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Progress Towards Improved Quality of Life and Social Well-being for All Tanzanians

"The broad outcomes of MKUKUTA’s Cluster II are to improve the quality of life and social well-being of Tanzanians, and to reduce inequalities across geographic areas and between income, age, gender and other groups. Expanded access to, and deliver…

Equity Implications of Health Sector User Fees in Tanzania.Do we retain the user fee or do we set the user f(r)ee?

"Equity means that everyone should, in practice, and not just in theory, be able to access and use appropriate health services. Health services should not only be for the dominant population group. This implies equitable access and use, given that s…

Local Government Councils' Performance and Public Service Delivery in Uganda Nakapiripirit District Council Score-Card Report 2009/2010

"This district report provides evidence-based policy options needed to improve the role of Nakapiripirit district local government council in the delivery of public services and the deepening of democracy and accountability in Uganda. By focusing on…

Community-Directed Intervention and Healthcare Provision in Nigeria

"Despite massive development of health technologies and commodities for ensuring good health, the health status of populations in African countries, including Nigeria, continue to deteriorate or at best remain stagnant. The community directed interv…

Getting to Zero: The Importance of the UNAIDS 2011–2015 HIV/AIDS Strategy for South Africa

"Despite the good news that the HIV/AIDS rate is declining through the efforts of various world AIDS campaigns, South Africa is still at the epicentre of the pandemic. Along with reaching the global commitments to achieve universal access to HIV pre…

Overcoming Africa's Health Burden: Challenges and Prospects

"Africa shoulders the world’s burden of disease. It is the epicentre of the global resurgence of infectious epidemics and pandemics. Africans remain troubled by diseases like diarrhoea, measles, cholera and tuberculosis that have long been overcome …

Explaining the Health Status of Children in Sierra Leone: Parental Socioeconomic Status and Demand for Health Inputs

"In most developing countries, maternal and child health issues have received considerable attention in public health policies and pose formidable challenges. Several studies provide evidence of a strong relationship between socioeconomic factors s…

Determinants of Child and Maternal Health Status and Demand for Health Care Services in Nigeria

" Key findings for this policy brief is:Improving mother’s educational status, reducing food prices and residing in the urban sector are important factors for improving demand for health input such as immunization. Demand for place of delivery with …

Health Challenges Threaten Gains in Universal Primary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

"In recent years, Sub-Saharan Africa has recorded strong progress in universal primary education for children. The population of school-age children has increased by 20 million and the size of the out-of-school child population has been reduced by…

The Impact of HIV/AIDS at the Company Level in Botswana

"The purpose of the seminar was twofold. Firstly the Botswana Business Coalition on Aids hoped to sensitise a range of issues, concepts and current thinking in the region, on impacts, strategies and legal aspects of HIV/AIDS to a wide number of comp…

Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour Towards HIV and AIDS of Vocational Trainees in Botswana

"The report contains findings of a consultancy on the Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour (KAB) of Students in the Vocational Training Sector. The main objectives of KAB study are to assess the level of knowledge about different aspects of HIV and AI…

Social Welfare and Demand for Health Care in the Urban Areas of Côte d'Ivoire

"This paper analyses the relationship between the demand for health care and that for health insurance by the population of Côte d’Ivoire. A Poisson model is used to estimate the demand for health care and a multinomial logit model for estimating th…

Illness and Choice of Treatment in Urban and Rural Ethiopia

Using large data set from a nationally representative sample of households and discrete choice models, we examine the effect of access to roads, transport and liquidity on seeking treatment for illness and health care provider choice in urban and ru…

Socioeconomic factors affecting Childhood Mortality in Ethiopia: An Instrumental Variable Approach

The main causes of death in most early childhood mortality are diseases which are preventable and curable. This is the reason why childhood mortality is treated as a development issue rather than a simple health problem. Ethiopia is among the places…

On Ownership, Trust and Decentralisation in Responding to Ebola in Sierra Leone

In this interview with Jamie Hitchen, policy researcher at Africa Research Institute, Sisay reflects on Sierra Leone’s handling of the emergency. At the outset, citizens’ lack of trust in the government and poor coordination of international assista…

Integrity in the Public Health Sector Service Delivery in Busia County

"The findings, highlighted in this report may serve as a basis for an action plan to improve service delivery in the county’s public health sector. The study will provide a foundation for empowering the citizens to increasingly demand for better ser…

Ebola: Impact and Lessons for West Africa

The Mano river basin has now become the epicentre of West Africa’s Ebola pandemic. Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone are the countries worst hit by the virus that has claimed the lives of more than 5000 people. Other countries with Ebola cases are Ni…

Fighting Ebola: A Strategy for Action

Despite overall sustained increases in income levels over the last decade, African populations continue to suffer under the heavy burden of disease. Three major diseases: Malaria, HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis are among those responsible for the health …

Nutrition Policies in Developing Countries: Challenges and Highlights

Malnutrition remains one of the major obstacles to human well-being and economic prosperity in developing countries.There are strong normative and instrumental reasons related to human and economic development to address the burden of malnutrition a…

Joining Hands Integrating Gender and HIV/AIDS: Report of an ACORD Project using Stepping Stones in Angola, Tanzania and Uganda

There is a need for everyone – men, women, parents, children, households and communities – to join hands in addressing the immediate needs of those already infected with HIV/AIDS. This disease continues to attack an ever growing proportion of girls…

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