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Fiscal Incidence in Africa: Microeconomic Evidence

"In this paper, the authors examines the extent to which different kinds of taxes and expenditures succeed in transferring resources to the poor in Africa. In examining the welfare impact of fiscal policy, the study is limited to a more easily meas…

Global Economic Slowdown and the African Continent : Rethinking Export Led Growth

"The deterioration in economic performance has opened the export-led growth model to challenge suggesting that there is a need for a rethink and the need for a shift on the new development policy agenda that focuses on domestic demand-led growth. Do…

Impact of Global Economic Crisis on African Countries: Policy Responses and Options

"African countries have not been isolated from the impact of the downturn in global growth. Some of the questions addressed in this paper are: What are the major channels through which the global financial and economic crisis could spread to African…

Labour Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa to be included in Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

"In this survey the operation of both formal and informal labour markets in Africa are analyzed, as well as their impact on employment, wages, poverty and income distribution. Links will be established between the labour markets, the pattern of empl…

Is Poverty a Binding Constraint on Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa?

"Is poverty a binding constraint on economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa? The purpose of this paper is to look at the other direction of the nexus: the links from poverty to growth. The central argument is that the most promising directions for cou…

Macroeconomic Approaches to Identifying the Effects of Health on Output, Growth and Poverty

"The research project as a whole is focused on causal relationships running from health to productivity and poverty reduction with the aim of informing health policy. This framework paper deals with research possibilities in the field of macroeconom…

Linking Economic Growth to Poverty Reduction under Globalisation: A Case for Harnessing Globalisation for the Poor in Sub-Saharan Africa

"As the process of global economic integration has intensified since the early 1990s, the question of how globalization affects the world’s poor has become one of the central issues in international political economy and international relations. Thi…

The Behaviour of Income Velocity in Tanzania 1967-1994

"This study ventures to expand the frontier of knowledge on income velocity behaviour and its main determinants. Our investigation is also important in understanding the effect of changes in money growth on income over extended periods, thus helping…

Child Labour and Poverty Linkages : A Micro Analysis from Rural Malawian Data

"This study assesses the impact of income and asset poverty on child work using the rural sub sample of the 2004 Malawi Integrated Household Survey. Instrumenting consumption expenditure with a location dummy variable and interacting consumption exp…

Influence of the Fiscal System on Income Distribution in Regions and Small Areas: Microsimulated CGE Model for Côte d'Ivoire

"The objective of this paper is to examine how a small open economy such as Côte d’Ivoire (CI) can obtain growth-based internal tax resources, and how the tax system affects households and individuals through relative prices. A microsimulated CGE mo…

Population Dynamics: a Survey of Key Demographic Concepts

"Demography is the discipline whose primary concern is measuring the size and composition of populations, and the changes in size and composition of populations over time. It is sometimes used to encompass, in addition, the causes and consequences o…

The Role of Government and Public Policy in Poverty Alleviation in Sub-Saharan Africa

"This paper reviews recent literature on poverty alleviation in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), focusing on the role of government and public policy. It is prepared as part of the AERC research programme on Poverty, Income Distribution and Labour Market I…

A Revised Poverty Datum Line for Botswana Revised Poverty Datum Line Estimates for Botswana, for the Analysis of Househol Income and Expenditure Data for 1993/94 and 1985/86

"This paper is part of a larger study of poverty alleviation in Botswana, undertaken by BIDPA for the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning. The paper presents revised estimates of the Poverty Datum Line (PDL) for Botswana, needed to analyse …

Poverty and Inequality: Facts, trends and Hard Choices

"The discussion was marked by the tension between the need to focus on inequality per se as opposed to focusing on mass poverty and unemployment as the best way of improving the quality of people’s lives. Some participants argued that addressing So…

Social Safety Nets in Botswana Administration, Targetting and Sustainability

"In this publication, we make a comprehensive review of SSNs in Botswana to examine a number of issues relating to delivery, administration and effectiveness of the existing SSNs. Chapter 1 provides a detailed outline of the methodology.Chapter 2 pr…

Food Demand Elasticities in Ethiopia: Estimates Using Household Income Consumption Expenditure (HICE) Survey Data

"How households adjust their consumption in response to changes in prices and income is crucial determinant of the effects of various shocks to market prices and commodity supplies. These adjustments in demand are particularly significant in Ethiopi…

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

This paper, while broadly located within reforming the labour market policy debate, is specifically focused on one aspect of the labour regulatory regime, namely the dispute resolution system. Hence, we attempt to understand the efficiency and effec…

Analysing Wage Formation in the South African Labour Market: The Role of Bargaining Councils

The role of bargaining councils, the central pillar of collective bargaining in South Africa, in the formation of wages is important in the context of high unemployment rates in South Africa. In this study we find that while institutionalised collec…

An Analysis of Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration Awards

This paper reports on research that involved the analysis of 873 Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) arbitration awards sampled from unfair dismissal and unfair labour practice cases for the years 2003 to 2005. The sample of…

Macroeconomic Policy Formation in Senegal: Challenges in Formation and Coordination

Twenty years after the independence of 1960 – this period is characterized by a significant centralization in the management of the economy and the use of planning. However the effectiveness of the government’s policies had been questioned when the…

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