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Conflict Trends Issue 2 2016

In ‘To Punish or to Reform? Survivor Justice in Africa’ focuses only on survivor justice as a model more suitable to African contexts, where conflicts are mostly internal and there are rarely decisive military victories between political adversaries…

Gender Analysis for Sustainable Livelihoods and Participatory Governance in Rwanda

This report presents a gender analysis for sustainable livelihoods and participatory governance in Rwanda, in order to inform Oxfam’s Country Strategy programmes. Oxfam’s work in Rwanda is focused on two interlinked pillars – sustainable livelihood…

Mapping Local Gender-based Violence Prevention and Response Strategies in South Africa

"This report has covered a range of gender violence prevention initiatives implemented by the state and various NGOs. These interventions demonstrate that a lot is being done to address the problem of GBV in the country and show promising results i…

Stories of Torture Survivors Who Sought Redress in Post-apartheid South Africa

The report looks only at experiences of torture amongst young black males in South Africa who have brought civil claims against police through court processes. It looks at all the steps and challenges that torture victims encounter in seeking justi…

Torture in South Africa: The Act and the Facts

"Torture is a specific crime, which can only be committed by a closed group of people, namely public officials in their official capacity or by anyone else with consent of a public official acting in their official capacity. A public official who wi…

Women's Contribution to Social Cohesion and Violence Prevention through the Community Work Programme

"The Community Work Programme (CWP) is a public employment programme that provides two days of work per week to unemployed and underemployed people in economically marginalised areas. The CWP aims to be an employment safety net, ensuring a basic …

Analysis of Existing Data on Torture in South Africa with Specific Focus on Annual Reports Published by IPID and JICS

The practice of torture and cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment (CIDT) remains a major human rights violation in post-apartheid South Africa. Currently, there is little information on patterns and trends of torture in South Africa. This research…

At the Confluence Where Human Rights and Conflict Transformation Meet: A Selection of Content and Exercises that Explore Working at the Confluence of Human Rights and Conflict Transformation

This learning series was born out of the identified need for human rights activists and lawyers to develop or deepen their facilitation skills to meet the needs of a changing socio-political environment. There was also a benefit to exploring the in…

Gender and Torture Does it Matter? An Exploration of the Ways in which Gender Influences the Impact of Torture and Rehabilitation Services

This report provides the beginnings of an exploration of the way in which gender may be relevant in how torture is experienced, its impact, and its rehabilitation. It highlights some important aspects of gender as it relates to torture and assists i…

South Africa in Africa: The Dilemmas of Foreign Policy and Human Rights

The main focus of the public dialogue “South Africa in Africa: National Interest Versus Human Rights?” was to discuss South Africa’s obligations to the Hague-based International Criminal Court (ICC) generally, and its specific obligations towards ar…

The African Union: Regional and Global Challenges

Ten key policy recommendations emerged from the Cape Town policy seminar: 1. Firstly, it was suggested that the AU Commission should engage more strategically with African civil society, think tanks, the private sector, and the philanthropic sector…

2015 Report on Human Rights Violations: Based on Real or Perceived Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Nigeria

Violence and discrimination against LGBTI persons continues in Nigeria. The promulgation and continued implementation of the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Act, 2013 and other laws has had a negative effect on the already dire circumstances of LGB…

Breaking the Silence on Human Rights Violations in Sierra Leone under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR): A Shadow Report on Discrimination and Violence Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Sierra Leone has a devastating history of gross human rights violations. During the violent civil war 50,000 people were killed and 2,000,000 people were displaced. The civil war was extremely divisive and was rooted in significant prejudice. As t…

Africa's Evolving Human Rights Architecture

The African continent has yet to witness a paradigm shift towards privileging the human rights of its 800 million citizens. Africa’s human rights regime is still relatively weak, despite the growing body of declarations, conventions and protocols.…

Africa's Responsibility to Protect

This meeting was the fifth in a series of seminars organised to focus on aspects of the United Nations’ (UN) role in Africa and the recent UN reform process. The aim of the policy seminar was to interrogate issues around humanitarian intervention in…

The Judicial System in Somaliland

A critical measure of the transitional administration of war torn country is its success in providing security and the rule of law to its people. These can only be realized when there are functioning institutions to uphold them. Somalia’s legal, …

Compendium of Laws: Discriminating against Persons based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Expression in Nigeria

Despite the political and religious support for the criminalisation of same sex relationships and homosexual conduct, Nigeria's constitutional document as well as its commitments under international law, remain favorably disposed to principles of co…

The Pros and Cons of the Criminal Jurisdiction of the Proposed African Court of Justice and Human Rights

"The problem of enforcement of human rights has always been a challenge in Africa. Many have sought a structural solution to this problem in the form of an African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) whose judgements would be indisputably bi…

Funding a More Equal Future: Philanthropy and Social Justice in Africa

"There is no doubt that philanthropy plays an important role in society whether it involves humanitarian assistance, advocacy or grant making. However, I want to focus on an element that is often ignored in discussions about philanthropy in Afr…

Counter-Terrorism, Human Rights and the Rule of Law in Africa

"This paper considers institutional aspects of counterterrorist strategies in Africa in the second decade after the 9/11 attacks in 2001: countering threats while building respect for the rule of law and human rights. It considers how recent events…

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