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Negotiating trade agreements with India: The reality below the water line

This trade policy brief discusses India’s attitude towards international trade, her seeming inability to view trade as driving economic development, and her apparent aim to reduce trade commitments. Reasons for this are that trade agreements are not…

Ninth WTO Ministerial Conference: The Stakes for Africa

"The creation of Free Trade Areas (FTAs) and the rapid growth of large emerging economies such as those of Brazil, India and China have changed the global market and shifted the basis of negotiations for concluding the Doha Development Round. Ther…

Mega-regional Trade Agreements and South Africa's Trade Strategy: Implications for the Tripartite Free Trade Area Negotiations

This paper assesses the mega-regional trade agreements and their implications for South Africa. These mega-regionals are engaged in negotiations and little real information on this negotiation process is available. Assessing the final implications i…

The ZIPAR Quarterly Issue 2

In ‘Eurobonds: Weighing Risks against gains’ there has been recent media speculation about the government issuing another Eurobond – the third in two years. This has resulted in apprehensions in some quarters of the economy regarding the risks assoc…

The Way Forward for the Southern African Development Community Economic Partnership Agreement

"Negotiations on economic partnership agreements (EPAs) between the European Union (EU) and African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries will end on 1 October 2014. After long and acrimonious talks, concessions must now be made. In the Southern Af…

Mega-regional Trade Agreements:Strategic Implications for South Africa

"For many years the Doha Round of negotiations of the World Trade Organization (WTO) had been in the doldrums, with little apparent prospect of success in its primary aim. In the wake of the ninth WTO ministerial conference in Bali in December 2013 …

Towards Understanding Economic Growth in Africa: A Reinterpretation of the Lewis Model

"Africa’s recent economic growth is at a historical high, the patterns associated with this growth appear to be quite different from the Asian experiences where rapid growth was fueled by labor intensive, export-oriented manufacturing. Because this …

Changes in South Africa's Global Agricultural Trade Regime, 1996-2013

The paper begins by analysing the changes in the total export and total import values to and from the trading partners identified above, and the changing shares of total value held by each partner. The next section focuses on the major products trad…

Ethiopia, Regional Integration and the COMESA Free Trade Area

Arguments that free trade enhances welfare are persuading more and more countries to liberalise their trade regimes. One way of doing this is to join a free trade area (FTA). The benefits of free trade are not straightforward, and countries conside…

Algeria's Economy: The Vicious Circle of Oil and Violence

The crisis in Algeria, now a decade old, is not merely a consequence of the interruption of the December 1991 elections by an army-backed coup to keep the Front Islamique du Salut (FIS: Islamic Salvation Front) from power. It is also an economic cri…

Chinese Investment in African Free Trade Zones: Lessons from Nigeria’s Experience

Nigeria’s free trade zone (FTZ) legislation has been in place for 17 years, but progress in implementation has been uneven and slow. The main FTZ in which Chinese companies play a significant role is the Lekki Free Trade Zone, where work began in 20…

The European Union-South African FTA: Why is there still no agreement?

This document describes negotiation between the European Union and South Africa about a possible Free Trade Agreement (FTA), which has been without significant progress. The EU has a long-standing relationship with developing countries.Unlike cou…

Driving SACU-Mercosur: Trans-atlantic co-operation in the automotive industry

This document starts by identifying sectors that can drive the SACU-Mercosur trade agreement. The current free trade agreement (FTA) proposals between the South African Customs Union (SACU) and Common Market of the South (Mercosur) are the result fr…

EU-SA FTA: The possible effects on Southern African Agriculture

"In a World that seems to be moving steadily towards the dismantling of tariffs and towards trade relations as envisaged by the World Trade Organisation (WTO), tariff rationalisations are still not universally accepted as the only way to economic p…

From the Cape to Cairo? The Potential of the Tripartite Free Trade Area

"This paper shows that there is a sound case for regional economic integration in the form of the Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA). The three main countries involved in this project – Egypt, Kenya and South Africa – have a considerable regional tr…

Key to Growth Supporting South Africa's Emerging Entrepreneurs

"This report reviews recent South African and international research on entrepreneurship. The research confirms that entrepreneurship plays a key role in economic development. In line with this, many government planners, journalists, academics, civi…

Trade Policy, Protectionism and the Global Economic Crisis

"This discussion has been among a group of like-minded people who generally see the benefits of free trade. But that view is not necessarily widely held in the broader society, where protectionism attracts a lot of support. That’s why we need to ha…

To Liberalise or not to liberalise? A review of the South African Government's trade policy

"Trade policy is a central feature of the South African government's economic policy. In the early years of the transition to democratic rule it was widely debated. This debate receded recently, but is returning to centre stage as government's trade…

Identifying export opportunities for SACU in the US Market

"Negotiations between SACU and the US, to conclude a free trade agreement, have been stalled owing to substantive differences between the two sides on a broad range of issues. This report examines the goods market access dimension from the standp…

Reflections on approaching an FTA negotiation with Mercosur: A review of key issues

"The report starts by briefly reviewing the way in which economists generally approach assessment of regional trade agreements, and South-South trade agreements in particular. The 'Review on Trade Flows' then examines the overall trade flows betwee…

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