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Financing of Infrastructure

"In response to the global financial crisis of 2008–09, banks radically cut back on lending, especially for long-term projects. Governments worldwide, gambling on a big positive multiplier effect on aggregate demand, increased fiscal spending thr...

Creating and Wasting Fiscal Space: Zambian Fiscal Performance 2002–2011

"Following three decades of economic mismanagement and decline, Zambia has experienced sustained economic growth since the turn of the century. The combination of rapid growth, reduced public expenditure, increased mining taxation and debt relief ...

Making Public Transport in Lusaka City More Efficient and Effective

"The increase in the use of private motor vehicles for routine travel within the city of Lusaka suggests weakness in the Public Transport (PT) system. Regrettably, the majority of the city travellers have to accept an ineffective and inefficient P...

Making Every Kilometre Count: Prioritising Road Infrastructure Spending

The policy brief presents an assessment of the importance of different road sections and corridors prioritized based on their transportation efficiency, accessibility and socio-economic importance. To do that, a nation-wide travel demand model cou...

Uncovering the Unknown: An Analysis of Tax Evasion in Zambia

"The Government of the Republic of Zambia, like many other governments in the world, significantly relies on tax revenue to finance both its key infrastructure development and social services. This study investigates the extent and causes of tax e...

Trip Modeling and Cost Analysis for Public Road Transport System for the City of Lusaka

"The increase in the use of private motor vehicles for routine travel within the City of Lusaka suggests weakness in the Public Transport (PT) system. The current PT fares are unsustainably high and service levels undesirable. This largely owes to...

Optimization Study for Core Road Network Planning to Link Zambia

"This report presents an assessment of the importance of different road sections and corridors (“projects”) prioritized based on transportation efficiency, accessibility and socio-economic characteristics. The Zambian road network is undergoing si...

Using Climate Information to Achieve Long Term Development Objectives in Coastal Ghana and Mozambique

Accra in Ghana and Maputo in Mozambique are cities currently facing many development challenges, such as poor transport and drainage infrastructure, as a result of inadequate planning regulations and law enforcement. These weaknesses in governance...

Chinese Resources-for-Infrastructure (R4I) Swaps: An Escape from the Resource Curse

This paper discusses whether resources-for-infrastructure (R4I) swaps employed by the Chinese government and companies reduce or increase the risk that a resource-rich country will fall prey to the resource curse. To answer this question the paper...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2014

In ‘Beheadings and the News Media: Why Some Conflict Atrocities Receive More Coverage than Others’ although major changes have occurred in the dissemination of news, there is no question that the news media retains an exceptionally powerful role i...

Nigeria: Towards an Optimal Macroeconomic Management of Public Capital

"This paper develops a framework for making decisions on the type of infrastructure to build and where to build. The basic intuition is that by deriving the marginal physical products of installed infrastructure, we can prioritize infrastructure ...

National Workshop on Indigenisation of the Zimbabwe Economy: Problems and Prospects 18 - 19 August 1994

"By elaborating on the impact of colonialism and the present state of the Zimbabwean economy in terms of ownership and control, the evidence on the need for redress of past injustices was provided by most of the papers. Thus there is consensus on...

Time for a big push on infrastructure in Africa: What the G-20 can do

"The Seoul G-20 Multi-Year Action Plan on Development identified gaps in infrastructure as a key bottleneck to growth in developing countries. It committed the G-20 countries to overcoming obstacles to infrastructure investment, developing projec...

Conflict in Ugadan's Land Tenure

"Uganda’s dualist land tenure system is a root cause of conflict over land use and ownership. The current land tenure laws facilitate land alienation, threaten livelihoods and contribute to food insecurity.Given the nature of land disputes in Ugan...

Managing the Monster: Urban Waste and Governance in Africa

This work is the product of comparative research on governance and urban waste in Africa carried out by four teams of researchers in four major cities in Africa: Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, in francophone West Africa; Ibadan, Nigeria, in anglophone We...

Development Aid for Infrastructure Investment in Africa: Malian relations with China, the European Commission and the World Bank

"This paper compares the terms of a selection of infrastructure aid contracts entered into by the government of Mali with both ‘traditional’ and ‘non-traditional’ donors. It asks whether these forms of aid, conventionally considered to be dichotom...

Services trade in Southern Africa a literature survey and overview

"While all services sectors are important, and deserve attention, this report focuses on core infrastructure services because they create an enabling environment in which other services develop and/or thrive. The tourism sector has been added beca...

Housing policy in Ghana: Providing Incentives to Investors and Consumers

"A discussion of the housing market problems in Ghana must recognize the pervasive role of Government. Not only does Government exert an indirect influence generally on housing markets through tax policies, but it also exerts, in particular, a dir...

Ghana’s Middle-Income Reality Check Part II: Social And Infrastructure Dimensions

"After rebasing in 2010, Ghana’s per capita GDP rose to Middle-Income Country (MIC) level as defined by the World Bank. The per capita income measure is, however, seen to be too narrow as it does not even include key economic indicators let alone ...

China's African Infrastructure Projects: A Tool in Reshaping Global Norms

"The resilience of China’s investments in African infrastructure has been called into question in the light of its own economic slowdown. The substantial reduction in Chinese demand for African commodities has resulted in a significant drop in com...

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