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Studies in Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-conflict Countries in Africa: Some Lessons of Experience from Rwanda

"The Report is thematically organized. It starts with a theoretical presentation that informs the explanation of the nature of conflicts and their costs in the African settings. A short historical background of the Rwandan political economy follows …

Preventing Genocide and the Responsibility to Protect: Challenges for the UN, Africa and the International Community

The agenda was organised around six case studies of genocide and/or mass atrocities that have occurred over the past two decades in Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Sudan’s Darfur region, reflecting …

Africa's Responsibility to Protect

This meeting was the fifth in a series of seminars organised to focus on aspects of the United Nations’ (UN) role in Africa and the recent UN reform process. The aim of the policy seminar was to interrogate issues around humanitarian intervention in…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2014

In ‘Has the Rise of China in Africa made Democratisation Less Likely?’ the article draws on Denis Tull’s insightful framework for thinking about Chinese activities in Africa to demonstrate the need for greater nuance in the way we assess China’s imp…

The Constant Quest for Solutions through Dialogue and Consensus in Rwanda: The Mechanisms for Dialogue and Consensus

"Following the devastating Genocide against the Tutsi in 1994, Rwanda has deliberately set out to build a society that is socially cohesive and makes the good life possible for all. It has aimed not just to overcome sectarian divides but for economi…

Training to Protect Civilians: Recent Developments and Recommendations

"Protection of Civilians has become one of the most important aspects of the mandates of peacekeeping operations. More recently, both the United Nations and the African Union have been engaged in strengthening their roles in addressing protection n…

Challenges of Transitional Justice in Rwanda

"Two systems of retributive justice were set up by the international community and the Rwandan government to try suspects of the 1994 genocide: the Tanzania-based International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the local grassroots gacaca courts in …

Promoting Reconciliation Through Exhuming and Identifying Victims in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide

"This policy brief considers the past, present and future of forensic exhumations in Rwanda in the aftermath of the 1994 genocide. Past exhumations conducted by Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) at the request of the International Criminal Tribun…

Promoting Reconciliation through Exhuming and Indentifying Victims in the 1994 Rwanda Genocide

"This discussion paper provides an overview of three different phases of exhumations that have taken place in Rwanda following the 1994 genocide. Drawing upon qualitative data resulting from interviews with 24 survivors from Kibuye, as well as meeti…

How Rwanda Judged it's Genocide

"Since 2001, the gacaca community courts have been the centrepiece of Rwanda’s justice and reconciliation process. Nearly every adult Rwandan has participated in the trials, but lawyers are banned from any official involvement. Human rights organisa…

Understanding of the Natural Resource Conflict Dynamics The Case of Tuareg in North Africa and the Sahel

"The paper highlights the process leading to the armed conflict of Tuareg and the role of different countries in the conflict. In particular, it examines the way three dramatic events have shaped the livelihoods of Tuareg: the reorganisation of soci…

Trouble in Eastern DRC: The Nkunda Factor

"The situation in the eastern DRC needs to be addressed as a matter of urgency. The Congolese government should prioritise a political solution to the impasse rather than pursuing a military option, which can lead only to further suffering among the…

‘Volk’, Faith and Fatherland: The Security threat posed by the white right

"The bulk of the monograph focuses on the Afrikaner right, and in sections of the monograph ‘white right’ and ‘Afrikaner right’ are used interchangeably. Adam and Moodley point out that the extreme white right is but a small component of the broad w…

The Darfur Crisis : A Test Case for Humanitarian Intervention

"The deadline for Sudanese government compliance with the UN resolution calling on it to disarm the Janjawiid expired at the end of August, with no sign of the violence abating.A more effective approach surely would have been to bring the rebel …

Intelligence in African Peace Operations: Addressing the Deficit

"The aim of this paper is to highlight some of the more salient requirements for intelligence in African peace operations, and to provide insights into how these needs are (or are not) being met. It does so with specific reference to intelligence ne…

The African Union and the International Criminal Court: An Embattled Relationship?

"The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established as a permanent, independent institution to prosecute individuals who have orchestrated and executed the most serious crimes of international concern, including war crimes,crimes against humanit…

Reconciliation and Transitional Justice: The Case of Rwanda's Gacaca Courts

"This paper has a two-fold objective:firstly to conceptualise reconciliation as an outcome of transitional justice, and secondly to analyse critically the implications and consequences of the Rwandan transitional justice programmes (specifically the…

Ethnicity and Arms Proliferation in the Great Lakes Region Challenges to Peace and Democracy

"It would be difficult to assume that the Rwandan genocide of 1994 was not predicted and far less difficult to think it could have been prevented. The genocide represents a high point of a diabolic pseudo-Fascist plan by the majority Hutu to establi…

IJR Rwanda Profile

"The 1994 Rwandan genocide has been described as “the most intimate and effective in recent memory”. Between 800 000 and 1 000 000 people were killed in less than three months – the vast majority in face-to-face slaughter, with machetes and clubs. A…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 3, no. 1, 2003

'Dynamics of the Zimbabwe crisis in the 21st century' presents the Zimbabwe crisis as a consequence of the blocked democratic transition at the turn of the century and how the Zimbabwe crisis has crucial lessons for Southern Africa. 'Regional organi…

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