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Aligning Energy Development and Climate Objectives in Nationally Determined Contributions

The study objective was to review examples of what might be called good practice in the way energy related greenhouse gas emissions have been addressed by NDCs, and examples of NDCs that appear to be at odds with the ambition to reduce such energy e…

Mitigation Accounting under the Paris Agreement

Accounting for nationally determined contributions (NDCs) is an important component of the ‘rule-book’ required for effective implementation of the Paris Agreement. Robust mitigation accounting is needed for effective implementation and to strengt…

The Africa Low Emissions Development Strategies

The overall objective of the project is to assist African countries in developing local knowledge and expertise to formulate, establish necessary implementation capacity and implement concrete LEDS policies and plans for low emission, climate-resili…

Green Growth Economy in Uganda: Strategies for Sustainable Development and Inclusive Growth: 72nd Session of State of the Nation Platform

Green Economies are a path to sustainable development. Green economies respond to the development challenges and imbalances in growth strategies that underlie the global financial and economic crisis by motivating policymakers in nation states to gi…

ELRI Newsletter Issue 4

This newsletter discusses several issues regarding global warming and climate variability under the following headings: Copenhagen Accord: An insufficient accord to starve off global climate problems; Global Warming and the media; Climate change and…

The Balance Sheet Summary: An Essential Tool for Transparency and Robust Accounting in Mitigation and Markets

This policy brief presents the concept of a nationally determined contribution (NDC) greenhouse gas (GHG) balance sheet. The concept was elaborated in a technical paper, which informed an official submission by South Africa. This brief should be rea…

Comparative Analysis of the NDCs of Canada, the European Union, Kenya and South Africa from an Equity Perspective

In the lead-up to COP21 in Paris, 2015, all Parties to the UNFCCC were invited to communicate their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), which could include information on how the Party considers its INDC is fair and ambitious (1/CP…

The Potential of Electric Vehicles to Contribute to South Africa’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets and other Developmental Objectives How Appropriate is the Investment in Electric Vehicles as a NAMA?

"Transport consumes 28% of final energy in South Africa, 97% of which is in liquid fuels, and subsequently contributes 13.1% of South Africa’s greenhouse gas(GHG)emissions. The sector is vital for economic development. As the demand for transport s…

Comments on the Carbon Tax Policy Paper issued by National Treasury in May 2013

"Climate change is real and already being observed – and it is a problem with some specific features. Climate change is a long-term problem requiring urgent solutions. For South Africa and globally, it is primarily an energy problem, that is, reduci…

South African Approaches to Measuring, Reporting and Verifying: A Scoping Report

"The South African government announced its intention to make emissions data reporting mandatory for emitters of more than a 0.1Mt of greenhouse gases per year in the 2011 National Climate Change Response White Paper. The government intends to estab…

Chasing an Elusive Agreement: What Smaller Countries (i.e. G77+China) Need to do to Influence Climate Change Negotiations?

"As the world is converging at Warsaw, Poland, for the 19th session of climate change negotiations, questions still exist as to whether these negotiations will ever yield tangible benefits for smaller states and developing economies. Past sessions o…

Guidelines for the Selection of Long-Range Energy Systems Modelling Platforms to Support MAPS Processes

"A number of countries in South America, including Peru, Brazil, Chile and Colombia are collaborating on long-term national climate planning through the Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) platform. Under MAPS, countries explore different p…

Mitigation Actions in South Africa

"The country study aims to deepen our understanding of mitigation activity in South Africa, particularly with regard to how the country approaches, describes and defines mitigation actions. It considers three main areas of enquiry from a bottom-up m…

Climate and Development Outlook: Stories of Change from CDKN

"This edition of Climate and Development Outlook provides examples of lessons learned in a wide range of activities by our partners across the developing world. You can read about national climate finance initiatives by the governments of Rwanda, C…

Climate and Development Outlook: Stories of Change from CDKN Issue No 6

In this edition of Outlook, we are focusing especially on Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS). The first article: “Togo and Cameroon assess their sustainable energy potentials” highlights the finding that both countries have a long way to go…

Climate Finance: Challenges and Responses

"Embarking on a climate compatible development pathway now has a price tag. The cost of tackling climate change in developing countries could reach some hundreds of billions of dollars annually over the coming decades. Low-emission and climate-resil…

Planning Climate Compatible Development: Lessons from Experience

"Effective planning can both help make development resilient to the impacts of climate change and help policymakers identify opportunities to harness development benefits from lowering emissions. In developing countries, such planning requires the s…

Is REDD+ an Opportunity to Support Climate Compatible Development in Developing Countries?

"Reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation, and enhancing forest carbon stocks in developing countries(REDD+) plays a vital part in global efforts to tackle climate change. This has generated interest among the international community a…

Strengthening Climate Resilience in African Cities A Framework for Working with Informality

"The aim of this framework document is to provide guidance on how to build the resilience and sustainability of African cities by collaboratively working to reduce the vulnerability of residents, local businesses and public infrastructure and servic…

South Africa's Green Economy Transition: Implications for Reorienting the Economy Towards a Low Carbon Growth Trajectory

"The notion of green economies seems to have gained momentum in both developed and developing countries. For South Africa, the transition to a green economy presents a mix of challenges and opportunities. This stems from the fact that South Africa…

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