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Conflict Trends Issue 2 2014

In ‘Modern United Nations Peacekeeping: Towards a Holistic Approach to Addressing Conflict’ peacekeeping is part of the holistic approach to addressing conflict, along with conflict prevention, peacemaking, peace enforcement and peacebuilding. This …

Reclaiming Protection of Civilians under International Humanitarian Law: Reflections from the Oslo Global Conference

"Over the past sixty years, international humanitarian law (IHL) has established a comprehensive legal framework for the protection of civilians (PoC) in armed conflicts. There is broad consensus that these guidelines afford non-combatants significa…

Engaging Higher Academic Institutions in African Peace and Security Affairs: What Can We Learn from African Vice-Chancellors’ Debate in 2015?

"Africa has several security challenges. Among others, the main ones are related to management of diversity, illegal migration, human trafficking, and illicit financial flow. These security problems have not only contributed to civil wars and humani…

Why Nigeria Should Consider Adopting the Montreux Document Relating to Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs)

"There is an appetite for the services of private military and security companies (PMSCs) in Nigeria, despite its far-reaching legal and political implications. Since Nigeria returned to multi-party democracy in 1999, more of these PMSCs have been e…

Somalia Dilemmas Changing Security Dynamics, but limited policy choices

"The main theme of this paper centres on the paradoxical state of affairs in which on the one hand the nature and dynamics of the conflict continue to change and the insecurity deepens and on the other hand the policy options remain limited. Whereas…

Confronting Complex Emergencies in Africa Imperatives of a Search for a New Doctrine of Humanitarian ‘Security’ interventions

"The paper starts with an examination of the nature, focus and scope of humanitarian intervention approaches. It highlights the mismatch between salient features of violent armed conflict and the humanitarian military intervention approach. The dic…

The Somalia Conflict Implications for peacemaking and peacekeeping efforts

"The conflict in Sudan is not a sudden and inexplicable eruption, but rather a result of the interplay of a multiple of historical, social and political processes that has shaped the political and socio-economic structure of Somalia. To adequately u…

Mediation efforts in Somalia

"This paper reviews and assesses the past eighteen years of external mediation efforts aimed at ending Somalia’s protracted civil war and reviving a central government. It identifies lessons learned, summarizes ongoing debates about the most approp…

Internal Displacement and the Threats to Human Security Workshop: Consultative conference proceedings report

"The workshop posed a number of questions that need to be answered about the management of IDPs: Who qualifies to be an IDP, and what are the triggers of internal displacement in the region? What is the state of research on human security and inter…

Building States While Fighting Terror: Contradictions in US Strategy in Somalia from 2001 to 2007

"This report suggests that US policy in Somalia since 2001 represents many strong trends in US security thinking.For instance, there has been a revived emphasis on state stability and, conversely,a problematisation of state weakness as a threat. US …

Resolving the Chadian Political Epilepsy: An Assessment of Intervention Efforts

"This situation report analyses and presents an update on the domestic and international responses to the Chadian crisis. It concludes that though the current policy approach is certainly not a panacea to the Chadian crisis, it is a good starting po…

Intervention to Protect Civilians in Darfur Legal Dilemmas and Policy Imperatives

"This study is divided into five parts. The introductory part gives a background of the Darfur crisis by examining the origins and nature of human rights violations taking place in that part of the Sudan. It also reviews initial responses to the atr…

Monitoring Fragile Ceasefires The Challenges and Dilemmas of the role of AMIS

"This paper focuses on the operational level, and seeks to examine the efforts of AMIS to stabilise the security situation in Darfur in order to improve the humanitarian conditions on the ground. It also looks at the non-commitment of the parties …

The Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict: Humanitarian Challenges in West Africa

"The workshop provided a forum where existing initiatives, domestic, national and regional, were examined and considered with the aim of improving civilian protection in the region. In order to achieve this, participants were tasked with analyzing…

A Generation at Risk? HIV/AIDS, Vulnerable Children and Security in Southern Africa

"The aim of this monograph is to examine such assumptions by exploring both the context in which HIV/AIDS orphaning is occurring and the likely developmental implications of both HIV/AIDS and AIDS-related orphanhood. In so doing it seeks to better u…

Supporting Sustainable Livelihoods. A critical review of assistance in Post-Conflict situations

"Towards the end of 2003 the African Security Analysis Programme (ASAP) of the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) hosted an expert workshop in Pretoria on Supporting sustainable livelihoods: A critical review of assistance in post-conflict situati…

Burundi and the Future of Humanitarian Intervention

"This paper is an attempt to establish a legal basis within the framework of international law for humanitarian intervention in a world of nominally sovereign states. It will be argued that a norm of justified intervention can be found in the UN Ch…

The Darfur Crisis : A Test Case for Humanitarian Intervention

"The deadline for Sudanese government compliance with the UN resolution calling on it to disarm the Janjawiid expired at the end of August, with no sign of the violence abating.A more effective approach surely would have been to bring the rebel …

Towards Attaining Peace in Darfur: Challenges to a Successful AU/UN Hybrid Mission in Darfur

"The paper begins with a discussion of the specific peculiarities of the conflicts in Sudan (North- South conflict and the Darfur conflict) which will enable us to understand the type of intervention chosen by both the AU and the UN and its appropri…

Assessing Turkey’s Role in Somalia

"Somalis of all walks of life refer to Turkey’s arrival as a miracle and Godsend. But that honeymoon is ending. The famine’s back has been broken and Al-Shabaab has been pushed out of the capital – although it is still a serious threat. Now comes th…

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