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Integrated Results Based Management in Botswana: Institutions, Documentation and Progress to Date

"This paper analyses Botswana’s efforts at implementing the IRBM system. IRBM is a way of reforming public sectors through helping governments focus on proper, well-timed achievement of relevant goals and objectives. Such reform is carried out throu…

Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in South Africa

"This report is part of the global Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP), which aims to understand and demonstrate how countries can transition to a very low-carbon economy. The DDPP is a collaborative global initiative composed of leading re…

Ghana Still Has To Overcome Despite The Rise To Middle Income Status Several Challenges

"After rebasing in 2010, Ghana's per capita GDP rose to Middle-Income Country (MIC) level as defined by the World Bank. The per capita income measure is, however, seen to be too narrow as it does not even include key economic indicators let alone im…

Inequality in South Africa and Brazil : Can we trust the numbers?

"Much academic and policy-related research over the past decade has focused on one of two stylised facts: Brazilian inequality has decreased sharply over the last 10 years and South Africa’s level of inequality has remained stubbornly high. Brazil h…

Trends in Poverty and Inequality Since the Political Transition

"Using a constructed data series and another data series based on the All Media and Products surveys (AMPS), this paper explores trends in poverty and income distribution over the post-transition period. To steer clear of an unduly optimistic conc…

Estimating the Impact of Minimum Wages on Employment, Wages and Non-Wage Benefits: The Case of Agriculture in South Africa

"Assessments of the impact of minimum wages on labour market outcomes in Africa are relatively rare. In part this is because the data available do not permit adequate treatment of econometric issues that arise in such an assessment. This paper attem…

Household Incomes, Poverty and Inequality in a Multivariate Framework

"The existing work on household poverty and inequality in South Africa has shown that poverty and inequality differ markedly by race, location, education, gender of the head, household demographics and household labour market participation. However,…

Key Challenges for Ensuring Food Security in South Africa’s Inner Cities

"Urban influx due to large-scale rural-urban migration is a major global demographic trend. South Africa is experiencing such rapid urban influx as large volumes of people are migrating to cities, particularly inner city areas. The main drive for su…

Swaziland: The Last Gasps of an Absolute Monarch?

"In this contribution we analyse some of the causes and consequences of the pro-democracy protests that have taken place in Swaziland in March and April 2011. Two related complaints were raised, the fiscal irresponsibility of the government and the…

Causes of Health Inequalities in Uganda: Evidence from the Demographic and Health Surveys

"Despite sustained macroeconomic growth and impressive income poverty reduction in Uganda, the country’s total child nutrition status remains poor. More so, wide within country disparities in stunting and under weight rates exist across the country.…

Poverty and Inequality Dynamics in Uganda: Insights from the Uganda National Panel Surveys 2005/6 and 2009/10

"While Uganda has made significant efforts in reducing the proportion of individuals and households living below the absolute poverty line, nearly 10 percent of the households continue to live in persistent or chronic poverty with significant differ…

Pauvrete et Differenciation des Ménages Ruraux / Poverty and Differentiation of Rural Households

"To better understand the situation of rural households, hitherto insufficiently documented and the consequences of multiple changes in their agro-ecological and economic environment, the second phase of the RuralStruc program has conducted investig…

Poverty and Inequality: Facts, trends and Hard Choices

"The discussion was marked by the tension between the need to focus on inequality per se as opposed to focusing on mass poverty and unemployment as the best way of improving the quality of people’s lives. Some participants argued that addressing So…

Social Safety Nets in Botswana Administration, Targetting and Sustainability

"In this publication, we make a comprehensive review of SSNs in Botswana to examine a number of issues relating to delivery, administration and effectiveness of the existing SSNs. Chapter 1 provides a detailed outline of the methodology.Chapter 2 pr…

Food Demand Elasticities in Ethiopia: Estimates Using Household Income Consumption Expenditure (HICE) Survey Data

"How households adjust their consumption in response to changes in prices and income is crucial determinant of the effects of various shocks to market prices and commodity supplies. These adjustments in demand are particularly significant in Ethiopi…

Estimating Household Income to Monitor and Evaluate Public Investment Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Monitoring rural household income is important for governments, donors, nongovernmental organizations, researchers, and others involved with development strategies, because increasing rural household income is a primary objective for achieving man…

The state of rural poverty, income distribution and rural development in SSA

"In the first section of this paper a detailed rural profile of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is derived on the basis of a new and highly disaggregated data set based on a large number of recent country household surveys. The profile that results from t…

Adjustment, Income Distribution and Poverty in Africa: A Research Guide

"This paper has three objectives: to provide a brief guide to the methodological pitfalls in the way of country-specific research into the distributional effects of economy-wide adjustment packages, which is undertaken in Section 2 of the paper; to …

Demography, Growth, Income Distribution and Poverty: A Survey of Interrelationships

"In this paper we reviewed the evidence on the interrelationship between demography, growth, income distribution and poverty. We suggested that at the macro level such interrelationships could be explored in the context of the standard money metri…

Fiscal and Monetary Burden of Tanzania's Corporate Bodies: The Case of Public Enterprises

"The main objective of this study is to analyse and make some initial attempts in assessing the magnitude of the burden. To achieve this, it became necessary to collect data of macro-nature at various focal points, namely Ministry of Finance, Tanzan…

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