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‘Strategic Partnerships’: The European Union’s Quest for Global Clout

"The European Union (EU) has revisited many of its external policies with the view to strengthen its relations with strategic partners in the developing world, and to boost its visibility as a pivotal political actor on the global stage. These st...

Elephants, Ants and Superpowers: Nigeria’s Relations with China

"This paper considers economic and political relations between China and Nigeria.The paper first sketches the post-independence history of their bilateral relations, charting a progression from indifference and even hostility in the early years, t...

Chinese Development Co-operation in Africa: The Case of Tembisa's Friendship Town

"Chinese development co-operation in Africa has invoked both admiration and criticism, much of it based on limited empirical or anecdotal evidence, contributing to conflicting perceptions as to its purpose, means and outcomes. Unpacking the polic...

Aid to Africa: What can the EU and China Learn from Each Other?

"With China’s increasing role in Africa, the issue of aid to Africa has been high on the China–EU agenda and the subject of considerable debate. This occasional paper focuses on one area of potential co-operation, i.e. China’s and the EU’s aid po...

Chinese Provinces as Foreign Policy Actors in Africa

"China's engagement in Africa is becoming increasingly multilayered, as provinces are stepping up efforts to expand their presence in Africa. This paper provides a general picture of how Chinese provinces feature in the overall Chinese foreign pol...

Towards a New 'Washington Consensus'? South Africa, The G20 Leaders' Summit and the Financial Crisis

To the apparent surprise of G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank governors meeting in Washington during the annual October gathering in 2008, George Bush, outgoing President of the United States of America (US), proposed that a formal summit of ...

Whither the Multilateral Trading System? Implications for (South) Africa

"So far the World Trade Organisation (WTO) has acted as a constraint on the worst protectionist pressures building in the global trading system following the 2008–10 global financial crisis, which is a testament to the system’s constraining power...

Namibia since Geneva

"The purpose of this paper is to reflect on diplomatic efforts by the Western powers to reach a negotiated settlement of the Namibian saga. Understandably one can only reflect on the major features of what has become a lengthy diplomatic soap o...

The implications of Transkeian independence

The independence of Transkei will become a reality in October 1976. For South Africa the most important implication of independence will be the influence on the Government policy but successful and peaceful independence could also influence the ...

South Africa's role in Africa

South Africa’s position in Africa cannot be properly assessed without an overall view of the composition of the Republic’s population. The relations between the various communities will have a crucial effect on relations with the rest of Africa. I...

An Overview of Brazilian Foreign Policy in the 21st Century

Brazil’s role in international relations has altered somewhat in recent years. Under President Luiz ‘Lula’ da Silva, presidential diplomacy has dominated an active foreign policy aimed at expanding the country’s presence in global economic negotia...

Brazil as a Regional and Emerging Global Power

Since the year 2000, Brazilian foreign policy has expanded dramatically on the back of the country’s growing material wealth. Changes in the international system helped too. The global balance of power became more open to large developing states, ...

China’s Engagement with the Nigerian Oil Sector

China used to access Nigerian oil exclusively through long-term contracts and purchases on the spot market, but its economy’s rapidly growing demand for oil has led the Chinese government to seek increased Chinese ownership of Nigerian oil reserve...

Africa Needs its own ‘G-Club’ to Meet the Challenges at Home and Globally

Forming ‘clubs of states’ to resolve common problems is proving an effective global alternative to the multilateral institutions of yesteryear. Organisations with labels like G20 and G8 are developing solutions that have eluded their formal, ineff...

NATO and South Africa

"As this year is the twentieth anniversary of the establishment of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, it seemed appropriate to circulate to members information about the achievements of NATO. The article "in Alliance For All Seasons" by War...

Sino-African Union Cooperation in Peace and Security in Africa

"The conference focused on the role of China in Africa’s peace and security systems, China’s relations with the AU in peace and security initiatives; China’s military cooperation with African states; its bilateral relations with African countries...

A Reflection on Uganda’s Foreign Policy and Role at the UN Security Council

"Uganda is a landlocked country that depends on foreign imports for most of its consumer goods and energy requirements. Thus, even before independence, maintaining an open trade route to the Indian Ocean was a primary foreign policy objective. Ind...

Multilateral Environmental Agreements and Land and Resource Rights in Africa

"Over the past 70 years, the world’s governments have adopted hundreds of multilateral environmental treaties for the protection of flora and fauna and reducing toxic industrial emissions, among other issues. These treaties are legally binding ag...

South Africa: Optimising the Currency of Soft Power in the International Arena

"A conscious and consistent adherence to the currency of soft power could enable South Africa to push through a national, an African and a more humane global agenda of immense magnitude in the overall international arena. However, effective commun...

The 13th Ordinary Session of the African Union and the Question of a United States of Africa

"This paper is primarily concerned with the decision which seeks to transform the AU Commission into the AU Authority as an important step towards continental political unification. It analyses the rationale behind and approach towards political ...

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