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Conflict Trends Issue 3 2005

"This issue of Conflict Trends highlights the plight of displaced persons in Africa, at the present time. It therefore covers refugees, IDPs and the communities that are affected by displacement. We examine the complex body of legislation, rules ...

Sudan: Justice, Peace and the ICC

Excerpt: "The International Criminal Court (ICC) arrest warrant against President Bashir for atrocity crimes in Darfur has brought Sudan to a new decision point. The long-ruling National Congress Party (NCP) has defied the court, gained African Un...

Trouble in Eastern DRC: The Nkunda Factor

"The situation in the eastern DRC needs to be addressed as a matter of urgency. The Congolese government should prioritise a political solution to the impasse rather than pursuing a military option, which can lead only to further suffering among t...

Beja Local Conflict, Marginalisation and the Threat to Regional Security

"This overview and analysis of the armed conflict in eastern Sudan is informed by a number of assumptions or observations:Local level armed conflicts in the Horn risk becoming inter-state conflicts because of the engagement of neighbouring non-g...

Report from a High-Level Symposium on Enhancing Capacities to Protect Civilians and Build Sustainable Peace in Africa

"The report proposed a reconceptualisation of sovereignty – as a responsibility rather than only a right. It asserted that “sovereign states" have the primary responsibility for the protection of their people from avoidable catastrophe – from mass...

A Technical Analysis of Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration a Case Study from Burundi

"The Monograph explains in detail the process of DDR followed by AMIB and ONUB. The authors discuss in detail the efforts by the AMIB mission to start the DDR process and the problems of dealing with more than one ceasefire agreement, as well as...

“We Can’t Eat the Constitution” Transformation and the Socio-Economic Reconstruction of Burundi

"The Republic of Burundi is poised at the helm of a new chapter in its history following the end of a decade of civil war and ethnic division. The country’s astounding progress on the political level has raised expectations that the upcoming demo...

Returning Home to a Normal Life? The Plight of Displaced Angolans

"Amongst all the atrocities of war, one of the most tragic consequences of the 27 year long civil conflict in Angola was that over 4 million of civilians were forced to leave their homelands searching for safe havens elsewhere in the country and b...

Cabinda Notes on a Soon-to-be-Forgotten War

"Although the civil war in mainland Angola formally ended on 4 April 2002,a secessionist conflict with grave humanitarian consequences remained unabated in the oil-rich enclave province of Cabinda for much of 2002. However, reports from Cabinda’s...

Why Fighting Crime can Assist Development in Africa Rule of Law and Protection of the Most Vulnerable

"This Report looks at a factor that is often overlooked in explaining Africa’s persistent underdevelopment: crime. Limited government capacity has meant that official data on crime in Africa are sparse, and independent research has also been limit...

Northern Uganda – From a Forgotten War to an Unforgivable Crisis – the War against Children

"This brief analysis seeks to draw attention to one of the most serious internal displacement crises in Africa. It provides some context to the ethnic and geographical divisions affecting modern Uganda, particularly in the context of Acholi relati...

Liberia: Peace at Last?

"Although reports of skirmishes are continuing in Liberia, it seems that for the moment the peace pact is holding in the country. But there are several factors that could play a role in returning the country to renewed civil war. LURD, who have al...

Local Catalysts, Global Reactions: Cycles of Conflict in the Mano River Basin

"The Mano River Basin is perhaps best known for the Revolutionary United Front’s campaign of amputation during Sierra Leone’s civil war from 1991 to 2002. The area encompassed by Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, and Guinea is rich in diamonds...

Behind the Violence.The war in Northern Uganda

"This monograph begins with an overview of the conflict in northern Uganda, followed by a discussion of the root causes of the war, which highlights crucial causes that must still be addressed today. Chapter 3 presents an in-depth analysis of Jose...

Sustaining the Peace in Angola. An overview of current demobilisation, disarmament and reintegration

"This monograph will therefore identify and explain the various programmes that guide or affect the current DD&R process, as a basis for future research, monitoring and evaluation. The first section gives an idea of the overall context within whic...

Policy Brief : The Challenges of Restoring Stability to Fragile States in West Africa

"The West African sub-region has since the early 1990s, been devastated by armed conflicts that have led to large-scale atrocities, mass displacement of populations and a general sense of insecurity. In what has been subtly referred to in most sec...

The Darfur Crisis : A Test Case for Humanitarian Intervention

"The deadline for Sudanese government compliance with the UN resolution calling on it to disarm the Janjawiid expired at the end of August, with no sign of the violence abating.A more effective approach surely would have been to bring the rebe...

Building Peace on Fragile Foundations: The Liberian Challenge

"This paper provides an overview of the historic and contemporary sources of conflict in Liberia, including those surrounding the ballot box. The following sections highlight some of the specific long-term peacebuilding challenges facing the Unite...

Refugee Camp Security in West Africa: An ECOWAS Priority?

"The aim of this paper is to highlight the negative effects that the lack of security in refugee camps in West Africa can have on individuals and society as a whole, and to suggest measures to address the security gap. This is done by outlining th...

Displaced in Darfur: An Analysis of Humanitarian and Protection Operations for the Internally Displaced in Darfur

"The Darfur case offers an opportunity to analyze and examine the situation of IDP's who have been displaced because of violent armed conflict on a massive scale and in a situation where the host government is unwilling either to provide assistanc...

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