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Is Poverty a Binding Constraint on Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa?

"Is poverty a binding constraint on economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa? The purpose of this paper is to look at the other direction of the nexus: the links from poverty to growth. The central argument is that the most promising directions for cou…

Macroeconomic Approaches to Identifying the Effects of Health on Output, Growth and Poverty

"The research project as a whole is focused on causal relationships running from health to productivity and poverty reduction with the aim of informing health policy. This framework paper deals with research possibilities in the field of macroeconom…

Linking Economic Growth to Poverty Reduction under Globalisation: A Case for Harnessing Globalisation for the Poor in Sub-Saharan Africa

"As the process of global economic integration has intensified since the early 1990s, the question of how globalization affects the world’s poor has become one of the central issues in international political economy and international relations. Thi…

The Behaviour of Income Velocity in Tanzania 1967-1994

"This study ventures to expand the frontier of knowledge on income velocity behaviour and its main determinants. Our investigation is also important in understanding the effect of changes in money growth on income over extended periods, thus helping…

Social Safety Nets in Botswana Administration, Targetting and Sustainability

"In this publication, we make a comprehensive review of SSNs in Botswana to examine a number of issues relating to delivery, administration and effectiveness of the existing SSNs. Chapter 1 provides a detailed outline of the methodology.Chapter 2 pr…

Food Demand Elasticities in Ethiopia: Estimates Using Household Income Consumption Expenditure (HICE) Survey Data

"How households adjust their consumption in response to changes in prices and income is crucial determinant of the effects of various shocks to market prices and commodity supplies. These adjustments in demand are particularly significant in Ethiopi…

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

This paper, while broadly located within reforming the labour market policy debate, is specifically focused on one aspect of the labour regulatory regime, namely the dispute resolution system. Hence, we attempt to understand the efficiency and effec…

Analysing Wage Formation in the South African Labour Market: The Role of Bargaining Councils

The role of bargaining councils, the central pillar of collective bargaining in South Africa, in the formation of wages is important in the context of high unemployment rates in South Africa. In this study we find that while institutionalised collec…

An Analysis of Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration Awards

This paper reports on research that involved the analysis of 873 Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) arbitration awards sampled from unfair dismissal and unfair labour practice cases for the years 2003 to 2005. The sample of…

Inequality in South Africa and Brazil : Can we trust the numbers?

"Much academic and policy-related research over the past decade has focused on one of two stylised facts: Brazilian inequality has decreased sharply over the last 10 years and South Africa’s level of inequality has remained stubbornly high. Brazil h…

Diversify More or Less? Household Resilience and Food Security in Rural Nigeria

We provide new findings of rural livelihood diversification in Nigeria, using panel data from the Living Standards Measurement Study - Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA). To a large extent, the patterns and the implications of livelihood…

Food Insecurity and Family Structure in Nigeria

The article explores a series of questions and hypotheses related to polygynous family structures and both household and individual-level food security outcomes, using the World Bank Living Standards Measurement Survey data from Nigeria, collected…

Social Cohesion and Inequality in South Africa

In this paper, we examine recent trends in social cohesion and inequality, and the relationship between the two in South Africa, using data from the South African Reconciliation Barometer (SARB) surveys. Given the country’s history of long-term raci…

Poverty and Inequality Analysis in the IGAD Region: Regional Profile and Country Status

This paper assesses the extent of poverty and inequality in the IGAD region. It also assesses the decomposition of poverty and empirically analyze the determinants of multidimensional poverty for each member States. The global Multidimensional Pov…

More than a Space for Interracial Contact: Exploring the Importance of the Workplace for Social Cohesion and Reconciliation in South Africa

Acknowledging that interactions between South Africans from various backgrounds extend beyond contact, but also take place within a historical and contemporary context, this report consists of several parts. Firstly, it explores the changing nature …

Are There Any Reliable Data on Wages in Low-Income Countries? Observations and Lessons from Ethiopia

Administrative data from tax returns have recently become available in many African countries thanks to the modernisation of revenue authorities and the digitisation of tax records. The availability of these data has opened new opportunities for pol…

Education, Marriage, Fertility and Labour Market Experiences of Young Women in Uganda: Evidence from a Qualitative Assessment

Despite the existence of a fairly strong, enabling legal and policy framework, young women in Uganda continue to face a number of challenges as they make crucial transitions into adulthood. In particular, girls are pushed into early marriages and pr…

Regional Analysis of Youth Demographics: Uganda

This briefing note summarizes a review of literature and policies on youth demographics and implications from our scenario modelling of the short-term and medium-term projections of the youth population in Uganda. Specifically, the briefing note hi…

Resource Allocation Model for the Constituency Development Fund

"The research reported on in this paper has calculated a composite index of deprivation using 2010 Census data, drawing on the experience of similar initiatives in other countries and using internationally accepted statistical techniques. This index…

The Distribution of Household Income and the Middle Class in Zambia

"The middle class is increasingly becoming a topical issue in Zambia. However, the lack of a definitive measure of the middle class in the country makes it difficult to have targeted policies on this group of people, perceived worldwide to be the dr…

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