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Macroeconomic Policy Formation in Senegal: Challenges in Formation and Coordination

Twenty years after the independence of 1960 – this period is characterized by a significant centralization in the management of the economy and the use of planning. However the effectiveness of the government’s policies had been questioned when the…

La Stratégie de Croissance Accélérée du Sénégal est-elle pro-Pauvre? / Is Senegal's Accelerated Growth Strategy Pro-Poor?

The main purpose of the Senegalese accelerated growth strategy (AGS) is to boost economic growth so as to make poor people share its benefits. In any given economy, there is a relationship between growth, poverty reduction and income distribution. I…

Analyse de la Polarisation des Revenus au Sénégal et au Burkina Faso / Analysis of income polarization in Senegal and Burkina Faso

A distribution of incomes is polarized when it presents homogeneous groups with different living standards. Using a method developed by Duclos, Esteban and Ray, firstly the evolution of the polarization of income was measured in Senegal and Burkina …

Household's Incomes and Poverty Dynamics in Rural Kenya: A Panel Data Analysis

This study attempts to analyse rural households’ income and poverty incidence over time. The analysis uses balanced panel data of 1,299 households in rural Kenya. The results reveal considerable regional welfare disparities and dynamics over time i…

Impact Social des Nouvelles Dispositions Fiscales de la loi de Finances Gestion 2017 au Togo / Social Impact of the New Tax Provisions of the 2017 Finance Management Law in Togo

In developing countries (DCs), the unequal distribution of income and the preponderance of the informal economy make it easier to generate tax revenue by taxing transactions in goods and services than by taxing income. In fact, taxation on goods and…

Mesure élargie de la Polarisation des Niveaux de vie au Sénégal / Broader Measures of the Polarization of Living Standards in Senegal

A polarized income distribution reveals homogeneous groups which present different levels of living standard. We measure polarization by grouping individuals according to the business sectors, gender, geographical region and ethnic identity. We also…

Integrated Results Based Management in Botswana: Institutions, Documentation and Progress to Date

"This paper analyses Botswana’s efforts at implementing the IRBM system. IRBM is a way of reforming public sectors through helping governments focus on proper, well-timed achievement of relevant goals and objectives. Such reform is carried out throu…

Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in South Africa

"This report is part of the global Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP), which aims to understand and demonstrate how countries can transition to a very low-carbon economy. The DDPP is a collaborative global initiative composed of leading re…

Ghana Still Has To Overcome Despite The Rise To Middle Income Status Several Challenges

"After rebasing in 2010, Ghana's per capita GDP rose to Middle-Income Country (MIC) level as defined by the World Bank. The per capita income measure is, however, seen to be too narrow as it does not even include key economic indicators let alone im…

Inequality in South Africa and Brazil : Can we trust the numbers?

"Much academic and policy-related research over the past decade has focused on one of two stylised facts: Brazilian inequality has decreased sharply over the last 10 years and South Africa’s level of inequality has remained stubbornly high. Brazil h…

Trends in Poverty and Inequality Since the Political Transition

"Using a constructed data series and another data series based on the All Media and Products surveys (AMPS), this paper explores trends in poverty and income distribution over the post-transition period. To steer clear of an unduly optimistic conc…

Estimating the Impact of Minimum Wages on Employment, Wages and Non-Wage Benefits: The Case of Agriculture in South Africa

"Assessments of the impact of minimum wages on labour market outcomes in Africa are relatively rare. In part this is because the data available do not permit adequate treatment of econometric issues that arise in such an assessment. This paper attem…

Household Incomes, Poverty and Inequality in a Multivariate Framework

"The existing work on household poverty and inequality in South Africa has shown that poverty and inequality differ markedly by race, location, education, gender of the head, household demographics and household labour market participation. However,…

Key Challenges for Ensuring Food Security in South Africa’s Inner Cities

"Urban influx due to large-scale rural-urban migration is a major global demographic trend. South Africa is experiencing such rapid urban influx as large volumes of people are migrating to cities, particularly inner city areas. The main drive for su…

Swaziland: The Last Gasps of an Absolute Monarch?

"In this contribution we analyse some of the causes and consequences of the pro-democracy protests that have taken place in Swaziland in March and April 2011. Two related complaints were raised, the fiscal irresponsibility of the government and the…

Causes of Health Inequalities in Uganda: Evidence from the Demographic and Health Surveys

"Despite sustained macroeconomic growth and impressive income poverty reduction in Uganda, the country’s total child nutrition status remains poor. More so, wide within country disparities in stunting and under weight rates exist across the country.…

Poverty and Inequality Dynamics in Uganda: Insights from the Uganda National Panel Surveys 2005/6 and 2009/10

"While Uganda has made significant efforts in reducing the proportion of individuals and households living below the absolute poverty line, nearly 10 percent of the households continue to live in persistent or chronic poverty with significant differ…

Pauvrete et Differenciation des Ménages Ruraux / Poverty and Differentiation of Rural Households

"To better understand the situation of rural households, hitherto insufficiently documented and the consequences of multiple changes in their agro-ecological and economic environment, the second phase of the RuralStruc program has conducted investig…

Resource Allocation Model for the Constituency Development Fund

"The research reported on in this paper has calculated a composite index of deprivation using 2010 Census data, drawing on the experience of similar initiatives in other countries and using internationally accepted statistical techniques. This index…

The Distribution of Household Income and the Middle Class in Zambia

"The middle class is increasingly becoming a topical issue in Zambia. However, the lack of a definitive measure of the middle class in the country makes it difficult to have targeted policies on this group of people, perceived worldwide to be the dr…

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