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Reaching Out to BRICSAM: Economic Diplomacy and the Heiligendamm Process

In 2007, the G8 invited the emerging BRICSAM powers to Heiligendamm, Germany, for an officials-level, two-year outreach dialogue on substantive issues, including: innovation, investment, development assistance and energy policy. On March 5-7, 2008...

Africa Needs its own ‘G-Club’ to Meet the Challenges at Home and Globally

Forming ‘clubs of states’ to resolve common problems is proving an effective global alternative to the multilateral institutions of yesteryear. Organisations with labels like G20 and G8 are developing solutions that have eluded their formal, ineff...

China's Lusophone connection

"In October 2003, unnoticed by the rest of the world, Macau hosted the first ministerial meeting of the Forum for Trade and Economic Cooperation between China and Portuguese-speaking Countries (hereafter referred to as the Macau Forum), bringing t...

The OAU and African disunity

"The 19th Summit of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) which was scheduled to meet in Tripoli in early August, failed to convene amidst controversy over a number of divisive issues. This Brief Report focusses on: 1)Background Inform...

The AU and the search for Peace and Reconciliation in Burundi and Comoros

"This report highlights the AU’s role in deploying and supporting these mechanisms. At the beginning of both efforts, the OAU/AU faced tremendous difficulties in implementing its policy due to its administrative and logistical weaknesses. However,...

Reflections on the Nigerian-South African Dialogue

"The first session of the Dialogue was closed to the outside public. In this, much was learnt about the history, nature, role and resource-bases of the respective institutions. The second day of the Dialogue covered the political outlook and the f...

The Commonwealth Structure of International Relations

"Dr. Fryer has, in this lecture, placed the Commonwealth in perspective by showing how it takes its place in the interdependency of states which is a principle of national survival in our time. This interdependency of national states has led to t...

Lessons for UN Electoral Certification from the 2010 Disputed Presidential Poll in Côte D’Ivoire

"While UN electoral certification in Côte d’Ivoire did not prevent parties from contesting the election results, the Ivorian case shows the utility and limits of certification as a tool in the UN electoral toolbox. Maintaining flexibility in the...

A Wind of Change? The Institutional Reform of the African Union and Africa's Security Provision

This collection of policy briefs seeks to contribute to achieving a homogeneous understanding and to influence ongoing dialogue on the AU’s institutional reforms. Despite the relatively recent decision to reform, its ongoing implementation, vari...

Is the African Union’s Aspiration Towards Financial Autonomy Achievable?

The African Union (AU) is witnessing a potentially transformative era, through its decision on financial autonomy and broader reform agenda. Even though the discourse on financing of the Union is hardly new, this policy brief explains why the Ju...

Peace and Security Council Report: Issue 104

This issue explores Africa’s new free trade area and violence in Cameroon. The 31st African Union (AU) summit in Nouakchott for the first time saw a vigorous interrogation of the organisation’s proposed budget. Issues of corruption and mismanage...

South Sudan Conflict Insight

The area that is today’s South Sudan was once a marginalized region in the Republic of Sudan administered by tribal chiefs during the British colonial period (1899-1955). In the 1950s, marginalization gave rise to the Anyanya I rebellion, spearhea...

Preventing Conflict: How to make the AU's Policy Work

Despite being a clear priority for the African Union (AU), conflict prevention faces many challenges in terms of both its institutionalization and political effectiveness. This report analyses the coherence of the AU’s conflict prevention instrum...

The AU Reform Agenda: What areas of Reform are most Transformational and of the highest return for the Continent?

This policy brief argues that to be transformational (impact and extent of the delivery), the AU reform agenda needs to position poverty eradication and constitutional democratization as the new frontiers for the re-conceptualization of Pan-Africa...

Rejoining the High Table: South Africa and the UN Security Council

On 8 June 2018, South Africa was elected for the third time as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, for the period 2019 to 2020. The South African government now has the opportunity to develop a strategy that will guide the country...

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 111

The Peace and Security Council Report analyses developments and decisions at the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC). The monthly publication is the only one of its kind dedicated to providing current analysis of the PSC’s work. In this...

African Union’s Securitization of Youth: A Milestone for Regional Coordination of Youth Programmes in Peace and Security

African youth make up a third of the continent‟s population, however, they are vulnerable to human security issues that range from ethno-religious crises, political violence, piracy and maritime insecurity to an upsurge of religious fundamental...

The ICC and the African Union: “Engaging African Youth in International Justice”

This policy brief outlines the debate surrounding the ICC’s focus on (sub-Saharan) Africa, describing how the Court has become the de facto court of transitional justice in Africa, and arguing that a realist theoretical framework can best explain ...

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 113

This report analyses, using concrete examples, the potential challenges facing six of the RECs and the resultant implications for the division of labour between them and the AU, looking at peace and security, governance, elections, economic integr...

African Union Stance on the Sahara Issue: Incipient Change

Morocco’s return to its “institutional family" by joining the African Union (AU) two years ago heralds renewed hope for positive progress in terms of the Organization's stance on the Sahara issue. This comeback, however, also raises fears and appr...

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