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Debates in Post-Conflict Development in Africa Lessons for Development Agencies

"Post-conflict societies face enormous challenges and international development agencies work in complex and volatile contexts. This brief has argued that in order to do justice to the role that international assistance could play in supporting deve…

Côte d’Ivoire’s Great West: Key to Reconciliation

"Western Côte d’Ivoire’s land, security and identity problems make this vast border territory the country’s most unstable area. Reconciliation has yet to begin there and communal tensions remain acute. Two administrative regions are especially pro…

Sudan’s Spreading Conflict (III): The Limits of Darfur’s Peace Process

"This report is the third in a series analysing Sudan’s spreading conflicts. It focuses on why successive peace processes, in particular the latest, “Doha”, have not stopped the violence. Reflecting the views of government officials involved with D…

Ten Years after Humanitarian Reform: How have IDPs Fared?

This study assessed whether institutional reforms of the humanitarian system have improved IDP protection and assistance. It was also determined what the extent was to which national authorities are protecting and assisting IDPs within their border…

The Chaos in Darfur

Violence continues unabated in the Darfur region of Sudan’s far west. Some 450,000 persons were displaced in 2014 and another 100,000 in January 2015 alone. Since fighting erupted in 2003 some two million persons were displaced internally. The gov…

Kenya's Neglected IDP's Internal Displacement and Vulnerability of Pastoralist Communities in Northern Kenya

"This report investigates the situation surrounding these displaced pastoralists. It examines the causes of their displacement, the legal basis for their protection and the shortcomings in responding to the problem. To address these, the report gi…

Identity, Democracy and Internally Displaced Persons in Kenya

"Contrary to the popular belief that participatory democracy should promote greater inclusion, Kenya’s increasingly open and competitive political system has also been a source of exclusion for groups perceived not to ‘belong’ to certain areas. Tho…

The Nature of South Africa's Legal Obligations to Combat Xenophobia

"In March 2008, a wave of xenophobic violence swept across many parts of South Africa, including Tshwane. This study aims to provide an analysis of the potential role that law, and particularly human rights law, may play in combatting such violence …

IJR Rwanda Profile

"The 1994 Rwandan genocide has been described as “the most intimate and effective in recent memory”. Between 800 000 and 1 000 000 people were killed in less than three months – the vast majority in face-to-face slaughter, with machetes and clubs. A…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2005

"This issue of Conflict Trends highlights the plight of displaced persons in Africa, at the present time. It therefore covers refugees, IDPs and the communities that are affected by displacement. We examine the complex body of legislation, rules an…

Internal Displacement and the Threats to Human Security Workshop: Consultative conference proceedings report

"The workshop posed a number of questions that need to be answered about the management of IDPs: Who qualifies to be an IDP, and what are the triggers of internal displacement in the region? What is the state of research on human security and inter…

Building States While Fighting Terror: Contradictions in US Strategy in Somalia from 2001 to 2007

"This report suggests that US policy in Somalia since 2001 represents many strong trends in US security thinking.For instance, there has been a revived emphasis on state stability and, conversely,a problematisation of state weakness as a threat. US …

The Regional Dimensions of the War in Northern Uganda

"This paper highlights the complexity of the conflict in northern Uganda. Attempts have been made to analyse the structures, actors and complex dynamics of the conflict using a multidisciplinary methodology. This has helped in identifying and mappin…

Negotiating the North/South Conflict Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement

"The paper discusses the history of Sudan’s civil war and the negotiations that led to the development of Sudan’s CPA.The structure of the paper is based on the conflict resolution model outlined in Fisher and Ury 1991.This paper will first discuss …

Trouble in Eastern DRC: The Nkunda Factor

"The situation in the eastern DRC needs to be addressed as a matter of urgency. The Congolese government should prioritise a political solution to the impasse rather than pursuing a military option, which can lead only to further suffering among the…

Beja Local Conflict, Marginalisation and the Threat to Regional Security

"This overview and analysis of the armed conflict in eastern Sudan is informed by a number of assumptions or observations:Local level armed conflicts in the Horn risk becoming inter-state conflicts because of the engagement of neighbouring non-gov…

Report from a High-Level Symposium on Enhancing Capacities to Protect Civilians and Build Sustainable Peace in Africa

"The report proposed a reconceptualisation of sovereignty – as a responsibility rather than only a right. It asserted that “sovereign states" have the primary responsibility for the protection of their people from avoidable catastrophe – from mass m…

A Technical Analysis of Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration a Case Study from Burundi

"The Monograph explains in detail the process of DDR followed by AMIB and ONUB. The authors discuss in detail the efforts by the AMIB mission to start the DDR process and the problems of dealing with more than one ceasefire agreement, as well as …

“We Can’t Eat the Constitution” Transformation and the Socio-Economic Reconstruction of Burundi

"The Republic of Burundi is poised at the helm of a new chapter in its history following the end of a decade of civil war and ethnic division. The country’s astounding progress on the political level has raised expectations that the upcoming democr…

Returning Home to a Normal Life? The Plight of Displaced Angolans

"Amongst all the atrocities of war, one of the most tragic consequences of the 27 year long civil conflict in Angola was that over 4 million of civilians were forced to leave their homelands searching for safe havens elsewhere in the country and bec…

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