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Integrated Results Based Management in Botswana: Institutions, Documentation and Progress to Date

"This paper analyses Botswana’s efforts at implementing the IRBM system. IRBM is a way of reforming public sectors through helping governments focus on proper, well-timed achievement of relevant goals and objectives. Such reform is carried out throu…

Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in South Africa

"This report is part of the global Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP), which aims to understand and demonstrate how countries can transition to a very low-carbon economy. The DDPP is a collaborative global initiative composed of leading re…

Ghana Still Has To Overcome Despite The Rise To Middle Income Status Several Challenges

"After rebasing in 2010, Ghana's per capita GDP rose to Middle-Income Country (MIC) level as defined by the World Bank. The per capita income measure is, however, seen to be too narrow as it does not even include key economic indicators let alone im…

Poverty, Inequality and the Nature of Economic Growth in South Africa

"The first key purpose of this paper then is to extend the discussion and debate to the first decade of democracy by utilising and analysing the Income and Expenditure Survey (IES) of 2005. With the IES 2005 we are, for first time, able to provide a…

Monitoring the Performance of the South African Labour Market

"This factsheet has provided an overview of employment in the wholesale and retail trade industry. Despite being the industry with the most rapid rate of employment contraction between 2008Q1 and 2013Q1 with 331 000 jobs being shed, wholesale and re…

Implications of Access to Microcredit and Social Capital for Female Entrepreneurship in Cameroon

"This study investigates the effects of microcredit and social capital on female entrepreneurship in Cameroon. Specifically, we (a) construct a social capital indicator for Cameroon; (b) identify individual and community characteristics that affect …

Resource Allocation Model for the Constituency Development Fund

"The research reported on in this paper has calculated a composite index of deprivation using 2010 Census data, drawing on the experience of similar initiatives in other countries and using internationally accepted statistical techniques. This index…

The Distribution of Household Income and the Middle Class in Zambia

"The middle class is increasingly becoming a topical issue in Zambia. However, the lack of a definitive measure of the middle class in the country makes it difficult to have targeted policies on this group of people, perceived worldwide to be the dr…

Who are the Middle class in Zambia?

"The middle class is increasingly becoming a topical issue in Zambia. However, the lack of a definitive measure of the middle class in the country makes it difficult to have targeted policies towards this group of people, perceived worldwide to be t…

The (Missing) Link : Climate Change Mitigation and Poverty

"The purpose of this paper, that focuses on the gaps between poverty reduction and climate mitigation, is fourfold: The first task is to remind us why, even under conditions of extreme poverty, climate mitigation cannot be ignored or overlooked. Se…

Uganda's Progress Towards Poverty Reduction during the last Decade 2002/3-2012/13 : Is the Gap Between Leading and Lagging Areas Widening or Narrowing?

"The paper has demonstrated that Uganda has continued to register significant reduction in poverty based on the data drawn from repeated cross-sectional household surveys, but at slower rates of reduction with significant regional disparities. The …

Botswana Social Protection Assessment

"The purpose of this assessment is to inform Botswana’s future social protection and labor strategy and policies and help to achieve the goals of Vision 2016. The assessment concentrates on social assistance programs as major reforms are already tak…

Switching costs, Relationship Banking & MSMEs Formal Bank Credit in Zambia

"We find that MSMEs choice of the main-bank does not persist signaling the absence of switching costs and the vague role of relationship banking. Moreover, switching a main-bank has no effect on lending interest rates. Our results imply that MSMEs a…

Does Zambia need to change the way it allocates the CDF?

"This is based on a ZIPAR Research Paper “Resource Allocation Model for the Constituency Development Fund.” As the Ministry of Finance commences the preparation of the 2015 National budget, it is worth asking how the government allocates spending a…

Anthology of Peace and Security Studies Volume 4

"The first paper in this anthology is “The practice on inter-ethnic conflict transformation in Ethiopia: The case of Amhara-Afar conflict in Kewot and Semurobi- GelaAloworeda”. The paper focuses on the Amhara-Afar conflict in Kewot and Semurobi-gela…

Estimating Household Income to Monitor and Evaluate Public Investment Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Monitoring rural household income is important for governments, donors, nongovernmental organizations, researchers, and others involved with development strategies, because increasing rural household income is a primary objective for achieving man…

The state of rural poverty, income distribution and rural development in SSA

"In the first section of this paper a detailed rural profile of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is derived on the basis of a new and highly disaggregated data set based on a large number of recent country household surveys. The profile that results from t…

Adjustment, Income Distribution and Poverty in Africa: A Research Guide

"This paper has three objectives: to provide a brief guide to the methodological pitfalls in the way of country-specific research into the distributional effects of economy-wide adjustment packages, which is undertaken in Section 2 of the paper; to …

Demography, Growth, Income Distribution and Poverty: A Survey of Interrelationships

"In this paper we reviewed the evidence on the interrelationship between demography, growth, income distribution and poverty. We suggested that at the macro level such interrelationships could be explored in the context of the standard money metri…

Fiscal and Monetary Burden of Tanzania's Corporate Bodies: The Case of Public Enterprises

"The main objective of this study is to analyse and make some initial attempts in assessing the magnitude of the burden. To achieve this, it became necessary to collect data of macro-nature at various focal points, namely Ministry of Finance, Tanzan…

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