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A Revised Poverty Datum Line for Botswana Revised Poverty Datum Line Estimates for Botswana, for the Analysis of Househol Income and Expenditure Data for 1993/94 and 1985/86

"This paper is part of a larger study of poverty alleviation in Botswana, undertaken by BIDPA for the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning. The paper presents revised estimates of the Poverty Datum Line (PDL) for Botswana, needed to analys...

Trends in Poverty and Inequality Since the Political Transition

"Using a constructed data series and another data series based on the All Media and Products surveys (AMPS), this paper explores trends in poverty and income distribution over the post-transition period. To steer clear of an unduly optimistic co...

Influence of the Fiscal System on Income Distribution in Regions and Small Areas: Microsimulated CGE Model for Côte d'Ivoire

"The objective of this paper is to examine how a small open economy such as Côte d’Ivoire (CI) can obtain growth-based internal tax resources, and how the tax system affects households and individuals through relative prices. A microsimulated CGE ...

Population Dynamics: a Survey of Key Demographic Concepts

"Demography is the discipline whose primary concern is measuring the size and composition of populations, and the changes in size and composition of populations over time. It is sometimes used to encompass, in addition, the causes and consequences...

The Role of Government and Public Policy in Poverty Alleviation in Sub-Saharan Africa

"This paper reviews recent literature on poverty alleviation in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), focusing on the role of government and public policy. It is prepared as part of the AERC research programme on Poverty, Income Distribution and Labour Market...

Poverty and Inequality: Facts, trends and Hard Choices

"The discussion was marked by the tension between the need to focus on inequality per se as opposed to focusing on mass poverty and unemployment as the best way of improving the quality of people’s lives. Some participants argued that addressing ...

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

This paper, while broadly located within reforming the labour market policy debate, is specifically focused on one aspect of the labour regulatory regime, namely the dispute resolution system. Hence, we attempt to understand the efficiency and eff...

Analysing Wage Formation in the South African Labour Market: The Role of Bargaining Councils

The role of bargaining councils, the central pillar of collective bargaining in South Africa, in the formation of wages is important in the context of high unemployment rates in South Africa. In this study we find that while institutionalised coll...

An Analysis of Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration Awards

This paper reports on research that involved the analysis of 873 Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) arbitration awards sampled from unfair dismissal and unfair labour practice cases for the years 2003 to 2005. The sample ...

Impact of Global Economic Crisis on African Countries: Policy Responses and Options

"African countries have not been isolated from the impact of the downturn in global growth. Some of the questions addressed in this paper are: What are the major channels through which the global financial and economic crisis could spread to Afric...

Labour Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa to be included in Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

"In this survey the operation of both formal and informal labour markets in Africa are analyzed, as well as their impact on employment, wages, poverty and income distribution. Links will be established between the labour markets, the pattern of em...

Is Poverty a Binding Constraint on Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa?

"Is poverty a binding constraint on economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa? The purpose of this paper is to look at the other direction of the nexus: the links from poverty to growth. The central argument is that the most promising directions for c...

Macroeconomic Approaches to Identifying the Effects of Health on Output, Growth and Poverty

"The research project as a whole is focused on causal relationships running from health to productivity and poverty reduction with the aim of informing health policy. This framework paper deals with research possibilities in the field of macroecon...

Linking Economic Growth to Poverty Reduction under Globalisation: A Case for Harnessing Globalisation for the Poor in Sub-Saharan Africa

"As the process of global economic integration has intensified since the early 1990s, the question of how globalization affects the world’s poor has become one of the central issues in international political economy and international relations. T...

Fiscal and Monetary Burden of Tanzania's Corporate Bodies: The Case of Public Enterprises

"The main objective of this study is to analyse and make some initial attempts in assessing the magnitude of the burden. To achieve this, it became necessary to collect data of macro-nature at various focal points, namely Ministry of Finance, Tanz...

Fiscal Incidence in Africa: Microeconomic Evidence

"In this paper, the authors examines the extent to which different kinds of taxes and expenditures succeed in transferring resources to the poor in Africa. In examining the welfare impact of fiscal policy, the study is limited to a more easily me...

Global Economic Slowdown and the African Continent : Rethinking Export Led Growth

"The deterioration in economic performance has opened the export-led growth model to challenge suggesting that there is a need for a rethink and the need for a shift on the new development policy agenda that focuses on domestic demand-led growth. ...

Estimating Household Income to Monitor and Evaluate Public Investment Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Monitoring rural household income is important for governments, donors, nongovernmental organizations, researchers, and others involved with development strategies, because increasing rural household income is a primary objective for achieving m...

The state of rural poverty, income distribution and rural development in SSA

"In the first section of this paper a detailed rural profile of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is derived on the basis of a new and highly disaggregated data set based on a large number of recent country household surveys. The profile that results from...

Food Demand Elasticities in Ethiopia: Estimates Using Household Income Consumption Expenditure (HICE) Survey Data

"How households adjust their consumption in response to changes in prices and income is crucial determinant of the effects of various shocks to market prices and commodity supplies. These adjustments in demand are particularly significant in Ethio...

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