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Child Budget Analysis in Kenya: National Government and Six County Governments

Kenya is a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) as well as the African Charter on the Rights and the welfare of the child as well as various other international conventions. The country has gone much further …

Ghana's Macroeconomic Crisis Causes, Consequences, and Policy Responses

"Ghana is in the midst of a severe but not unprecedented macroeconomic crisis. This paper helps to evaluate the government’s policy options by explaining the crisis’ causes, and comparing it to previous macroeconomic crises and the policies that cor…

Improving Tax Revenue Performance in Uganda

Although there were efforts to improve tax revenue performance, tax revenues have not been responsive to overall GDP growth. This has resulted in a tax-to-GDP ratio that has stagnated at about 13% for some time. The stagnant tax effort has constrain…

Domestic Debt Management in Africa: The Case of Ghana

"This report analyses the development in public domestic debt in Ghana, and its impact on the economy for the period 2000 to 2009 with the objective of looking at the institutional framework regarding the budgetary process, uses of public funds and …

A Fiscal History of Ethiopia : Taxation and Aid Dependence 1960-2010

The fiscal history of Ethiopia is reviewed in this paper, focusing particularly on the period between 1960 and 2010. The detailed fiscal data is available to underpin the analysis. While reviewing the key fiscal and economic events of this period, …

Review of Bank Charges in Botswana

"This BIDPA Briefing assesses the cost of banking in Botswana. It presents a range of comparative costs across Botswana’s commercial banks in 2014. This exercise involves examining a basic current/cheque account and the charges imposed by the commer…

Understanding youth labour demand constraints in Zambia: The mining, manufacturing and construction sectors

"Zambia is among many developing countries struggling to create adequate employment opportunities for its people, especially in the formal economy. There is high youth unemployment, especially in urban areas where it has surged to 40.4% for females …

Nigeria Economic Update Issue 23

This document provides brief information on the Nigerian Economic Situation. The first article is on the Gross Domestic Product - Recent Data on Nigeria’s Real GDP growth rate (Year-on-Year) declined by 2.47 percentage points, from 2.11 % in 2015 Q4…

The Growth Agenda Priorities for Mass Employment and Inclusion: Accelerating Inclusive Growth

According to the National Development Plan (NDP), the economy needs to grow at more than 5 per cent a year until 2030 if we are to achieve the goals of eliminating poverty, ensuring that 60 per cent of adults would be in work (up from about 44 per c…

Ghana's Mining Code: In Whose Interest?

"When Ghana's first mining-specific legislation, PNDC Law 153, was enacted in 1986, the law was heralded as a shining example of best practice by many. The legislation sought to provide a stable policy environment in addition to significant financi…

Budget Discipline Should Be Entrenched In Ghana As A Policy Priority

"Perennial fiscal deficit overruns in Ghana and their adverse effects on the economy have attracted widespread concern. Motivated by this concern, IEA carried out research to assess the processes, arrangements and the legal framework for budget prep…

The Recent Slide In The Cedi Should Be A Wake-Up Call

"The paper examines the reasons for the recent sharp depreciation in the cedi, while placing the problem in a long-term context. The paper offers both short-term and long-term solutions to safeguard the cedi's value. As a bottom line, the paper argu…

Single-Digit Inflation And The Cost Of Living Dichotomy In Ghana

'Ghana has a long history of high inflation rates, popularly attributed to supply not keeping up with demand. However, Ghana's current single digit inflation can be attributed to a number of factors including the reduction in global inflation rate …

The Answer To The Cedi’s Weakness Is To Address The Economy’s Fundamentals

"The Ghanaian Cedi has been on the decline for the better part of its history, apparently with no end in sight. An IEA study has determined that the long-run decline of the Cedi is influenced by economic fundamentals that drive the real rate towards…

Five Years Of Inflation-Targeting In Ghana: What Has Changed And What Needs To Change Further To Enhance The Process?

"After achieving political independence in 1957, Ghana set up its own central bank to conduct independent monetary policy among other functions. Since then, various frameworks have been adopted to deliver price stability as the principal goal of mon…

Botswana's Debt Sustainability: A Brief Narrative

" This paper examines the financial and by extension the economic sustainability of the existing debt using non-technical analysis and a simplified narrative.The motivation of this note was to shed light on the extent to which one should worry abou…

Does Subsidy Removal Hurt the Poor? Evidence from Computable General Equilibrium Analysis

"The study examines the effects of the removal of petroleum subsidies on poverty in Nigeria. In recent years, government has increased the prices of petroleum products many times. However it was unknown if these price increases would lead to higher …

Fiscal Federalism, Subnational Governance and MDGs in Nigeria

"This paper therefore explores the relevance, impact and challenges of sub-national governments in the progress towards the MDGs by 2015. The central hypothesis is that policy and spending autonomy alone cannot enable a sub-national government to s…

Increasing Agricultural Sector Financing Why it Matters for Uganda’s Socio-Economic Transformation

"This paper identifies and discusses a number of challenges for the financing of the agricultural sector in Uganda. The paper notes that although the role of agriculture in poverty reduction and overall growth in Uganda is well recognized, investme…

Uganda’s National Budget 2010/2011: How Strategic are the Budget Priorities?

The debate came three weeks after Hon. Bbumba read her 2010/2011 budget speech before Parliament. The theme of the budget was “Strategic Priorities to Accelerate Growth, Employment and Socio-Economic Transformation for Prosperity”. Now, long gone ar…

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