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Building Peace on Fragile Foundations: The Liberian Challenge

"This paper provides an overview of the historic and contemporary sources of conflict in Liberia, including those surrounding the ballot box. The following sections highlight some of the specific long-term peacebuilding challenges facing the Unite...

Refugee Camp Security in West Africa: An ECOWAS Priority?

"The aim of this paper is to highlight the negative effects that the lack of security in refugee camps in West Africa can have on individuals and society as a whole, and to suggest measures to address the security gap. This is done by outlining th...

Displaced in Darfur: An Analysis of Humanitarian and Protection Operations for the Internally Displaced in Darfur

"The Darfur case offers an opportunity to analyze and examine the situation of IDP's who have been displaced because of violent armed conflict on a massive scale and in a situation where the host government is unwilling either to provide assistanc...

Sudan: Justice, Peace and the ICC

Excerpt: "The International Criminal Court (ICC) arrest warrant against President Bashir for atrocity crimes in Darfur has brought Sudan to a new decision point. The long-ruling National Congress Party (NCP) has defied the court, gained African Un...

Kenya's Neglected IDP's Internal Displacement and Vulnerability of Pastoralist Communities in Northern Kenya

"This report investigates the situation surrounding these displaced pastoralists. It examines the causes of their displacement, the legal basis for their protection and the shortcomings in responding to the problem. To address these, the report ...

Identity, Democracy and Internally Displaced Persons in Kenya

"Contrary to the popular belief that participatory democracy should promote greater inclusion, Kenya’s increasingly open and competitive political system has also been a source of exclusion for groups perceived not to ‘belong’ to certain areas. T...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No. 5 September-October 2016

This issue of HAB, "A year after Valetta: What has changed?" focuses on the large volume of people migrating from the Middle East and Africa - fleeing conflict or poverty and heading to Europe. This issue coincides with the one-year anniversary ...

Instruments of Pain (IV): The Food Crisis in North East Nigeria

Approximately five million people in the region of east Nigeria (8.5 million across the wider Lake Chad basin) are facing severe food insecurity. This humanitarian crisis in north east Nigeria runs the risk of growing worse. This primarily is a re...

The APRM and Migration Trends in Africa

Migration is often identified as a last resort for people hoping to improve their standard of living. Favourable global conditions such as the demand for labour in destination countries and a booming international market have, in the past, made it...

How Boko Haram Specifically Targets Displaced People

Since 2009, Boko Haram has proven to be a highly adaptable foe, routinely realigning its tactics to suit changing circumstances. In recent years, this has increasingly involved focusing on soft targets, including displaced people (both refugees ...

Algeria and Morocco: Developing Inclusive Strategies can Prevent Violent Extremism

Algeria and Morocco have been hosting thousands of sub-Saharan African migrants for a growing period of time. The migrants live in poor socio-economic conditions and face discrimination, providing fertile ground for radicalisation. Except for on...

Debates in Post-Conflict Development in Africa Lessons for Development Agencies

"Post-conflict societies face enormous challenges and international development agencies work in complex and volatile contexts. This brief has argued that in order to do justice to the role that international assistance could play in supporting de...

Côte d’Ivoire’s Great West: Key to Reconciliation

"Western Côte d’Ivoire’s land, security and identity problems make this vast border territory the country’s most unstable area. Reconciliation has yet to begin there and communal tensions remain acute. Two administrative regions are especially p...

Sudan’s Spreading Conflict (III): The Limits of Darfur’s Peace Process

"This report is the third in a series analysing Sudan’s spreading conflicts. It focuses on why successive peace processes, in particular the latest, “Doha”, have not stopped the violence. Reflecting the views of government officials involved with...

Ten Years after Humanitarian Reform: How have IDPs Fared?

This study assessed whether institutional reforms of the humanitarian system have improved IDP protection and assistance. It was also determined what the extent was to which national authorities are protecting and assisting IDPs within their bord...

The Chaos in Darfur

Violence continues unabated in the Darfur region of Sudan’s far west. Some 450,000 persons were displaced in 2014 and another 100,000 in January 2015 alone. Since fighting erupted in 2003 some two million persons were displaced internally. The g...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.4 July-August 2015

The article by Mehari Tadelle Maru “Migration Priorities and Normative and Institutional Frameworks In the IGAD Region” is a comprehensive and analytical survey of the legal and institutional frameworks on migration in the IGAD (Intergovernmental ...

The Economic Effects of Refugee Return and Policy Implications

According to the European Union over a million rejected asylum seekers have been ordered to return to their country of origin from Europe alone, or will be soon. To these could be added refugees that have been given temporary shelter but who cou...

Fleeing Terror, Fighting Terror: The Truth about Refugees and Violent Extremism

Refugees are increasingly subjected to harsh policies that violate the spirit of refugee laws, and that are often justified by claiming the refugees pose security risks. This study examines the effects of violent extremism among South Sudanese and...

No More 'Grass Grown by the Spear': Addressing Land-based Conflicts in Somaliland

Land ownership and access to land are the most frequent source of violent conflicts in contemporary Somaliland, especially in pastoral and agro-pastoral communities, which form the backbone of Somaliland’s domestic economy. The collapse of Somali...

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