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Poverty and Inequality: Facts, trends and Hard Choices

"The discussion was marked by the tension between the need to focus on inequality per se as opposed to focusing on mass poverty and unemployment as the best way of improving the quality of people’s lives. Some participants argued that addressing ...

Social Safety Nets in Botswana Administration, Targetting and Sustainability

"In this publication, we make a comprehensive review of SSNs in Botswana to examine a number of issues relating to delivery, administration and effectiveness of the existing SSNs. Chapter 1 provides a detailed outline of the methodology.Chapter 2 ...

Food Demand Elasticities in Ethiopia: Estimates Using Household Income Consumption Expenditure (HICE) Survey Data

"How households adjust their consumption in response to changes in prices and income is crucial determinant of the effects of various shocks to market prices and commodity supplies. These adjustments in demand are particularly significant in Ethio...

Understanding the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Dispute Resolution System in South Africa: An Analysis of CCMA Data

This paper, while broadly located within reforming the labour market policy debate, is specifically focused on one aspect of the labour regulatory regime, namely the dispute resolution system. Hence, we attempt to understand the efficiency and eff...

Analysing Wage Formation in the South African Labour Market: The Role of Bargaining Councils

The role of bargaining councils, the central pillar of collective bargaining in South Africa, in the formation of wages is important in the context of high unemployment rates in South Africa. In this study we find that while institutionalised coll...

An Analysis of Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration Awards

This paper reports on research that involved the analysis of 873 Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) arbitration awards sampled from unfair dismissal and unfair labour practice cases for the years 2003 to 2005. The sample ...

Poverty, Inequality and the Nature of Economic Growth in South Africa

"The first key purpose of this paper then is to extend the discussion and debate to the first decade of democracy by utilising and analysing the Income and Expenditure Survey (IES) of 2005. With the IES 2005 we are, for first time, able to provide...

Monitoring the Performance of the South African Labour Market

"This factsheet has provided an overview of employment in the wholesale and retail trade industry. Despite being the industry with the most rapid rate of employment contraction between 2008Q1 and 2013Q1 with 331 000 jobs being shed, wholesale and ...

Implications of Access to Microcredit and Social Capital for Female Entrepreneurship in Cameroon

"This study investigates the effects of microcredit and social capital on female entrepreneurship in Cameroon. Specifically, we (a) construct a social capital indicator for Cameroon; (b) identify individual and community characteristics that affec...

Resource Allocation Model for the Constituency Development Fund

"The research reported on in this paper has calculated a composite index of deprivation using 2010 Census data, drawing on the experience of similar initiatives in other countries and using internationally accepted statistical techniques. This ind...

The Distribution of Household Income and the Middle Class in Zambia

"The middle class is increasingly becoming a topical issue in Zambia. However, the lack of a definitive measure of the middle class in the country makes it difficult to have targeted policies on this group of people, perceived worldwide to be the ...

Who are the Middle class in Zambia?

"The middle class is increasingly becoming a topical issue in Zambia. However, the lack of a definitive measure of the middle class in the country makes it difficult to have targeted policies towards this group of people, perceived worldwide to be...

The (Missing) Link : Climate Change Mitigation and Poverty

"The purpose of this paper, that focuses on the gaps between poverty reduction and climate mitigation, is fourfold: The first task is to remind us why, even under conditions of extreme poverty, climate mitigation cannot be ignored or overlooked. ...

Uganda's Progress Towards Poverty Reduction during the last Decade 2002/3-2012/13 : Is the Gap Between Leading and Lagging Areas Widening or Narrowing?

"The paper has demonstrated that Uganda has continued to register significant reduction in poverty based on the data drawn from repeated cross-sectional household surveys, but at slower rates of reduction with significant regional disparities. Th...

Botswana Social Protection Assessment

"The purpose of this assessment is to inform Botswana’s future social protection and labor strategy and policies and help to achieve the goals of Vision 2016. The assessment concentrates on social assistance programs as major reforms are already t...

Switching costs, Relationship Banking & MSMEs Formal Bank Credit in Zambia

"We find that MSMEs choice of the main-bank does not persist signaling the absence of switching costs and the vague role of relationship banking. Moreover, switching a main-bank has no effect on lending interest rates. Our results imply that MSMEs...

Does Zambia need to change the way it allocates the CDF?

"This is based on a ZIPAR Research Paper “Resource Allocation Model for the Constituency Development Fund.” As the Ministry of Finance commences the preparation of the 2015 National budget, it is worth asking how the government allocates spending...

Anthology of Peace and Security Studies Volume 4

"The first paper in this anthology is “The practice on inter-ethnic conflict transformation in Ethiopia: The case of Amhara-Afar conflict in Kewot and Semurobi- GelaAloworeda”. The paper focuses on the Amhara-Afar conflict in Kewot and Semurobi-ge...

Integrated Results Based Management in Botswana: Institutions, Documentation and Progress to Date

"This paper analyses Botswana’s efforts at implementing the IRBM system. IRBM is a way of reforming public sectors through helping governments focus on proper, well-timed achievement of relevant goals and objectives. Such reform is carried out thr...

Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in South Africa

"This report is part of the global Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP), which aims to understand and demonstrate how countries can transition to a very low-carbon economy. The DDPP is a collaborative global initiative composed of leading ...

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