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Debates in Post-Conflict Development in Africa Lessons for Development Agencies

"Post-conflict societies face enormous challenges and international development agencies work in complex and volatile contexts. This brief has argued that in order to do justice to the role that international assistance could play in supporting deve…

Understanding Human Trafficking

"Local and international media often overstate the prevalence of human trafficking in South and Southern Africa, relying on claims that are not based on adequate research or substantive evidence. This factsheet provides an overview of the reality o…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No. 5 September-October 2016

This issue of HAB, "A year after Valetta: What has changed?" focuses on the large volume of people migrating from the Middle East and Africa - fleeing conflict or poverty and heading to Europe. This issue coincides with the one-year anniversary of…

The Khartoum Process A Sustainable Response to Human Smuggling and Trafficking?

With the "migration crisis", in 2012 - 2015, citizens from the Horn of Africa have been arriving irregularly in Europe in unprecedented numbers, whilst featuring disproportionately amongst the fatalities. This has prompted the launch of the Khartoum…

The Niger-Libya Corridor Smugglers’ Perspectives

The particular focus of this study is on the smugglers facilitating the unprecedented flow of migrants from sub-Saharan Africa to Libya. There is a specific focus on the smuggling corridor that links northern Niger to southern Libya. This smuggling …

The Economic Impact of Forced Migration

The refugee crisis currently, is a catastrophe affecting millions of families, endangering the stability of nations that are hosts to large numbers of migrants, and of the surrounding regions. There is little likelihood at present that large numbers…

Toward a Regional Solution for Rwanda's Returning Refugees

"Going back as far as the 1950s, conflicts between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda have resulted in large flows of forced migration throughout East Africa. Understanding differences among Rwandan refugees groups is essential for developing effective mana…

Heading North: The Zimbabwean Diaspora in Canada

"Studies of the Zimbabwean diaspora tend to focus on migrants in South Africa and the United Kingdom. This is the first major study of Zimbabwean migration to Canada. The report presents and discusses the findings of a SAMP survey conducted across …

The Nature of South Africa's Legal Obligations to Combat Xenophobia

"In March 2008, a wave of xenophobic violence swept across many parts of South Africa, including Tshwane. This study aims to provide an analysis of the potential role that law, and particularly human rights law, may play in combatting such violence …

Trading on a Grant: Integrating Formal and Informal Social Protection in Post-Apartheid Migrant Networks

"The paper begins with a brief description of the broader context of vulnerability and poverty experienced in post-apartheid migrant networks. This is followed by a brief summary of what the case studies revealed about the informal social protection…

Fostering Interaction of People of Ethiopian Eritrean Divide

"Six presentations were discussed during the half-day conference and the presenters were from both Ethiopia and Eritrean sides. About 100 participants attended the conference and they represented Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia. Among the presenters, …

Mediating Land Conflict in Burundi : A Documentation and Analysis Project

"Part I of this report highlights the multiple challenges that Burundi experiences in terms of the repatriation and reintegration of refugees, as well as reconciliation between different societal groups. It underlines the importance of land tenure f…

Population Dynamics: a Survey of Key Demographic Concepts

"Demography is the discipline whose primary concern is measuring the size and composition of populations, and the changes in size and composition of populations over time. It is sometimes used to encompass, in addition, the causes and consequences o…

South African Government and Civil Society Responses to Zimbabwean Migration

"This policy brief discusses a key paradox in relation to Zimbabwean migration into South Africa. While Zimbabwean migration since 2000 has been the largest concentrated flow in South African history, South Africa’s reaction to this movement has bee…

Survive and Advance The Economics of Smuggling Refugees and Migrants into Europe

An unprecedented number of refugees and migrants have been driven to Europe due to violent conflicts, terrorism, long-standing repressive regimes, chronic poverty and inequality. Those making the journey are assisted by an increasingly violent and o…

Immigration Remains a Challenge for South Africa's Government and Citizens

Deadly and widespread attacks on foreigners in April and October 2015 echoed well-publicized violence in the 1990s and early 2000s that led some observers to see xenophobia both as endemic to South Africa and as worsening since the country’s democra…

Conflict-Induced Migration in Africa: Maximizing New Opportunities to Address its Peace, Security and Inclusive Development Dimensions

"The meeting examined major global and continental trends on migration vis-à-vis its impact on affected African migrant populations as well as on sustainable development, peace and security and good governance in Africa. Drawing on the recent xenoph…

International Migration and Good Governance in the Southern African Region

"Southern Africa has a long history of intra-regional migration, dating back to the mid-nineteenth century. Migration was probably the single most important factor tying together all of the various colonies and countries of the sub-continent into …

Understanding of the Natural Resource Conflict Dynamics The Case of Tuareg in North Africa and the Sahel

"The paper highlights the process leading to the armed conflict of Tuareg and the role of different countries in the conflict. In particular, it examines the way three dramatic events have shaped the livelihoods of Tuareg: the reorganisation of soci…

South Africa's Xenophobic Eruption

"Between 11 and 26 May 2008, 62 people, the majority of them foreign nationals, were killed by mobs in Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban and elsewhere. Some 35,000 were driven from their homes. The troubles were dubbed South Africa’s ‘xenophobic rio…

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