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Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No. 5 September-October 2016

This issue of HAB, "A year after Valetta: What has changed?" focuses on the large volume of people migrating from the Middle East and Africa - fleeing conflict or poverty and heading to Europe. This issue coincides with the one-year anniversary of…

Instruments of Pain (IV): The Food Crisis in North East Nigeria

Approximately five million people in the region of east Nigeria (8.5 million across the wider Lake Chad basin) are facing severe food insecurity. This humanitarian crisis in north east Nigeria runs the risk of growing worse. This primarily is a resu…

The APRM and Migration Trends in Africa

Migration is often identified as a last resort for people hoping to improve their standard of living. Favourable global conditions such as the demand for labour in destination countries and a booming international market have, in the past, made it r…

How Boko Haram Specifically Targets Displaced People

Since 2009, Boko Haram has proven to be a highly adaptable foe, routinely realigning its tactics to suit changing circumstances. In recent years, this has increasingly involved focusing on soft targets, including displaced people (both refugees an…

Algeria and Morocco: Developing Inclusive Strategies can Prevent Violent Extremism

Algeria and Morocco have been hosting thousands of sub-Saharan African migrants for a growing period of time. The migrants live in poor socio-economic conditions and face discrimination, providing fertile ground for radicalisation. Except for one …

The Economic Effects of Refugee Return and Policy Implications

According to the European Union over a million rejected asylum seekers have been ordered to return to their country of origin from Europe alone, or will be soon. To these could be added refugees that have been given temporary shelter but who could…

Fleeing Terror, Fighting Terror: The Truth about Refugees and Violent Extremism

Refugees are increasingly subjected to harsh policies that violate the spirit of refugee laws, and that are often justified by claiming the refugees pose security risks. This study examines the effects of violent extremism among South Sudanese and S…

No More 'Grass Grown by the Spear': Addressing Land-based Conflicts in Somaliland

Land ownership and access to land are the most frequent source of violent conflicts in contemporary Somaliland, especially in pastoral and agro-pastoral communities, which form the backbone of Somaliland’s domestic economy. The collapse of Somalia’…

Two Faces of Diamonds: The woman in New York and the woman in Marange

As the Kimberly Process Certification Scheme concludes its 2015 Intersessional meeting in the Angolan Capital, Luanda this week, it is time again to evaluate the social costs of diamond mining to the Marange community. It is also time to ask about t…

Ethiopia’s Refugee response: Focus on Socio-Economic Integration and Self-Reliance

Implementation of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework represents a major shift in Ethiopia’s refugee policy. Refugees living in camps will benefit from paid employment. Those in protracted situations will have opportunities to integrate loc…

Cameroon’s Anglophone Crisis: How to Get to Talks?

Cameroon’s Anglophone crisis is deadlocked. Twenty months of clashes have killed 1,850, displaced 530,000 and led tens of thousands to seek refuge abroad, but the government and the separatists are sticking to their irreconcilable positions. The sep…

Challenges to Relocation and Compensation of Rural Communities Displaced by Development Projects in Zimbabwe

This research paper outlines the challenges rural communities experience when they have to cede state land they are entitled to occupy and use in order to pave way for development projects. Due to weaknesses in the land tenure systems and the lack…

Making States Accountable for Deliberate Forced Displacement

How should we respond to states that deliberately displace their own populations? While the international refugee regime is anchored in the 1951 Refugee Convention and the work of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Conv…

The 1969 OAU Refugee Convention at 50

This report aims to contribute to the African Union’s (AU) Year of Refugees, Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons, which in part marks the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the 1969 Organization of African Unity (OAU) Convention Governing th…

Insecurity, Forced Migration, and Internally Displaced Persons along the Cameroon-Nigeria Border, 2003-2018

The Cameroon-Nigeria border is plagued with insecurity challenges and serious threats to the border communities. Following the Boko Haram attacks, the counter-offensive by the Cameroonian and Nigerian armed forces, and the attacks between the Southe…

Is the Global Compact on Refugees fit for Africa's Purposes?

The Global Compact for Refugees (GCR) advocates a ‘whole of society’ approach to resolving and managing the forced displacement ‘crisis’ by setting out specific targets, objectives and pathways for UN member states to follow. Its novelty lies in the…

Statelessness in Southern Africa: Time to end it, not promote it

Statelessness in Southern Africa is driven primarily by colonial history, border changes, migration, poor civil registry systems, and discrimination on the basis of gender, ethnicity and religion. There are concerning signs that states are using sta…

Complementarity: The Global Compact on Refugees and 1969 OAU Refugee Convention

This policy brief highlights three areas where the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) can support the implementation of the 1969 Organization of African Unity Refugee Convention. These are: enhancing African solidarity and international cooperation;…

Climate Change, Internal Displacement and the Kampala Convention

The rhetoric that climate change is happening has without doubt emerged in global governance. At the AU level, the result has been a continental strategy that reinforces the need to address the impacts of climate change, including displacement of pe…

Debates in Post-Conflict Development in Africa Lessons for Development Agencies

"Post-conflict societies face enormous challenges and international development agencies work in complex and volatile contexts. This brief has argued that in order to do justice to the role that international assistance could play in supporting deve…

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