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Public Spending, Taxation and Deficits

"The purpose of this study was twofold. First, it tested the causality between public spending and public revenue. Second, it tested the hypothesis that high deficits lead to increased spending. The following conclusions may be drawn from the find...

Revenue Productivity Implications of Tax Reform in Tanzania

"The purpose of this study is to examine the revenue productivity implications of tax reform in Tanzania, focusing it as a way of raising the productivity of the tax system. Specific objectives are: (1) to analyze the productivity performance of ...

Outsourcing Revenue Collection to Private Agents: Experiences from Local Authorities in Tanzania

"Many local government authorities in Tanzania have reformed their tax collection systems in recent years in order to increase their revenue. This paper examines experiences with outsourced revenue collection of some local authorities in Tanzania....

To Pay or Not to Pay? Citizens' Views on Taxation by Local Authorities in Tanzania

"Widespread tax evasion evidenced by persistent public resistance to pay is seen as part of the problem of raising local government revenues in Tanzania. Based on data from a citizen's survey, this paper highlights factors impacting on tax complia...

Bridging the PAYE Tax Revenue Gap

"Based on the Report “Uncovering the Unknown: An analysis of Tax Evasion in Zambia,” Zambia is currently grappling with issues of reducing high budget deficits. Zambia’s tax revenue-to-GDP ratio dropped to a record low of 13% in the early 1990s fr...

Unlocking the Potential of Administrative Data in Africa: Tax Compliance and Progressivity in Rwanda

This paper looks at tax compliance using administrative data from Rwanda. It discusses the use of administrative data for tax research – specifically anonymized taxpayers records, which have become increasingly available on the African continent. ...

The Carrot and the Stick: Evidence on Voluntary Tax Compliance from a Pilot Field Experiment in Rwanda

Key findings from a pilot field experiment on tax compliance, is discussed in this paper. A key objective of the paper, is to provide lessons learned on implementing this type of study in low-income countries, and reporting initial econometric re...

Linking Taxation and Social Protection: Evidence on Redistribution and Poverty Reduction in Ethiopia

Poverty reduction, and more recently inequality, are pressing concerns in many low and middle-income countries. This is not in the least due as a result of the Sustainable Development Goals committing countries to significant improvements by 203...

One Size Does Not Fit All: A Field Experiment on the Drivers of Tax Compliance and Delivery Methods in Rwanda

The literature in this report focused exclusively on high and middle-income countries. This paper begins to fill this gap by reporting on the results of a tax field experiment in Rwanda, while also focusing on some characteristics that may be comm...

Why African Tax Authorities Should Employ More Women: Evidence from the Uganda Revenue Authority

Tax collection has historically – in Africa and in the rest of the world – been very much a male preserve. The situation is changing. Partly because of changes in the ways in which taxes are collected, women are entering the profession in increasi...

Court Actions and Boosting Domestic Revenue Mobilization in Uganda

The study analyzed how court actions particularly with respect to the operation of the Tax Appeals Tribunal (TAT), affect domestic revenue mobilisation in Uganda. Based on time series data combined with stakeholder analysis, the study aimed to ana...

Where the Gap Lay: Presumptive Income Tax Assessment for Small and Micro Enterprises in Addis Ababa City Administration

This study is focused on the presumptive tax reassessment of small and micro enterprises (SMEs) in Addis Ababa City Administration that took place in 2017. The reassessment process was based on average daily revenue estimates calculated by teams ...

Income Tax Evasion in Uganda

Uganda, just as many developing countries, collects less than potential tax. The country compares poorly to other low- income countries with regard to income tax revenue mobilization. This paper estimate the baseline amount of tax owed by comparin...

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