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Le Grand Retour du Maroc à l’Union Africaine / Morocco's Return to the African Union

The historical reintegration of the Kingdom to the African Union has been ratified at the 28th summit of the top of the Pan-African organization in Addis Ababa on 30 and 31 January 2017, the near unanimity of Heads of State and African governments, …

African Architecture for Peace and Security: Relevance in the Design and Difficulties in Achievement / Architecture Africaine de Paix et de Sécurité : Pertinence dans la Conception et Difficultés dans les Réalisations

The great question that challenges Africans, in the field of safeguarding peace and security, remains the question of whether the Pan-African organization which aspires to lead the continent towards peace and prosperity and the human and material re…

5eme Sommet Union Africaine - Union Européenne: Le Maroc Rayonne à Abidjan ! / 5th African Union Summit - European Union: Morocco shines in Abidjan!

November 29, 2017, marked Morocco's actual return to the African Union (AU). Thanks to the proactive leadership and foresight of HM King Mohammed VI, the term "Pan-Africanist" as used by Alpha Condé (the AU's current President), the Kingdom of Moro…

Southern Africa: Building an Effective Security and Governance Architecture for the 21st Century

Southern African countries have made great strides in achieving security and more democratic modes of governance. The democratic and security systems in many countries in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, however, face severe…

Africa's Evolving Human Rights Architecture

The African continent has yet to witness a paradigm shift towards privileging the human rights of its 800 million citizens. Africa’s human rights regime is still relatively weak, despite the growing body of declarations, conventions and protocols.…

The United Nations and Africa: Peace, Development and Human Security

When the UN was created in 1945, its aim was “to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war”. As a result, its structures were primarily devoted to preventing conflict between states at a time when most of the world’s nations were still und…

A Wind of Change? The Institutional Reform of the African Union and Africa's Security Provision

This collection of policy briefs seeks to contribute to achieving a homogeneous understanding and to influence ongoing dialogue on the AU’s institutional reforms. Despite the relatively recent decision to reform, its ongoing implementation, varied…

Is the African Union’s Aspiration Towards Financial Autonomy Achievable?

The African Union (AU) is witnessing a potentially transformative era, through its decision on financial autonomy and broader reform agenda. Even though the discourse on financing of the Union is hardly new, this policy brief explains why the July…

Peace and Security Council Report: Issue 104

This issue explores Africa’s new free trade area and violence in Cameroon. The 31st African Union (AU) summit in Nouakchott for the first time saw a vigorous interrogation of the organisation’s proposed budget. Issues of corruption and mismanageme…

South Sudan Conflict Insight

The area that is today’s South Sudan was once a marginalized region in the Republic of Sudan administered by tribal chiefs during the British colonial period (1899-1955). In the 1950s, marginalization gave rise to the Anyanya I rebellion, spearheade…

Preventing Conflict: How to make the AU's Policy Work

Despite being a clear priority for the African Union (AU), conflict prevention faces many challenges in terms of both its institutionalization and political effectiveness. This report analyses the coherence of the AU’s conflict prevention instrumen…

The AU Reform Agenda: What areas of Reform are most Transformational and of the highest return for the Continent?

This policy brief argues that to be transformational (impact and extent of the delivery), the AU reform agenda needs to position poverty eradication and constitutional democratization as the new frontiers for the re-conceptualization of Pan-Africani…

Rejoining the High Table: South Africa and the UN Security Council

On 8 June 2018, South Africa was elected for the third time as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, for the period 2019 to 2020. The South African government now has the opportunity to develop a strategy that will guide the country’s…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 111

The Peace and Security Council Report analyses developments and decisions at the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC). The monthly publication is the only one of its kind dedicated to providing current analysis of the PSC’s work. In this e…

African Union’s Securitization of Youth: A Milestone for Regional Coordination of Youth Programmes in Peace and Security

African youth make up a third of the continent‟s population, however, they are vulnerable to human security issues that range from ethno-religious crises, political violence, piracy and maritime insecurity to an upsurge of religious fundamentalis…

The ICC and the African Union: “Engaging African Youth in International Justice”

This policy brief outlines the debate surrounding the ICC’s focus on (sub-Saharan) Africa, describing how the Court has become the de facto court of transitional justice in Africa, and arguing that a realist theoretical framework can best explain it…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 113

This report analyses, using concrete examples, the potential challenges facing six of the RECs and the resultant implications for the division of labour between them and the AU, looking at peace and security, governance, elections, economic integrat…

African Union Stance on the Sahara Issue: Incipient Change

Morocco’s return to its “institutional family" by joining the African Union (AU) two years ago heralds renewed hope for positive progress in terms of the Organization's stance on the Sahara issue. This comeback, however, also raises fears and appreh…

La Position de l’Union Africaine sur la Question du Sahara : le Début d’un Changement / African Union Stance on the Sahara Issue: Incipient Change

Morocco’s return to its “institutional family" by joining the African Union (AU) two years ago heralds renewed hope for positive progress in terms of the Organization's stance on the Sahara issue. This comeback, however, also raises fears and appreh…

Peace and Security Council Report No 115

The Peace and Security Council Report analyses developments and decisions at the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC). The first article titled “Defining AU–REC relations is still a work in progress” discusses The African Union (AU) and th…

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