

Leading through Consensus: South Africa Chairs the AU

South Africa will chair the African Union (AU) in 2020 while also serving as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. This will be an opportunity for South Africa to improve AU-UN relations and drive its priorities for the co…

Peace and Security Council Report Issue 120

The first article is titled: Election of new members: is the PSC at a crossroads? The African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council (PSC) will elect 10 new members for a two-year term in February 2020. This could reconfigure the PSC in a way that …

Eight Priorities for the African Union in 2020

African leaders will meet in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, this week for the annual African Union (AU) summit. This year’s theme is “Silencing the Guns”, reviving an aspiration set out by African leaders in 2013 to end war and prevent genocide on the conti…

The Price of Peace: Securing UN Financing for AU Peace Operations

A proposal to use UN assessed contributions as a means of providing sustainable and predictable financing for African Union (AU) peace support operations is perhaps the most contentious issue facing the two institutions. The Security Council’s attem…

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