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Reaching Out to BRICSAM: Economic Diplomacy and the Heiligendamm Process

In 2007, the G8 invited the emerging BRICSAM powers to Heiligendamm, Germany, for an officials-level, two-year outreach dialogue on substantive issues, including: innovation, investment, development assistance and energy policy. On March 5-7, 2008...

Africa Needs its own ‘G-Club’ to Meet the Challenges at Home and Globally

Forming ‘clubs of states’ to resolve common problems is proving an effective global alternative to the multilateral institutions of yesteryear. Organisations with labels like G20 and G8 are developing solutions that have eluded their formal, ineff...

China's Lusophone connection

"In October 2003, unnoticed by the rest of the world, Macau hosted the first ministerial meeting of the Forum for Trade and Economic Cooperation between China and Portuguese-speaking Countries (hereafter referred to as the Macau Forum), bringing t...

The OAU and African disunity

"The 19th Summit of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) which was scheduled to meet in Tripoli in early August, failed to convene amidst controversy over a number of divisive issues. This Brief Report focusses on: 1)Background Inform...

The Commonwealth Structure of International Relations

"Dr. Fryer has, in this lecture, placed the Commonwealth in perspective by showing how it takes its place in the interdependency of states which is a principle of national survival in our time. This interdependency of national states has led to t...

Lessons for UN Electoral Certification from the 2010 Disputed Presidential Poll in Côte D’Ivoire

"While UN electoral certification in Côte d’Ivoire did not prevent parties from contesting the election results, the Ivorian case shows the utility and limits of certification as a tool in the UN electoral toolbox. Maintaining flexibility in the...

The AU and the search for Peace and Reconciliation in Burundi and Comoros

"This report highlights the AU’s role in deploying and supporting these mechanisms. At the beginning of both efforts, the OAU/AU faced tremendous difficulties in implementing its policy due to its administrative and logistical weaknesses. However,...

Le Grand Retour du Maroc à l’Union Africaine / Morocco's Return to the African Union

The historical reintegration of the Kingdom to the African Union has been ratified at the 28th summit of the top of the Pan-African organization in Addis Ababa on 30 and 31 January 2017, the near unanimity of Heads of State and African governments...

African Architecture for Peace and Security: Relevance in the Design and Difficulties in Achievement / Architecture Africaine de Paix et de Sécurité : Pertinence dans la Conception et Difficultés dans les Réalisations

The great question that challenges Africans, in the field of safeguarding peace and security, remains the question of whether the Pan-African organization which aspires to lead the continent towards peace and prosperity and the human and material ...

5eme Sommet Union Africaine - Union Européenne: Le Maroc Rayonne à Abidjan ! / 5th African Union Summit - European Union: Morocco shines in Abidjan!

November 29, 2017, marked Morocco's actual return to the African Union (AU). Thanks to the proactive leadership and foresight of HM King Mohammed VI, the term "Pan-Africanist" as used by Alpha Condé (the AU's current President), the Kingdom of Mo...

Southern Africa: Building an Effective Security and Governance Architecture for the 21st Century

Southern African countries have made great strides in achieving security and more democratic modes of governance. The democratic and security systems in many countries in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, however, face seve...

Africa's Evolving Human Rights Architecture

The African continent has yet to witness a paradigm shift towards privileging the human rights of its 800 million citizens. Africa’s human rights regime is still relatively weak, despite the growing body of declarations, conventions and protocol...

The United Nations and Africa: Peace, Development and Human Security

When the UN was created in 1945, its aim was “to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war”. As a result, its structures were primarily devoted to preventing conflict between states at a time when most of the world’s nations were still u...

Reflections on the Nigerian-South African Dialogue

"The first session of the Dialogue was closed to the outside public. In this, much was learnt about the history, nature, role and resource-bases of the respective institutions. The second day of the Dialogue covered the political outlook and the f...

A Wind of Change? The Institutional Reform of the African Union and Africa's Security Provision

This collection of policy briefs seeks to contribute to achieving a homogeneous understanding and to influence ongoing dialogue on the AU’s institutional reforms. Despite the relatively recent decision to reform, its ongoing implementation, vari...

Is the African Union’s Aspiration Towards Financial Autonomy Achievable?

The African Union (AU) is witnessing a potentially transformative era, through its decision on financial autonomy and broader reform agenda. Even though the discourse on financing of the Union is hardly new, this policy brief explains why the Ju...

Peace and Security Council Report: Issue 104

This issue explores Africa’s new free trade area and violence in Cameroon. The 31st African Union (AU) summit in Nouakchott for the first time saw a vigorous interrogation of the organisation’s proposed budget. Issues of corruption and mismanage...

South Sudan Conflict Insight

The area that is today’s South Sudan was once a marginalized region in the Republic of Sudan administered by tribal chiefs during the British colonial period (1899-1955). In the 1950s, marginalization gave rise to the Anyanya I rebellion, spearhea...

Preventing Conflict: How to make the AU's Policy Work

Despite being a clear priority for the African Union (AU), conflict prevention faces many challenges in terms of both its institutionalization and political effectiveness. This report analyses the coherence of the AU’s conflict prevention instrum...

The AU Reform Agenda: What areas of Reform are most Transformational and of the highest return for the Continent?

This policy brief argues that to be transformational (impact and extent of the delivery), the AU reform agenda needs to position poverty eradication and constitutional democratization as the new frontiers for the re-conceptualization of Pan-Africa...

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