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Features, Governance Characteristics, and Policy Implications of Non-State Social Protection in Africa

"The presence of non-state actors in social protection is generally acknowledged in research and policy literature. However, who these actors are, what services they provide and for whom, the number of people assisted and the interaction, if any,...

To Protect or to Intervene? Contesting R2P as a Norm in South Africa's Foreign Policy

"This policy insights paper contends that the ‘reaction pillar’ of the responsibility to protect (R2P) makes a specific statement about the residual responsibility of the international community to intervene when states are unable or unwilling to...

On Becoming a Responsible Great Power: Contextualizing China's Foray into Human Rights and Peace & Security in Africa

"The deepening of China’s engagement with Africa has also prompted the broadening of its interests on the continent. This has resulted in China’s expansion into increasingly riskier territories, which means there is a greater urgency to protect it...

South Africa in Africa: The Post Apartheid Decade

The Stellenbosch seminar placed special emphasis on the interface between South Africa’s domestic political, economic and social contexts, and its foreign policy, especially its geo-strategic location in Africa. South Africa’s political transition...

Gender(ed) Perspectives: An analysis of the ‘Gender Perspective’ in the Office of the Prosecutor of the ICC’s Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-based Crimes

This policy brief analyses the gender perspective in the Policy Paper. In Part I, the brief discusses the contributions of the Policy Paper, particularly as it pertains to institutionalising an approach that eschews the marginalisation of sexual ...

Egypt: The Political Process Between ‘Opening Up’ and ‘Control’

"This Situation Report looked at the political situation in Egypt over the last few years with the 8 April 2008 municipal and local council elections as the entry point. The report reveals that while there have been some positive developments and...

Quality Services Guaranteed? A Review of Victim Policy in South Africa

"This monograph has identified clear issues regarding the substance of policy that require attention. These relate to the need for the rationalisation of the various policy frameworks into an integrated strategy that articulates (i) rights, (ii) ...

Report from a High-Level Symposium on Enhancing Capacities to Protect Civilians and Build Sustainable Peace in Africa

"The report proposed a reconceptualisation of sovereignty – as a responsibility rather than only a right. It asserted that “sovereign states" have the primary responsibility for the protection of their people from avoidable catastrophe – from mass...

Defending the state or protecting the people? SADC security integration at a crossroads

"The Treaty and protocols that constitute the basic policy guidelines of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) paint a picture of a deep and comprehensive project of regional integration between the organisation's 14 (soon to be 13) m...

Internal Displacement and the Threats to Human Security Workshop: Consultative conference proceedings report

"The workshop posed a number of questions that need to be answered about the management of IDPs: Who qualifies to be an IDP, and what are the triggers of internal displacement in the region? What is the state of research on human security and int...

Report on IGAD Conference on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism UN Conference Centre, Addis Ababa 24 - 27 June 2003

"The speaker noted that Ethiopia was at the forefront of supporting the signing and implementation of various conventions to combat and prevent acts of terrorism. The Minister further stated that it was imperative for member states to work togethe...

Research on Small Arms in Central Africa

"By the end of the seminar a number of things had become apparent. Most research in Central Africa has been conducted by foreign researchers, with very limited direct participation by locals. One consequence of this is that local people, including...

Human Security in India: A mixed bag

"India is racing against time. The Millennium Development Goals are still far away. But the government has taken a series of policy measures which, if pursued meticulously, could take it nearer the goals. In order to bridge the urban-rural divide,...

Private security: Phantom menace or evil empire

" The international private military services industry is flourishing around the world, but especially in Africa. Erroneously perceived as rogues, the industry currently relies on commercial contracts but may be more widely used by public and non-...

Rigged Elections in Darfur and the Consequences of a Probable NCP Victory in Sudan

"To contain the damage from rigged elections to both the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended the North-South conflict and the Darfur peace process, therefore, it is necessary that: electoral observation missions in Sudan take note of th...

The Chinese Stance on the Darfur Conflict

China’s role in Sudan is one of the most closely watched and, in many circles, controversial relationships on the continent. This paper provides a Sudanese perspective and argues that, far from profiting from its close ties with Khartoum, the Chin...

The security situation in Southern Africa

The confrontation between the “White-South” of Africa and the various guerilla forces lined up against it began thirteen years ago in the north of Angola, and this is no longer a remote affair. The problem of race and colour is not unique to South...

Decision Time in Zimbabwe

Change is in the air in Zimbabwe. Its citizens no longer talk about whether it will come, but rather when. All acknowledge, however, that the road will be dangerous, possibly violent. South Africa is the single country with ability to help its nei...

Zimbabwe's Operation Murambatsvina: The Tipping Point?

Operation Murambatsvina (Restore Order) cost some 700,000 Zimbabweans their homes or livelihoods or both and otherwise affected nearly a fifth of the troubled country's population. Its impact, as documented in a scathing UN report, has produced a ...

Zimbabwe: At The Crossroads

Zimbabwe's 24-25 June 2000 parliamentary election resulted in President Robert Mugabe's ruling ZANU (PF) party retaining power. However, the nine month old opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), made an impressive showing, win...

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