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Expanding the Social Security Net in South Africa: Opportunities Challenges and Constraints

"For a large proportion of the South African population social welfare grants are an important source of income. Rapid increases in government expenditure on social security between 2000 and 2006 has further increased poor households’ reliance on ...

Heading North: The Zimbabwean Diaspora in Canada

"Studies of the Zimbabwean diaspora tend to focus on migrants in South Africa and the United Kingdom. This is the first major study of Zimbabwean migration to Canada. The report presents and discusses the findings of a SAMP survey conducted acros...

The Sixth Franco-African Conference of Heads of State and the 16th Summit of the Organization of African Unity

The brief report summarizes events that took place at the conference. From the considerations of security, the summit addressed Euro-African relations, and requested France to convey the concern of French speaking Africa and its bearing on African...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2007

"...this issue of Conflict Trends highlights the impact and consequences of civilian protection, post-conflict reintegration, elections and peacebuilding coordination as a snapshot of Africa’s multifaceted needs. In order to move forward in these ...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 9, No. 1, 2009

This issue has five articles. 'Resolving African crises: Leadership role for African States and the African Union in Darfur' examines the intersections between politics and economic development issues in the violence-ravaged Darfur region of Sudan...

The security situation in Southern Africa

The confrontation between the “White-South” of Africa and the various guerilla forces lined up against it began thirteen years ago in the north of Angola, and this is no longer a remote affair. The problem of race and colour is not unique to South...

Darfur At A Crossroads: Global Public Opinion And The Responsibility To Protect

Since 2003, the conflict in the Darfur region of western Sudan has worsened and shows no signs of improvement. More than 2 million people have been displaced by the violence and some 450,000 have lost their lives. Although Sudanese President Omar ...

Private security: Phantom menace or evil empire

" The international private military services industry is flourishing around the world, but especially in Africa. Erroneously perceived as rogues, the industry currently relies on commercial contracts but may be more widely used by public and non-...

Research on Small Arms in Central Africa

"By the end of the seminar a number of things had become apparent. Most research in Central Africa has been conducted by foreign researchers, with very limited direct participation by locals. One consequence of this is that local people, including...

Egypt: The Political Process Between ‘Opening Up’ and ‘Control’

"This Situation Report looked at the political situation in Egypt over the last few years with the 8 April 2008 municipal and local council elections as the entry point. The report reveals that while there have been some positive developments and...

Internal Displacement and the Threats to Human Security Workshop: Consultative conference proceedings report

"The workshop posed a number of questions that need to be answered about the management of IDPs: Who qualifies to be an IDP, and what are the triggers of internal displacement in the region? What is the state of research on human security and int...

Quality Services Guaranteed? A Review of Victim Policy in South Africa

"This monograph has identified clear issues regarding the substance of policy that require attention. These relate to the need for the rationalisation of the various policy frameworks into an integrated strategy that articulates (i) rights, (ii) ...

Report from a High-Level Symposium on Enhancing Capacities to Protect Civilians and Build Sustainable Peace in Africa

"The report proposed a reconceptualisation of sovereignty – as a responsibility rather than only a right. It asserted that “sovereign states" have the primary responsibility for the protection of their people from avoidable catastrophe – from mass...

Enduring Political Divides in South Africa

This paper offers an assessment of the foreign policy strategies adopted by both the Mandela and Mbeki administrations in their quest to shed the country’s image as a former defender of racial segregation, largely dislocated from the global econom...

Fragile Stability: Post-Apartheid South Africa

Despite the international recognition and praise that South Africa received in 1994 for organizing its first free and fair, multiracial presidential elections, the country continues to exhibit increasing signs of state fragility on a number of dif...

AFRICOM: The Road Ahead For United States Africa Command

On May 27, Brookings’s 21st Century Defense Initiative hosted Vice Admiral Robert T. Moeller, deputy to the commander for military operations, United States Africa Command (AFRICOM), for a discussion on the aims, status and future mission for AFRI...

Defending the state or protecting the people? SADC security integration at a crossroads

"The Treaty and protocols that constitute the basic policy guidelines of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) paint a picture of a deep and comprehensive project of regional integration between the organisation's 14 (soon to be 13) m...

Rigged Elections in Darfur and the Consequences of a Probable NCP Victory in Sudan

"To contain the damage from rigged elections to both the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended the North-South conflict and the Darfur peace process, therefore, it is necessary that: electoral observation missions in Sudan take note of th...

The Chinese Stance on the Darfur Conflict

China’s role in Sudan is one of the most closely watched and, in many circles, controversial relationships on the continent. This paper provides a Sudanese perspective and argues that, far from profiting from its close ties with Khartoum, the Chin...

Guinea in Transition

For too long, public figures within and outside Africa have been timid about discussing Guinea’s deep-rooted problems. Its strong anti-imperialist stance in the 1960s and beyond earned it respect among pan-Africanists, but the hands-off attitude t...

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