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Making States Accountable for Deliberate Forced Displacement

How should we respond to states that deliberately displace their own populations? While the international refugee regime is anchored in the 1951 Refugee Convention and the work of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Conv…

Debates in Post-Conflict Development in Africa Lessons for Development Agencies

"Post-conflict societies face enormous challenges and international development agencies work in complex and volatile contexts. This brief has argued that in order to do justice to the role that international assistance could play in supporting deve…

Understanding Human Trafficking

"Local and international media often overstate the prevalence of human trafficking in South and Southern Africa, relying on claims that are not based on adequate research or substantive evidence. This factsheet provides an overview of the reality o…

Immigration Remains a Challenge for South Africa's Government and Citizens

Deadly and widespread attacks on foreigners in April and October 2015 echoed well-publicized violence in the 1990s and early 2000s that led some observers to see xenophobia both as endemic to South Africa and as worsening since the country’s democra…

Conflict-Induced Migration in Africa: Maximizing New Opportunities to Address its Peace, Security and Inclusive Development Dimensions

"The meeting examined major global and continental trends on migration vis-à-vis its impact on affected African migrant populations as well as on sustainable development, peace and security and good governance in Africa. Drawing on the recent xenoph…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No. 5 September-October 2016

This issue of HAB, "A year after Valetta: What has changed?" focuses on the large volume of people migrating from the Middle East and Africa - fleeing conflict or poverty and heading to Europe. This issue coincides with the one-year anniversary of…

The Khartoum Process A Sustainable Response to Human Smuggling and Trafficking?

With the "migration crisis", in 2012 - 2015, citizens from the Horn of Africa have been arriving irregularly in Europe in unprecedented numbers, whilst featuring disproportionately amongst the fatalities. This has prompted the launch of the Khartoum…

The Niger-Libya Corridor Smugglers’ Perspectives

The particular focus of this study is on the smugglers facilitating the unprecedented flow of migrants from sub-Saharan Africa to Libya. There is a specific focus on the smuggling corridor that links northern Niger to southern Libya. This smuggling …

The Economic Impact of Forced Migration

The refugee crisis currently, is a catastrophe affecting millions of families, endangering the stability of nations that are hosts to large numbers of migrants, and of the surrounding regions. There is little likelihood at present that large numbers…

Algeria and Morocco: Developing Inclusive Strategies can Prevent Violent Extremism

Algeria and Morocco have been hosting thousands of sub-Saharan African migrants for a growing period of time. The migrants live in poor socio-economic conditions and face discrimination, providing fertile ground for radicalisation. Except for one …

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.4 July-August 2015

The article by Mehari Tadelle Maru “Migration Priorities and Normative and Institutional Frameworks In the IGAD Region” is a comprehensive and analytical survey of the legal and institutional frameworks on migration in the IGAD (Intergovernmental Au…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 27 No.5 September-October 2015

1.The article by Nimo-ilhan Ali: The quest to become a “Qurbajoog” focuses on a very different aspect of the perceived effect of Diaspora success and the paradoxical impact it has, in generating even more migration by Somaliland youth desperate to …

Survive and Advance The Economics of Smuggling Refugees and Migrants into Europe

An unprecedented number of refugees and migrants have been driven to Europe due to violent conflicts, terrorism, long-standing repressive regimes, chronic poverty and inequality. Those making the journey are assisted by an increasingly violent and o…

Insecurity, Forced Migration, and Internally Displaced Persons along the Cameroon-Nigeria Border, 2003-2018

The Cameroon-Nigeria border is plagued with insecurity challenges and serious threats to the border communities. Following the Boko Haram attacks, the counter-offensive by the Cameroonian and Nigerian armed forces, and the attacks between the Southe…

Is the Global Compact on Refugees fit for Africa's Purposes?

The Global Compact for Refugees (GCR) advocates a ‘whole of society’ approach to resolving and managing the forced displacement ‘crisis’ by setting out specific targets, objectives and pathways for UN member states to follow. Its novelty lies in the…

Statelessness in Southern Africa: Time to end it, not promote it

Statelessness in Southern Africa is driven primarily by colonial history, border changes, migration, poor civil registry systems, and discrimination on the basis of gender, ethnicity and religion. There are concerning signs that states are using sta…

Migration and Governance in Africa: Lessons for Policymakers

It may be safe to say that there are no places or territories where human communities sprouted (like seeds) from the ground. As such, all human communities everywhere (essentially) are the net results of migrant behaviors (ancient or contemporary). …

Africa & Europe: Different Demographic Trends Seeds for a Smart Partnership

In Africa’s impending demographic dividend and the looming threat posed by Europe’s aging, lie the seeds of an agenda with the possibilities to generate win-wins for both continents. Might Europe’s future labor market requirements hold the key for…

Return and (Re)Integration in Fragile Contexts: The Experiences of Somali Returnees

Given the increasing number of people returning to Somalia and the political, social and economic consequences thereof, the reintegration of these Somali refugees, rejected asylum seekers, deportees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) becomes an…

Forced Migration: A Transitional Justice Issue

Transitional justice provides holistic and inclusive strategies for addressing human rights violations that arise from violent conflicts and authoritarian rule. Forced displacement is a common consequence of such conflicts— and addressing the rights…

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