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Economics of Climate Change: Context and Concepts Related to Mitigation

"Climate change is increasingly seen as not only an environmental issue, but a deeply economic one. ‘Climate change presents a unique challenge for economics: it is the greatest and widest ranging market failure ever seen’. Markets are failing to pu…

The Effect of Response Measures to Climate Change on South Africa’s Economy and Trade

"The South African economy derives much of its growth from production related to the energy intensive sectors of its economy. As a non-Annex-I country, South Africa has no binding commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas(GHG)emissions by a quantifiab…

Regional Implications of the AGF Recommendations: Africa

The key messages reflected in this document are as follows: The Advisory Group on Climate Finance (AGF) report presents many opportunities for climate compatible development in Africa – development that minimises the harm caused by climate impacts…

MRV of Non GHG Aspects of Mitigation Actions: Developing an Approach in the South African Context

"Climate change mitigation actions compete with other developmental actions for scarce resources, however climate change mitigation and sustainable development should not be seen as mutually exclusive or competing objectives. Mitigation actions in d…

South African Approaches to MRV of Mitigation Actions: The Case of Installing Solar Water Heaters

"So-called ‘mitigation actions’ (MA) are actions and processes, which aim at reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The term has become core to the international climate change negotiations, as the main instrument to induce emissions reductions in devel…

Agricultural Emissions Mitigation : Understanding Modelling and Policy Implications

"Climate change has clear and obvious impacts on agricultural production. In turn, the agricultural sector also contributes to emissions. Agriculture contributes 50% of global methane (CH4) emissions, 60% of global nitrous oxide (N²0) emissions an…

Energy Modelling for the Transport Sector A Summary of the SATIM Methodology

"Energy economy environment models such as TIMES are often used to look at opportunities and costs of reducing greenhouse gasses (GHGs). The South African TIMES model (SATIM) has been developed for this purpose and its methodology is documented onli…

Reducing Inequality and Poverty while Mitigating Climate Change Key Challenges for Research and Practice in Middle Income Countries in Africa and Latin America

"What is the relationship between emissions, inequality and poverty? Growing wealth supposedly correlates with increasing emissions. Rich countries are historically high in per capita emissions, whereas poor countries have low per capita emissio…

Poverty and Climate Change Mitigation A Brief Inspiration

"This brief presents the concept of poverty alleviating mitigation actions as a framework to rethink the way programs and policies for reducing emissions are structured in order to reduce both poverty and emissions. To effectively achieve both …

Understanding the Interface between LCDs, NAMAs and Mitigation Actions

"The expert discussion in this Briefing has identified issues and questions for future research by considering the concepts and their interface from the domestic perspective of a developing country. MAPS will explore some of these further through a…

Econ Lab Workshop

"The objective of this thought exercise was for researchers and modellers from these developing countries to consider the wide range of models that are available to them. They discussed how different models can be brought together to produce more …

Mitigation Action, NAMAs and Low Carbon Development Strategies: Building a Common Understanding

"In order to implement effective mitigation actions, one needs to have a common understanding of what they are, and how they can be supported by domestic and international policy. Hence a set of working definitions is helpful. To date there is no br…

Energy Modelling for the Residential Sector A Summary of the SATIM Methodology

"Energy economy environment models such as TIMES are often used to look at opportunities and costs of reducing greenhouse gases (GHGs). The South African TIMES model(SATIM) has been developed for this purpose and its methodology is documented online…

Energy Modelling for Liquid Fuels and Gas Supply A Summary of the SATIM Methodology

"Energy economy environment models such as TIMES are often used to look at opportunities and costs of reducing greenhouse gases (GHGs). The South African TIMES model (SATIM) has been developed for this purpose and its methodology is documented onlin…

Marginal Abatement Cost Curves Mitigation Decision Tools

"The rapidly increasing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in the world have been proven to contribute to climate change, with dramatic harmful consequences to human communities and many non human animal and plant species. This has led policy makers in …

The Triple Crisis and the Global Aid Architecture

"The global economy is passing through a period of profound change. The immediate concern is with the financial crisis, originating in the North. The South is affected via lower commodity prices, reduced private financial flows, and falling remittan…

COP 17: What Role for South Africa as an Agent of Change?

"South Africa, in partnership with the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), will play a key role in managing the 17th session of the Conference of Parties (COP 17) intergovernmental negotiations from 28 November to 5 December 2011. B…

The Governance of Climate Finance in Africa, Asia and Latin America : Some Critical Reflections

"Climate finance,if democratically governed, can play an important role in assisting vulnerable peoples and communities to withstand and adapt to the impacts of climate change. As the climate finance regime is developing, this policy brief explo…

Sources of Finance in the International Climate Change Regime

"Public sources first and foremost: the initial $100 billion dollars to capitalise the Green Climate Fund should come from public sources. While developed countries claim there is no money, resources have been found to bail out big banks, subsidise …

Aligning Energy Development and Climate Objectives in Nationally Determined Contributions

The study objective was to review examples of what might be called good practice in the way energy related greenhouse gas emissions have been addressed by NDCs, and examples of NDCs that appear to be at odds with the ambition to reduce such energy e…

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