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Conflict Trends Issue 4 2007

"...this issue of Conflict Trends highlights the impact and consequences of civilian protection, post-conflict reintegration, elections and peacebuilding coordination as a snapshot of Africa’s multifaceted needs. In order to move forward in these an…

Expanding the Social Security Net in South Africa: Opportunities Challenges and Constraints

"For a large proportion of the South African population social welfare grants are an important source of income. Rapid increases in government expenditure on social security between 2000 and 2006 has further increased poor households’ reliance on we…

Heading North: The Zimbabwean Diaspora in Canada

"Studies of the Zimbabwean diaspora tend to focus on migrants in South Africa and the United Kingdom. This is the first major study of Zimbabwean migration to Canada. The report presents and discusses the findings of a SAMP survey conducted across …

Other Facets no 36

‘The Case for KP Reform: If Not Now, When?’ looks at how lost and directionless for many years, the KP (Kimberley Process) has rightly been criticized of late for coasting on autopilot and deferring any hard action on problems that come its way. ‘Ci…

Enhancing Security and Justice in Liberia: The Regional Hub Model

“Justice and security are core components of healthy and functional societies. The security sector comprises government structures with authority to execute force, detain and arrest to protect the state, its citizens and those civil bodies responsib…

Civilian Capacities in the Aftermath of Conflict: Towards Strengthened Partnerships with African Member States

"Countries emerging from conflict are typically confronted with a wide range of urgent demands to build and sustain peace. They need institutions that are sustainable, as well as responsive and accountable to their citizens. Yet, these countries are…

The Chinese Stance on the Darfur Conflict

China’s role in Sudan is one of the most closely watched and, in many circles, controversial relationships on the continent. This paper provides a Sudanese perspective and argues that, far from profiting from its close ties with Khartoum, the Chines…

The security situation in Southern Africa

The confrontation between the “White-South” of Africa and the various guerilla forces lined up against it began thirteen years ago in the north of Angola, and this is no longer a remote affair. The problem of race and colour is not unique to South A…

South Africa - Defence transformation and new security progress and prospects

South Africa's Defence White paper broadly outlined the country's response to the new security environment and identified long-term goals for transformation of the SANDF. The transformation aims included modern, effective, affordable and accountable…

Defending the state or protecting the people? SADC security integration at a crossroads

"The Treaty and protocols that constitute the basic policy guidelines of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) paint a picture of a deep and comprehensive project of regional integration between the organisation's 14 (soon to be 13) mem…

Human Security in India: A mixed bag

"India is racing against time. The Millennium Development Goals are still far away. But the government has taken a series of policy measures which, if pursued meticulously, could take it nearer the goals. In order to bridge the urban-rural divide, t…

Winners and Losers: Thoughts on South Africa's 4th Democratic Elections and future prospects

"A question to ask is: what mistakes can the ANC make that might earn the ire of voters? The unseemly infighting and factions, which were obvious before the elections, would have driven many voters to vote elsewhere. These and further key issues are…

Internal Displacement and the Threats to Human Security Workshop: Consultative conference proceedings report

"The workshop posed a number of questions that need to be answered about the management of IDPs: Who qualifies to be an IDP, and what are the triggers of internal displacement in the region? What is the state of research on human security and inter…

Egypt: The Political Process Between ‘Opening Up’ and ‘Control’

"This Situation Report looked at the political situation in Egypt over the last few years with the 8 April 2008 municipal and local council elections as the entry point. The report reveals that while there have been some positive developments and t…

Research on Small Arms in Central Africa

"By the end of the seminar a number of things had become apparent. Most research in Central Africa has been conducted by foreign researchers, with very limited direct participation by locals. One consequence of this is that local people, including t…

Quality Services Guaranteed? A Review of Victim Policy in South Africa

"This monograph has identified clear issues regarding the substance of policy that require attention. These relate to the need for the rationalisation of the various policy frameworks into an integrated strategy that articulates (i) rights, (ii) se…

Report from a High-Level Symposium on Enhancing Capacities to Protect Civilians and Build Sustainable Peace in Africa

"The report proposed a reconceptualisation of sovereignty – as a responsibility rather than only a right. It asserted that “sovereign states" have the primary responsibility for the protection of their people from avoidable catastrophe – from mass m…

Report on IGAD Conference on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism UN Conference Centre, Addis Ababa 24 - 27 June 2003

"The speaker noted that Ethiopia was at the forefront of supporting the signing and implementation of various conventions to combat and prevent acts of terrorism. The Minister further stated that it was imperative for member states to work together …

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2008

This issue features several articles under the following headings: The State, Ethnicity and Human Rights in Africa. A Gender Analysis of the Kenyan Crisis. Strategic Communication: The Heart of Post-Conflict Processes. Transnational Ethnic Groups an…

The Sixth Franco-African Conference of Heads of State and the 16th Summit of the Organization of African Unity

The brief report summarizes events that took place at the conference. From the considerations of security, the summit addressed Euro-African relations, and requested France to convey the concern of French speaking Africa and its bearing on African d…

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