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Africa's Seven-Nation War

What seems to be turning into a continental war first broke out on the territory of the Democratic Republic of Congo on 2 August 1998. So far, it has involved a dozen African countries, either directly as combatants in the fighting, or indirectly ...

Darfur Deadline: A New International Action Plan

The international response to the crisis in the western Sudanese region of Darfur remains limp and inadequate, its achievements so far desperately slight. The UN Security Council must, by its review deadline of 30 August 2004, endorse a new intern...

Sudan: Now or Never in Darfur

A month after the international community solemnly marked the tenth anniversary of the Rwandan genocide in April 2004 with promises of "never again", it faces a man-made humanitarian catastrophe in western Sudan (Darfur) that can easily become nea...

Congo Crisis: Military Intervention in Ituri

The district of Ituri, in Oriental Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo, has been the theatre of spiralling violence bordering on genocide that urgently needs to be stopped. A French-led Interim Emergency Multinational Force (IEMF) is bein...

Somalia - the dark side of humanity

This brief report describes the conflict in Somalia, which originates in the fact that General Mohammed Farah Aidid do not recognise Ali Mahdi as the interim president, leading to armed conflict. During the Cold War, the US and the USSR viewed Som...

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2014

In ‘Modern United Nations Peacekeeping: Towards a Holistic Approach to Addressing Conflict’ peacekeeping is part of the holistic approach to addressing conflict, along with conflict prevention, peacemaking, peace enforcement and peacebuilding. Thi...

Reclaiming Protection of Civilians under International Humanitarian Law: Reflections from the Oslo Global Conference

"Over the past sixty years, international humanitarian law (IHL) has established a comprehensive legal framework for the protection of civilians (PoC) in armed conflicts. There is broad consensus that these guidelines afford non-combatants signifi...

Engaging Higher Academic Institutions in African Peace and Security Affairs: What Can We Learn from African Vice-Chancellors’ Debate in 2015?

"Africa has several security challenges. Among others, the main ones are related to management of diversity, illegal migration, human trafficking, and illicit financial flow. These security problems have not only contributed to civil wars and huma...

Why Nigeria Should Consider Adopting the Montreux Document Relating to Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs)

"There is an appetite for the services of private military and security companies (PMSCs) in Nigeria, despite its far-reaching legal and political implications. Since Nigeria returned to multi-party democracy in 1999, more of these PMSCs have been...

Assessing Turkey’s Role in Somalia

"Somalis of all walks of life refer to Turkey’s arrival as a miracle and Godsend. But that honeymoon is ending. The famine’s back has been broken and Al-Shabaab has been pushed out of the capital – although it is still a serious threat. Now comes ...

The Responsibility to Protect - From Evasive to Reluctant Action ? The Role of Global Middle Powers

"In this document it was argued that R2P is becoming increasingly central to the way in which the international community thinks about and responds to the problem of genocide and mass atrocities. The short history of R2P shows this progress only t...

The Khartoum Process A Sustainable Response to Human Smuggling and Trafficking?

With the "migration crisis", in 2012 - 2015, citizens from the Horn of Africa have been arriving irregularly in Europe in unprecedented numbers, whilst featuring disproportionately amongst the fatalities. This has prompted the launch of the Kharto...

Instruments of Pain (IV): The Food Crisis in North East Nigeria

Approximately five million people in the region of east Nigeria (8.5 million across the wider Lake Chad basin) are facing severe food insecurity. This humanitarian crisis in north east Nigeria runs the risk of growing worse. This primarily is a re...

Cameroon’s Forceful Repatriation of Nigerian Refugees

Since Boko Haram launched its violent campaign in 2009, its reign of terror has spread well beyond Nigeria. It has asserted itself as a regional threat through a growing number of attacks and displaced people throughout the Lake Chad Basin (which ...

Africa's Responsibility to Protect

This meeting was the fifth in a series of seminars organised to focus on aspects of the United Nations’ (UN) role in Africa and the recent UN reform process. The aim of the policy seminar was to interrogate issues around humanitarian intervention ...

The United Nations and Africa: Peace, Development and Human Security

When the UN was created in 1945, its aim was “to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war”. As a result, its structures were primarily devoted to preventing conflict between states at a time when most of the world’s nations were still u...

Multidimensional Impact Evaluation: A Randomized Control Trial on Conflict-affected Women in Northern Uganda

This paper applies the Alkire-Foster measurement approach to evaluate a randomized control trial that aimed to empower ultra-poor and conflict-affected women in two of the most war-affected districts in Northern Uganda through the Women‘s Income ...

A More Secure Continent: African Perspectives on the High Level Panel Report, a More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR) in Cape Town, South Africa, and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) cohosted a policy advisory group meeting of about 40 policymakers, academics and civil society activists at the Lord Charles Hotel in Somer...

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