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Intended Nationally Determined Contributions as a Means to Strengthening Africa's Engagement in International Climate Negotiations

"Countries will meet in Paris to conclude the 2015 Global Climate Agreement (GCA). In a departure from previous attempts, such as the Kyoto Protocol, where climate targets were ‘prescribed’, countries will be submitting their self-determined climat…

Reflections and Learnings from Co-Impacts Assessment under the MAPS Programme

The authors acknowledge two key underlying contextual considerations in this analysis that frames the work that underpins this paper. Firstly, the existence of a dominant approach to climate mitigation work in developing countries which implicitly p…

Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in South Africa

"This report is part of the global Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP), which aims to understand and demonstrate how countries can transition to a very low-carbon economy. The DDPP is a collaborative global initiative composed of leading re…

Climate Change and Green Economy: Law as Driver of Change and Engine of Sustainability

This presentation on Climate Change starts off with an evolutionary perspective of how life on earth developed over millennia. The four main ecological phases are then described, followed by a definition of climate change. Greenhouse gases are discu…

Global Warming and the Environment - A Challenge for Lawyers in Africa

This presentation was made at the African Regional Forum Session of the International Bar Association Annual Conference in Nigeria. Firstly a brief background is given to global warming and climate change. Then the following question is asked : Why…

Comments on the National Pollution Prevention Plans Regulations and the Declaration of Greenhouse Gases as Priority Air Pollutants Gazetted by the Minister of Environmental Affairs in January 2016

The ERC welcomes the introduction of a requirement for pollution prevention plans for large emitters, and the concomitant declaration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) as priority air pollutants, by the South African government. Identifying GHG as priority…

Law and Climate Change in Nigeria

The presentation commences by explaining climate change with a short definition. Several issues are then discussed under the following heading : Climatic change versus global warming. Which are the greenhouse gases? Consequences of climate change. …

Rights away from Home: Climate Induced Displacement of Indigenous Peoples and the Extraterritorial Application of the Kampala Convention

In this article it is demonstrated how climate change is linked to the displacement of indigenous peoples and how their rights are threatened in Africa. The article examines the basis of the Kampala Convention, underscoring the extraterritorial natu…

Climate Change and Advocacy on Adaptation Strategies at the Local Level in Nigeria

In this paper it is argued that the proof of effective climate change adaptation strategies in Nigeria lies in improved resilience of the hundreds of millions of people living in communities most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Inv…

Enhancing Agricultural Yields by Small-holder Farmers through Integrated Climate Change Adaptation in Sierra Leone

"The present trend of climate change impact is especially affecting poorer communities, particularly small-holder farmers, in developing countries. While small holder farmers play an important role in spurring economic growth of a country, they lack…

Sources of Finance in the International Climate Change Regime

"Public sources first and foremost: the initial $100 billion dollars to capitalise the Green Climate Fund should come from public sources. While developed countries claim there is no money, resources have been found to bail out big banks, subsidise …

Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions Associated with Achieving Universal Access to Electricity in South Africa

"Climate change, energy security and achieving universal electricity access for all households are all pressing issues that South Africa must address. These objectives need not be trade-offs, however, and achieving electricity access for the poor do…

Large-Scale Rollout of Concentrating Solar Power in South Africa

"As part of Climate Strategies ‘International Support for Domestic Climate Policies’ project this paper assesses the large-scale rollout of CSP in South Africa. Described as a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA), the scale of CSP deploym…

External Cost of Electricity Generation: Contribution to the Integrated Resource Plan 2 for Electricity

"The international studies on energy externalities and the local studies in South Africa suggest that the high impact areas for power generation are impacts of climate change and health impacts of outdoor air pollution. Climate change impacts are b…

Leveraging Carbon Revenue for Poverty Alleviation

"This paper will describe the process of how a poor community in Umdoni, Kwazulu Natal (KZN) South Africa achieved GHG reductions and converted these into carbon revenues and then recycled the bulk of the revenue back into their community. A volun…

Long Term Mitigation Scenarios Technical Summary

"Climate change and its projected impacts provide a powerful reminder of why we are engaging in the Long-Term Mitigation Scenario process in the first place. The IPCC recently concluded that significant, predominantly negative impacts on human socie…

Framework for Adaptation to Climate Change in the City of Cape Town

"The 20th century has seen the greatest warning in the past thousand years due to anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2001b). Climate models now predict that the atmosphere’s temperature wi…

Emissions Trading as a Policy Option for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in South Africa

"This paper is an initial study of ET, and its application to South Africa as a domestic emissions mitigation policy instrument. Whilst broad findings emerge from the guidance of theory and lessons from existing ETS implemented internationally, more…

Aligning South African Energy and Climate Change Mitigation Policy

"This paper considers the alignment of energy policy in South Africa with the Cabinet’s mitigation vision of a ‘peak, plateau and decline’ greenhouse gas emissions trajectory to 2050. First, the term ‘policy’ is defined as having a number of compone…

Industrial Efficiency as an Economic Development Strategy for South Africa

"South Africa is a developing country that currently has no obligation to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions under agreements such as the Kyoto Protocol. Moreover, with an unemployment rate of 30% or more, the focus of most South African develop…

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