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Local Initiatives in the African Great Lakes Region: Community Voices and Sustainable Development

The research for this study was undertaken in Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo during the latter part of 1997, three years after the crisis in Rwanda. The study is not an analysis of the crisis of 1994, despite the fact that th…

Sudan Civil Society Symposium: Symposium Report

The Sudan Civil Society Symposium was held in Calgary on June 5 and in Ottawa on June 7 9, 2000. It was organized by the Sudan Inter Agency Reference Group (SIARG), a network of Canadian NGOs working on Sudan. Freedom Quest International and Partne…

Event Summary- The Crisis in Sudan

Former Ambassador Richard C. Holbrooke, Senator Jon S. Corzine (D-NJ), and Francis Deng of the Brookings-SAIS Project on Internal Displacement today described their recent visits to Darfur and detailed what is needed to end the ethnic conflict that …

From Fatigues to Three-Piece Suits: East African Guerrillas in Power

"Since decolonisation in African countries ethno-political differences have led to guerrilla warfare. Through these movements, authoritarian regimes have been created. In Uganda, after the National Resistance Movement took power a ‘no-party democrac…

Training to Protect Civilians: Recent Developments and Recommendations

"Protection of Civilians has become one of the most important aspects of the mandates of peacekeeping operations. More recently, both the United Nations and the African Union have been engaged in strengthening their roles in addressing protection n…

The African Union and the International Criminal Court: An Embattled Relationship?

"The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established as a permanent, independent institution to prosecute individuals who have orchestrated and executed the most serious crimes of international concern, including war crimes,crimes against humanit…

Reconciliation and Transitional Justice: The Case of Rwanda's Gacaca Courts

"This paper has a two-fold objective:firstly to conceptualise reconciliation as an outcome of transitional justice, and secondly to analyse critically the implications and consequences of the Rwandan transitional justice programmes (specifically the…

Ethnicity and Arms Proliferation in the Great Lakes Region Challenges to Peace and Democracy

"It would be difficult to assume that the Rwandan genocide of 1994 was not predicted and far less difficult to think it could have been prevented. The genocide represents a high point of a diabolic pseudo-Fascist plan by the majority Hutu to establi…

IJR Rwanda Profile

"The 1994 Rwandan genocide has been described as “the most intimate and effective in recent memory”. Between 800 000 and 1 000 000 people were killed in less than three months – the vast majority in face-to-face slaughter, with machetes and clubs. A…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 3, no. 1, 2003

'Dynamics of the Zimbabwe crisis in the 21st century' presents the Zimbabwe crisis as a consequence of the blocked democratic transition at the turn of the century and how the Zimbabwe crisis has crucial lessons for Southern Africa. 'Regional organi…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 10, No. 2, 2010

This edition has eight articles. 'Environmental conflicts: Key issues and management implications' discusses people and the environment, environmental conflicts, climate change and environmental conflicts and management implications. 'Approaches to …

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 12, no. 3, 2012

This journal covers several topics in 6 articles. ‘Structural violence and the struggle for state power in Rwanda: What Arusha got wrong’ addresses the failings of the Arusha peace and power sharing process and makes three core arguments. ‘Building …

Challenges of Transitional Justice in Rwanda

"Two systems of retributive justice were set up by the international community and the Rwandan government to try suspects of the 1994 genocide: the Tanzania-based International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the local grassroots gacaca courts in …

Promoting Reconciliation Through Exhuming and Identifying Victims in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide

"This policy brief considers the past, present and future of forensic exhumations in Rwanda in the aftermath of the 1994 genocide. Past exhumations conducted by Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) at the request of the International Criminal Tribun…

Promoting Reconciliation through Exhuming and Indentifying Victims in the 1994 Rwanda Genocide

"This discussion paper provides an overview of three different phases of exhumations that have taken place in Rwanda following the 1994 genocide. Drawing upon qualitative data resulting from interviews with 24 survivors from Kibuye, as well as meeti…

How Rwanda Judged it's Genocide

"Since 2001, the gacaca community courts have been the centrepiece of Rwanda’s justice and reconciliation process. Nearly every adult Rwandan has participated in the trials, but lawyers are banned from any official involvement. Human rights organisa…

Understanding of the Natural Resource Conflict Dynamics The Case of Tuareg in North Africa and the Sahel

"The paper highlights the process leading to the armed conflict of Tuareg and the role of different countries in the conflict. In particular, it examines the way three dramatic events have shaped the livelihoods of Tuareg: the reorganisation of soci…

Trouble in Eastern DRC: The Nkunda Factor

"The situation in the eastern DRC needs to be addressed as a matter of urgency. The Congolese government should prioritise a political solution to the impasse rather than pursuing a military option, which can lead only to further suffering among the…

‘Volk’, Faith and Fatherland: The Security threat posed by the white right

"The bulk of the monograph focuses on the Afrikaner right, and in sections of the monograph ‘white right’ and ‘Afrikaner right’ are used interchangeably. Adam and Moodley point out that the extreme white right is but a small component of the broad w…

The Darfur Crisis : A Test Case for Humanitarian Intervention

"The deadline for Sudanese government compliance with the UN resolution calling on it to disarm the Janjawiid expired at the end of August, with no sign of the violence abating.A more effective approach surely would have been to bring the rebel …

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