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Building Bridges out of Poverty How can Infrastructure Development Strengthen Regional Integration to Overcome Poverty in Southern Africa?

"This policy brief looks at the potential of southern Africa’s regional infrastructure interventions to achieve the overall objective to provide support to regional integration and contribute to poverty eradication. It also identifies knowledge and …

Building on Progress: Infrastructure Development Still a Major Challenge in Africa

"Infrastructure is a bedrock for development. As an essential part of a supportive environment for investment and livelihood, adequate infrastructure promotes economic growth, reduces poverty, and improves delivery of health and other services. The …

Do Citizens Reward Good Service? Voter Responses to Basic Service Provision in Southern Africa

"Theories of democratic governance posit that citizens should reward politicians for good service and punish them for bad. But does electoral accountability work as theorized, especially in developing country contexts? Studying southern African demo…

Learning by Doing: China-Africa Co-operation and State Learning

"The view that ‘Africa should learn from China’s development’ has been expressed throughout Africa, from the chairperson of the AU through senior government officials to analysts, scholars and ordinary citizens. China’s 40-fold increase in GDP and…

Financing Africa’s Infrastructure Deficit: From Development Banking to Long-Term Investing

This paper studies the appropriate financing structure of infrastructure investment in Africa. It starts with a description of recent initiatives to scale up infrastructure investment in Africa. The paper then uses insights from the literature on …

'China-powered' African Agency and its Limits: The Case of the DRC 2007-2019

Does China provide African countries with ‘China-powered’ agency to challenge other external actors for their own political benefit? This was the case in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) from 2007 to 2009. A Chinese package deal – the Sicomine…

Green Finance Mechanisms in Developing Countries: Emerging Practice

To counter the devastating impact of COVID-19, calls are growing for countries to ‘build back better’ in an effort to create a more inclusive and sustainable economy that is climate resilient. Africa is facing glaring development and climate risk ch…

Multifaceted Challenges of Digital Taxation in Africa

Digitalisation has prompted the evolution of innovative business models and created new forms of value creation. In the mobile telecommunications industry, this has resulted in the ubiquity of over-the top (OTT) and other digital apps and services s…

Building Better Cities: A New Approach to Housing and Urban Development

Since South Africa became a democracy, desperate people unable to find suitable and affordable housing have constituted a calamitous reality that keeps recurring. Like many pre Covid-19 challenges, the outbreak of the pandemic has increased attentio…

Financing Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in Botswana through the Capital Market

In her quest to further graduate to the high-income status, Botswana seeks to invest more in infrastructure development for both productive and social use. An efficient and effective infrastructure provision is fundamental to excellent public servic…

Tackling South Africa's Infrastructure Deficit: The Role of Development Finance Institutions

Infrastructure development is widely considered to be pivotal to South Africa’s economic recovery plan and growth prospects. Yet infrastructure spending at all levels of government has been declining in recent years in the face of a steady rise in p…

Rethinking Infrastructure in Africa: A Governance Approach

Infrastructure deficits have long been recognised as being central to Africa’s developmental malaise. This paper looks at the state of the continent’s infrastructure, with a focus on the actions that governments can take to spur its development. In …

SADC e-Mobility Outlook: A Zimbabwean Case Study

The current landscape in the Zimbabwean transport sector is characterised by high operating costs which in turn increases production costs for industry and commerce, thereby negatively affecting the competitiveness of Zimbabwean-made products in the…

Conflict-Sensitive Infrastructure Development: Key Considerations for the AU

The AU’s Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) has an ambitious agenda to connect and integrate the continent through hard and soft infrastructure. The current PIDA Priority Action Plan 2 (PIDA PAP 2) prioritises 69 regional proj…

Chinese Infrastructure Provision to the Global South and the Setting of Rail Standards

One of the hallmark project types of the Belt and Road Initiative, driven by the People’s Republic of China, is the construction of railways to connect developing countries to markets using high-speed rail where possible, and often using standard-ga…

Promoting Non-motorized Transport in Nairobi: A Study on Users, Safety and Infrastructure Trends

This study was commissioned to examine Non-Motorized Transport (NMT) in Nairobi and recommend ways of improving the NMT experience. The research shows that in Nairobi 2.27 million trips per day are made by walking, and 55,000 by cycling. Many people…

Estimating the Economic impact of Chinese BRI Investment in Africa

China’s investment in African infrastructure as part of its Belt and Road Initiative has proven to be both transformative and controversial. While investment projects are helping Africa to close its infrastructure gap, they have also raised fears of…

After Idai: Insights from Mozambique for Climate Resilient Coastal Infrastructure

Between March 2019 and January 2021, Beira, the second largest city in Mozambique, was hit by two severe cyclones and a tropical storm, that resulted in massive infrastructure and crop damage as well as human losses. Cyclone Idai, the first to hit t…

Housing policy in Ghana: Providing Incentives to Investors and Consumers

"A discussion of the housing market problems in Ghana must recognize the pervasive role of Government. Not only does Government exert an indirect influence generally on housing markets through tax policies, but it also exerts, in particular, a direc…

Ghana’s Middle-Income Reality Check Part II: Social And Infrastructure Dimensions

"After rebasing in 2010, Ghana’s per capita GDP rose to Middle-Income Country (MIC) level as defined by the World Bank. The per capita income measure is, however, seen to be too narrow as it does not even include key economic indicators let alone im…

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