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Fixing Health Systems

The challenges that face Africa in the sphere of health care are formidable and often daunting. After decades of stagnant or worsening poverty and health indicators across the continent, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) — adopted by the U...

African Civil Society: Prospects for Raising Awareness on Priority Issues

Sub-Saharan Africa is grappling with such severe and recurring economic, political and social crises that some of them, including HIV/AIDS, food insecurity and civil war, have ended up as humanitarian disasters. Making such a statement is not ind...

Zimbabwe in Crisis: Finding a Way Forward

Zimbabwe is in a state of free fall. It is embroiled in the worst political and economic crisis of its twenty-year history as an independent state. The crisis has negatively affected virtually every aspect of the country and every segment of the p...

Making the Millennium Challenge Account Work for Africa

President Bush has been rightly lauded for his visionary initiative to establish a Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) that would increase U.S. resources directed toward the most promising development investments. The administration's proposal to u...

G-8 Preview: Bush and Allies to Discuss Repairing Their Rift and Rebuilding Iraq

The annual economic summit of eight industrialized nations, which begins June 1 in Evian, France, will provide an opportunity for President Bush to repair relations with major European countries that opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq, particularly...

Meeting the Global Challenge of HIV/AIDS- Why the United States Should Act Quickly

More people have died from HIV/AIDS over the last twenty years than from any other disease in human history. The devastation caused by the epidemic poses a clear and direct challenge to long-term U.S. economic and security interests. AIDS is devas...

Corporate Social Responsibility: The New Social Contract

In April 2001, "Big Pharma" threw in the towel. Four years earlier, some 40 international drug companies had filed suit to block implementation of a law in South Africa that would allow the government to manufacture or import affordable generic ve...

Nepad and HIV/AIDS: The contribution of South African Multinational companies to the continental fight

"The New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad) was launched amid much pomp and praise in 2001, and promised to usher in the economic emancipation of the continent and people of Africa. Nepad has been touted as the most important developmen...

The Impact of Democracy in Botswana: Assessing Political, Social and Economic Developments since the Dawn of Democracy

"Botswana achieved independence from Britain more than 40 years ago and much has changed in Botswana since that time. This paper reports on the state of development in Botswana over the past 10 to 15 years, and looks at whether democracy has led ...

The AIDS epidemic in Southern Africa gains momentum

Aids took some time to reach Southern Africa. It seemed to be confined to the countries of Central Africa and the homosexual population of the west. In South Africa up to 1990 most of the aids cases were in the gay community however the numbers fo...

Indigenous Approaches to the HIV/AIDS Scourge in Uganda

"The management of HIV/AIDS-related illnesses using existing drugs is very costly especially for poor households. This study has focused on the role of traditional herbalists in the management and prevention of HIV/AIDS-related illnesses in Ugand...

Perceptions of Employers about HIV/AIDS in Micro and Small Enterprises Employing Women Workers A Case Study of Harare

"The study is on perceptions concerning HIV/AIDS amongst MSEs that employ women. It covers employers and employees in selected categories of the services sector. The conclusions are based on the opinions and views of respondents. The findings shou...

Conceptual and Methodological Issues in the Construction of Reproductive Health Accounts in Africa

"This paper provides a detailed review of the literature of Health Accounts, including National Health Accounts and its satellite accounts on HIV/AIDS; Immunization and RH; as well issues of concepts and definition relating to Reproductive Health;...

The Impact of the HIV Pandemic on Maternal and Child Mortality in Malawi

"Over the last decade, HIV/AIDS has exacted a heavy toll, with significant impacts on maternal mortality in Malawi — a small land-locked country in southern Africa. Malawi has experienced a nearly ten-fold increase in HIV incidence among pregnant ...

Zimbabwe's Current Socio-Economic and Political Situation: Challenges and Prospects

"The papers focused mainly on social, economic, political and cultural aspects, both at national and regional levels. The main issues raised during the workshop include: Inequality among social classes and how polarization of these classes contrib...

Governance and Socio Economic Development after the 2001 Elections : Problems and Prospects

"Seventeen papers were presented by thirteen lecturers from the University of Zambia, Copperbelt University and from the Zambia Insurance Business College Trust. The first three papers focused on issues of democracy and governance in Zambia. The f...

Africa's Tsunami: Turning the Tide on Aids

"According to UNAIDS' most recent epidemic update, sub-Saharan Africa has just over 10% of the world's population, but more than 60% of all people living with HIV/Aids. The three case studies in this book look at the history of national Aids cont...

A Study of the Potential Economic Effects of AIDS Some Preliminary Thoughts

"Given the current high rate of HIV/AIDS infection in Botswana, there seems a need to analyse its economic impact. This paper attempts to present some thoughts related to such a project. It should be understood, however, that the ideas presented ...

Report on the SADC HIV/AIDS and Governance Case Studies: Botswana

"The report examines the local governments activities, policies, structures and strategies of responding to the HIV/AIDS challenge as well as capacity constraints therein. The aims of the study are to assess (i)the impact of HIV/AIDS on the local ...

The Impact of Government Support to Community AIDS Home-Based Care Delivery

"The objectives of this report is to explore the impact of Government support to community home-based care activities. The study also look at whether or not the Government has any mechanisms in place to monitor the impact of this kind of support i...

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