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Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.4 July-August 2015

The article by Mehari Tadelle Maru “Migration Priorities and Normative and Institutional Frameworks In the IGAD Region” is a comprehensive and analytical survey of the legal and institutional frameworks on migration in the IGAD (Intergovernmental Au…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 27 No.5 September-October 2015

1.The article by Nimo-ilhan Ali: The quest to become a “Qurbajoog” focuses on a very different aspect of the perceived effect of Diaspora success and the paradoxical impact it has, in generating even more migration by Somaliland youth desperate to …

Survive and Advance The Economics of Smuggling Refugees and Migrants into Europe

An unprecedented number of refugees and migrants have been driven to Europe due to violent conflicts, terrorism, long-standing repressive regimes, chronic poverty and inequality. Those making the journey are assisted by an increasingly violent and o…

Immigration Remains a Challenge for South Africa's Government and Citizens

Deadly and widespread attacks on foreigners in April and October 2015 echoed well-publicized violence in the 1990s and early 2000s that led some observers to see xenophobia both as endemic to South Africa and as worsening since the country’s democra…

Conflict-Induced Migration in Africa: Maximizing New Opportunities to Address its Peace, Security and Inclusive Development Dimensions

"The meeting examined major global and continental trends on migration vis-à-vis its impact on affected African migrant populations as well as on sustainable development, peace and security and good governance in Africa. Drawing on the recent xenoph…

Toward a Regional Solution for Rwanda's Returning Refugees

"Going back as far as the 1950s, conflicts between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda have resulted in large flows of forced migration throughout East Africa. Understanding differences among Rwandan refugees groups is essential for developing effective mana…

Heading North: The Zimbabwean Diaspora in Canada

"Studies of the Zimbabwean diaspora tend to focus on migrants in South Africa and the United Kingdom. This is the first major study of Zimbabwean migration to Canada. The report presents and discusses the findings of a SAMP survey conducted across …

The Nature of South Africa's Legal Obligations to Combat Xenophobia

"In March 2008, a wave of xenophobic violence swept across many parts of South Africa, including Tshwane. This study aims to provide an analysis of the potential role that law, and particularly human rights law, may play in combatting such violence …

Trading on a Grant: Integrating Formal and Informal Social Protection in Post-Apartheid Migrant Networks

"The paper begins with a brief description of the broader context of vulnerability and poverty experienced in post-apartheid migrant networks. This is followed by a brief summary of what the case studies revealed about the informal social protection…

Fostering Interaction of People of Ethiopian Eritrean Divide

"Six presentations were discussed during the half-day conference and the presenters were from both Ethiopia and Eritrean sides. About 100 participants attended the conference and they represented Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia. Among the presenters, …

Mediating Land Conflict in Burundi : A Documentation and Analysis Project

"Part I of this report highlights the multiple challenges that Burundi experiences in terms of the repatriation and reintegration of refugees, as well as reconciliation between different societal groups. It underlines the importance of land tenure f…

Population Dynamics: a Survey of Key Demographic Concepts

"Demography is the discipline whose primary concern is measuring the size and composition of populations, and the changes in size and composition of populations over time. It is sometimes used to encompass, in addition, the causes and consequences o…

South African Government and Civil Society Responses to Zimbabwean Migration

"This policy brief discusses a key paradox in relation to Zimbabwean migration into South Africa. While Zimbabwean migration since 2000 has been the largest concentrated flow in South African history, South Africa’s reaction to this movement has bee…

International Migration and Good Governance in the Southern African Region

"Southern Africa has a long history of intra-regional migration, dating back to the mid-nineteenth century. Migration was probably the single most important factor tying together all of the various colonies and countries of the sub-continent into …

Understanding of the Natural Resource Conflict Dynamics The Case of Tuareg in North Africa and the Sahel

"The paper highlights the process leading to the armed conflict of Tuareg and the role of different countries in the conflict. In particular, it examines the way three dramatic events have shaped the livelihoods of Tuareg: the reorganisation of soci…

South Africa's Xenophobic Eruption

"Between 11 and 26 May 2008, 62 people, the majority of them foreign nationals, were killed by mobs in Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban and elsewhere. Some 35,000 were driven from their homes. The troubles were dubbed South Africa’s ‘xenophobic rio…

The Nexus Between Migration and Human Security Zimbabwean Migrants in South Africa

"The aims of this paper are to contextualise the migration of Zimbabweans to South Africa, document their experiences, and establish the security implications for both South Africa and the migrants that arise from this large-scale migration. Althoug…

Migration in Southern Africa Migration Management Initiatives for SADC Member states

"As an overview, this paper highlights the migration situation in Southern Africa without delving into details that appear in the growing body of literature on the subject. It examines voluntary and forced international migration against the backdr…

Gambella The Impact of Local Conflict On Regional Security

"The purpose of this study is to analyse the context, identify the origins, and explain the key determinants of the conflict in Gambella, its linkages with the political and security issues in Sudan and Ethiopia, and its impact on regional peace an…

A Mixed Reception Mozambican and Congolese Refugees in South Africa

"This monograph reviews existing literature on two episodes of forced migration to South Africa. The first is the flight and reception of between 250,000 and 350,000 Mozambicans during that country’s civil war in the 1980s. The second is an influx o…

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