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Key Challenges for Ensuring Food Security in South Africa’s Inner Cities

"Urban influx due to large-scale rural-urban migration is a major global demographic trend. South Africa is experiencing such rapid urban influx as large volumes of people are migrating to cities, particularly inner city areas. The main drive for ...

Swaziland: The Last Gasps of an Absolute Monarch?

"In this contribution we analyse some of the causes and consequences of the pro-democracy protests that have taken place in Swaziland in March and April 2011. Two related complaints were raised, the fiscal irresponsibility of the government and t...

Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in South Africa

"This report is part of the global Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP), which aims to understand and demonstrate how countries can transition to a very low-carbon economy. The DDPP is a collaborative global initiative composed of leading ...

Integrated Results Based Management in Botswana: Institutions, Documentation and Progress to Date

"This paper analyses Botswana’s efforts at implementing the IRBM system. IRBM is a way of reforming public sectors through helping governments focus on proper, well-timed achievement of relevant goals and objectives. Such reform is carried out thr...

Macroeconomic Policy Formation in Senegal: Challenges in Formation and Coordination

Twenty years after the independence of 1960 – this period is characterized by a significant centralization in the management of the economy and the use of planning. However the effectiveness of the government’s policies had been questioned when t...

Impact Social des Nouvelles Dispositions Fiscales de la loi de Finances Gestion 2017 au Togo / Social Impact of the New Tax Provisions of the 2017 Finance Management Law in Togo

In developing countries (DCs), the unequal distribution of income and the preponderance of the informal economy make it easier to generate tax revenue by taxing transactions in goods and services than by taxing income. In fact, taxation on goods a...

Household's Incomes and Poverty Dynamics in Rural Kenya: A Panel Data Analysis

This study attempts to analyse rural households’ income and poverty incidence over time. The analysis uses balanced panel data of 1,299 households in rural Kenya. The results reveal considerable regional welfare disparities and dynamics over time...

La Stratégie de Croissance Accélérée du Sénégal est-elle pro-Pauvre? / Is Senegal's Accelerated Growth Strategy Pro-Poor?

The main purpose of the Senegalese accelerated growth strategy (AGS) is to boost economic growth so as to make poor people share its benefits. In any given economy, there is a relationship between growth, poverty reduction and income distribution....

Analyse de la Polarisation des Revenus au Sénégal et au Burkina Faso / Analysis of income polarization in Senegal and Burkina Faso

A distribution of incomes is polarized when it presents homogeneous groups with different living standards. Using a method developed by Duclos, Esteban and Ray, firstly the evolution of the polarization of income was measured in Senegal and Burkin...

Poverty and Inequality: Facts, trends and Hard Choices

"The discussion was marked by the tension between the need to focus on inequality per se as opposed to focusing on mass poverty and unemployment as the best way of improving the quality of people’s lives. Some participants argued that addressing ...

Food Demand Elasticities in Ethiopia: Estimates Using Household Income Consumption Expenditure (HICE) Survey Data

"How households adjust their consumption in response to changes in prices and income is crucial determinant of the effects of various shocks to market prices and commodity supplies. These adjustments in demand are particularly significant in Ethio...

Social Safety Nets in Botswana Administration, Targetting and Sustainability

"In this publication, we make a comprehensive review of SSNs in Botswana to examine a number of issues relating to delivery, administration and effectiveness of the existing SSNs. Chapter 1 provides a detailed outline of the methodology.Chapter 2 ...

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

This paper, while broadly located within reforming the labour market policy debate, is specifically focused on one aspect of the labour regulatory regime, namely the dispute resolution system. Hence, we attempt to understand the efficiency and eff...

Analysing Wage Formation in the South African Labour Market: The Role of Bargaining Councils

The role of bargaining councils, the central pillar of collective bargaining in South Africa, in the formation of wages is important in the context of high unemployment rates in South Africa. In this study we find that while institutionalised coll...

An Analysis of Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration Awards

This paper reports on research that involved the analysis of 873 Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) arbitration awards sampled from unfair dismissal and unfair labour practice cases for the years 2003 to 2005. The sample ...

Population Dynamics: a Survey of Key Demographic Concepts

"Demography is the discipline whose primary concern is measuring the size and composition of populations, and the changes in size and composition of populations over time. It is sometimes used to encompass, in addition, the causes and consequences...

The Role of Government and Public Policy in Poverty Alleviation in Sub-Saharan Africa

"This paper reviews recent literature on poverty alleviation in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), focusing on the role of government and public policy. It is prepared as part of the AERC research programme on Poverty, Income Distribution and Labour Market...

A Revised Poverty Datum Line for Botswana Revised Poverty Datum Line Estimates for Botswana, for the Analysis of Househol Income and Expenditure Data for 1993/94 and 1985/86

"This paper is part of a larger study of poverty alleviation in Botswana, undertaken by BIDPA for the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning. The paper presents revised estimates of the Poverty Datum Line (PDL) for Botswana, needed to analys...

Trends in Poverty and Inequality Since the Political Transition

"Using a constructed data series and another data series based on the All Media and Products surveys (AMPS), this paper explores trends in poverty and income distribution over the post-transition period. To steer clear of an unduly optimistic co...

Inequality in South Africa and Brazil : Can we trust the numbers?

"Much academic and policy-related research over the past decade has focused on one of two stylised facts: Brazilian inequality has decreased sharply over the last 10 years and South Africa’s level of inequality has remained stubbornly high. Brazil...

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