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Understanding the Theory of Collective Rights: Redefining the Privacy Paradox

The true paradox of privacy may well be in the need to conceptualise it increasingly in terms of its public dimensions, rather than its personal ones. This is true for both broadening our understanding of how personal data is ‘exchanged’, to reconfi…

Intelligence Artificielle et Cyber-colonisation: Implications sur l’Afrique / Artificial Intelligence and Cyber-colonization: Implications for Africa

Technologies related to Artificial Intelligence have an influential and transformative power that is increasingly felt by African populations and therefore constitute an important lever for development. However, this digital ecosystem, even though i…

Online Engagement in the Global South: Perspectives, Challenges and Options

Online engagements increased dramatically in 2020 as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. Virtual platforms have enabled interactions and work to continue, despite an inability to meet in person. However, the digital divide has posed one of the bigges…

COVID-19 Compounds Historical Disparities and Extends the Digital Divide

The novel coronavirus has, in many ways, grossly affected the lives of people. In order to protect the health of the population and possibly curb the spread of the virus, countries around the world introduced containment measures including hard lock…

African Cities in Times of COVID-19: Resilience against all Odds

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed new vulnerabilities in social, infrastructure, and governance systems. In the first months of the pandemic, there was a genuine concern about the capacity of the Global South to contain the spread of the virus. Afri…

Non-consensual Intimate Image Distribution: The Legal Landscape in Kenya, Chile and South Africa

This paper provides an overview of the state of the law, both existing and proposed, in three countries in the Global South as it relates to the non-consensual distribution of intimate images. This analysis set out to survey the legal landscape as i…

A Gender Perspective on the Use of Artificial Intelligence in the African Fintech Ecosystem: Case Studies from South Africa, Kenya, Nigeria and Ghana

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) based systems complements the time-sensitive and data intensive nature of many activities in the financial services industry (FSI)—Specifically, in FinTech Ecosystems (FEs) that have disrupted many financial s…

AI4D - Digital and Biometric Identity Systems

This policy paper examines issues emerging around the deployment of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Digital and Biometric Identities (BDI) being rolled out across Africa as a central part of digital strategies to meet the UN 2030 Sustainable Develop…

Telecommunication Ecosystem Evolution in Kenya 2009-2019: Setting the Pace and Unbundling the Turbulent Journey to a Digital Economy in a 4IR Era

Telecommunications and ICTs impact Kenyans’ daily socio-economic endeavours in work, commerce, health, and education, and is the gateway to a bright future for Kenya to continue to deliver innovative new e-government services; where the imaginations…

Developments in Paperless Trade: Implications for Zambia's Small-Scale Cross-Border Traders

The Trade Facilitation Agreement is an important regulatory framework designed to promote efficiency and predictability in international trade, specifically with respect to the clearance, release and movement of goods. Information and communication …

Mapping and Analysis of Privacy Laws and Policies in Africa - Summary Report

Privacy in the digital age has become a preeminent human rights issue, given its intricate connection with, and its being a foundation for the realisation of other rights such as freedoms of expression, information, assembly, and association. Yet, w…

Digital Rights in Zimbabwe, UPR Submission, Session 40

Digital rights and freedoms should be accorded the same protection as offline rights and freedoms. Protection of freedom of expression, access to information, data protection and privacy have been guaranteed in international and regional instruments…

Digital Rights in South Sudan, UPR Submission, Session 40

Digital rights and freedoms should be accorded the same protection as offline rights and freedoms. Protection of freedom of expression, access to information, data protection and privacy have been guaranteed in international and regional instruments…

Digital Rights in Uganda, UPR Submission, Session 40

Digital rights and freedoms should be accorded the same protection as offline rights and freedoms. Protection of freedom of expression, access to information, data protection and privacy have been guaranteed in international and regional instruments…

Zambia: Insights into the Data Protection Act 2021

The Zambian Constitution under article 17 provides for the right to privacy including the right not to be searched (person, home or property); not to have possessions seized; not to have information relating to family, health status and private affa…

Implications of Zambia's Cyber Security and Cyber Crimes Act 2021 on Digital Rights

In March 2021, Zambia adopted the Cyber Security and Cyber Crimes Act, 2021 following assent by President Edgar Lungu. The Act was passed amidst criticism that it was primarily aimed at policing the cyber space and gagging freedom of expression and …

Communications Capacity and Training Needs Assessment of African Digital Rights Organisations

The managers of the ADRF thus far indicate that organisations working in the digital rights arena have inadequate skills to effectively and proactively engage the media and to conduct effective public communications. As a consequence, digital rights…

Access and Use of ICT in Budget Transparency and Accountability in Local Governments

In the outbreak of COVID-19, the pursuit of improved e-government services for budget transparency and accountability became the norm in Uganda. The Public Finance Management Act (PFMA) of 2015, Section 12(2) mandates all stakeholders to promote and…

Ethiopians Support Media's Watchdog Role but want Regulated Access to Internet, Social Media

Free and independent media is still a new phenomenon in Ethiopia. Although the downfall of the military regime in May 1991 triggered an unprecedented proliferation of print media, it didn’t last long. Draconian media laws promulgated by the Federal …

Strengthening Data Governance in Africa

This inception report focuses on the emerging trends in Africa’s digital and data environment. The study builds a case for mobilizing action at both regional and national levels, to strengthen data governance frameworks in Africa, particularly in vi…

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