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Deflating the Fallacy of Food Deserts Local Food Geographies in Orange Farm and Inner City Johannesburg

"The availability and accessibility of food is constrained by the environments where people live, work and purchase goods, and the pathways which they use to traverse these. This recognition has given rise to innovative conceptual frameworks includi…

Do Firms Learn by Exporting or Learn to Export : Evidence from Senegalese Manufacturers’ Plants

The increasing number of literature investigating the impact of trade openness on firm efficiency has not yet provided a definite prediction on the direction of causality. This paper investigated the relation between exporting and productivity on t…

Industrial Policy: A Guide for the Perplexed

International trade, which has become a pervasive feature of our lives, remains controversial and resisted across the world. High and rising income inequality, which is often blamed on international trade, especially trade with China, is one reason.…

The Impact of Trade Reforms on Employment and Welfare in ECOWAS Countries: The Case of Senegal

Disponible en français: L’impact des réformes commerciales sur l’emploi et le bien-être dans les pays de la CEDEAO Le cas du Sénégal. This study evaluates the impact of the ECOWAS-CET and the EPA on youth employment and on welfare in Senegal. The …

L'Impact des réformes commerciales sur l'emploi et le bien-être dans les pays de la CEDAO: Le cas du Sénégal / The Impact of Trade Reforms on Employment and Welfare in ECOWAS Countries: The Case of Senegal

This publication is also available in English. This study evaluates the impact of the ECOWAS-CET and the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) on youth employment and on welfare in Senegal. The analysis is conducted using the PEP- 1-1 model, which i…

Effects of Collective Marketing by Farmers' Organizations on Cocoa Farmer's Price in Cameroon

This study aims to evaluate the effects of collective marketing by farmers' organizations (FOs) on cocoa farmer’s price in Cameroon. This is done through the quasi-experimental method, which uses the techniques of “Propensity Score Matching”. The …

Norms, Networks, Power and Control: Understanding Informal Payments and Brokerage in Cross-border Trade in Sierra Leone

Governance practices in peripheral regions of low-income countries often diverge dramatically from statutory rules, with actual governance often representing a hybrid of formal rules and informal practices that are often highly normalized and widely…

Will the African Free Trade Agreement Succeed?

The recently signed African Continental Free Trade Agreement represents a counter current to protectionist tendencies across the Atlantic and the Pacific, and may well move the economic integration of the African continent forward. Translating the v…

Peace and Security Council Report: Issue 104

This issue explores Africa’s new free trade area and violence in Cameroon. The 31st African Union (AU) summit in Nouakchott for the first time saw a vigorous interrogation of the organisation’s proposed budget. Issues of corruption and mismanageme…

Can the African Continental Free Trade Area Offer a New Beginning for Trade in Africa?

On 21 March 2018, AU leaders met in Rwanda to finalise the signing of a new trade agreement creating the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). The inauguration of the AfCFTA reflects a milestone for future continental unity, regional integra…

The ZIPAR Quarterly: Issue 9

The cover story is on the widely debated re-establishment of a national airline. The former national airline graced the skies for the last time more than two decades ago before it was grounded due to various reasons among them financial mismanagemen…

Ninth WTO Ministerial Conference: The Stakes for Africa

"The creation of Free Trade Areas (FTAs) and the rapid growth of large emerging economies such as those of Brazil, India and China have changed the global market and shifted the basis of negotiations for concluding the Doha Development Round. Ther…

Mega-regional Trade Agreements and South Africa's Trade Strategy: Implications for the Tripartite Free Trade Area Negotiations

This paper assesses the mega-regional trade agreements and their implications for South Africa. These mega-regionals are engaged in negotiations and little real information on this negotiation process is available. Assessing the final implications i…

The ZIPAR Quarterly Issue 2

In ‘Eurobonds: Weighing Risks against gains’ there has been recent media speculation about the government issuing another Eurobond – the third in two years. This has resulted in apprehensions in some quarters of the economy regarding the risks assoc…

The Way Forward for the Southern African Development Community Economic Partnership Agreement

"Negotiations on economic partnership agreements (EPAs) between the European Union (EU) and African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries will end on 1 October 2014. After long and acrimonious talks, concessions must now be made. In the Southern Af…

Mega-regional Trade Agreements:Strategic Implications for South Africa

"For many years the Doha Round of negotiations of the World Trade Organization (WTO) had been in the doldrums, with little apparent prospect of success in its primary aim. In the wake of the ninth WTO ministerial conference in Bali in December 2013 …

Towards Understanding Economic Growth in Africa: A Reinterpretation of the Lewis Model

"Africa’s recent economic growth is at a historical high, the patterns associated with this growth appear to be quite different from the Asian experiences where rapid growth was fueled by labor intensive, export-oriented manufacturing. Because this …

Changes in South Africa's Global Agricultural Trade Regime, 1996-2013

The paper begins by analysing the changes in the total export and total import values to and from the trading partners identified above, and the changing shares of total value held by each partner. The next section focuses on the major products trad…

Ethiopia, Regional Integration and the COMESA Free Trade Area

Arguments that free trade enhances welfare are persuading more and more countries to liberalise their trade regimes. One way of doing this is to join a free trade area (FTA). The benefits of free trade are not straightforward, and countries conside…

From the Cape to Cairo? The Potential of the Tripartite Free Trade Area

"This paper shows that there is a sound case for regional economic integration in the form of the Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA). The three main countries involved in this project – Egypt, Kenya and South Africa – have a considerable regional tr…

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