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Vehicles for Accountability or Cloaks of Impunity? How can National Commissions of Inquiry Achieve Accountability for Violations of the Right to Life?

The establishment of national commissions of inquiry is a common governmental response in the aftermath of crisis, including allegations of major human rights violations. Proponents of such commissions suggest that they are a more flexible, particip…

Access to Basic Public Services: Challenges Ghana must Overcome

This study aimed to contribute to a better understanding of the gaps in access to basic services and to make recommendations in the areas requiring urgent policy intervention. The paper examined key survey evidence, in this regard, which provides us…

Towards Implementation of the Washington Declaration in Zimbabwe: A Case for Formalizing Artisanal and Small Scale Diamond Mining in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is lagging behind other Kimberly Process Certification Scheme participants when it comes to bringing artisanal alluvial diamonds into legitimate chain of custody. The continued criminalization of artisanal diamond diggers in Marange is comp…

Post Apartheid South Africa's Foreign Policy after Two Decades

Following the introduction of democratic rule in South Africa in 1994, Tshwane embarked on a new foreign policy trajectory. In July 2013, the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, convened about 50 leading practitioners, sc…

The UN Global Compacts on Migration and Refugees: A New Solution to Migration Management, or More of the Same?

On 22 and 23 May 2017, the UN hosted its second informal thematic session of the Global Compact on Migration. Designed to gather information, the sessions provide an informal setting for sharing experiences among UN member states, together with civi…

Peace building in Post Cold War Africa: Problems, Progress and Prospects

Peace building is of special relevance to Africa: nearly half of the United Nations (UN) peacekeeping missions since the end of the Cold War have been in the continent. The term “peace building”, which entered public use some time ago in UN Secretar…

Are The Millennium Development Goals Unfair To Africa?

The United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) call for cutting extreme poverty in half, reducing child mortality by two-thirds, halting the spread of HIV/AIDS, and achieving universal primary education by 2015. The UN MDG Report 2007 says w…

Darfur At A Crossroads: Global Public Opinion And The Responsibility To Protect

Since 2003, the conflict in the Darfur region of western Sudan has worsened and shows no signs of improvement. More than 2 million people have been displaced by the violence and some 450,000 have lost their lives. Although Sudanese President Omar al…

How To Rank Good Governance: The Mo Ibrahim Prize For Achievement In African Leadership

Recognizing that improving governance takes political leadership, Mo Ibrahim, the founder of Celtel, created the Prize for Achievement in African Leadership to be awarded to a former African head of state or government who has demonstrated excellenc…

Coordination Failure and Employment in South Africa

South Africa lost more than 890,000 jobs, but saw an increase in the number of skilled workers from 1989 to 1999. We argue that this is the consequence of well-documented acute apartheid-era distortions which led to a current coordination failure…

Enduring Political Divides in South Africa

This paper offers an assessment of the foreign policy strategies adopted by both the Mandela and Mbeki administrations in their quest to shed the country’s image as a former defender of racial segregation, largely dislocated from the global economic…

Canada and Missions for Peace: Lessons from Nicaragua, Camboida and Somalia

One of the defining features of Canada’s role in the world, both for Canadians and the international community, has been our unflagging support for United Nations peacekeeping. Up until the beginning of this decade, when the number of intrastate con…

Gender Justice, Citizenship and Development

Ten years after the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing there is considerable interest among gender advocates and development institutions in reviewing how far the project of gender equality has progressed. According to a major review by t…

African Governance Institutions: Accountability Mechanisms Or Enablers Of Corruption?

Over the past 15 years, policy-makers have increasingly focused on the importance of effective institutions and governance as critical determinants for stable economic growth and poverty reduction. This focus on institutions has been especially mark…

AFRICOM: The Road Ahead For United States Africa Command

On May 27, Brookings’s 21st Century Defense Initiative hosted Vice Admiral Robert T. Moeller, deputy to the commander for military operations, United States Africa Command (AFRICOM), for a discussion on the aims, status and future mission for AFRICO…

Liberia Update: Diamond Sanctions to be Lifted?

Liberia Update: Diamond Sanctions to be Lifted? Marriott Tackeles Illicit Diamonds Sierra Leone Diamond Annual Review Meeus Attacks Canada Major Increase in Legal Diamonds Exports

Liberia Not Yet Ready for Diamonds

Liberia not yet ready for diamonds World's poorest country makes diamond headway Terrorist financing & diamonds Angolan credibility plummets

Côte D'Ivoire's Conflict Diamonds: UN Security Council Imposes Worldwide Embargo

Côte d'Iivoire's Conflict Diamonds: UN Security Council Imposes Worldwide Embargo; Diamond Development Initiative, Successful Accra Meeting Kimberley Process Winds Up Third Year Congolese Diamonds, Peace And Development: New Pac Report Africa's L…

Human Security and the International Diamond Trade In Africa

Research Project Expands US Warns Liberia Namibian Diamond Mining in Congo UN Deadline for Congo Troop Withdrawals Security Council Discusses UNITA Sanctions Kimberley Process Expands

Zimbabwe Diamond Rush Turns Poisonous: Accusations Lead to Nationalization Plan

Zimbabwe diamond rush turns poisonous, accusations lead to nationalization plan; Diamond smuggling in Venezuela, four month failure to communicate; Global Witness researcher arrested in Angola, espionage charges denied; "Blood Diamond" fears fade, b…

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