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Inequality in South Africa and Brazil : Can we trust the numbers?

"Much academic and policy-related research over the past decade has focused on one of two stylised facts: Brazilian inequality has decreased sharply over the last 10 years and South Africa’s level of inequality has remained stubbornly high. Brazil...

Trends in Poverty and Inequality Since the Political Transition

"Using a constructed data series and another data series based on the All Media and Products surveys (AMPS), this paper explores trends in poverty and income distribution over the post-transition period. To steer clear of an unduly optimistic co...

Estimating the Impact of Minimum Wages on Employment, Wages and Non-Wage Benefits: The Case of Agriculture in South Africa

"Assessments of the impact of minimum wages on labour market outcomes in Africa are relatively rare. In part this is because the data available do not permit adequate treatment of econometric issues that arise in such an assessment. This paper att...

Household Incomes, Poverty and Inequality in a Multivariate Framework

"The existing work on household poverty and inequality in South Africa has shown that poverty and inequality differ markedly by race, location, education, gender of the head, household demographics and household labour market participation. Howeve...

Key Challenges for Ensuring Food Security in South Africa’s Inner Cities

"Urban influx due to large-scale rural-urban migration is a major global demographic trend. South Africa is experiencing such rapid urban influx as large volumes of people are migrating to cities, particularly inner city areas. The main drive for ...

Swaziland: The Last Gasps of an Absolute Monarch?

"In this contribution we analyse some of the causes and consequences of the pro-democracy protests that have taken place in Swaziland in March and April 2011. Two related complaints were raised, the fiscal irresponsibility of the government and t...

Causes of Health Inequalities in Uganda: Evidence from the Demographic and Health Surveys

"Despite sustained macroeconomic growth and impressive income poverty reduction in Uganda, the country’s total child nutrition status remains poor. More so, wide within country disparities in stunting and under weight rates exist across the countr...

Poverty and Inequality Dynamics in Uganda: Insights from the Uganda National Panel Surveys 2005/6 and 2009/10

"While Uganda has made significant efforts in reducing the proportion of individuals and households living below the absolute poverty line, nearly 10 percent of the households continue to live in persistent or chronic poverty with significant diff...

Pauvrete et Differenciation des Ménages Ruraux / Poverty and Differentiation of Rural Households

"To better understand the situation of rural households, hitherto insufficiently documented and the consequences of multiple changes in their agro-ecological and economic environment, the second phase of the RuralStruc program has conducted invest...

Estimating Household Income to Monitor and Evaluate Public Investment Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Monitoring rural household income is important for governments, donors, nongovernmental organizations, researchers, and others involved with development strategies, because increasing rural household income is a primary objective for achieving m...

The state of rural poverty, income distribution and rural development in SSA

"In the first section of this paper a detailed rural profile of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is derived on the basis of a new and highly disaggregated data set based on a large number of recent country household surveys. The profile that results from...

Adjustment, Income Distribution and Poverty in Africa: A Research Guide

"This paper has three objectives: to provide a brief guide to the methodological pitfalls in the way of country-specific research into the distributional effects of economy-wide adjustment packages, which is undertaken in Section 2 of the paper; t...

Demography, Growth, Income Distribution and Poverty: A Survey of Interrelationships

"In this paper we reviewed the evidence on the interrelationship between demography, growth, income distribution and poverty. We suggested that at the macro level such interrelationships could be explored in the context of the standard money met...

Fiscal and Monetary Burden of Tanzania's Corporate Bodies: The Case of Public Enterprises

"The main objective of this study is to analyse and make some initial attempts in assessing the magnitude of the burden. To achieve this, it became necessary to collect data of macro-nature at various focal points, namely Ministry of Finance, Tanz...

Fiscal Incidence in Africa: Microeconomic Evidence

"In this paper, the authors examines the extent to which different kinds of taxes and expenditures succeed in transferring resources to the poor in Africa. In examining the welfare impact of fiscal policy, the study is limited to a more easily me...

Global Economic Slowdown and the African Continent : Rethinking Export Led Growth

"The deterioration in economic performance has opened the export-led growth model to challenge suggesting that there is a need for a rethink and the need for a shift on the new development policy agenda that focuses on domestic demand-led growth. ...

Impact of Global Economic Crisis on African Countries: Policy Responses and Options

"African countries have not been isolated from the impact of the downturn in global growth. Some of the questions addressed in this paper are: What are the major channels through which the global financial and economic crisis could spread to Afric...

Labour Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa to be included in Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

"In this survey the operation of both formal and informal labour markets in Africa are analyzed, as well as their impact on employment, wages, poverty and income distribution. Links will be established between the labour markets, the pattern of em...

Is Poverty a Binding Constraint on Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa?

"Is poverty a binding constraint on economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa? The purpose of this paper is to look at the other direction of the nexus: the links from poverty to growth. The central argument is that the most promising directions for c...

Macroeconomic Approaches to Identifying the Effects of Health on Output, Growth and Poverty

"The research project as a whole is focused on causal relationships running from health to productivity and poverty reduction with the aim of informing health policy. This framework paper deals with research possibilities in the field of macroecon...

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